The Moral Philosophy of George Berkeley

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 1970 - History - 241 pages
Upon the whole, I am inclined to think that the far greater part, if not all, of those difficulties which have hitherto amused philosophers, and blocked up the way to knowledge, are entirely owing to our selves. That we have 1 first raised a dust, and then complain, we cannot see. . . . there are some passages that, taken by themselves, are very liable (nor could it be remedied) to gross misinterpretation, and to be charged with most absurd consequences, which, nevertheless, upon an entire perusal will 2 appear not to follow from them. In an effort to comply with these excellent principles of Berkeley's, I have tried to avoid complex language throughout this book, and to give all of his works the careful scrutiny he urges in order to avoid misplaced emphasis and quoting out of context. George Berkeley waS born in Dysert Castle, Thomastown, Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1685. He is among the best known of Western philosophers, but a brief sketch of the high points of his life might nonetheless be of some interest. His father William Berkeley was related to Lord Berkeley of Stratton, who was the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1670 to 1672. His mother was probably related to General Wolfe, the conqueror of Montcalm in Canada. He was educated at Kilkenny School, and at Trinity College, Dublin, where he received Bachelor's and Master's degrees in 1704 and 1707 respectively.
 

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Contents

THE LANGUAGE OF THE AUTHOR OF NATURE
10
2 SIGNS AND SYMBOLS SUGGESTION AND JUDGMENT
20
3 FURTHER DEVELOPMENT AND NATURAL LAWS
30
4 A THEORY OF TRUTH AND NATURAL LAWS
38
UTILITARIAN AND RULEUTILITARIAN ELEMENTS IN BERKELEYS NORMATIVE ETHICS
47
2 PASSIVE OBEDIENCE AND MORAL RULES
56
IMPLICATIONS
67
4 SOME RULEUTILITARIAN ELEMENTS
76
2 MORE ABOUT BERKELEYS THEORY OF TRUTH
139
3 AN IMPORTANT PASSAGE AND A WORKING EXAMPLE
149
BERKELEY AND SHAFTESBURY
154
1 SHAFTESBURYS ETHICAL SYSTEM
155
2 MORE ABOUT MORAL SENSE AND ENTHUSIASM
161
3 BERKELEY VERSUS SHAFTESBURY
165
BERKELEY AND MANDEVILLE
173
2 BERKELEY VERSUS MANDEVILLE
179

5 A PRELIMINARY SUMMINGUP
82
ETHICAL ACTS AND FREE WILL
85
1 ACTS AND CONSEQUENCES
87
2 FREE WILL
91
3 OTHER EVIDENCE GUILT AND COMMENTS
98
4 PRELIMINARY CONCLUSIONS
102
THE ROLE OF GOD AND THE DEFINITION OF GOOD
104
2 THE PROBABLE ARGUMENT
110
3 ANOTHER KIND OF EVIDENCE AND THE MEANING OF GOOD
117
4 CRITICISMS
122
BERKELEY AND THE EMOTIVE USES OF ETHICAL LANGUAGE
130
1 ABSTRACT GENERAL IDEAS AND THE FAMILIAR USES OF WORDS
131
THE DEISTS
184
1 THE PRINCIPLES OF DEISM
185
2 SOME INDIVIDUAL DEISTS
190
PETER BROWNE BERKELEY AND THE DEISTS
204
2 BROWNE AND BERKELEY
208
3 BERKELEY VERSUS THE DEISTS
215
CONCLUSION
223
2 DID BERKELEY HAVE A MORAL PHILOSOPHY?
227
3 SOME GENERAL CRITICISMS
232
BIBLIOGRAPHY
238
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