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TEXT. 5 Therefore, I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they

would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your bounty, whereof ye had notice before, that the same might be ready, as a

matter of bounty, and not as of covetousness. 6 But this I say, He which soweth sparingly, shall reap also sparingly;

and he which soweth bountifully, shall reap also bountifully. 7 Every man, according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give;

not grudgingly, or of necessity : for God loveth a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able to make all

abound towards

you ;

ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every

good work: 9 (As it is written, “ He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the

poor : his righteousness remaineth for ēver." 10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower, both minister bread for

your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of

your righteousness :) u Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causeth,

through us, thanksgiving to God.

PARAPHRASE. 5 I thought it, therefore, necessary to put the brethren upon going before unto you, to prepare things, by a timely notice beforehand, that your contribution may be ready, as a free

benevolence of yours, and not as a niggardly gift, extorted 6 from you. This, I say, “He who soweth sparingly, shall

reap also sparingly; and he who soweth plentifully, shall also 7 reap plentifully." So give, as you find yourselves disposed,

every one, in his own heart, not grudgingly, as if it were 8 wrung from you; for God loves a cheerful giver. For God

is able to make every charitable gifth of yours redound to your

advantage; that, you having in every thing, always, a fulness 9 of plenty, ye may abound in every good work : (Ås it is writ

ten, “ He hath scattered, he hath given to the poor, and his 10 liberality i remaineth for ever.” Now he, that supplies seed

to the sower, and bread for food, supply and multiply your

stock of seed", and increase the fruit of your liberality :) 11 Enriched in every thing to all beneficence, which, by me, as

NOTES. 8 h Xápıs, “grace," rather “charitable gift,” or “liberality,” as it signifies in

the former chapter, and as the context determines the sense here. 9 i Dixouo cúvn, “ righteousness,” rather “liberality;" for so eixosocúm, in Scrip.

ture language, often signifies. And so, Matt. vi. 1, for idenuo cúrnu, “alms," some copies have örxaro cúvny, “liberality.” And so Joseph, Matt. i. 19, is called

81xquos, “just, benign." 10 k Snópov, “ seed sown,” rather “your seed, and seed-plot,” 1. e. increase your

plenty, to be laid out in charitable uses.

TEXT. 12 For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want

of the saints, but is abundant also, by many thanksgivings unto God. 13 (Whilst, by the experiment of this ministration, they glorify God

for your professed subjection unto the Gospel of Christ, and for your

liberal distribution unto them, and unto all men ;) 14 And by their prayer for you, which long after you, for the exceeding grace

of God in you: 15 Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift.


12 instrumental in it, procureth thanksgiving to God. For the

performance of this service doth not only bring supply to the

wants of the saints, but reacheth farther, even to God himself, 13 by many thanksgivings (Whilst they, having such a proof of you,

in this your supply, glorify God for your professed subjection to the Gospel of Christ, and for your liberality, in 14 communicating to them, and to all men ;) And to the pro

curing their prayers for you, they having a

towards you, because of that gracious gift of God bestowed on 15 them by your liberality. Thanks be to God for this his

unspeakable gift.




St. Paul having finished his exhortation to liberality, in their collection for the Christians at Jerusalem, he here resumes his former argument, and prosecutes the main purpose of this epistle, which was totally to reduce and put a final end to the adverse faction, (which seems not yet to be entirely extinct) by bringing the Corinthians wholly off from the false apostle they had adhered to; and to re-establish himself and his authority in the minds of all the members of that church. And this he does, by the steps contained in the following numbers.




He declares the extraordinary power he hath in preaching the Gospel, and to punish his opposers amongst them.

TEXT. 1 Now I, Paul, myself, beseech you, by the meekness and gentleness

of Christ, who in presence am base among you, but being absent

am bold toward you : 2 But I beseech you, that I may not be bold, when I am present,

with that confidence wherewith I think to be bold against some,

which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh. 3 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: 4 (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through

God to the pulling down of strong holds ;)

PARAPHRASE. 1 Now I, the same Paul, who am (as it is said amongst a you)

base and mean, when present with you, but bold towards you,

when absent, beseech you, by the meekness and gentleness to 2 of Christ ; I beseech you, I say, that I may not, when present

among you, be bold, after that manner I have resolved to be bold towards some, who account that, in my conduct and

ministry, I regulate myself wholly by carnal considerations. 3 For though I live in the flesh, yet I do not carry on the work 4 of the Gospel (which is a warfare) according to the flesh: (For

the weapons of my warfare are not fleshly', but such as God hath made mighty, to the pulling down of strong holds, i. e.

