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carriages, driving out for an evening's the ruins of the building, the whole
side; they are constructed of every pose city were affembled around, and fol-
fible uncouth and aukward shape, and lowed the carriages, in a procession
were charmingly contrasted with an fimilar to the funeral of the most la.
English carriage or two that I had the mented monarch, whilft dejection hung
pleasure of meeting. I was much fruck upon every countenance, and every
at the environs, and the entrance of Pa- tongue uttered lamentations. A com
ris ; it was far superior to any thing I mon fellow, who was riding upon one
had a conception of. The scene was of the carriages, picked out, from the
truly beautiful ; an immense length of heap of ruins on which he was sitting,
road, with rows of trees, and houses on the habiliments of an opera prince, and,
each fide, was terminated, at the point decking himself with the richest orna.
of a rising hill, by two handsome bar- ments he could find, rode along with
riers, which formed a striking coup' the state of a Rinaldo. As foon as
d'æil. After passing them, we entered this humorous feat attracted the eye of
the Champs Elisées, that seemed very the people, the look of dejection, and
rightly fo named. Avenues opened on the cry of sorrow, were changed in a
either side of the road, and viftas of moment, and succeeded by the most ex-
young trees were filled in every part cessive peals of laughter.
with company. Some were regaling “ The palace of the Thuilleries (fo
themselves at tables beneath the trees; named from having been built on a
others, under open tents ; and farther spot formerly over-run with reeds and
in were parties walking : ladies were marshes) adjoins to the grand gallery
parading along in full dress, with their of the Louvre. The palace is very su-
fans in their hands; and gentlemen perb, and the statues dispersed about the
walking by their sides, with their hats gardens, exquisite. The chef d'auvres
beneath their arms : in short, every part of le Pautre, and the beautiful produc-
was crouded; and the road was equally tions of Bouchardon, are here collected.
filled with a vast diversity of carriages, The statue of Æneas carrying his fa.
of the most fanciful and tawdry appear. ther from Troy, is finely executed ;
ances ; some of which were gilt all and the charming piece of Arria and
over. So new a scene made me lose ale Pecus * furpasses the power of descrip.
most every idea of reality, and I fancied tion. I was so rapt in admiration,
it to be enchantment, or at least that I that I wanted new powers of expression,
was in China, or some such remote The look and attitude of Perus, as he
country ; our ideas of which approach views his wife stabbing herself, to teach
towards it, as being wholly different him how to die, is such as the most im.
fronı any thing we have ever been ac. paffioned and expressive actor would
customed to.

find it hard to imitate. Life, thought,
“ In the evening I went to the grand paffion, and horror, are thrown into
opera, and was very much entertained. the piece; and the calmness and refig.
The form of the building is very hand- nation of ArriaIt is not painful,
Some; and, considering the shortness of Petus !'-is beautifully contratted.
the space in which it was erected, is
much to be admired. It was built in To a person who has been much
fix weeks after the former opera was in the habit of being abroad, the mode
burnt down, which unhappily destroyed of keeping 'the Sunday in England,
many of the finest dresses and decora- must have a great appearance of re-

serve, and of austerity ; nor could such " This fatal conflagration, at the

a one well reconcile himself to that totime, occafioned a general horror and tal metamorphosis which is then redespondency throughout the whole city. quired. The observance would be te. They tell of a circumstance, so truly dious, and the restraint intolerable. In descriptive of the characteristics of France, che duties of the day cease with the French levity and frivolity, that I those of the church; and between the cannot avoid relating it. Whilst the intervals of mass, the vacancy is most remains of the decorations and scenery * See this story in Vol. I. page 74. It is were carrying away in waggons from embellished with a Plate.


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frequently filled with cards. Devotion by draw-bridges, and secured by gates, is here of fo portable and so accommo- which fhut one within the other. They dating a nature, that it may with equal guard it with so much watchfulness ease, and at any time, be laid down or and jealousy, that you dare not ap: resumed ; and after all the ardour of proach to look at it.

