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he looked very majestic. He appear- hanging loose, like the dress of a ed to be about forty years of age, lady in a pregnant state. There wore his own hair curled, and had were several other youths in the a particularly gentleman-like look : fame habit, who food with their his figure was large and graceful, arms folded, when disengaged; and, and his person comely and hand- instead of bowing, always curtfied. fome. The organ


up, a

and The archbishop and the priests the archbishop walked from the al- were every instant employed in bowtar, preceded by a golden cross and ing, kneeling, and rising. The crolier, and a long train of priests, youth then began to incenfe the alin their respective habits, into the tar, and afterwards the archbishop. body of the church, crossing himself The mode of doing it was, by throwas he went; after having reached ing the encensoir, pendant to a long the organ (which is always placed filver chain, towards the person inover the grand door at the entrance) censed, and then catching, it again and made some minutes stay, they short in the hand. . 'A very rich proceeded entirely round the church, gilded bible was next presented to and returning in the same long pro- the archbishop, which he killed : ceflion, the archbishop and the at the incensor went round the church, tendant priests took their seats at the with an attendant, who carried the right-hand side of the altar, the bible, and incensed every priest three priests very carefully holding up times, even to the little mutes. They the robes of the archbishop, that afterwards faluted the bible, and each they might not be deranged or returned a number of complimentary rumpled. The service then began, bows. with a concert of mufic, which per- After this ceremony, the archformed part of the mass in the mid- bifhop himself incensed the altar;? dle of the choir: the music was como' and, høving finished, held out his posed purposely for the occasion. hand to the priests, who approached, It was often interrupted, and again and kissed a ring upon his little fino refumed, sometimes by the arch- ger ; --all the choir then did the bilhop, and sometimes by the priests; lame, except the bishops...!" ---Now in one part of the church, This concluded, which took up al and now in another, which took up confiderable time, the archbifhop! a confiderable deal of time. The began to prepare the facrament. ceremonies chen began at the altar; The process was easy enough, being --the archbishop retired to dress to all outward appearance nothing himself afreshi, in order to be in a more than a few bows, and repeated. fit condition to make a deity. Part kneeling, which was continued for of his dress was put on before the a-length of time, retiring every now altar, the priests repeatedly taking and then a few steps backwards. off his mitre, and replacing it again on the altar was placed a large

golden fun, the back of which was The archbishop then put some turned towards the people ;--the incense in a large silver encenfoir, wafer, being fanctified and tranfube which immediately diffused a fra: ftantiated, was placed by the archgrant smell over the whole church, bifhop, with great folemnity, in the and was received by a youth of a center of the face of the fun. He Iroft fingular appearances His head tben turned it round, and lifting up sras haved, and his white gown was the host, exposed his deity in all fastened very high round him, with his glory to the congregation, who, a Gellus, that left his long skirts at the ringing of a bell, fell down upon their knees, with the pro- , gent family. They made their comfoundest reverence and adoration plaints to the chapter: the canon I looked, at this moment, to fee was profecuted, and condemned not how the ainbassadors would conduct to appear in the choir for a year.' themselves : the old one having had The youpg shoemaker, having ata pre-intimation of it, rose up, and tained to man's estate, was scarcely withdrew ; the rest kept their places, able to get a livelihood; and, overbehaving in the faine manner as the whelmed with wretchedness, fat other part of the spectators. The down, on the day of a procession, wine was next made, with as much at the door of the cathedral of Sco ceremony :—the archbishop then ville, in the moment the procession most uncivilly devoured his maker, pafled by. Amongst the other caand gave a little one to each ot the nons, he perceived the murderer of prieits, who partook before the laity. his father. At the fight of this man, A cloth was drawn across the en- filial affection, rage, and despair, got trance of the altar, and held up on so far the better of his reason, that 'either side ;-on this all the com- he fell furiously upon the priest, municants rested their chins, as they and stabbed him to the heart.' The received the wafer, that no part young man was seized, convicted of of the facred essence might fall on the crime, and immediately conthe ground, and be polluted. The demned to be quartered alive. Peter, priests alone partook of the wine;- whoin we call the Cruel*, and whom too good a thiug to be thrown away the Spaniards, with more reason, call upon unholy laymen. After the arch- the Lover of Juslice, was then at bishop had emptied the cup, herinsed Seville. The affair came to his it out with water, lest any inight be knowledge; and, after learning the left behind, and drank it: he then particulars, he determined to be rinsed it again, and drank what was himself tbe judge of the young shoeleft; and afterwards wiped out the maker. When he proceeded to give chalice with a clean linen cloth. judgment, he first annulled the fenThe blessing of the archbishop con- tence juft pronounced by the clergy: cluded the ceremony.


upon his head.

and after arking the young man

what profeffion he was, “ i forbid SINGULAR ACT OF JUSTICE.

you,” said he, “ to make shoes for a

year to come!” [From Bourgoanne's Travels in Spain.] IN the days of Peter the Third

REMARKABLE INSTANCES of Castile, a canon of the cathedral

OF TURKISH INSOLENCE. of Seville, being affected in his dress,

[By the Abbe Sesini.) particularly in his shoes, could not find a workman to his liking. An

