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JESUS COMPLETELY QUALIFIED
hA. lxi. 1. The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me,. because the Lord hath anointed me
UNDER this.part of "the text, we propose to consider the necessity of the sulness of the Spirit being lodged in Christ, It was necessary, because the" Lord had anointed him unto, and sent him forth upon the Mediatory work. The greatness of that work required it.—Here I observe the following Doctrines.
Doct. I. That our Lord Jesus Christ was by the
Father anointed to, and sent forth upon, the.
Mediatory work.—Or, in other words, That our Mediator, the Lord Jesus, was anointed
by the Father unto this office, and sent forth by
him to this work.
Doct. II. That the work upon which Jesus the Mediator was sent forth, necessarily required the sulness of the Spirit to be lodged in him.— We begin with
Doct. I. That our Lord Jesus Christ was by the Father anointed to, and sent forth upon, the Mediatory work.—Or, in other words,
That our Mediator, the Lord Jesus, was anointed by the Father unto this office, and sent forth by him to this work.—I*i illustrating this doctrine, I shall,
I. Consider the anointing here mentioned.
II. Speak of the sending which flowed from and followed upon it.
III. Make some practical improvement.
I. I Am to consider the anointing here mentioned. In attending to this, I shall, first, strew what is meant by this anointing. Second/y, Wherewith Christ was anointed. , .
First, We are to shew what is meant by thisi anointing. Under the Old 'I'estament, anointing'. was a ceremony used for consecrating kings, priestsi and prophets: thus David was anointed Icing, Aaron was anointed priest, Elisha anointed a prophet. This ceremony signisied two things :—The desig-. nation of the person to the ofsice. It being a sign, by the divine appointment, that this was the per-son whom God had called to this work; it was also a discovery of the divine purpose, as thereby the person was consecrated to the ofsice; though sometimes it was long aster that he got his orders to proceed to the actual exercise of it. Thus Samuel, by the command of the Lord, anointed DavidTcing Jong before he assumed the government, i Sam.
xvi. 13..—Again, this ceremony also signisied the endowment of the person with abilities and qualisications necessary to sit him for the work. Thus, when Saul was anointed king, God gave him another heart, i Sam. x. 1.3. "And when David wtis anointed king, the Spirit of the Lord came upon him from that day forward," 1 Sam. xvi. 13. Accordingly, Christ's anointing signisies two things. 1 ..1
1. His designation to the Mediatory ofsice. The Father pitched upon his Son, and set him apart for this grand work, to recover a ruined world. He made choice of him to be the repairer of the great breach, and put the breach under his hand. Hence he is called God's elect or chosen one: Isa. xlii. 1. "Behold (says God) my servant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul: delighteth." Christ's anointing signisies; . •
2. His being sitted and surnished for that ofsice to which he was designed and set apart: John, iii. 31. "For he-whom God hath sent, speaketh the words of God, for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him." Hence it is said of him, that he is able to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them." It was an unparalleled work, and so unparalleled qualisications were necessary sor it. He was pitched upon to be the Father's servant in the great work of recovering an elect world. He was insinitely wise who made the choice, and therefore could not but pitch on a suitable person: He was also insinitely powersul, and all sufficient, and therefore could sully qualify him for it. We have both the choice and the surniture together: Isa, xlii. 1. "Behold my servant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my spirit upon him; he shall
bring bring forth judgement to the Gentiles." And this is the import of the anointing.— But let us view it more particularly,
In the designation or choice made by the Father. Insinite wisdom appeared in it most conspicuously, with insinite love to an elect world. When the divine decree and purpose of man's redemption was laid down by the Trinity, the great thing next to be considered was, who should undertake the work, and be the Redeemer. No mere man could be chosen, for none could have a back to bear such a burden. All were guilty, and could not satisfy for their own sin, sar less purchase salvation for others. No angel could be chosen, for even they, with their stock, could not have been able to have discharged the debt, in regard it was insinite; wherefore the Father made choice of his own Son, as a person who could undertake ft: Psal. lxxxix. 10. 30. "'Then thou spakest in vision to thy hcly One, and sftklst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people; Thave found David my seivant, and with my holy oil have I anointed him." He being the Son of God, it doubtless became the divine perfections to pitch on him, itsi one who was to purchase for us the adoption of sons,- and to bring many children to glory. —Let us view this anointing,
In qualifying him for the work, in .which the same love and wisdom appears. Our Mediator had to die, for " without shedding of blood, there could be no remission of sin." The divine nature was not capable of dying, therefore he prepared him a body: Heb. x. 5. " Wherefore, when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrisice and offering thou wouldlt not, but a body hast thou prepared me." The fame nature which sinned had to suffer; therefore he dkl not create him * body out of nothing, but prepared red him one of the seed of Adam. He was chosen out of the people: Gal. iv. 4. " God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law." But sarther, our nature was corrupted, and ourflesh sinsul flesh; therefore it could not be immediatelyunited to the divine nature; wherefore he sanctisied the substance of which that precious body was formed, and made him a holy human nature: Heb. vii. 26. "For such an High-priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undesiled, leperate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens." While what the human nature could do 01 suffer, would not have poffessed sufficient virtue, if separated from the divine; therefore he unites it with it, John, i. 14. " And the word was made flesh, and dwelt among us." And hence the human nature was silled with all gifts and graces necessary to it, for that part which it was to act in the great work. —Let us now,
Secondly, Inquire wherewith Christ was anointed. Not with material oil, but with the Spirit, signisied by it: Psal. xlv. 7. " God thy God hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness, above thy sellows." And while the designation of the perse-,; was from eternity,- the Spirit's descending upon him like a. dove at his baptism, was the discovery of that eternal choice, and served for the visible designation of him to the world: Matth. iii. 16. 17. " And Jesus, when he was baptised, went up straight way out of the water: and, lo! the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And, lo! a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." And by the same Spirit it was that he was qualisied and sitted for the Mediatory work, his holy human nature being with it.—If it be inquired, how his having