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As we profess to reje&t all speculative casionally made short tacks to wind. firinifes, and to adhere only to facti, ward, and then lay to. we Mall defer the historical detail of " At seven the boats returned alonge this dispute till the conclusion of our fide loaded, were cleared and hoilted in, voluine; by which tiine the clouds of fail was then made to the northward. uncertainty that obscure the political We found the great emission of fog hemisphere, will most probably be dif- froin this mountain of ice darken the pelled.

humisphere to leeward of it, and even

draw gradually to windward. On the SHIPWRECK.

furface of the water, the horizon beThe account given in our last, page came cloudy all round, and in less than 104, of the loss of the Guardian, was a quarter of an hour we were again thot happily contradicted the first of this up in a thick, close, general mist, and month; though the conclusion of her scarce able to see the Chip’s length behaving funk was, at one time, highly fore us. From this it was apprehended probable. The preservation of this ship there were many more fuch islands of was principally owing to the intrepid ice floating in the feas, which appeared conduct, and Christian patience, of very dangerous. lieutenant Riou. A few extracts taken The conversation continued re from the journal kept at this melancholy specting this appearance of ice, and it period will probably be acceptable. had but the moment before been re.

" Dec. 24. Very foggy weather; at marked, how much more dreadful it about four P. M. the wind increased, would be to be shipwrecked against an and fog began to clear away a little; island of ice than among rocks; when at five, Taw an island of ice, about three the noise reached the cabin, and gave miles to the southward and westward, the fatal signal of danger, lieutenant and bore away for it; from noon to Riou ran directly, upon deck, where this time, the ship had been steering all was a scene of horror and danger. S. E. at the rate of six miles an hour; The fore part of the ship feemed at fix the was brought to, a quarter of already shut in under the mountain of a mile to windward of the ice, the cut. ice, and it made over the mait-heads, ter and jolly boats were then hoisted nearly as high again as our main-topout, and fent with a petty officer and gallant-maft. In such a situation, we boat's crew in each, to gather up the could not reasonably expect another broken pieces of ice, which were float- moment of calm thought to ask mercy ing at a diftance from the main body. on our souls, and far less any occasion

* This mountain appeared nearly as to inforın our friends of the melanhigh again as our main-top-gallant- choly event. The scene appeared dir. malt-head, of a confiderable circun- mal beyond exprefion; and we were ference, and seemed very dangerous to apt to think the fad change would have approach pear, on account of its great deranged our minds. Fortunately, howcavity, formed by the breaking of the ever, lieutenant Riou, even in this sea against it; to windward it formed most dreadful situation, discovered great a kind of ray, having another large strength and presence of inind, which column, nearly as high as our main- he retained to the latt moment. When mast, hung on it by the ice under wa- he got on deck, the ship was going alter, and receiving the feud of the sea molt itern on, at the rate of about fix between them, raised it to a very great knots an hour; he immediately ordered height; soon after we brought to, a the helm to be put down, and thus large piece of ice broke from the top saved us from instant dissolution ; but of the highest column, and fell with the mischief was not to be entirely great force into the fea, causing an ex, avoided, nor the final ship vreck escaped; traordinary commotion in the water, he had nearly come to the wind, when and thick finoke all round it; the offi- the struck op a piece of the ice, which cers in the boat were ordered to keep projected out from the main body unat a good distance off from it; during der water, and by the force of the blow the tine rliey were absent, the tip oco which the then received under the lee.

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bow, was thrown round on her heel; disposed them so as to Reer her in fu
had the head fails taken a-back ; but ture, coining up and falling off a poing,
before the yards could be possibly,traced or two. The weather continued very
round, so as to fill on the other tack, foggy, and the wind blowing strong,
gained considerable ftern-way, in a dio wę loon. loft light of the ice; our fpi.
rection for the great body of ice, upon rits then gained new, vigour, and served
which she went back on the top of a to supply fresh ftrength, and to support
high swelling lea; and left by, the re- us under the afflictions which were yet
flux of the water, was again dalhed in embryo.
with great force on the latent projection “ From the commencement of these
of the ice, and by the violence of the misfortunes to this fort interval of
stroke, had her rudder carried away, better hope includes about the space of
the tiller broke in two pieces, the after half an hour, and the cheering prospect
beam of the upper gun-deck in the again vaņished as a flash of lightning."
middle, three of the planks raised about Though the greatest exertion, from
a foot higher than the deck, and the this time, had been made in working the
fhip Mook from stern to stern in so vio- pumps and the ship had been lightened
lerrt a manner, we expected her to part by throwing many necessaries, with all
in every joint, or that the shock would the cattle overboard--" at midnight,
bring the over hanging of the icę down the water had increased to fix feet, and
on our heads, and at once bury us in it was then blowing a very strong gale
įts ruins.

