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disregarded. He from this time en- misfion in 1980. His pafsport to tertained so ardent a resentment, captain Cook, bears date March 10, that neither politeness nor modera- 1779. In 1783, he caused a medal tion could reitrain the most pointed to be struck, to commemorate the and bitter sarcasms against the con- independence of America. July 24. duct of England, in mixed compa- 1785, he embarked at Havre, and on nies. It is certain, that Franklin the Tame day landed at Southampforetold all the consequences, which ton; whence, after a flight refrelisin reality ensued, with an almoft ment, he failed for Cowes, where a prophetic fagacity:--In May 1774, vefsel was ready to convey him to Phi a dispute arose in the affembly at ladelphia. He was received there, Georgia, concerning his agency. on the 15th of September, with His conference with Dr. Fothergill, universal acclamation. for negociating with America, 1774, The memories of the aged are not may
be seen in Dr. Lettfom's “ Me supposed to be retentive. The truth, moirs of Dr. Fothergill." In the however, seems to be, that the tabler summer of 1775, he returned to of the memory becomes callous at a Philadelphia, and was immediately certain period ; nor is it fufceptible elected one of their delegates to the of new iinpressions, and particularly Continental Congress. In the De- of verbal knowledge. Franklin was cember of that year he arrived at an exception to this rule; he acParis, and soon after took the house quired French after seventy; he which lord Stormont had previously spoke fluently, and even scientifioccupied.
cally, in that language. In his The testimonies of Franklin's French embassy, Dr. Franklin bemerit were conceived in the highest came the ton, the fashionable topic strain of panegyric. In the year of modifh conversation; the ladies 1777, lord Chatham adverted, in a had hats à-la-Franklin; and crowds remarkable speech, to his dissuasive of belles and beaux often fluttered afarguments against the war, and to ter him in the garden of the Thuillethe sagacious advice of the Ameri- ries. His conversation was rendered can Newton. Upon his reception valuable not only by a love of truth, in the French Academy, D'Alem- but by an accuracy of definition bert welcomed him with that well. which he had acquired from matheknown line which revived the bold- inatical study. Speaking of the late ness and the fublimity of Lucan- count de Vergeones, the French “ Eripuit cælo fulmen, sceptrumque ty- minister, and having accidentally rannis."
said that he was a man of honour, Dubourg, the first Frenchman
Frenchman he immediately added, “ I call him who openly espoused the cause of a man of honour, becaufe he never America, has inscribed under the made me a promise, nor even gave head of Franklin this inscription
me a hope, that he did not amply 6. Il a ravi le feu des Cieux ;
fulfil.” In fuciety he was fentenIl fait fleurir les arts en des climats sau- tious, but not fluent ; a liffener ra
ther than a talker ; an informing, vages : L'Amérique le place à la tête des fages; rather than a pleafing companion : La Grèce l'auroit ines au nombre des ses impatient of interruption, he often Dieux."
mentioned the custom of the Indians, In February 1777, he had the who always remain filent some time regular appointment of plenipoten- before they give an answer to a quel tiary from the Congress to the French tion, which they have heard attenCourt; but obtained leave of dif- tively; unlike fome of the politeft
societies • The
focieties in Europe, where a sentence his fellow-citizens for fo exalted a can scarcely be finished without in- character. The National Assembly terruption.
