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joke gocs round, very feldom with the mother's first choice, and the any mixture of acriinony or ill. eldest daughter to the father. If humour.

there be but one daughter, and all During all this time, the unfore the rest fons, she is afligned to the tunate victim at the door is bleed- father. If there be but one fon, ing indeed, but bleeding little. As and all the rest daughters, he is the long as they can cut off the flesh right of the mother. If the numfrom his bones, they do not meddiebers are unequal after the 'first elecwith the thighs, or the parts where tion, the rest are divided by lot. the great arteries are. At last they There is no such distinction as legifall upon the thighs likewise; and timate or illegitimate children, from foon after, the animal bleeding to the king to the beggar; for fupdeath, becomes so tough, that the pofing any one of their marriages canibals, who have the rest of it to valid, all the issue of the rest mult

very hard work to separate be adulterous bastards. the flesh from the bones with their The king in his marriage uses teeth, like dogs.

no other ceremony than this: he In the mean time, those within fends an azage to the house where are very much elevated; love lights the lady lives, where the officer anall its fires, and every thing is per- nounces to her, it is the king's pleamitted with absolute freedom. There sure that she should remove instantly is no coyness, no delays, no need of to the palace. She then dresses her. appointments or retirement, to gra- felf in the best manner, and immetify their wishes; there are no rooms diately obeys. Thenceforward he but one,

in which they facrifice both assigns her an apartment in the pa. to Bacchus and to Venus.

lace, and gives her a house elsewhere Although we read from the Je- in any part the chuses. Then, suits a great deal about marriage when he makes her iteghé, it seems and polygamy, yet there is nothing to be the nearest resemblance to which may be averred more truly, marriage; for, whether in the coure than that there is no such thing as or the camp,' he orders one of the marriage in Abyffinia, unless that judges to pronounce in his presence, which is contracted by mutual con- that he, the king, has chosen his sent, without other form, fubfisting hand-maid, naming her for his only till dissolved by diffent of one queen ; upon which the crown is or other, and to be renewed or re- put upon her head, but fhe is pot peated as often as it is agreeable to anointed. both parties, who, when they please, The crown being hereditary in cohabit together again as man and one family, but elective in the per wife, after having been divorced, fon, and polygamy being permitted, had children by others, or whether must have multiplied these heirs they have been married, or had very much, and produced constant children with others or not. Mr. disputes; fo that it was found neces- . Bruce remembers to have once been fary to provide a reinedy for the at Kofcam in presence of the iteghề, anarchy and effufion of royal blood, when, in the circle, there was a wo- which was otherwise inevitably to man of great quality, and seven follow. The remedy was a humane men who had all been her husbands, and gentle one; they were confined none of whom was the happy spouse in a good climate upon a high at that time.

mountain, and maintained there at Upon separation, they divide the the public expence. They are there children. The eldest son falls to taught to read and write, but no

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thing thing else; seven hundred and fifty that fellow-feeling one would have cloths for wrapping round them, expected from a prince rescued from three thousand ounces of gold, that very situation himself; howwhich is thirty thousand dollars or ever that be, and however distressing crowns, are allowed by the State for the fituation of those princes, we their maintenance. These princes cannot but be satisfied with it, when are hardly used, and, in troublesome we look to the neighbouring kingtimes, often put to death upon the dom of Sennaar, or Nubia. There finallest misinformation. While Mr. no mountain is trusted with the cons Bruce was in Abyssinia, their revenue finement of their princes; but, as was so grossly inilapplied, that some soon as the father dies, the throats of them were said to have died with of all the collaterals, and all their hunger and of cold, by the avarice descendants, that can be laid hold and hard-heartedness of Michael of, are cut; and this is the case neglccting to furnish them with ne. with all the black states in the de. ceffaries. Nor had the king, as far fert west of Sennaar, Dar Fowr, as cver Mr. Bruce could discern, Selé, and Bagirina,

