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Jeremiah directs the Jews
to remain in Judea.
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8. M: 3:46. THEN all the captains of the forces, || we do not even according to all things A. M. 3416.
a and Jobanan the son of Kare- || for the which the LORD thy God shall ah, and Jezaniah the son of Hoshaiah, and all send thee to us. the people from the least even unto the greatest, 6 Whether it be good, or whether it be evil, came near,
we will obey the voice of the LORD our God, 2 And said unto Jeremiah the prophet, ' Let, to whom we send thee; h that it may be well we beseech thee, our supplications be accepted with us, when we obey the voice of the LORD before thee, and b pray for us unto the LORD | our God. thy God, even for all this remnant; (for we q . And it came to pass after ten days, that are left but a few of many, as thine eyes do the word of the Lord came unto Jeremiah. behold us :)
8 Then called he Johanan the son of Kareah, 3 That the Lord thy God may show us d the and all the captains of the forces which were way wherein we may walk, and the thing that with him, and all the people from the least we may do.
even to the greatest, 4 Then Jeremiah the prophet said unto them, 9 And said unto them, Thus saith the LORD, I have heard you ; behold, I will pray unto the the God of Israel, unto whom ye sent me to LORD your God according to your words; and present your supplication before him ; it shall come to pass, that whatsoever thing | 10 If ye will still abide in this land, then the LORD shall answer you, I will declare it || \ will I build you, and not pull you down, and unto you, I will keep nothing back from you. I will plant you, and not pluck you up: for I
5 Then they said to Jeremiah, 6 The Lord "repent me of the evil that I have done unto be a true and faithful witness between us, if
a Chapter xl. 8, 13; xli. 11.- Or, Let our supplication fall before thee. b 1 Sam. vii. 8; xii. 19; Isa. xxxvii. 4; James v.
- Lev. xxvi. 22. d Ezra viii. 21.
e ] Kings xxii. 14.-' l Sam. . 18; Acts xx. 20.—& Gen. xxxi. 50, -h Deut. vi. 3; Chapter vii. 23.- -i Chap. xxiv. 6; xxxi. 28; xxxiii. 7.- Deut. xxxii. 36 ; -Chap. xviii. 8.
NOTES ON CHAPTER XLII.
verse imply a perfect oath, the form of which lies in Verses 1-3. Then all the captains, and all the appealing to God as a witness of the sincerity of the people—That is, both those captains, and many of hearts of those that swear, for a security to those to the people; came near and said unto Jeremiah- whom the oath is given : which also includes a seWho was probably carried away with the other cap- cret challenging of God to take vengeance upon tives by Ishmael, and rescued by Johanan; Let, we those that give that security, if they should not act beseech thee, our supplications be accepted before according to their promise. The thing these men thee-Thus these men, though wretched hypocrites, promise is, that they would perfectly obey God's yet address the prophet with great respect and reve- will, whether agreeable or disagreeable to them. rence, and in words which implied that they thought And they further declare they were convinced that themselves unworthy to be permitted to ask any fa- | their prosperity and happiness entirely depended vour of him. Probably the evidence they had had upon their complying with God's will, adding, That so lately of his being a true prophet of the Lord, by it may be well wilh us, &c. , the accomplishment of all that he had foretold Verses 7–10. And it came to pass after ten daysagainst both the city and temple, might in some mea- Thus long they were held in suspense, perhaps to sure occasion their showing him such respect. And punish them for their hypocrisy, or to show that pray for us, that the Lord may show us the way Jeremiah did not speak of himself nor what he wherein we may walk—" It is the constant method | would; for he could not speak when he would, but of hypocrites to pretend an absolute submission to was obliged to wait for instructions; the word of the the will of God till that will is found to run counter | Lord came unto Jeremiah-Namely, the word mento their inclinations or interest.”—Lowth.
