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accustomed him to be familiar with Gloucester and Taunton ; one of the them on the deck. The gambols and elder brethren of the Trinity House; tricks he played in the course of the president of the Foundling Hospital voyage with the seamen, carpenter, and the Asylum ; and governor of the purser, and an old woman, would be Turkey. Company and the Charter. Incredible, if not fully attested.

House.

He is succeeded in the titles of earl CAGLIOSTRO. The famous Cagliostro is danger.

of Guildford and lord North of Guildoufly

ill in his prison at Rome, of a Aux ford, by his eldest son Frederic, com and fever, and has been bled frequently: monly called lord North, who will, in they use the utmost precaution to pre of Peers, and a new writ for another

consequence, be called up to the House vent his falling a victim to his disorder. member for Banbury will be issued at DEATHS.

the meeting of parliament, The 4th, at his house in Henrietta- On the gth, Mr. Godfrey Lee Fara Atreet, Cavendith-square, the right ho- rant, at Bromley in Kent. He has nourable Francis earl of Guildford. left one hundred and fifty thousand His lordship's death was a gradual pounds in cash, besides an estate of near decay of nature. About a fortnight three thousand pounds per annum to ago he was first affected, whilft return- his fifter, who is upwards of eighty- fix ing from Hyde Park in his carriage, years of age. To a nephew he left and this illness confined him to his bed five thousand pounds. To his garuntil his decease. He was born on dener he left one thousand pounds, April 13, 1704; was chosen a member and all his live stock. To the garfor the borough of Banbury in Oxford- dener's fon he left five hundred pounds fhire, in the first parliament called by to bind him apprentice, and one thouGeorge the Second; and after succeed- fand pounds at the expiration of his ing his father, was, in October 1730, bondage. To a' clerk who had faithappointed one of the gentlemen of the fully served him about nine years, he bed-chamber to his royal highness the generously left fifty pounds; and to his prince of Wales. On Oétober 31, 1734. awn and only daughter, who married he succeeded to the title of lord North, against his confent, he left nothing! by the death of William lord North and His place of principal register to the Grey, whose heir be was. His lordship, High Court of Admiralty in England, on June 17, 1757, being then one of brought him in twelve thoufand pounds the lords of the bed-chamber to his per annum in time of war. Three royal highness Frederic prince of names were always joined in the paWales, itood proxy at the baptism of tent for this place to succeed each his royal highness's fifth son prince other : lord Egremont is now the last William Frederic, for his ferene high- name, and consequently obtains it. nefs prince William of Saxe-Gotha, Mr. Farrant was also principal clerk and was that year appointed governor of the seals for granting difpenfations, to the present king. At the funeral and senior proctor of Doctor's Comof the aforefaid: Frederic prince of mons. At the time of his death, there Wales, on April 13, 1751, his lord hip was fixteen thousand pounds interest of attended as one of the lords of his bed- his money due at the Bank. chamber. He was advanced to the dig- Mr. John Stalker, of the Half-Moon nity of an earl of Great Britain by the public hoafe, Piccadilly. He was a file and title of earl of Guildford, by native of Scotland, which he left at an Jetters patent, bearing date April 8, early period. To a life of many oddi3752; and on December 29; 1773, his ties, be, dying, exhibited a remarkable Jord thip was appointed treasurer and inftance of that amor patriæ, which is Jeceiver-general to her majesty. He was the characteristic of his countrymen ; also high fteward of Banbury; one of the being, by express desire, buried in a full vice-presidents of St. George's hospital; suit of the Highland uniforın, excepting lord lieutenant and cuftos rotulorum the plaid, which is reserved for his for the county of Somerset ; recorder of wife's winding fhçet i

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L ETTER

and as the

power,
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have FROM MARY, QUÈEN OF scors, in your hands, has always been a TO ELIZABETH *.

reason for you among mankind; I [From Whitaker's Vindication of Queen will have recourse to the living God, Mary, verbatim.]

our only judge, who has established Madam,

us equally and immediately under PON that which has come to him, for the government of his

my knowledge, of the last con- people. I will invoke him to the spiracies executed in Scotland against end of this my very pressing afmy poor child, having reaton to fear fiction, that he will return to the consequence of it, from the ex- you and to me (as he will do in ample of myself; I must employ the his last judgment) the share of our very small remainder of my life and merits and demerits one towards the Strength, before my death, to dil other. And remember, Madam, charge my heart to you fully of that to him we Mall not be able my just and melancholy complaints; to disguise any thing, by the paint of which I defire that this letter inay and policy of the world ; though serve you, as long as you live after mine enemies, under you, have me, for a perpetual testimony and been able, for a time, to cover, engraving upon your conscience ;, their subtle inventions to men, peras much for my discharge to pofte- haps to you. rity, as to the shame and confusion In his name, and as before him of all those, who, under your ap. fitting between you and me, I will probation, have so cruelly and un- remind you ; that by the agents, worthily treated me to this time, spies, and secret messengers, fent in and reduced me to the extremity in your name into Scotland, while I which I am. But as their designs, was there, my subjects were core practices, actions, and proceedings, rupted, and encouraged to rebel though as detestable as they could against me, to make attempts upon my have been, have always prevailed perfon, and, in one word, to speak, with you against my very just re- do, enterprize, and execute that, monftrances and sincere deportinent; which lias come to the said country

