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made knight of the Bath at the co- putation amongst them, as a blessed xonation of king James; and Ro- convert, in whom they much gloried. bert Cromwell, a younger son; And having better natural parts than which Robert, though he was, by most of that fect, and confidence the countenance of his elder brother, enough to put himself forth on any made a justice of peace, in Hunting- fit occafion, he was made choice of tonshire, had.but a small estate ; but by those who were ever studious to much of his support came from a undermine the regal authority, to be brewhouse, in Huntington, which their orator at Huntington, unto was chiefly managed by his wife, the king's commissioners of fewers who was fister to Sir Robert Steward, there, in opposition to his majesty's of the city of Ely, knight, and by commendable design of draining the her he had iffue our famous Oliver, fens; in which business, he gained Itiled Protector.
fo much credit with the party, that In his youth, he was for some foon after, when he was obliged, time bred up in the university of through neceffity, to quit a country Cambridge, where he made no great farm, which he held at St. Ives, and proficiency in'any kind of learning; to take a mean lodging at Cambridge, but then and afterwards associating he was chosen burgess, for that corhimself with drinking and rude com- poration, in that unhappy parliapany, (being of a rough and bluf. ment of forty, by these fons of factering difpofition) he had the name tion, wherein hé bestirred limielf of a Royster amongst thofe that knew with as much violence and heat as hiin; and by his extravagance, fo any factious bankrupt did in that wasted his patrimony, that he applied destructive convention ; being well to his uncle, Sir R. Steward, to sup- aware that a general embroilment ply his wants; and when he could of the kingdom, by an intestine war, not prevail with him, by fair means, might be of advantage to such he endeavoured, by law, to deprive necessitous' and desperate people ; him of his estate, by representing whereupon, in a Mort time, he did him as a person not capable of ma obtain his long-desired ends : for, naging it. And when he did not being one of those who put themfucceed in this attempt, he designed selves in arms against the king, he to go to New England; but observe was made a captain of horse in the ing that that place was chiefly in- earl of Effex's regiment, and afterhabited by those factious fpirits, who wards lieutenant-general to the earl had opposed the church discipline, of Manchester ; in which service, he knew that none would be wel- by his care and affiduity in the macome guests there, but those who nagement of his men, he was raised adopted the like principles. On this higher in the army; where, foon account he forthwith quitted his old discerning the general humour of . companions, and betook himself to his soldiers, and that many of them the acquaintance of the pretended were poflested with conceited revc. holy tribe, that he might meet with lations-some expecting a general a more favourable reception by their reign of Christ here on earth, fancyrecommendation ; and that he might ing themselves the men who were gain the esteem of his friends, he to make way for his coming ; and most formally canted in their de. to thai purpose, that they were to mure language and affected tone, destroy the wicked, and poffefs their and frequented the sermons of the estates-he chiefly applied himself to fiercelt Boutefeu's. And thus, in a the humour of thote deiperate fahort time, he gained a very high re. natics; and by his fubtle arts in
praying, preaching, groaning, and so much did he pretend to revelahowling amongst them,, got himself tions and inspirations, that when no less credit than Mahomet of old any weighty matter was propounded did with his followers ; and fo, by to him, he usually retired for a degrees, afcended those steps of com- quarter of an hour, or more, and mand and power, which raised him at declared what was revealed to him. last to the highest pitch of fovereignty. The following fingular account
The stream at this time carried is extracted from the preceding aumultitudes, so violently, this way, thority. -- Notwithstanding the that the soldiers fell to preaching in body of Oliver was artificially emmany places : fix of them in one bowelled, and embalmed with aroday exercising their gifts in that matic odours, wrapt also in a fix-fold kind at Whitehall; insomuch as coarse cloth, and put in a fheet of that grand impostor Cromwell sub- lead, with a wooden coffin over it, tilly observing the bent of the side, yet did it in a Nort time fo ftrangely aseended the pulpit there himself, ferment, that it burst all in pieces, pretending that he was called up and became so noisom, that they by the spirit of God; and standing were immediately necefliated to coma good while with his eyes lifted up, mit it to the earth, and io celebrate (as it were in a trance) his head his funeral with an empty coffin i inclining to one fide, he fetched which folemnity was performed, many deep groans ; fpent one hour from Somerset house, in the Strand, in prayer, and near two in his fer. unto king Henry the Seventh's chamon; in which prayer his humility pel, at Westminster, with that granwas such, that in imitation of Mo. deur of state, upon the 23d ot No. fes, he desired God to take off his vember following, thatit did equalize shoulders the government of this the greatest and most glorious of our mighty people of England, as being kings, amongit which they laid the too heavy for him to bear. And corpse of this infamous regicide.