tioned, chap. xl. 1, to which the contents of the last Verses 4-6. Then Jeremiah said, I have heard two chapters, and the preceding part of this, are but you, &c.—That is, I will do for you what you desire. an historical preface. Then called he Johanan, and I will pray unto the Lord your God–They called all the captains, &c.—What the Lord had revealed the Lord Jeremiah's God: here Jeremiah calls him to him he declared publicly, both to the captains and their God, both to remind them of God's relation to to all the people, to those in the lowest as well as them, and of their duty toward him. And whatso- | to those in the highest station; and that fully and ever thing the Lord shall answer, I will declare-I faithfully as he had received it. Thus saith the will be faithful in giving you an account of what Lord, the God of Israel-If Jeremiah had been deGod shall reveal to me to be his will concerning you. sired to direct them by his own prudence, probably Then they said, The Lord be a true and faithful | he could not have determined what to advise them witness, &c.—The words of this and the following || to, the case being certainly difficult: but what he has The Jews assured of safety
upon remaining in Judea.
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A. M. 3416. 11 Be not afraid of the king of 16 Then it shall come to pass, that A. M. 3416. B. C. 588.
Babylon, of whom ye are afraid ; be the sword, which ye feared, shall not afraid of him, saith the LORD: ' for I am overtake you there in the land of Egypt, and with you, to save you, and to deliver you from the famine, whereof ye were afraid, 2 shall folhis hand.
low close after you there in Egypt; and there 12 And m I will show mercies unto you, that ye shall die. he
may have mercy upon you, and cause you 17 3 So shall it be with all the men that set to return to your own land.
their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there; 13 But if nye say, We will not dwell in this they shall die ' by the sword, by the famine, land, neither obey the voice of the LORD your and by the pestilence: and none of them shall God,
remain or escape from the evil that I will bring 14 Saying, No; but we will go into the land upon
them. of Egypt, where we shall see no war, nor hear 18 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God the sound of the trumpet, nor have hunger of of Israel; As mine anger and my fury hath bread: and there will we dwell:
been poured forth upon the inhabitants of 15 And now therefore hear the word of the Jerusalem ; so shall my fury be poured forth LORD, ye remnant of Judah ; Thus saith the upon you, when ye shall enter into Egypt: LORD of hosts, the God of Israel ; If ye wholly and " ye shall be an execration, and an astoset P your faces to enter into Egypt, and go to nishment, and a curse, and a reproach; and ye sojourn there;
shall see this place no more.
1 Isa. xliii. 5; Rom. viii. 31. um Psa. cvi. 45, 46. Chap. xliv. 16. Deut. xvii. 16; Chap. xliv. 12, 13, 14. p Luke ix. 51. -9 Ezek. xi. 8. - Heb. shall cleave after you.
3 Heb. so shall all the men be.
:- Chap. xxiv. 10; Verse 22. Chapter xliv. 14, 28. Chap. vii. 20. - Chap. xviii. 16; xxiv. 9; xxvi. 6; xxix. 18, 22 ; xliv. 12; Zech. viii. 13.
to advise is, that which the Lord God of Israel, to these men is, that the king of Babylon should give whom they had sent him, directed to be said. If ye them liberty to go every one to his own inheritance; will still abide in this land–That is, If you will for at present they were banished by their own fears give up all thoughts of going into the land of Egypt, | from their own houses and estates, though not from and abide where you are, in any part of Judea un- their own country. der subjection to, and in the protection of, the king Verses 13–18. But if ye say, We will not dwell in of Babylon, into whose power I have given you; || this land, neither obey–Hebrew, you inkas, so as then will I build you, &c.—Then will I see to your not to obey. If they did not continue in their own security and prosperity, and make you a happy peo- || land, they disobeyed the voice of the Lord. Saying, ple. For I repent me of the evil, &c.—I am satisfied No; we will go into the land of Egypt, where we with the punishment which your nation hath under-1 shall see no war, &c.— Their great sin was unbelief: gone, and now, if you do not destroy yourselves by || they would not take the promise of God as a security new acts of disobedience, I will change the course to them for a quiet and peaceable abode, and a supof my providence toward you. God is said in Scrip- || ply of all their wants, in Judea: but they resolved to ture to repent when he alters the outward methods | go into Egypt, where they expected to have a greater of his providence toward any people or individual : certainty of peace and plenty. Therefore the Lord see note on Gen. vi. 6.