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SOME ACCOUNT OF THE PRODUC

a kind of brandy is diftilled, which TIONS OF KAMCHATKA. produces a moderate revenue, but is

hurtful in its use, as nothing can [From the Travels of Count Benyowsky.] equal the poison of this plant. The

AMCHATKA produces me- governor would act very prudently iron ores, and near Girova the ore importing a larger quantity of brandy of copper, The mountains afford from Europe. rock cryftal, fome specimens of Kamchatka makes no great figure which are green and reddish; the with respect to animals. The first natiyes of the country use it to make rank belongs to the dog, which heads for their javelins. The only serves instead of draught horfes, and, kind of trees which grow in Kam- after its death, affords a skin for the chatka are a species of bastard fir, cloathing of man. The dogs of cedars, willows, and birch; the ce- Kamchatka are large, but active dar.affords a grain which the na- and laborious ; they are fed with lives are very fond of: the bark of opana, which is a composition of the willows and the birch ferves ftale fish and the bark of the birch, them instead of bread. The only but they are most commonly obliged useful plant in this country is the to seek their own food, which they farana, which powers, and affords find in the rivers produced by the fruit in the month of Auguft. hot springs, where they find fish. The natives of Kamchatka make a The fox comes next after the dog; large provision of this substance, its skin is glofly, and there is no fur which, together with cavear, forins in Siberia which can be put in com. a certain paste, which they think petition with the fox's skin of Kamdelicious, but upon which I think I chatka. never could support life. Besides The ram of Kamchatka is excelthe farana, government has caused lent food; its skin is highly valued, another plant to be collected, under and its horns are likewise an article the name of Vinovaya, from which of commerce ; but of late years the

number

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number of this species has greatly the manate are preferred to ivory, dininished.

Kamchatka affords annually of these The fable is very common in between two hundred and fifty and Kamchatka, and the natives con- three hundred. The fleth of the tinually hunt this animal, as do manate resembles beef when full likewise the hunters. The number grown, and veal when young. of fables brought to market luft year

Kamchatka likewise affords bea.' froin Kamchatka amounted to fix vers. The fur of this creature is thousand eight hundred.

as soft as down ; its teeth are small The fur of the marmotte is very and sharp, but its tail Mort, flat and warm and light.

broad, terminating in a point. BeaBears are very numerous in Kam- vers are catched here with the line, chatka; their difpofition is gentle, and sometimes they are shot under and they do no mischief, except in the ice. their own defence. The hunters The sea-lion 'is of the size of an are obliged to hunt the bear for sub- ox; its cry is dreadful; but, hapsistence, but it often happens that pily for navigators, it is one of the they get torn, though the bear very ligns of the vicinity of land during feldom kills a man. It seems as if the fogs, which are so common here, this animal spared the life of the The fea-lion is a timid animal; it is creature it no longer fears: they struck with the harpoon, or fhot have never been known to hurt with the musket, or bow and ar

These creatures are fat row. during the summer, and lean in The fea-calf is found in great winter.

abundance near all the islands and headlands of Kamchatka; it never

goes far from shore, but enters the THE mapate resembles a cow in mouths of rivers to devour fish. The the form of its head. The females skin of the sea-calf is used to make have two nipples, and hold their buskins. The inbabitants of Kam. young against their bosoms. The chatka take this animal with the French have named this animal la- line. menti, from its cry. It has a black Kamchatka affords a large quanrough skin, as thick as the bark of an tity of different kinds of fish, from oak, and capable of refifting the the whale to the smallest fpecies; but troke of an hatchet, The teeth of the birds of this country are few.

women.

AMPHIBIOUS ANIMALS.

SELECT BIOGRAPHY.