HISTORY OF THE THEATRE.
pleased ; particularly the queen. JANUARY
-The 20th, Shirley's comedy of Italian opera commenced at vent Garden theatre, and was reMr. Colman's theatre in the Hay.. ceived with great applause. The market *, with the new opera of characters are strongly coloured, Ninette, which, in its compofi- and truly comic: the incidents are stion, has not much to attract at- laughable, and tolerably probable ; tention ; but the music, in fome the language is lively, fraught with parts, is of the best quality. A wit, and some humour. This play new theatre is about to be erected
was altered and revived by Garrick, in Leicester square.
in 1758, when he took the character The rith, their majesties again of Wilding. It was afterwards repaid a visit to Covent Garden thca- vived at the fame theatre in 17724 tre. The play was The Way of the Mr. King performing Jack Wilding; World. The audience reccived the and Mils Younge, Mrs. Wilding. king in their accustomed mode of The fame characters were in the hearty congratulation;. at which the fame hands on the present occafion; royal family were, as usual, much and it is needless to say, that their
* For an account of the destruction of merit was as great, and their apthe Italian cheatre, fee page 344, Vol. I. plause as general, as before. VOL. II.
The dramatic news, this month, so little estimation in the opinion of of Drury Lane is trifling indeed. the world, that it is seriously doubtThe Two Gentlemen of Verona have ed, if the immortal Shakespeare had been revived; a play which holds any thing to do with its composition.
ODE FOR THE NEW YEAR 1790;
BY T. WARTON, ESQ. POET LAUREAT.
CUSTOM, NOT PERFORMED ON THE PRESENT OCCASION.
Gaul of her sceptred honour Ahorn,
Her lacerated lilies torn,
Vainly lifts up her wav'ring eye,
To all-delusive Liberty.
She tears her King's best rights away,
And madly plants her civic Bay ;
Each cloister'd nook the next ex-
And gives to Demagogues her shores.
Her letter'd source with poison teems,
Ruld by each ruffian's mystic dreams.
Not thus, our ine's exalted hour, Yet still beneath the fretted roof,
Calls forth the Poet's plausive pow'r, Where war-won banners wave aloof,
To hail a Patriot Monarch's part, In gorgeous garb fair dames aspire,
Who opes his virtuous pattern wide, Spread with light sweep their tiffued
And show'rs down wealth, and bliss, and trains,
art, Shoot from soft orbs attractive fire,
And glories in the public pride. . And lure to love the peopled plains.
His thunders shake the Eastern world, The steel-clad champion's pond'rous
Till Indus bow the baffled head, plume,
O'er Auftria's grasping realms his sage is The sword's gigantic stroke is o'er,
hurl'd, Yet nobler now is Albion's alter'd doom, And Russia hears the found, and, shudd'ring,
finks with dread. To lift the loyal lay, and Brunswick's Star adore.
Swift rising from his pearly cave, Vast are the themes of Britain's boast, Old Ocean cleaves the briny wave, Immortal Alfred ruld her coast;
His brows by corał wreathes comFor Rufus’ fall a nation's tear,
prest, Deplor'd the miscrcant's erring spear. While ledgy honours load his brçaft.. Sublime was valiant Henry's fare,
Raptur'd he views this conq'ring plain,
And yields the fasces of the main.