declares by his prophet, that the evils which they Verses 11, 12. Be not afraid of the king of Babylon | feared in Canaan should overtake them with double -As if he had said, I know what you are afraid of; || violence in Egypt, namely, both the sword and fayou fear lest the king of Babylon should send a force | mine, by which they should die, and that they should against you and utterly root you out, because one of be an execration and an astonishment, a curse and your nation hath murdered his viceroy Gedaliah ; || a reproach, (verse 18,) as God had threatened to but suffer not your passion of fear to rise too high on make the inhabitants of Jerusalem, chap. xxiv. 9, and this account, and make you flee into Egypt. For I || xxix. 18, where see the notes. And ye shall see this am with you to save you—For you shall have my || place no more-And in this, saith God, will I deal presence with you, to deliver and preserve you, so worse with you than with those who were carried that Nebuchadnezzar shall have neither inclination captive to Babylon; many of them shall return, after nor power to do you any harm. I will show mercies the time fixed for the duration of their captivity is unto you that he may have mercy, &c.—We are be- || expired, but you shall return into this land no more. holden to God for all the compassion and kindness | There was this aggravation in the sin of those Jews which we meet with from men; though we may re- to whom God was now speaking by his prophet, that ceive good from their hands, it is God who inclines they had lately seen his words, by the same prophet, their hearts to do it. And cause you to return to your fully verified; yet would not take warning, but ran own land— The mercy which God here promises | into the same sin of unbelief.
followed by destruction.
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19 The Lord hath said concern- 21 And now I have this day de- A. M. 3416.
ing you, O ye remnant of Judah; clared it to you ; but ye have not * Go ye not into Egypt: know certainly that I obeyed the voice of the LORD your God, nor have - admonished you this day.
any thing for the which he hath sent me 20 For ye dissembled in your hearts, when unto you. ye sent me unto the LORD your God, saying, | 22 Now therefore know certainly that ? ye y Pray for us unto the LORD our God; and ac- || shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by cording unto all that the LORD our God shall the pestilence, in the place whither ye desire say, so declare unto us, and we will do it. 6 to go and to sojourn.
» Deut. xvii. 16.- - Heb. testified against you.
used deceit against your souls.
. Or, ye have
y Verse 2.2 Verse 17; Ezekiel vi. 11.-- Or, to go to
Verse 19. The Lord hath said, Go ye not into | deceitfully, either toward God, calling him to bear Egypt–The good prophet, knowing how much it witness to their sincerity in a matter in which they concerned this people to believe and obey the mes- were not sincere; or toward the prophet, sending sage God had sent to them by him, repeats again || him to inquire of God for them, and promising to act what he had urged before, assuring them it was by according as God should direct, when they never inthe command of the Lord that he said it. Know tended it; or, toward their own souls, as the margin certainly that I have admonished you this day- | reads it. Thus Blaney, Surely ye have practised Hebrew, DO 'n7"yn, have testified to you, or, ad- deceit against your own souls, following the Masomonished you before witnesses. “God commanded | retic reading of the margin, confirmed by twentythe Jews, by Moses, not to have any commerce with two MSS. and five editions. The LXX. read ott Egypt, that they might not practise the idolatrous enovnpevoaove Ev Yuxais vuwv; for you have acted customs of that country, (Lev. xviii. 3,) with whose | wickedly in your souls, and the Vulgate, because idolatries they had been defiled during their sojourn- || you have deceived your souls. Now I have this day ing there. Afterward he often reproved them by declared it to you—I went, according to your desire, his prophets for making alliances with Egypt. And to inquire of God for you; he revealed his will to there were particular reasons, at this time, for so se- me respecting you, and now I have as faithfully told vere a prohibition, as the words here and in the con- || you what it is. But ye have not obeyed, &c.—Or, text import, namely, because the Jews either learned | will not obey. If it be asked how Jeremiah knew several of their idolatrous practices from the Egyp- they would not obey God's will in this instance, tians, or, at least were confirmed in those evil cus- || inasmuch as they had not yet declared their minds toms by their example. Besides, it was the rival to him, it must be answered, God had made their inkingdom that contended for empire with the Baby- tentions known to him. Now therefore know cerlonians; and so the Jews going into Egypt for pro- tainly that ye shall die by the sword, &c.—You tection was, in effect, refusing to submit themselves | think to avoid death by going to Egypt to sojourn to the king of Babylon, to whom God had decreed for a little time, but you shall perish there, and that the government of Judea and all the neighbouring || by those very deaths which, by going thither, you countries, chap. xxvii. 6.”—Lowth.