* This Letter is rendered curious, not Scotland, justly remarks that " its ability only from its contents, but from the cir- and vigour are uncommon, and give it a cumstance of its never having been given title to furvive in the History of the Scottish to the public, in its complete fiate, except by Nation”-And, let us add, of the English Blackwood, who inserted it in his History, too; since, while it displays the heroic virin 1587, and by the learned and ingenious tue of the oppressed, and murdered Mary, it Mr. Whitaker, in his excellent Vindication Strips her wicked rival, Elizabeth, of her of Mary. The late Dr. Stuart, who has borrowed plumes, and exposes her to the given an Abridgen: of it in his History of merited indignation of pofterity. VOL.II.

during

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during my troubles *. Of which I Madam, would you acknowlege an will not at present fpecify other equal liberty and power in your proof, than that which I have gained subjects ? Notwithstanding this, my of it by the confellion of one, who authority has been by my subjects was afterwards amongst those that transferred to my son, when he was were most advanced for this good not capable of exercising it. And service, and of the witnesses con. since I was willing to assure it lawfronted with him. To whom if I fully to him, he being of age to be had fince done justice, he had not assisted to his own advantage, it is afterwards, by bisantient intelligences, suddenly ravished from him, and renewed the same practices against alligned over to two or three train my son ; and had not procured for tours; who having taken from him all my traitourous and rebellious sub- the effc&tiveness of it, will take from jects, who took refuge with you, him, as they have from ine, both that aid and support which they have the name and the title of it, if he had, even fince my detention on contradicts them in the manner he this fide ; without which support, I may, and perhaps his life, if God think, the said traitours could not does not provide for his preservasince have prevailed, nor afterwards tion. have stood out so long, as they have When I was escaped from Lochdone.

levin, ready to give battle to my reDuring my imprisonment at bels; I remitted to you by a genLochlevin, the late Trogmarton tleman express a diamond jewel, [Throg morton] counselled me on which I had formerly received as a your behalf, to sign that demillion token from you, and with assurance which he advertiled me would be to be succoured by you against my presented to me; assuring me, that rebels; and even that, on my reit could not be valid. And there tiring towards you, you would come was not afterwards a place in Chris- to the very frontiers in order to tendom, where it was held for valid, allift me ; which had been confirmed or maintained, except on this fide; to me by divers mellengers . This (where it was maintained) even to promife coming, and repeatedly, having afliited with open force the from your mouth (though I had authors of it. In your conscience, found myself often abused by your

* The note of Blackwood, the publisher the while in league with Murray, and inof the letter, and a cotemporary with Mary. tending to serve his and her purposes by it; “ She means Thomas Randol (Randolph], in a train of such hypocritical professions of the ordinary embaladour of Elizabeth in friend hip, as muít ihock even a profligate Scotland, who, under Shadow of his office, child of the world to think of. "She fent committed there ten thousand treasons Mary a diamond jewel, as a solemn token against the queen of Scotland, corrupting of her avowed friendship, and as an express her subjects with gold and silver, to incite testimony of her promiled assistance. She them into rebellion ; as was proved by the even asured Mary, that on hearing the process made against him.”-One clauic in was obliged to retire before her rebels tothe text shows Elizabeth, to have been at the wards England, she would come to the bottom of that horrid conspiracy; the mur- very frontiers of England, to meet and der of Rizzio and the feizure of the queen. receive her. This she repeatedly confirmed Randolph was ilyen emballadour in Scot- after wards, by inellengers to her. And, land, and left the country foon afterwards after all, how did the behave? This fami(Keith, 344)

liar toad at the ear of the innocent and Elizabeth appears from this, to have unluspecting Eve, injecting its poison into early formed the delign of drawing Maryin- her brain, and tempting her to her ruin, to England, pretence of aflitting her, then itarted up at once in its own natural and in order to feize, infult, and imprison shape, and appcared a very devil by her her. This icheme the carried on, being all side.WHITAKER,

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ministers) made me place such asli- castle of Edimbourg, and one of the ance on the effectiveneis of it ;-that, first mong them poisoned, and the when my army was routed, I came other most cruelly hanged; after I directly to throw myself into your had iwo times made them lay down arms, if I had been able to approach their arms, at your request, in hopes them. But while I was planning of an agreement, which God knows to set out and find you, th

was

whether my enemies aimed at. arrested on my way, surrounded with I have been for a long time tryguards, secured in strong places, and ing, whether patience could foften at latt reduced, all liame set aside, the rigour and ill treatment, which to the captivity in which I remain they have begun for these ten years to this day, after a thousand deaths peculiarly to make me fuffer. And suhich I have already suffered from accommodating myself exactly to it.