The deputies religion, and the envelopement of them- from Brittany were then airing themselves in zeal and mystery, a transition felves upon the ramparts : I turned with may at once be made to levity, and the disgust from the place. most trifting amusements. The after

Aug, 20. noons are universally spent in pleasure; The king's library was this day and the opera, and the French and

qpen; an opportunity I did not miss Italian comedies for the polite, and the

of embracing. It comprises two hunpetites theatres for the bourgeois, serve dred thousand printed volumes, beside to make up for the interruption and fix thousand inanuscripts; and is esteemconstraint of the morning. Although

ed the firft in Europe. The books are the calls upon the people to religious contained in fix large saloons, in one duties are frequent, in Roman-catholic of which are two immense globes, concountries, they are not tiresome; their structed by Coronelli: they stand in a frequency is rendered palatable, by hall below, and, through two large their toleration of, and their coalition apertures, reach into the room above, with, the different amusements. Fairs from whence observations are to be are generally held in celebration of made. Their diameter is eleven feet fome faint on Sundays, and standings eleven inches: the cicles for the me. always placed at the church doors.

ridian and horizon were made by an Aug. 18.

EngliMman, and are eighteen feet in

diameter. “ I have this day taken a view of the

“ The amusements here are much Jardin du Roi, which is laid out to the better conducted than in England : they admiration of the French ; the chief beauty of it is the botanical collection, minate at a more early hour; so as to

are not so long in duration, and terarranged according to species. On the leave time for a continuation of foo top of a circular mount in the garden, ciery after fupper, without a sacrifice which you ascend by a winding walk, of the health and spirits. The decorum is a small temple, that commands an exter.sive view of Paris and its ewirons. public places, would likewise be very

and good order that is preferved in the This spot is likewise polluted, in being delirable, were it not for the idea that dedicated to adulation, and to.vanity. Froni the Jardin du Roi, we crossed

those vile guns,' and horrible Swiss

guards, stuck up in every corner, were the Seine in a boat, and.walked through

the means of it. I should, on no acthe arsenal; at the end of which was the

count, eyer with to see the soldiery preBastille.

side over, or interfere in, the amuse“ As I looked upon

ments of Englishmen. walls, iny soul shuddered within me. I beheld that terrific engine of arbitrary

Aug. 22. power, with horror and deteftation. Í “ The characteristics of all the pubfeared to tread upon the ground that lic works in this country, are grandeur encircled it: all was horrible and dreary, and expence; nothing is left unatAccurfed manfion! I exclaimed; thou tempted, that is within the grasp of haft been the dungeon and the tomb of possibility. Neither labour nor profumany, whose brealts have burned with lion are regarded; and oftentinjes the the facred love of liberty, and whose immensity of their designs outsteps the hearts have been warmed with the holy means of execution; as there are many fame of virtue! Would that I were an things here, remaining monuments of enchanter! that thy ghastly walls might the greatness of human ambition, and tumble to the ground !

the weakness of human ability. i " A deep fosse surrounds it, with " In the afternoon, I was taken to high walls, that mock every idea of the chapel of the Convent of Saint efcape: the approach to it is defended Sacrament, to attend a sermon from a YOL. II.



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the gloomy

was a

famous predicateur ; but chiefly to hear and wished for once that I had been a
a nun, celebrated for her vocal powers, pope.
hog the service.

Aug. 27 * Mademoiselle de

" I went to the church of the Car. young lady of high connections, arid melites in the Fauxbourg de St. Jaques, Jarge fortune ; endowed with every ac- which is one of the richert repositories, complishment that can adorn the fairest and contains some of the choicest valu: work of nature; and possessed of charms, ables in all Paris. The floor of the both of person, mind, and disposition, church throughout is marble, and the that attracted the love, the envy, and altar-piece very elegant, being a taberthe admiration of the world. So rich nacle of intire silver; but its chief beaua prize was looked at with a longing ties are the paintings. The admirable cye by the church. Accomplishments piece of Guido, of the Annunciation, Such as these, destined to enrich society, which stands at the right of the altar, and benefit mankind, were to be vested is wonderfully soft and beautiful; and in folitude and prifon, and devoted, that celebrated production, the cheffalsely devoted, to the service of God. d'ouvre of Le Brun, representing a To this end, arts and perfuafions were penitent Magdalen, is beyond descripeagerly and insiduously made use of :

tion interesting and expreffive; her eyes temptations were held forth with fas-, seem to be newly swoln with tears ; cinating lustre ; and a false and glaring and it is impossible to look at her, for picture of visionary joys presented to her many minutes, without feeling fympa. view. Her susceptible and warm mind thetic emotions. The face was taken was prevailed upon; and, allured by from that of the celebrated Comtesse de the charms of zeal and superstition, and Villaire, who, in an hour of penitence elevated at the idea of heaven, and eter

and reinorse, flew from the world to nal happiness, the consented to rob the this convent, and made an eternal loa world of what was its due; and to apo litude an atonement for the lawless love propriate to religion, what could alone of a monarch. be serviceable to society. Nature in