of France have also decreed a geneHe has left issue one fon, gover- ral mourning of three days. nor William Franklin, who was a august spectacle of the representatives zealous and active loyalift during the of the firf free people on earth in late revolution, and now resides in mourning for the father of the London ; and a daughter, married liberty of two worlds (said a gentleto Mr. Richard Bache, a merchant man at Paris, June 14) added pecuin Philadelphia. To the two latter liar interest and solemnity to the he has bequeathed the chief part of fellion of this day. So memorable his ettate, during their respective a victory of philofophy over prejulives, and afterwards to be divided dice, is not recorded in the annals of equally among their children. To the human race." his grandson, Williain Temple Without an endeavour to rob the Franklin, efq. he leaves a grant of French of that genuine liberty which some lands in the state of Georgia, constitutes them the firf free people the greatest part of his library, and on earth, it must be owned, that Dr. all his papers, besides fomething ad- Franklin had a great share in bringditional in case of his marriage. He ing about the American revolution ; has also made various bequests and which in some degree, no doubt, condonations to cities, public bodies, tributed to that fabric now erected in and individuals; and has requested France. that the following epitaph, which he The principles and qualities of compofed for himfelf fome years electricity were scarcely known in ago, may be inscribed on his tomb- the last age. The electric fluid was stone
barely mentioned at the end of New" The body of
ton's Optics. It was reserved for BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, Printer, Franklin to investigate its proper(like the cover of an old book,
ties ; and of that branch of science its contents torn out, and stript of its lettering and gilding)
he may be considered as the father. lies here food for worms: Theory was advanced to practice and yet the work itself shall not be lost, utility by the invention of the con. but will (as he believed) appcar once more, ductor. Nor were his observations in a new
confined to this science. There were and more beautiful edition, corrected and amended
few subjects of common utility upon by
which he did not comment, none THE AUTHOR.”
which he did not improve and illusPhiladelphia never displayed a trate ; of which, his Advice to Sere scene of greater grandeur than was vants-to Tradesmen-to Settlers in exhibited at his funeral. His re- America--on the Cure of Smoky mains were interred on the 21st; Chimnies–Rules for Clubs and for and the concourse of people assem. Conversation-Maxims to convert bled on the occalion was immense. a great into a small Empire, written The body was attended to the grave with the caustic fpirit of Swiftby thirty clergymen, and men of all abundantly prove. To be generally ranks and professions, arranged in useful, that he might be universally the greatest order. All the bells in celebrated, seemed to be his ruling the city were tolled muffled, and principle ; and if his happiness in there was a discharge of artillery. creased in itriet proportion to his Nothing was omitted that could fame, Dr. Franklin enjoyed more thew the respect and veneration of than usually falls to the human lot.
REVIEW OF HISTORICAL BOOKS.
show themselves, left we might be intiA NARRATIVE OF
midated, I cannot fay; but, as I found WHICH TOOK PLACE ON BOARD
we were discovered to be on the coast, I THE BOUNTY ARMED SHIP, CON
thought it prudent to make the best of CLUDED FROM P. 217.
my way, for fear of canoes; though, N our last, we left lieutenant Bligh from the accounts of captain Cook, the
and his miserable crew, on Restora. chance was that there were very few or tion Island; we fall now proceed with none of any consequence. I passed them to Timor, by giving such ex. these people as near as I could, which tracts as will enable our readers to form was within a quarter of a mile ; they a comprehensive view of the whole of were naked, and apparently black, and this intereiting Narrative.
their hair or wool bushy and fort." “ Saturday, May the 30th. This Thenext morning, about eighto'clock, afternoon I sent parties out again to lieutenant Bligh again landed at another gather oysters, with which, and some of island, which lies N. by W. W, from the inner part of the palm-top, we made Restoration Iland, in lat. 1r deg. 58 another good few for fupper, each per- min.S; and, ordering one party to go in fon receiving a full pint and a half; search of provisions while another staid but I refused bread to this meal, for I with the buat-" On this occasion," considered our wants might yet be very says he, “ their fatigue and weakness great, and as such I represented the ne- so far got the better of their sense of celsity of faving our principal support duty, that fome of them began to mutter whenever it was in our power.
who had done molt, and declared they “At night we again divided, and one would rather be without their dinner half of us Nept on Thore by a good fire. than go in search of it. One person, In the morning I discovered a visible in particular, went so far as to tell me, alteration in every one for the better, with a mutinous look, he was as good and I sent them away again to gather a man as myself. It was not poffible oysters, I had now only two pounds for me to judge where this might have of pork left. This article, which I an end, if not stopped in time; I therecould not keep under lock and key, as I fore determined to strike a final blow at did the bread, had been pilfered by it, and either to preserve my command, some inconsiderate person, but every one or die in the aitempt: and, seizing a most folemnly denied it; I therefore cutlass, I ordered him to take hold of refolved to put it out of their power for another and defend himself; on which the future, by Maring what remained he called out I was going to kill him, for our dinner. While the party was and began to make concessions. I did out getting oysters, I got the boat in not allow this to interfere further with readiness for fea, and filled all our the harmony of the boat's crew, and water vesels, which amounted to nearly every thing soon became quiet. fixty gallons.