Defac'd the Druid's hallow'd hoard, With stronger hold their mingled root. And taught their scythed cars to fly, But not alone for elder days,
Scar'd at his Eagle's burning eye. Shall flow the tide of regal praise,
For now in ev'ry dale divine, Our bounteous George, from ills re Where siot nature and the Nine, mov'd,
From heart-feltjoy the Pealant pours, Has quench'd the name which burnt Without one lad enquiring groan, the land;
The voted portion of his fores, By richer rectitude belov'd,
Glad that the lefler share's his own. He gives, with willing force, command. Pleas'd with their lot, in fond surprise, The firbjeet race who wail'd their Itroke, The rustic Band exulting fing,
When England's Sun awhile was ler, Confefs the wisdom of TRADUC'D ExAgain find glory in their filken yoke,
CISE, Norielt of Fodor's line, nor proud Plan. And swell with CHARLOTTE's worth, the tagenet.
TRIUMPH OF THEIR KING.
REVIEW OF HISTORICAL BOOKS.
studies were defultory. Of medical au. CONTINUATION OF THE LIFE OF
thors he read several, and, at his own CHATTERTON. FROM P. 512.
reqnelt, received from Mr. Barrett inOF
F this discovery, and the Poems ftructions in surgery. One day he ape
of Rowley, Chatterton, amongst plied to heraldry and antiquities; anhis friends, was frequently talking. other to metaphysics and mathematics ; Mr. Catcott, of Brittol, hearing the and the next to music, astronomy, and circumstance, defired, in consequence, medicine. Having a predilection for to be introduced to him, and obtained antiquities, he procured from Mr. Barfrom him, readily and gratuitoufly, at rett, Skinner's Etymologicon and Bentheir firft interview, the Bristow Tra- fon's Vocabulary, but returned them as gedy, Rowley's Epitaph on Canyng's useless, being written in Latin. The ancestor, with some smaller pieces. A place of these he supplied with the Dicfew days after Chatterton carried to him tionary of Kersey, and Speght's Glossary others ; amongst which was the Yellow to Chaucer, the latter of which he tranRoll. About this time, Mr. Barrett, scribed. He always was fond of the of Bristol, a respectable furgeon, havé fields, and especially Redcliffe Meaing undertaken the history of that city, dows, and of talking of the MSS. and the pieces in Mr. Catcott's possession reading them there. One ipot he afwere communicated to him. It is ob- fected in view of the church, and from servable, that in Mr. Catcott's first it would recapitulare long past events, conversation with Cha:terton, the latter apparently unknown. The attention, mentioned the titles of most of the however, of Chatterton whilst at Bristol, poems which have fince been printed ; was not entirely devoted to Rowley. tkough heafrerwardsgrew reserved about From before November 1768, he began them, and with difficulty parted with to write for magazines ; and during any more originals. Several, indeed, 1769, his contributions were many and he owned he had destroyed, and one in various, whilft extracts from Rowley particular, a part of which Mr. Barrett made some of the number. Disgusted has preserved, who at different times at the profession for which he was deprocured fragments from him, and figned, and having his way in life to some of confiderable length, upon velo shape, he attempted to obtain the patronlum, which he alerted were parts of age of Mr. Walpole, by offering him the original MSs. Whatever might accounts of painters who had flourished have been the liberality of these gen at Briftol, and actually transmitted spetlemen in return, it is eertain that Chat. cimens of the poems, with an authentic terton was not satisfied with it, for he tale of himself. The poems, however, not only declared to Mr. Thistlethwaite being pronounced fpurious, perhaps too. how niuch he felt disappointed, but, in haftily, by Mr. Mason and Mr. Gray, a letter to his fifter from London, ob. a cool answer was returned, and the inserved, 'As to Mr. Barrett, Mr. Cat. dignant Chatterton baffled in his hopes. cott, Mr. Burgum, &c. &c. they rate On Mr. Walpole, however, he took a literary lumber fo low, that I believe fevere revenge, in the character of The an author in their estimation must be redoubted Baron Otranto, who has poor indeed! But here matters are spent his whole life in conjectures.' otherwise; had Rowley been a Lon- After some judicious and candid obdoner, instead of a Bristowyan, I could fervations on Charterton's misadventure have lived by copying his works. In with the gentleman just mentioned, Dr." my humble opinion I am under very Gregory proceeds to notice the imputafew obligations to any person in Bris- tions of profligacy with which this illtol. After his acquaintance, however, fated youth has been loaded, and very with these gentlemen, he assumed to satisfactorily defends him. The effect himself more of importance, and was of a sceptical spirit on his conduct in sanguine on his plan for future life.' life, is placed by the doctor in a judicia From them he borrowed books, but his ous light; and to it, along with errone