of wind, and an immense high sea run.
“The hip, for a time, hung fast ning. The ship at this time steered
on the body of ice under her; the con- N, N. W. to N. W. by W. the wind
cayity of this mountain appeared very at N. E, to N. N. E. At day-break
considerable, rose to a greater height a few hands were set about filling one
above the water, and appeared more of the lower studding fails with oakum,
separated than the former island. The by sewing it up to the fail in rolls. At
fummit of the island of ice was fuffici- five A. M. the water was five feet and
ently tremendous to alarm us at a dir- a half in the hold, and the off-watch.
tance, and the violent beating of the were ordered to get the fail under the
fhip against it still increased the appre- ship's bottom, which was found to be
hention of danger. Happily, however, extremely difficult. The leak, how-
the captain and all the officers retained ever, gained upon us near a foot water
great presence of mind, and a full flow during this application. By unwearied
of spirits, during the whole time of our labour at the pumps, however, it be-
unfortunate trials, and by the example came reduced, and continued diminish,
of vigorous exertion and diligence, as ing till near eleven o'clock, when the
much as the infuence of authority and water was reduced to only nineteen
command, led the people to their duty, inches.
and the hopes of the lafety of them- At five o'clock in the afternoon
selves and the ship; but it was with the of the next day, the water increased
utmost difficulty they were prevailed on to four feet, and at midnight, to four
to overcome the first panic, and lend feet and a half. At this time the Itar-
their assistance to fill and trim the fails. board pump became disabled from the
This being at lal effected, the addition wrench breaking, and the leak from
of the fore-top-gallant-fail and stay- that time gained on us very fast. At
fails between the fore and the main four A. M. the water was reported to
malts, were set on the ship; the then have increafed to fix feet, and at fix, to
began to forge off, and the same instant seven feet. About this time, the people
struck with greater force, if possible, began to break off occasionally from
than before, nearly a-breast of the the pumps, and to secret themselves
main chains, kept crashing for some away from the officers, who had some
time along the ice under her, and at difficulty in finding them out, and
lalt thot entirely clear of it. The cap- could only then obtain their return to
tain then attended to the government duty by threatening, that if they at-
of her with the fails, till drawn at a tempted to deny their aslistance, to
good distance from it; and afterwards have them seized on by the rest of the

crew,

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crew, and thrown overboard. During ordered to put the masts, fails, and the night, the fore and main topfails compass into each. The cooper was were sivered to pieces by the violence also fet to work to fill a few quarter of the wind, and the thip was left at casks of water out of fome of the butts the entire mercy of a most tremendous on deck, and provifions and other ne. Sea, the dreadful prospect being ren- ceffaries were got up from the hold, dered ftill more dismal by the thick, While thefe preparations were making, black, formy clouds, which appeared all hands were once more called to ena as if collected to hide our misfortunes' deavour to save the ship from sinking. from the compassionate eye of Provi- “ The captain continued till the last dence.

to exert his authority. He was as active “ The people till now had been kept in providing for the safety of the boats, unacquainted with the true state of the as if he intended to take the opportudhip, which had hitherto been reported nity of providing for his own escape, as favourable as possible; when a little He was throughout as calm and collect. after fix o'clock, one of the carpenters ed as in the happier moments of his life, who was stationed to found the well, and was evidently resigned to his fate. came up, and reported that the water « Ar seven o'clock she had settled was as high as the hallop deck, and considerably abaft, and the water was gaining above a foot every half hour. coming in at the rudder case in great The officers could not poffibly over- quantities. At about half past leven rule the truth of this report, and many o'clock, the quantity of water in the of the people, who were really unable hold obliged the people to break off to bear the excessive fatigue of watch- from below, and come upon deck; ing and labour any longer, immediately the ship was very soon after found to be desponded, and gave themfelves up to in a linking state, and entirely given perish with the Thip. A few of the over for loft. At this time the water more profligate efcaped the utmost vigi- within board was nearly as high as the lance, and secreted themselves below, lower gun deck, and the thip fettling where they got intoxicated with liquor, bodily down, it was therefore almost and became infenfible of their danger. immediately agreed upon to have re: A part of those who had got a little course to the boats. While engaged strength left, feeing that their utmost in consultation on this melancholy bus efforts to fave the ship was in vain, ap- finess, Mr. Riou took a sheet of paper, plied to the officers for the boats, which and wrote a letter on his majesty's ferwere promifed to be get in readiness for vice, to the Admiralty, which he deli. them, and the boattwain was directly 'vered to Mr. Clements*,

