Page images


by people who affe&t to treat Hanno's by alarming the beasts of prey, to fragment as fpurious.

keep their flocks in safety, and prein countries, such as those that vent the bad effects of severe cold *. we have been now describing, and This was the cause of the observation fuch as Hannu was then failing by, Hanno made in failing along the when he made the remark, there is coait, and it was true when he made no twilight. The stars, in their it: jutt the fame may be observed full brightness, are in pofleffion of still, and will be, so long as the clithe whole heavens, when in an in- mate and inhabitants are the fame, itant the fun appears without a harbinger, and they all dilappear together. We shall say, at sun- W'e faw, fays that bold navigator, riling the thermometer is from 45° when rowing close along the coast to 60°; at three o'clock in the af- of Africa, rivers of fire, which ran ternoon it is from 100° to 1150; an down from the higheit mountains, universal relaxation, a kind of irre- and poured themielves into the sea; filtible languor and averlion to all this alarmed him so much, that he action takes possession of both man ordered his gallies to keep a contiand beait; the appetite fails, and derable offing. sleep and quiet are the only things After the fire has consumed all the mind is capable of defiring, or the dry grals on the plain, and, the body of enduring : cattle, birds, from it, done the fame up to the top and beasts all flock to the shade, and of the highest mountain, the large to the neighbourhood of running ravines, or gullies, made by the streams, or deep stagnant pools, and torrents falling from the higher there, avoiding the effects of the ground, being thaded by their depth, scorching fun, pant in quict and in- and their being in possession of the action. From the same motive, the last water that runs, are the latest to wild beast stirs not from his cave; take fire, though full of every sort of and for this, too, he has an addi-, herbage. The large bamboos, hol. tional reason, because the cattle he low canes, and such like plants, depends upon for his prey do not growing as thick as they can stand, itroll abroad to feed; they are asleep retain their greenness, and are not and in safety, for with them are their dried enough for burning till the fire dogs and their shepherds.

has cleared the grass from all the rest But no sooner does the sun set, of the country. At last, when no than a cold night instantly succeeds other fuel reinains, the herdsmen a burning day; the appetite imme- on the top of the mountains set fire diately returns; the cattle spread to these, and the fire runs down in themselves abroad to feed, and pass the very path in which, fome months quickly out of the shepherds fight before, the water ran, filling the into the reach of a multitude of whole gully with flame, which does beasts seeking for their prey. Fires, not end till it is checked by the the only remedy, are every where ocean below where the torrent of lighted by the shepherds to keep water entered, and where the fuel of these at a respectful distance; and course ceases. This I have often dancing, finging, and music at once feen myself, and been often nearly exhilarate the mind, and contribute, inclosed in it, and can bear witness,

* This sensation of the favage in the of heat, without knowing the material fufheart of Africa seems to be unknown io the fering of the negro is from cold, enemies of the Slave-trade; they talk much


[ocr errors]



that, at a distance, and by a stranger

ANECDOTES. ignorant of the cause, it would very [Transmitted by J. S.] hardly be distinguished from a river

1. of fire,


IN the wealds of Kente lived a
TAKEN ON THE THIRD OF AUGUST yeomane of goode faime, havinge

withal a brave stomache, and beeia JURA, ON THE FRONTIERS OF to suppe alonge with another yeo.

mane in the neighbourhoode, who WE swear, not on our tilling in beein advised of his needie apperite, ftruments, but on our spears, and did provid acordinlie a buttoc of iron forks, leven feet high, and the

fatte beeve, the wich he ate to staya few fire-arms we are poffefied of,

his stomache; and after his lounthat on the least suspicion or ap

chin, he did moreover devoure a pearance of being attacked, we shall, whole hogge barbicued, a puddia first of all, invite the Savoyards to

containin two pecks of damesens, drink with us Success to Liberty, and a quantitye of flummerie; and, and to put in their bonnets the na: bye way of deserte, he did likewise tional cockade. 2dly, If they should digett foure baskets of strawberries, refuse, no more of their needles or and a quarte of crame, beside a large bad ink, which they fell us too loave, a nue chees, and two pounde dear, shall be consumed in this