“ The parties continued collecting " Sunday, May the 31st. Being all what could be found, which consisted ready for fea, I directed every person to of some fine oysters and clams, and a attend prayers, and by four o'clock we few small dog.fith that were caught in were preparing to embark; when riventy the holes of the rocks. We also found natives appeared, running and holloaing about two tons of rain-water in the to us, on the opposite thore. They hollow of the rocks, on the north part were armed with a spear or lance, and a of the island, to that of this essential arMort weapon which they carried in their ticle we were again to happy as not to Jeft hand : they made signs for us to be in want. come to them. On the top of the hills " Ar two o'clock in the afternoon of we faw the heads of many more ; June 1, we dined; each person having whether these were their wives and a full pine and a half of stewed oyfters children, or others who waited for our and clams, thickened with fmall beans, landing, until which they meant not to
which Mr. Nelson informed us were a VOL. II.
fpecies of dolichos. Having caten blaze up. Mr. Samuel and Mr. Peck heartily, and taken the water we were over had the superintendance of this in want of, I only waited to determine business, while I was strolling about the the time of high-water, which I found beach to observe if I thought it could be to be at three o'clock, and the rise of seen from the main. I was just fatif. the tide about five feet.
fied that it could not, when on a sudden “ I now failed for the key which I the ifand appeared all in a blaze, that had seen in the N. W. by N. giving the might have been seen at a much more name of Sunday Isand to the place I considerable distance. I ran to learn left; we arrived juft at dark, but found the cause, and found it was occasioned it so surrounded by a reef of rocks, that by the imprudence and obftinacy of one I could not land without danger of of the party, who, in my absence, had staving the boat ; and on that account infilted on having a fire to himself; in I came to a grapnel for the night. At making which the Aames canghe the dawn of day we goton shore, and tracked neighbouring grass and rapidly fpread. the boat into shelter.
This misconduct might have produced “ Innumerable birds of the noddy very serious consequences, by discoverkind made this island their restinge ing our situation to the natives; for, place; so that I had reason to flatter if they had attacked us, we must inevitmyself with hopes of getting fupplies in ably have fallen a facrifice, as we had greater abundance than it had hitherto neither arms nor strength to oppose an been in my power. The situation was enemy. Thus the relief which I exat least four leagues distant from the pected from a little fleep, was totally main. We were on the north-western. lot, and I anxiously waited for the molt of four small keys, which were howing of the tide, that we might prosurrounded by a reef of rocks connected ceed to fea. by fand-banks, except between the two “ | tied up a few gilt buttons and northernmost; and there likewise it fome pieces of iron to a tree, for any of was dry, at low water; the whole form- the natives that might come after us ; ing a lagoon island, into which the tide and, happily finding my invalids much flowed: at this entrance I kept the better for their night's rett, I got every boat.
one into the boat, and departed by dawa “ As usual, I sent parties away in of day. Wind at S. E; course to the search of supplies, but, to our great N. by W. disappointment, we could only get a “ We had scarcely ran two leagues few clams and some dolichos : with to the northward, when the lea suddenly there, and the oysters we had brought became rough, which not having expefrom Sunday Inand, I made up a mers rienced since we were within the reefs, for dinner, with an addition of a small I concluded to be occasioned by an open quantity of bread.
channel to the ocean. Soon afterwards “ In my walk round the island, I we met with a large shoal, on which found several cocoa-nut ihells, the re- were two sandy keys; between these mains of an old wigwam, and the back and two others, four miles to the west, of two turtle, but no sign of any quad- I passed on to the northward, the tea itili ruped. One of my people found three continuing to be rough fea-fowl's eggs.