the order prescribed me, for my cap. I know, that you will alledge to tivity in this house ; as well in reme what passed between the late gard to the number and quality of duke Nortfolk (of Norfolk] and me. the attendants which I retain, disI maintain, that there was nothing missing the others; as for my diet, in this to your prejudice, or againit and ordinary exercise for my health ; the publick good of this realī; and I am living even at present as quietly that the treaty was fanctioned with and peaceably, as one much inferiour the advice and signatures * of the to myself, and more obliged than first persons who were then of your with such treatment I was to you, council, under the assurance of had been able to do; even to demaking it appear good to you. How prive my felf, in order to take away could such personages have under- all Madow of fufpicion and diffidence taken the enterprize, of miking you from you, of requiring to have some consent to a point, which should de- intelligence with my son and my prive you of life, of honour, and country, which is what by nó right your crown; as you have shown or reaton could be denied ine, and yourself persuaded it would have principally with my child; whom, done, to all the embasladours and inttead of this, they endeavoured by others who speak to you concerning every way to persuade against ine, me?

in order to weaken us by our diviIn the mean time my rebels per- lion. ceiving, that their headlong course It was permitted me, you will say, was carrying them much farther to send one to visit him there about than they had thought before, and three years ago. His captivity then the truth being evidenced concerning at Sterling under the tyranny of the calumnies, that had been propa- Morton, was the caute of it; as his gated of me at the conference, to liberty was afterwards, of a refufal which I submitted in full assembly of to make the like visit. All this year your deputies and mine, with others pait, I have several times entered of the contrary party in that coun- into divers overtures, for the esta. try, in order to clear myself pub- blisıment of a good amnity between lickly of them; there were the prin- us, and a sure understanding between cipals, for having come to repent. these two realmis in future. To auce, besieged by your forces in the Chatsworth, about ten years ago,

* Camden : “ subscriptionibus, quae pro, treasons: the baron Grange, and his broferri poffunt."

ther, were hanged." + to "This was the secretary Lethington, Camden: " serâ pænitentia" and "plewho was poisoned for fear he should dif- niús perfpicerent é colloquio,' &c. cover the death of the king, and all their

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325

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commissioners were sent me for that shall be patien:ly when I shall know purpose. A treaty has been held the occasion of it: if any good, upon it with yourself, by my embaf- fuffer me not to be worse treated for fadours and those of France. I it, with your very great commission even myself made concerning it, the before God and man *. last winter, all the advantageous The vileit criminals, that are in overtures to Beale, that it was pofli- your prisons, born under your obeble to make. What return have I dience, are admitted to their justifihad thence? My good intention has cation ; and their accusers, and been despised, the fincerity of my their accusations, are always deactions has been neglected and ca- clared to them. Why then thall lumniated, the state of my affairs not the same order have place, tohas been traversed by delays, poit- wards me a Sovereign Queen, your ponings, and other such like arti- nearest relation and lawful heir ? I fices. And, in conclusion, a worle think, that this last circumstance has and more unworthy treatment from hiiherto been, on the side of my day to day, any thing which I am enemies, the principal cause of it compelled to do in order to deserve and of all their calumnies, to make the contrary, my very long, use their unjust pretensions flide between less, and prejudicial patience, have the two, by keeping us in division, reduced me to low; that mine ene. But, alas! they have now little rea. mies, in their habits of using me ill, fon and less need, to torment me think this day they have the right more upon this account. For I of prescription for treating me, not proteit to you upon mine honour, as a prisoner, which in reason I that I look this day for no kingdom, could not be, but as fome llave, whose but that of my God; whom I see life and whole death depend only preparing me, for the better concluupon their tyranny.

fion of all my afflictions and adverI cannot, Madam, suffer it any fities pait. longer; and I must in dying dii- This will be to you [a monition] cover the authors of my death, or to discharge your conscience towards living attempt under your protection my child, as to what belongs to him to find an end to the crueities, ca- on this point after my death ; and lumnies, and traitourous designs of in the mean time not to let prevail my said enemies, in order to establish to his prejudice, the continual prac. me in some little more repose for the tices and secret conspiracies, which remainder of my life. To take our enemies in this realm are making away the occasions pretended for all daily for the advancement of their differences between us, clear your- faid pretensions ; labouring on the self, if you please, of all which has other side with our traitourous fub. been reported to you concerning my jects in Scotland, by all the means actions ; review the depositions of which they can, to halten his ruin; the strangers taken in Ireland ; let of which I do not demand other those of the jefuits last executed be better verification, than the charges represented to you; give liberty to given to your last deputies sent into those who would undertake to charge Scotland, and what the faid depu. me publickly, and permit me to en- ties have seditiously practised there, ter upon my defence : if any evil as I believe, without your knowledge, be found in me, let me suffer it, it but with good and sufficient solicita

* With what a bold air, does innocence Hispanorum, qui in Hiberniâ nuper capti, in. here invite and challenge an inquiry into me teltimonia." its own acrious! Camden ; “ proferantur

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