Aug. 29. vain had lavished on her the beauties of person, and the blessings of capacity in the circle of gaiety and fashion, the

“ In the full day of enjoyment, and care and attention had in vain assisted French women are the most calculated and improved them; the expectation of friends, and the claims of the world, and the quiet of domestic life, those

to fine. In the shade of retirement, were alike disappointed ; and a lovely of our country are by far the most image of perfection was thus, as it amiable. I should prefer a French wo. were, annihilated. Such is the tale,

man for a mistress, but an English wo. “ She fang the service, with a voice

man for a wife. and powers that would have enraptured

Chantilly, Aug. 30. many an enamoured circle: now only

“ We took a view this evening of destined to re-echo through the dreary walls of a convent; or lull some sense the park and gardens, at this place; Jess monk, from a state of apathy to belonging to the Prince de Condé; that of number. The chapel' was too which are very charming, and laid out confined for her voice, which would in a superior style. have filled twice the space. I had a glimpse of her through the grate, as the " We arrived at Ermenonville, and was kneeling with others of her sister- alighted at a small inn in the middle of hood. Seclufion and confinement had the village, which was beautifully rewasted away the bloom from her cheeks; cluse and pleasant: at a distance from and her fallow looks were rendered the the rest of the world, it seemed to exist more interesting, by the still beautiful here folely to itself. Such a village, black eyes that overhung them. O thought I, (as I entered it) was made Superftition ! how much halt thou to for Rousseau ; here he enjoyed the answer for, for thy many inroads upon chạrms of that rural, and that simple, Nature! I sighed as I looked upon her, itate he loved,

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" The wife of Rousseau, I am sorry were of wood, and the other parts matto be informed, cohabits with a worth- ted with reed, and lined with hair: upless fellow of a groom, that was once on a paper palted on the outside was in the service of the marquis. She is written; now about the age of fifty, and lives at Sabot que J. J. Rousseau portoit habituelle three miles distance from Ermenonville.

ment, au moment de la mort, et qui sa She is neglected by all her friends; and veuve a donné au bon Antoine Mauthe marquis's family, who otherwise

rice habitant d'Ermenonville. would have treated her with every en- Gabriel Brezard a voulu honorer son Non en dearment and mark of friendhip, now le confecrant sur le - de l'hommerely contribute to her support; which, me, que ne marcha jamais que dans with a pension of fifty pounds per ap:

le sentier de la verité. num, generously bestowed as an acknows “ The old man told me, that when ledgment of fuperior merit, by the king the king of Sweden was here, he asked of England, keeps her above indigence, to see them, hearing he had such in his and beneath prosperity.

possession. He brought them down in

a napkin, and laid them on the table “ After returning to my inn, I en. where the king was at dinner. Take quired of the inhabitants every parti: away the napkin,' said the king : 'cancular respecting Rousseau. They all not I touch the shoes of Rousseau?' He remembered Jean Jacques, as they af. eyed them with a look of regard; and, fectionately called him. I walked into turning to his hoft, asked him, if those a house, led by an inscription, inti- relics did not give him a great deal of maring that the king of Sweden had pleature. The old man trembled, fearonce dined there. Being Sunday, I ing that the king would want them; found the mistress, with a party of her and told him, that they did, more than neighbours, sitting round a table at any thing in life. The king then cocards; they arose on my entrance, and pied the inscription, and returned them. invited me to come in. I prevailed on Many have wished fince to purchase them again to be seated, and the good them; and the old man has refused man of the house walked out with me five and twenty guineas for them; the into his garden. I asked him if he re

Comteffe de Poligny begged fome of membered Rousseau. Oh! he remem- the hair from them to put in a brilliant bered, he said, Jean Jacques well; he ring. fhould never forget him : " He was

Dieppe, Sept. 2, 1788. the best man,' said he that ever « On setting off from Rouën, I lived ! Often would he come here, and found myself provided with a pretty lita walk about the garden, and in this very tle grey bidet, and a poitillion, in faspot fit down, and watch the water as vour of whom I was somewhat preposit ran along in the brook, and play fessed, being the smartest of any I had with the marquis's children! I alked met with, dressed in a new royal livery him if he loved the village, if the vil- of blue, with red and gold, and a waistlage loved him. Sir,' said he, they coat, finely fringed. loved him as a father; it was his cus- " I mounted my nag, with no finali tom to wander out in the fields, and degree of self-latisfaction } when, give watch them at their labours, and talk ing him the whip, I discovered that the to them about their separate concerns, only quality he had of going, was that in the kindest manner.'