ous hopes, the pangs of disappointment, was doubtless to conceal from his mofailure of imaginary expedients, and ther his true situation, as some of his piety to his mother, may be fairly alo relations had intercourse with the percribed his melancholy end. An attempt -son to whom he had hitherto been a to destroy himself at his master's was lodger. His pen becoming less prothe cause of his being discharged, be- ductive than before, he resolved to emfore three years of his clerkship were bark on a different plan ; and having expired ; and though his temper, which acquired some fmattering in surgery was naturally impetuous, cherished every and medicine, he solicited Mr. Barrett idea of success in London ; yet in case to recommend him as surgeon's mate to of the reverse, he had resolved on the Africa. This, however, Mr. Barrett pistol. This alternative he mentioned, conscientioully refusing, the last hopes if neither his literary attempts, nor as of Chatterton were blasted, Bereft of a Methodist preacher, thould succeed. almost every resource, his principal Whether he ever adventured in the lat concern was to buoy up with encouter capacity does not appear; but that ragement his mother and fifter. This he frequented methodistical conventi- he magnanimously attempted by sending cles, we have, from good authority, them presents, though destitute himself been affured. As a writer for the pub- of a morfel. Such, notwithstanding, lic, he exhibited himself in the charac was his spirit, that though he had been ter of a politician and a fatyrist, oppof- without food for three days together, he ing and defending each party by turns. refused an invitation to dine. In cirOn the 2 3d of April 1770, to his native cumstances, thus desperate, he had recity (from which he had never been ab- course to his last expedient, and though fent more than half a day's walk on a not with a pistol, yet with arsenic, terSunday, he bade a last farewel; and so minated his life on the 25th of August, sanguine was he in prosecuting his plan, after a residence of four months in Lonthat on the very evening of his arrival don. His body was buried in a shell, in London, he had an interview with in Shoe lane workhouse ground, at the Edmunds, Fell, Hamilton, and Dodsley; parith expence. Before his death, whatfrom all of whom receiving encourage- ever papers he was possessed of, be dement, he wrote to his mother in the stroyed. It is greatly to be lamented, spirit of exultation, and desired her to that at the very time when Chatterton call with his letter on his late master was in his decpest distress, the late Dr. • Shew him this,' says he, or tell him, Fry, of Oxford, had actually gone to if I deserve a recommendation, he would Bristol for the purpose of taking him oblige me to give me one-if I do not, under his protection. it would be beneath him to take notice “The person of Chatterton," says of me.' His first habitation was at a Dr. Gregoiy, “ like his genius, was plaisterer's in Shoreditch, where he preinature; he had a manliness and digfeemed more than contented, having nity beyond his years, and there was engaged himself to a magazine at four something about him uncommonly preguineas a month, and contracted to possessing. His most remarkable feawrite a history of England, Other em• tures were his eyes, which, though grey; ployment crouded on his hands; and commonly piercing ; when he he had not only undertaken to supply was warmed in argument, or otherwise, songs for Ranelagh, Vauxhall, &c. but they sparkled with fire; and one eye, to compile a voluminous history of Lon- it is said, was still more remarkable than don. Yet politics, and on the liberty the other-His genius will be most com.. side, were his favourite employment, pletely estimated from his writings." by means of which, he fought the patronage of Beckford; who died, how,
A TOUR THROUGH PART OF FRANCE, cver, with but little befriending him.
&c. IN A SERIES OF LETTERS. 6s.' His visions of promotion from other
CADELL. 1789. . quarters beginning also to yanish, he quitted his lodgings, without alligning THESE Letters, it seems, were at any reasons, and removed to others in first written with a very limited view, Holborn. The real motive of this (tep for the entertainment of a friend, and to