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Isa. Ixi. 1. The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me,

because the Lord hath anointed me

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PINDER this part of the text, we propose to.

consider the necessity of the fulness of the Spirit being lodged in Christ. It was necessary, because the Lord had anointed him unto, and fent him forth upon the Mediatory work. The greatness of that work required it. -Here I observe the following DOCTRINES.

Doct. I. That our Lord Jesus Christ was by the

Father anointed to, and sent forth 'upon, the

Mediátory work.--Or, in other words, That our Mediator, the Lord Jesus, was anointed by the Father unto this office, and sent forth by him to this work.

si o 7. Doct

Doct. II. That the work upon which Jesus the Mediator was sent forth, neceffarily required the fulness of the Spirit to be lodged in him.We begin with

Doct. I. That our Lord Jesus Christ was by the

Father anointed to, and sent forth upon, thé Me

diatory work.--Or, in other words, That our Mediator, the Lord Jesus, was anoint

ed by the Father unto this office, and sent forth by him to this work.-In illufrating this doctrine, I shall,

I. CONSIDER the anointing here mentioned.

II. Speak of the fending which flowed from and followed upon it.

III. Make some practical improvement.

I. I AM to consider the anointing here mentioned. In attending to this, I shall, first, shrew what. is meant by this anointing. Secondiy, Wherewith Christ was anointed. ,

. First, We are to shew what is meant by this anointing. Under the Old Testament, anointing was a ceremony used for consecrating kings, priests, and prophets: thus David was anointed king, Aaron was anointed priest, Elisha anointed a prophet.

This ceremony fignified two things : -The designation of the person to the office. It being a sign, by the divine appointment, that this was the pere son whom God had called to this work; it was also á discovery of the divine purpose, as thereby the person was consecrated to the office; though sometimes, it was long after that he got his orders to proceed to the actual exercise of it. Thus Samuel, by the conimand of the Lord, anointed David king long before he assumed the government, i Sam.

xvi. 13. — Again, this ceremony. also signified the endowment of the person with abilities and qualifications neceffary to fit him for the work. Thus, when Saul was anointed king, God gave him another heart, 1 Sam. X. 13. “ And when David whis anointed king, the Spirit of the Lord came upon him from that day forward,” i Sam. xvi. 13. Accordingly, Christ's anointing signifies two things. í

1. His designation to the Mediatory office. The Father pitched upon his Son, and set him apart for this grand work, to recover a ruined world. He made choice of him to be the repairer of the great breach, and put the breach under his handa, Hence he is called God's elect or chosen one : Isa. xlii. I. « Behold (says God) my seryant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth.” Christ's anointing signifies;

2. His being fitted and furnished for that office to which he was defigned and set apart : John, iii. 31. “ For he whom God hath sent, fpeaketh the words of God, for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.” Hence it is said of him, that he is able to save them to the uttermost that come un, to God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.” It was an unparalleled work, and so unparalleled qualifications were necessary for it. He was pitched upon to be the Father's servant in the great work of recovering an elect world. He was infinitely wise who made the choice, and therefore could not but pitch on a suit. able perfon : He was also infinitely powerful, and all sufficient, and therefore could fully qualify him for it. We have both the choice and the furniture together : Ifa. xlii. 1. « Behold my fervant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my spirit upon him; he shall

bring forth judgement to the Gentiles.” And this is the import of the anointing. But let us view it more particularly,

In the designation or choice made by the Father. Infinite wisdom appeared in it most conspicuouily, with infinite love to an elect world. When the divine decree and purpose of man's redemption was laid down by the Trinity, the great thing next to be considered was, who should undertake the work, and be the Redeemer. No mere man could be chosen, for none could have a back to bear such a burden. All were guilty, and could not satisfy for their own sin, far less purchase salvation for others. No angel could be chosen, for even they, with their stock, could not have been able to have discharged the debt, in regard it was infinite; wherefore the Father made choice of his own Son, as a person who could undertake it: Pfal. lxxxix. 10) 20. “Then thou spakest in vision to thy hcly One, and saidt, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chofen out of the people ; I have. found David my servant, and with my holy oil have 1 anointed him." He being the Son of God, it doubtless became the divine perfections to pitch on him,-as one who was to purchase for us the adoption of fons, and to bring many children to glory.

Let us view this anointing, . ;

In qualifying him for the work, in which the fame love and wisdom appears. Our Mediator had to die, for « without thedding of blood, there could be no remission of sin.” The divine nature was not ca. pable of dying, therefore he prepared him a body : Heb. X. 5.“ Wherefore, when he cometh into the world, he faith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldit not, but a body haft thou prepared me." The fame nature which sinned had to fuffer; therefore he did not create him á body out of nothing, but prepa

red red him one of the feed of Adam. He was cho. sen out of the people : Gal. iv. 4. “ God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law." But farther, our nature was corrupted, and our flesh sinful flesh; therefore it could not be immediately united to the divine nature ; wherefore he sancti fied the substance of which that precious body was formed, and made him a holy human nature : Heb. vii. 26. “ For such an High-priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, seperate from finners, and made higher than the heavens." While what the human nature could do or suffer, would not have pofseffed sufficient virtue, if feparated from the divine ; therefore he unites it with it, John, i. 14. “ And the word was made flesh, and dwelt among us." And hence the human nature was filled with all gifts and graces necessary to it, for that part which it was to act in the great work. - Let us now,

Secondly, Inquire wherewith Christ was anointed. Not with material oil, but with the Spirit, fignified by it: Psal. xlv. 7.God thy God hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness, above thy fellows." And while the designation of the person was from eternity, the Spirit's defcending upon him like a dove at his baptism, was the discovery of that eternal choice, and served for the visible defignation of him to the world : Matth. iii. 16. 17. « And Jesus, when he was baptised, went up straight way out of the water: and, lo! the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him : And, lo! a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” And by the fame Spirit it was that he was qualified and fitted for the Mediatory work, his holy human nature being with it. If it be inquired, how his having


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