*" H. M. S. Guardian, Dec. 25, 1789. majesty's ship Guardian. If it should, I "If any part of the officers or crew of the am to beg you will make known to their Guardian should ever survive to get home, lordships, that on the 23d of December the I have only to say, their conduct after the ship struck on an island of ice, and that on fatal ftroke against an island of ice, was the 25th, all hope of her safety being bae adimirable and wonderful in every thing wished, I consented to as many of the of. that relates to their duties, considered either ficers and people to take to the boats as as private men or in his majesty's fervice. thought proper. But it pleased Almighty

* As there seems to be no poslability of God to allift my endeavours, with the ree my remaining many hours in this world, I maining part of the crew, to arrive with his beg leave to recommend to the consideration majelty's ship in this bay yesterday. A of the Admiralty, a sister, who, if my con: Dụich packet is now under sail for Europe, duct or services should be found deserving which prevents me from giving any further any memory, their favour might be shewn particulars, especially, as at this instant I find to, iogether with a widowed mother. it more pecessary than ever to exert myself “I am, fir, remaining with great respect, to preserve the ship from sinking at her “ Your ever obedient servant, anchors.

E. RIOU. 6. I am, fir, most respectfully, « Phil. Stephens, esq."

“ Ever your obedient fervant, "Sir, Table Bay, Feb. 22, 1790.

“ (Signed)

E. RIOU." "! I hope this letter will reach you betore Received at the Admiralty, any account can be given of the lofs of his April 28, at 5 P. M.

- (Signed)

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* The agitation of mind on the mee several days, with a rudder, and incalancholy occasion of taking to the pable of management.

The crew, inboats, can be better imagined than deed, sometimes worked at the pumps ; described. Mr. Riou was at this mo- but with no probable views of escaping ment walking the quarter-deck, and the threatened danger. But by this feemed happy the boat had got safe from means, she was kept from tipking, till along-side. The ship was drifting a Dutch packet from the, Spice stands aftern, and gradually finking in the and Batavia, happening to Iteer a high

southerly latitude, fell in with her ; “ The jolly boat, however, got nei. and, by affording the utmost assistance, ther provision, water, compass, or quad- the Guardian, under the escort of this rant; the people on board were five friendly packet, was enabled to reach in number; three seamen and two.con- the Cape of Good Hope, from which vi&ts.

Are was distant four hundred leagues, " When the launch fet fail, about where the accident happened. The nine o'clock, the thip appeared funk crew consisted of one hundred and down to her upper deck ports." From twenty-three perfons, including twentythis time, the crew of this boat suffered five convicts. great hardships from inclement weather The purser of the General Goddard, and want of provisions and water; when captain Foxal, from Bengal, arrived at almoft exhausted, however, on the 3d the India-House on the 24th, with the of January, the gunner at the helm, disagreeable news, that on the 23d, at discovered a lip at a little distance from two o'clock, that thip unfortunately us, laying under her bare poles. Our ran aground near Brison, at the back of joy at this fight was great beyond ex- the Ile of Wight. The passengers, preflion ;' and, anxious to secure fo fà- however, were all safely landed. The vourable an occasion, we immediately cargo may probably be saved; but the made more fail, and between five and hulk is irrecoverably lost. fix o'clock passed close under her, and The passengers in her were, James informed the people on board of our Henry Cassamajor, esq. late a member distresses. We then veered about, and of the Madrals Council, and family ; put along-side of her on the other tack. Meffrs. Maxton, Balfour, Bulman,

The people on board her crowded Briggs, and Drake; captains Russell immediately to our aslistance, and re- and Browne ; lieutenants Norman and ceived us in the most friendly manner. Muirfon : lieutenant-colonel ElphirAs soon as we were along-lide, several tone died in the passage. of them jumped in, and assisted in keeping her from being stove to pieces.