“ Towards noon, I fell in with fix “ It is certain, therefore, that the na. other keys, most of which produced tives sometimes refort to this place, and some small trees and brush-wood. These have canoes : but I did not apprehend formed a pleasing contrast with the that we ran any risk by remaining here. main land we had passed, which was I directed our fire, however, to be made full of fand-hills. in the thicket, that we might not be “ I divided fix birds, and issued one discovered in the night.
twenty-fifth of a pound of bread, with “ At noon, I observed the latitude half a pint of water, to each person for of this island to be ir deg. 47 min. S. dinner, and I gave half a glass of wine
• Towards evening, on the 2d, I to Mr. Nelson, who had been ill. cautioned every one against making too “ Wednesday, June the 3d. Fresh large a fire, or suffering it after dark to gales S. S. E. and S. E. and fair weather. As we stood to the N. by W. s. For my own part, wonderful as this afternoon, we found more sea, it may appear, I felt noither extreme which I attributed to our receiving less hunger nor thirst. My allowance con. Shelter from the reefs to the eastward : tented me, knowing I could then have It is probable they do not extend so far no more. to the N. as this ; at least, it may be “ I served one twenty-fifth of a pound concluded that there is not a continued of bread, and an allowance of water, for barrier to prevent thipping having ac- breakfast, and the same for dinner, cess to the shore."
with an addition of six oysters to each After happily passing all the rocks perfon. At noon, latitude observed and hoals of the north part of New 10 deg. 48 min. S. Holland, at " eight o'clock in the even- “ In the evening of the 6th, a few ing of the 4th, we once more launched boobies came about us, one of which I içto the open ocean. Miserable as our caught with my hand. The blood was situation was in every respect, I was fe- divided among three of the men who cretly surprised to see that it did not ap- were weakest, but the bird I ordered to pear to affect any one so strongly as my be kept for our dinner the next day. felf; on the contrary, it seemed as if Served a quarter of a pint of water for they had embarked on voyage to Ti. supper, and to some, who were molt in mor, in a vessel sufficiently calculated need, half a pint. for safety and convenience. So much 6. In the course of the night we suf. confidence gave me great pleasure, and fered much cold and Miverings. Ac I may affert that to this cause their pre- day-light, I found that some of the servation is chiefly to be attributed; clams, which had been hung up to dry for if any one of them had despaired, for sea-store, were stolen ; but every he would most probably have died be onę most folemnly denied having any fore we reached New Holland.
knowledge of it. This forenoon we “ I now gave every one hopes that saw a gannet, a sand-lark, and some eight or ten days might bring ưs to a water-Inakes, which in general were land of safety; and, after paying to from two to three feet long. God for a continuance of his most • In the afternoon of the 7th, I took gracious protection, I served an allow- an opportunity of examining again into ance of water for supper, and kept my our store of bread, and found remaining course to the W. S. W. to counteract nineteen days allowance, at my former the southerly winds, in case they mould rate of serving one twenty-fifth of a blow strong.
pound three times a day : therefore, as We had been just fix days on the I saw every prospect of a quick passage, coast of New Holland, in the course of I again ventured to grant an allowance which we found oysters, a few clams, før fupper, agreeable to my promise as fome birds, and water. . But perhaps the time it was discontinued. a benefit nearly equal to this we re- “ We passed the night miserably wet ceived from not having fatigue in the and cold, and in the morning I heard boat, and enjoying good rest at night. heavy complaints of our deplorable fitu. These advantages certainly preferved ation. The sea was high and breaking our lives; for, Imall as the supply was, over us;, I could only afford the allowa I am very fenfible how much it relieved ance of bread and water for breakfast; our distresses." About this time nature but for dinner | gave out an ounce of would have funk under the extremes of dried clams to each person, which was hunger and fatigue. Some would haye all that remained. ceased' to Aruggle for a life that only “ The sea ran very high on the 8th, promised wretchedness and mịfery; and we were continually wet, fuffering while others, though possessed of more much cold in the night. I now rebodily strength, mult soon haye followed marked that Mr. Ledward, the surgeon, their unfortunate companions. Even and Lawrence Lebogue, an old hardy in our present ftuation, we were most fçaman, were giving way very fast. I wretched spectacles; yet our fortitude could only affilt them by a tea spoonful and spirit remained'; every one being or two of wine, which I had carefully, encouraged by the hopes of a speedy saved, expeting fuch a melancholy netermination to his misery.
cellity. Among most of the others I