• He did not

of moving backwards, as he began to live long with you?' said I. 'Only kick behind most furiouliy, to the great two months !-such a man,' said he derangement and endangering of my with warmth, should have lived two perfon; being obliged to have recourse ages !' He was affected himself, and to his mane, in order to keep my feat, saw that I was also. He bade me fol. on account of the huge and ill-thaped low him, and he would shew me fome. wooden fåddle I was inounted on. 'Ar thing that would please me.

lengih, i found the cnly way to ma“We went within doors, and he nage him was, to let him follow his brought down a pair of shoes that Rous- companion; the poftillion then cracked seau used to wear ; the foles and heels his whip, galloped away as fałt as he



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could go, and my horse after him; and down upon the other, with an apparent
so exactly did he follow step by step, voluntary motion. We were all four
that when the postillion's horse gallop- rolling together in the most ludicrous
ed, mine galloped; when his trotred, fituation imaginable ; a lit'uation, that
walked, or stood still, mine correspond- at the moment I wished for that prince
ed in every movement; till, by the of caricature, Geoffrey Gambado, to
time I had proceeded half a mile from have been present at.”
the town, I found myself covered all Our author, from this place, em-
over with dirt from head to foot, which barked on board a packet for Eng.
flew from the heels of the other horse. land : during the voyage, he enters in-
At length, when we had got about a to a general view of the political state
mile from Rouën, as we were cantering of France at that period. He traces the
over the pavé, the poftillion's horse causes, and relates the events, which
made a false step, and dashed with great contributed to kindle the embers of
violence on the ground; the rider tum- liberty in the bosoms of our Gallic
bled off, and the horse rolled upon his neighbours; and, from the whole, de-
huge jack-boot. My bidet, who fol. duces the probable consequences, and
lowed close behind, was fo- ftrongly ad- most likely termination, of those com-
dicted to the vice of imitation, that motions which still continue to agitate,
without any visible cause whatever, he to distract, and endanger that unhappy
immediately stopped short, and tumbled kingdom.


readiness to grant such supplies as the KING'S SPEECH.

circumstances of the several branches Jan Hate to the House of peers,

and require. ANUARY 21:—His majesty went of the public service may be found to opened the session with the following

My Lords and Genslemen, speech to both Houfes.

" The regulations prescribed by the “ My Lords and Gentlemen, Since I last met you in parliament, lative to the corn trade, nor having

act of the latt session of parliament, rethe continuance of the war on the con

been duly carried into effect in several tinent, and the internal situation of dif. ferent parts of Europe, have been pro- reason to apprehend that such an ex

parts of the kingdom, there appeared ductive

of events which have engaged portation of corn might take place, and my most serious attention.

luch difficulties occur in the impor" While I fee with a just concern the

tation of foreign corn, as would have interruption of the tranquillity of other been productive of the most ferious incountries, I have at the lame time great convenience to my subjects. Under satisfaction in being able to acquaint these circunstances it appeared indiryou, that I receive continued assurances pensably necessary to take immediate of the good disposition of all foreign measures for preventing the exportation powers towards these kingdoms; and and facilitating the importation of ceram persuaded that you will entertain tain forts of coin; and I, therefore, by with me a deep and grateful sense of the advice of my privy council, issued the favour of Providence in continuing an order for that purpose, a copy of to my subjects the increasing advantages which I have directed to be laid before of peace, and the uninterrupted enjoy

you. ment of those invaluable bleflings

I have only further to desire, that which they have so long derived from

you will continue to apply yourselves our excellent constitution.

to those objects which may require "Gentlemen of the House of Commons, your attention, with the same zeal for

“ I have given directions that the the public service which has hitherto estimates for the present year Mould be appeared in all your proceedings, and laid before you; and licly on your of which the effects have been to hap

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