WHEN the Turks at Conftan. unfortunate shoemaker, to whom he tinople wish to offend the Hebrews, applied, after quitting many others, or Jews, they call them Cifud; a having brought him a pair of shoes word corrupted from Jahud, which not made to please his taite, the canon properly tignifies a Jew. The Per. became furious, and seizing one of fians are insulted by the words Kithe tools of the shoemaker, gave him zil-Bascè, or red hads; because with it so many blows upon the head, these people really wear a' red cap, as laid him dead upon the floor. which is their kalpak. They ridi*The unhappy man left a widow, cule the Armenians, by giving them four daughters, and a son fourteen * For a sketch of this prince, lee Vol. I. years of age, the eldest of the indi- page 136.


E %

the epithet of bogh-gi, i. e. night. aries and preachers, and who con *men ; because, during a war, which sequently always beg, art, perhaps laid waste their country, that is to pot very improperly, distinguished say the environs of Erzerum, about by the epithet of Dilingi, or began hundred years ago, feveral Ar- gars. The Arabs are called Siccianmenians betook themselves to flight, reigi, which fignifies rat-caters. and sought shelter at Conftantino- The Turks also name them Akylhz, ple. As this nation were poor and or fools, men without judgment. miserable, and knew not how to fub- The Greeks, who are the Rajas of fift, they began at first to follow the the Turks, that is to say. their submeanest occupations ; cleaning the jects, receive a very humiliating epicommon fewers to procure bread. thet ; that of Boinuz-fiz-Coyum ; in By industry and economy they at Italian Becchi.

fcornati, or goats length amaffed some money, with with broken horns; because, perwhich they completed a fund; and haps, they were so easily subdued, by this means were enabled, in time, when their empire was attacked. to quit their vile and contemptible The people of the continent are deemployment. Several of their body spised at Constantinople; the Turks became very rich by trade; and it is give them the epithet of Arabagi; affirmed, that, for fixty years past, that is to say, carters and carriers. the Armenians have not exercised For the most part they live in the the nightly office. It appears, that country, and keep some of those car. if their chiefs had united, by the in- riages called, in the Turkish lantervention of their patriarch and guage, araba : fome use them for their bishops, the latter might have giving people an airing, and others forbid them to follow such a pro- for transporting provisions. The feffion, however wretched their con- Turks ridicule the Albanians hy 'dition, because they were continu- calling them Giergi, which fignifies ally insulted ; and which sometimes sellers of lungs; because they go still happens. For these reasons, the through the streets carrying long Armenians never use their own lan- sticks on their fhoulders, to which guage; for the most part speaking the intestines of sheep are suspended, Turkish, to conceal their origin. and exposed for sale *. The Mot.

The Georgians are called Beit-gi, davians are also despised, and disthat is to say, eaters of lice. As those tinguished by the epithet of Bogdapeople are inuch tormented by thefe ni-nadan, that is to say, inhuman. vermin, they use their teeth, as is The Bulgarians,' or inhabitants of faid, to destroy them; not being able, Servia, are called Haihud ;. fignifywhen they catch them in the dark, ing robbers. to employ their nails. The Turks The Ragusans are stiled Giaufus, call the Tartars and the Scythians that is to say, spies. The Bosniacs, eaters of carrion, because they really or inhabitants of Bosnia, Potur, or eat the flesh of their dead horses. affaffins on the highway. The RufThe Indians, who live like misfion- fians are distinguished, but very im

At Rome, men may be seen carrying mals. This feeder of cats is always accomhorse-flesh in this manner, which is fold for panied by a large dog, which is taught to cat's meat, These men go twice a day drive away the cats of those masters who do through every street, that is to say, once not regularly pay their money. It is very in the morning, and again in the evening; curious to see all these cats, each running and they distribute a fixed quantity to cach to the door of the house to which it be cat, which, on hearing a certain ery, im- longs, as soon as it hears the thrill cry of its mediately appears, and for this they receive feeder. a small falary from the owners of these anje