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NOTES. 1 « Vid. ver. 10.

St. Paul, thinking it fit to appear all severity, till he had by fair means reduced as many of the contrary party as he could, to a full submission to his authority, (vid. ver. 6) begins here his discourse by conjuring them, by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, as an example, that might excuse his delay of exemplary punishment on the ringleaders and chief offenders, without giving them reason

to think it was for want of power. 4. What the 82.6 capxixà, "the carnal weapons,” and those other opposed to

them, which he calls ouværà su Be, "mighty through God,” are, may be seen, if we read and compare 1 Cor. i. 23, 24, and ii, 1,2, 4, 5, 12, 13; 2 Cor. iv. 2, 6.

TEXT. 5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth

itself against the knowledge of God ; and bringing into captivity

every thought to the obedience of Christ : 6 And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your

obedience is fulfilled.

PARAPHRASE. 5 whatever is made use of in opposition ;) Beating down human

reasonings, and all the towering and most elevated superstructures raised thereon, by the wit of men, against the know

ledge of God, as held forth in the Gospel ; captivating all their 6 notions, and bringing them into subjection to Christ: And

having by me, in a readiness, power wherewithal to punish and chastise all disobedience, when you, who have been misled by your false apostle, withdrawing yourselves from him, shall return to a perfect obedienced.

NOTE. 6 Those, whom he speaks to here, are the Corinthian converts, to whom this

epistle is written. Some of these had been drawn into a faction against St. Paul; these he had been, and was endeavouring to bring back to that obedience and submission, which the rest had continued in to him, as an apostle of Jesus Christ. The Corinthians of these two sorts are those he means, when he says to them, chap. ii. 3, and chap. vii. 13, 15, “ You all," i. e. all ye Christians of Corinth and Achaia. For he, that had raised the faction amongst them, and given so much trouble to St. Paul, was a stranger, and a Jew, vid. chap. xi. 22, crept in amongst them, after St. Paul had gathered and established that church, 1 Cor. iii. 6, 10; 2 Cor. x. 15, 16 : of whom St. Paul seems to have no hopes, chap. xi. 13—15, aud, therefore, he every where threatens, 2 Cor. iv. 19, and here particularly, ver, 6 and 11, to make an example of him and his adherents, if any were so obstinate to stick to him) when he had brought back again all the Corinthians that he could hope to prevail on.


CHAPTER X. 7-18.


St. Paul examines the false apostle's pretensions, and compares his own with his performances.

TEXT. 7 Do

ye look on things after the outward appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this

again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's. 8 For though I should boast somewhat more of our authority, (which

the Lord hath given us for edification, and not for your destruction)

I should not be ashamed : 9 That I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters. 10 “For his letters (say they) are weighty and powerful, but his bodily

presence is weak, and his speech contemptible.' 11 Let such an one think this, that such as we are in word by letters

when we are absent, such will we be also in deed, when we are present. 12 For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves

with some, that commend themselves : but they, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves amongst themselves, are pot wise.

PARAPHRASE. 7 Do ye judge of men by the outward appearance of things?

Is it by such measures you take an estimate of me and my adversaries? If he has confidence in himself, that he is Christ's, i. e. assumes to himself the authority of one employed and commissioned by Christ“, let him, on the other

side, count thus with himself, that, as he is Christ's, so I also 8 am Christ's. Nay, if I should boastingly say something

more of the authority and power which the Lord has

given me for your edification, and not for your destruction, 9 I should not be put to shameo : But that I may not seem to 10 terrify you by letters, as is objected to me by some, Who say,

that my letters are weighty and powerful, but my bodily pre11 sence weak, and my discourse contemptible. Let him, that

says so, reckon upon this, that such as I am in word, by

letters, when I am absent, such shall I be also in deed, when 12 present. For I dare not be so bold as to rank or compare

myself with some, who vaunt themselves; but they, measuring themselves within themselves, and comparing themselves

NOTES. 7. Vid. chap. xi. 23. 8 b “More," vid. chap. xi. 23.

* Another reason insinuated by the apostle for his forbearing severity to them.

C“ I should not be put to shame," i.e. the truth would justify me in it. 12 . This is spoken ironically: ex cautOīs, “amongst themselves," rather “within

themselves." For, in all likelihood, the faction and opposition against St. Paul was made by one person, as we before observed. For though he speaks here in the plural number, which is the softer and decenter way in such cases; yet we see, in the foregoing verse, he speaks directly and expressly, as of one person ; and therefore éy éautoīs may, most consonantly to the apostle's meaning here, be understood to signify, “ within themselves," i. e. with what they find in themVOL. VIII.


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