“ This hip was named the Vir- The 11th, a duel was fought on countess of Britannie, a French mer- Blackheath, between Mr.William Ross, chantman, Martin Doree, master, with of Upper Wimpole-street, and Mr. Dan part of Walsh's or ninety-fifth regimenc vid Reid, of Bedford-fquare, which from the Isle of France to touch at the terminated fatally to the former. Cape of Good Hope for a supply of Major-general Bruce, brother to water and provisions on her way to lord Elgin, second to Mr. Rofs, and a Europe. The officers of this corps · Mr. Hamilton, second to Mr. Reid, were unbounded in their friendship and gave the following statement of this unattention towards us, affording every fortunate rencounter. poffible comfort, and even gave up

their “ Mr. William Ross, and lieutenant beds for our use.

Reid, having called upon us to accom" January 18. At noon anchored pany them upon an affair of honour, the in Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope.” parties met at half past fix o'clock this

This boat is the only one known to morning on Blackheath, when every have arrived safe; three others left the endeavour in our power was made use hip at the same time ; and one was of to make up the unhappy quarrel befunk in the attempt.

tween them, but we found it impossible: In the hopeless itate described in this they then agreed to fire at twelve paces journal, did the Guardian remain for distance; Mr. Reid, however, received

Ms.

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DUEL.

FIRE.

Mr. Ross's fire first, when he likewise

MONSTER. fired, without effect.

This celebrated character, notwith. 6. We again remonstrated with the standing every exertion of the police, gentlemen, and desired they should go has the art of hiding himself from pubno farther, both having acted as became lic observation. Since our last, many men of honour. But Mr. Ross, who ladies are said to have been wounded. could obtain no apology from Mr. Reid, The most probable conjecture, however, insisted positively on firing once more, is, that a new inftrument invented by which they did, at the same distance by the light-fingered gentry, has, in un. agreement as before ; Mr. Rofs, how skilful hands, added much to the genee ever, received Mr. Reid's fire first, upon ral alarm. which he fell without returning it.

DISCOVERY. “ In justice to Mr. Ross we must de

In digging a grave in the church. clare, that before the first fire he so- yard at Hartepoole, a.few weeks fince, leninly afferted his innocence regarding a stone coffin was discovered, containing the original cause of the dispute."

the body of a man, which appeared to A charge of reduction is believed to be quite entire. It seems he had been be the cause.

put in with his cloaths, boots, &c. on; Mr. Ross had acquired considerable but as soon as exposed to the air, it property in India, and his fortune was immediately fell all to dust, excepting much increased by the bequests of two the soles of his boots, which were cut brothers. Mr. Reid, by whose hand into pieces, and distributed about as a he fell, was his coulin-german.

great curiosity.

LONGEVITY. An extraordinary circumstance hap- List of persons far advanced in age, who pened at a fire which larely broke out

have died since the 1st of January 1790. in the house of Mr. Steed, plumber, John Jacob, the celebrated Patriarch of at Melford, Suffolk.A perfon belong

Mount Jura

128 ing to the Ram Inn, opposite the en- Hannah Jenk; of Sutton, near Birdangered house, ran to afford all the mingham

104 affisance in his power; and on going John Mitchiel, at the Hague IOS into a chamber, law a bed lying on the Rev. Mr. Davis, at Hereford

105 floor, which he took into his arms, and Mrs. Ann Pilcher, at Boxley brought into the street; when, to his Mary Burke, Drury-Jane, London ios great surprise, an infant fell upon the Mr. M. Supple, Kerry, Ireland 114 ground; laying the bed down, he dif- Mrs. Fraces, Burton, Derbyshire 107 covered another child; both of which Mr. William Troughton, Corney, were thus providentially preserved from Cumberland the impending flaines.

-Hugh Llewellen, harp-player, Lean
Cerdwallerd

115

Mis. Bridget Séaver, Redmond's. A person of the name of Cross, being

hill, Dublin

108 lately left at Gloucester to be executed, Mr. Pacey, a very respectable farmer of

1198 North Leach, from some circumftances,

DEATH. imagined he was innocent. On this, The middle of this month, - Ms.

without any intercession, he set out for Warton, the laureat. He had fupped London, which he reached without in the common room, Trinity College, either eating or drinking on the road, Oxford, the evening of his death, and and immediately repaired to judge was very cheerful in company at the Wilson ; who was so struck with the instant previous to receiving the para. zeal and the reasons of Mr. Pacey, that lytic stroke, which occasioned his dirhe ordered a respite of a month. It folution. His friends thought he had has turned out, that the man was in- fallen asleep, but on approaching to nocent, as the fellow who fwore against awake him, one side was quite dead, him, has since confessed that he himself and he continued wholly insensible till committed the robbery, in company about two o'clock the next day, when with another.

he expired.

109

102

INNOCENCE.

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