B В

SKETCH OF THE

a journeyman with the late Mr. LIFE OF DR. FRANKLIN. ,

Watts *. Of his origin he made no

secret. In a conversation at Paris, in ENJAMIN Franklin, esq. company with the comte d'Aranda

LL.D. and F. R. S. was born and the duke de la Rochefoucault, in 1706, and brought up in the he replied to an Irish gentleman who profession of a printer; in which had asked him some questions about capacity he worked some years as the fate of the paper manufactory

there, * Mr. Watts soon discovered in him that with an oath, that his "

young American Yigour of intellect which has been fince uni- composer," as he called him, would one day versally acknowledged; and often affirmed, make a considerable figure in the world.

This

there," Few men can give you his respiration from these diseases.ca more information on that subject His own idea of death may be collecte than myself, for I was originally in ed from a letter* which he wrote the printing trade." His love of about thirty-five years ago to Mifs fcience can be traced from an early Hubbard, on the death of his brother, period. A letter of his to fir Hans Mr. John Franklin, of Boston, who Sloane, dated June 2, 1725, is still was father-in-law to that lady: extant. He appeared here in the In 1759, he published “ An kiffinse of his bufiness; but had pro. torical Review of the Government cured letters to, and was well re- of Pennsylvania ;” and in 1760, ceived by, Martin Folkes, esq. “ The Interests of Great Britain afterwards president of the Royal confidered, with regard to her Coo Society, and, through him, was lonies." In 1973, he attracted the known to Dr. Clarke. He was not, public notice by a letter on the duel however, gratified with a fight of between Mr. Whateley and Mr. fir Isaac Newton, which he often Temple. On the 29th of January lamented, and which he had labour. 1774, he was heard before the privy ed to obtain. Great age and in- council, on a petition he had long creasing infirmities prevented an in- before prefented, as agent for Mattroduction to fir Isaac.

fachusetts Bay, against their goverIn 1735, Mr. Franklin had a se- nor, Mr. Hutchinfon ; when the vere pleurisy, which terminated in petition was abruptly dismiffed, an abscess on the left lobe of his and Mr. Franklin removed from lungs, and he was then almost suf- the office of deputy postmasterfocated with the quantity and sud- general for the colonies. Previous Beyness of the discharge. A second to this period, he is faid to have attack of a similar nature happened used his utmost endeavours to prefome years after this, from which vent a breach between Great Britain he foon recovered, and did not ap- and America ; and it is perhaps to pear to suffer any inconvenience in be lamented that his counsels were This prediction the old man lived to fce, in nevolent act of God. When they become part, verified; perhaps, in his own opinion, unfit for these purposes, and afford us pain completely fulfi:led : for it can scarcely be instead of pleasure, instead of an aid they fupposed that he could have conceived the become an incumbrance, and answer none occurrence of thofe extraordinary events of the intentions for which they were given, that sailed his " composer” to the fummit it is equally kind and benevolent that a way of human greatness, and contributed to his is provided by which we may get rid of shining as a negociator amongst princes, or them. Death is that way. We ourselves the legislator of a rising state; or that the prudently chuse a partial death. In some climax would clofe with his enjoying a cases, a mangled, painful limb, which canportion of sovereign power.

not be restored, we willingly cut off. He * “ Dear Child, I condole with you; who plucks out a tooth, parts with it freely, we have lost a mort dear and valuable re. since the pain goes with it; and he that Iation ; but it is the will of God and Nature quits the whole body, parts at once with all that there mortal bodies be laid aside, when the pains, and possibilities of pains and diso che foul is to enter into real life; it is rather cases, it was liable to, or capable of making an embryo fate, a preparation for living; him suffer. Our friend and we are invited a man is not completely born until he be abroad-on a party of pleasure that is to dead. Why then should we grieve that a last for ever---his carriage was first ready, new child is born among the immortals, a and he is gone before us; we could not all new member added to their happy society? conveniently Itart together: and why fhould We are spirits. That bodies should be lent you and I be grieved at this, since we are us, while they can afford us pleasure, affist soon to follow, and know where to find us in acquiring knowledge, or doing good him ? Adieu ! B. F.'' to our fellow-crcatures, is a kind and be.

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