properly, properly, by the epithet Rufimer, land, about the latter end of her Kius, which fignifies Ruffian, worth- reigo, figned a commiffion to take less foul. The Turks insult the the same course with them in IrePoles, by calling them Fodul Gbie land ; and, to execute her vindi&tive aur, men very vain, conceited with purpose with greater force, the nothemselves, unfaithful, and arro- minated Dr. Cole one of the coingant. The Germans are characte- missioners. This doctor coming with rised by the words Gurur Kiafr, the commission to Chester, on his haughty blafphemers, because the journey, the mayor of that city, Turks find the German language hearing that her majesty was sending harsh and disagreeable to the ear. a commiffion into Ireland, and, beTo the Venecians they apply the ing a churchman, waited on the epithet of, that is to say doctor ; who, in discourse with the fithers, because their city is built in mayor, took out of a cloak-bag a the middle of the fea. The Italians, leather box, saying to him, “ Here and all the Franks, are stiled . Fic is a commisfion that shall 'lash the rengh-hezar-rengh, or people of a beretics of Ireland !” [calling the thousand colours, on account, per- protestants by that title]. The good haps, of their manner of dressing. woman of the house, being well afThe Turks call the French Airegi, fected to the protestant religion, and that is to say, cunning and deceit also having a brother, named John ful; the Dutch Peinirgi, which fig- Edmonds, of the same faith, then nifies cheesemongers, because they a citizen in Dublin, was much bring a great quantity of that ar. troubled at the doctor's words ; and ticle to Constantinople; and the resolving to avert the evil, if poffible, English Sciokagi, or cloth manuface watched her convenient time; and turers ; because those people trans. when the mayor took his leave, and port to the Levant abundance of all the doctor complimented him down kinds of drapery goods. The Spa- ftairs, she opened the box, took the niards are distinguished by the epi. commiffipn out, and placed in lieu thet of Tembel, that is to say, Iazy, of it, a theet of paper, with a pack The inhabitants of the Morea, and of cards wrapped up, the knave of of all the islands of the Archipela- clubs being faced uppermost. The go, are derided by the word Taufcie doctor, suspecting nothing of what ani, which means hares ; because had been done, pursued his journey, when the Turks feized not only the and landed at Dublin on the 7th of Morea, but also the different illands Detober 1550. The lord Fitz-Walin the Archipelago belonging to the ter, lord-deputy, fent for the doctor Venetians, the terror of the inhabi- to appear before him and the privy tants was so great, that they did not council; when, after he had anmake any refiftance, and fled to the nounced the purport of his business, mountains like hares.

he presented the box to the lord-depuGenerally speaking, all nations ty; who caufing it to be opened, that who do not profess the Mahometan the fecretary might read the comreligion, are continually despised and mission, the landlady's pack of cards, insulted, by the Turks, who give with the knave of clubs uppermoft, them the denomination of Ghiaur, made its appearance, which not only or unfaithful.

Itartled the lord-deputy and council,

but the doctor, who seriously assured COMMENDABLE ARTIFICE.

them he fat out with a commission, QUEEN Mary, having dealt but knew nor how it had been me. feverely with the protestants in Eng- tamorphofed into what they faw.



The lord-deputy, however, faceti- rived, we found him feated on a ously made answer, “Let us have stone-bench at the door, where he another commission, and we will every day goes to repose, or rather fhuffle the cards mean while.” The 'to revive himself, in the rays of the doctor, forely troubled in his mind, fun, When we first saw him, he returned to England; and, arriving was afleep. His fleep seemed to be at court, obtained another commif. very profound; his refpiration easy; fion : but while staying for a wind his pulse regular; the veins of his at the water's side, news overtook forehead were of a lively and transhim, that the queen was dead. parent blue colour, and his whole

Queen Elizabeth was so delighted appearance remarkably calm and vewith this story, which was related nerable. Hair, white as snow, fell to her by lord Fitz-Walter, on his carelessly over his neck, and was return to England, that she sent for scattered over his cheeks, upon which Elizabeth Edmonds, and gave her were displayed the vivid tints of youth a pension of forty pounds a year and healthfulness. I for some time during her life.

surveyed, with the utmost attention,

this old man, while enjoying his reSOME ACCOUNT pose; but when those around awakOF THE REMARKABLY OLD MAN WHO

ened him, in order that he might

speak to me, he appeared less bloom[Translated from a Foreign Journal.]

ing and less beautiful; that is to

fay, not so fresh when awake as when BEING at the castle of St. Ju- asleep. 'He could with difficulty lift lian, (says the journalist) fituated his eye-lids; and in the open day, in the botom of the mountains of the he scarcely receives light enough to Franche-Comte, and not far distant direct his steps. I found also that from those of Jura, and the Alps, he was deaf, not being able to hear I imagined that I was walking in unless when one fpoke loudly in his the path of ages, and, I thought, I ears. He had been in this state for perceived marks of their paffage in about three years only. At the age that multitude of rocks, half under- of one hundred and fifteen, he feem. mined, which seemed to nod on their ed to be no inore than eighty, and fumınits, and to threaten destruction at one hundred and ten he could by their fall. There, formerly, the perform almost any labour. " In Roman, the Gallic, and the Teu- the meadows he cut grass at the tonic armies passed. Whilst I was head of the mowers, whom he astoadmiring the antiquity of this place, nised by his vigour, and animated and, on this occasion, observing the by his activity. At table he diftin. contrait which is always formed be- guished himself, no less by his aptween the short duration of man, and petite, than by his fongs, which he the long duration of things, I was sung with a full and Itrong voice. told of an old mán, aged one hun. At the same age, having conceived dred and eighteen, who lived at the a desire of revisiting the place of distance of a league from St. Julian, his nativity, he repaired thither at on the estate of Montaigu. Think- a time when the inhabitants were ing that this wonder was exagge- carrying on a lawsuit against their rated, as generally happens, I wished lord, respecting a cross which he to examine its truth, and the clergy. had erected at argreat distance from men of St. Julian and Montaigu, boundaries, till then acknowledged conducted me to the house in which by custom and tradition, and which thu oid man lodged. When we ar- consequently would have deprived


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