of freshe buttur; and because the country. zdly, We swear to employ

hous afforded no more, he went them no more as chimney-fiveepers. away very ille satisfied! 4thly, They shall be suffered no more to lie, when benighted, in our hay-lofts, nor to steep their cruits in our broth, as they constantly did Judge Dr had married the gratis : we swear, in short, to be no

fister of Mr. P who vilely longer hospitable to them, if they murdered a gentleman. The judge dare to come and trouble our peace,

applied to George the First for his and meddle in our affairs with wick-relation's pardon ; though he aced intentions. Lastly, if they should knowledged that nothing could be be so bold as to enter the precincts urged in alleviation of the crime, of Jura, in a body, and with arms, but he hoped his majesty would we promise them to make use of fave him on account of the infamy every means of defence our prudence

which his execution must bring on and danger fhall suggest to us : we

the family. “So! Mr. Justice," shall lie in ambush on our mountains

faid the king, what you propose and in our woods, and then fall on

to me is, that I should transfer the them suddenly and unperceived, in infamy from you and your family, order to harass them on every side;

to me and mine!”
we shall cut off all conveyances of
provisions ; and hope, by our ad-

dress and our courage, to prevent [Transmitted by T. c.]
any one of them froin returning with
the unwelcome news to his country.

The above was signed by the
mayor and municipal officers of the DIEGO de Ordaca undertook
town of Clancey, in the district of an expedition to discover the city

of Manoa, said to have been built




[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]



by one of the yncas of Peru. Soon doned himself to despair, without after Ordaca arrived on the banks making the finallest attempt to of the river Oroonoko, his powder guide his canoe ; and in this dreadmagazine, by some accident, blew ful state, night overtook him, addup, which difabled him from profe- ing darknels to his horror. cuting his intended discovery. This misfortune being imputed to the carelessness of Juan Martinez, (at

SUPERSTITION. that time maiter gunner to Diego Such is the fuperftition of the de Ordaca) he was immediately Indians in Dutch America, that the condemned to be tot; but the day after a native dies, his family foldiers interposing, his punishment and friends assemble and bury him was changed, though perhaps not naked; after which, they all drink for the better! he was put alone till they are foundly intoxicated. into a small canoe, with arins and After the body has lain long enough ammunition for his defence, but for the flesh to be quite putrified, without any provifions, and in that the same parties again meet, if alive, distressful manner committed to the when the grave is opened, the bones merey of the winds and waves. taken out, and distributed among Carried away by the current of the the relations, and the same scene river, destitute of succour, and in a of riotous sorrow is a second time country unknown, Martinez aban- performed.





verned by the strictest discipline at home, where the smallest broil or

quarrel among individuals is taken (From Bruce's Travels.]

cognizance of, and receives imme. HE tribes of Galla gird Abys- diate punishment.

finia round at all points from Each of the three divisions of eaft to west, making inroads, and Galla elect a king, that is, there is bursing and murdering all that fall a king for every seven tribes. There into their hands. The privities of is also a kind of nobility among the men they cut off, dry, and hang them, from whose families alone them up in their houses. They are the fovereign can be chosen. But fo merciless as to spare not even wo- there are certain degrees of merit men with child, whom they rip up (all warlike) that raise, from time in hopes of destroying a male. The to time, their plebeian families to weitern part of these Galla, which nobility, and the right of suffrage. surrounds the peninsula of Gojam No one of these nobles can be electand Damot, are called the Boren ed till past forty years of age, unless Galla ; and those that are to the he has slain with his own hand a east are named Bertuma Galla, number of men, which, added to though this last word is feldom used his years, makes up forty. in hillory, where the Galla to the Iron is very scarce among them, westward are called Boren; and the so that their principal arms are others Galla merely, without any poles sharpened at the end, and other addition. All these tribes, hardened in the fire, which they though the most cruel that ever ap- use like lances. Their Nields are peared in any country, are yet g9- made of bulls hides of a single fold,


[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small]





A Galla Female

alking, for her Husband another

Vide Bruces Travels


Anvel del

Published by D. Brewman, Nov? 1.1790.

« PreviousContinue »