seek to avoid. Observe, reader, we must expect Verses 20–22. For ye dissembled in your hearts || disappointment, misery, and ruin to follow actions Hebrew, Dinynn, have used deceit. They acted || done in disobedience to the revealed will of God
CHAPTER XLIII. Here, (1,) Johanan and his companions, pretending that Jeremiah's faithful admonitions were not of God, but from Baruch,
disregard them, and go to Egypt, taking the prophet along with them, 1-7. (2) God sends them another message, im
porting, that the Chaldeans should quickly pursue them into Egypt, and ravage that country, 8–13. B. M. 36. AND it came to pass, that when || had sent him to them, even all these 4, M: 3116
, Jeremiah had made an end of words, speaking unto all the people all the words of the 2 . Then spake Azariah the son of HoshaLORD their God, for which the LORD their God | iah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all
· Chap. || xlii. 1.
observe many like instances in the books of Kings Verses 2, 3. Then spake Azariah, the son of and Chronicles, of the same persons being called by Hoshaiah Called Jazaniah, chap. xlii. 1. We may || two different names. And all the proud men—They Johanan and his companions
NOTES ON CHAPTER XLIII.
take Jeremiah into Egypt.
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Thou speakest falsely: the LORD our | dwell in the land of Judah ;
the king's daughters, d and every person that 3 But Baruch the son of Neriah setteth thee | Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard had left on against us, for to deliver us into the hand of | with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son the Chaldeans, that they might put us to death, of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and and carry us away captives into Babylon. Baruch the son of Neriah.
4 So Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the 7 So they came into the land of Egypt: for
8 | Then came the word of the Lort unto
6 Chap. xl. 11, 12.
nc Chap. xli. 10.- Ch. xxxix. 10; xl. 7.
• Chap. ii. 16; xliv. 1; called Hanes, Isa. xxx. 4.
who refused to obey Almighty God when his com- | Daphnæ Pelusiace. In this behaviour of the Jews mands crossed their own inclinations. Saying unto we have an instance of great impiety joined to hyJeremiah, The Lord hath not spoken by thee-The pocrisy. They had promised with an oath to follow constant method of hypocrites and infidels, who pre- the advice of the prophet; but, because his counsel tend they are not satisfied of the truth of divine re- was not agreeable to their inclinations, they went velation, when the true cause of their unbelief is, | down into Egypt, and even charged the prophet with that God's commands contradict their own lusts and speaking falsely in the name of the Lord. In these appetites. But Baruch the son of Neriah setteth Jews we see a picture of those persons who, upon thee on against us—They would not directly accuse some occasions, express their zeal and good intenJeremiah of partiality toward, or confederacy with, || tions, but reject the most wholesome counsels when the Chaldeans, as his enemies had done formerly, I those counsels thwart their passions, and are in op(chap. xxxvii. 13,) but they lay the blame upon Ba- | position to what they have secretly purposed. With ruch, whom they knew to be an intimate companion | respect to Jeremiah, it may be observed, God sufferof Jeremiah's, and to have been kindly used by the ed him to be carried to Egypt, that he might there Chaldeans upon Jeremiah's account.-Lowth. denounce the ruin of the Egyptians as well as of the
Verses 4-7. So Johanan and all the captains, | Jews, who had put their trust in them. Wherever fc., obcyed not, &c.—That is, they resolved not to the wicked are, the hand of God finds them out; and obey the message God had sent them by Jeremiah ; || those who think, by disobeying him, to avoid the but took all the remnant of Judah that were return- || evils which they dread, and to that end make use of ed, &c.—The resolution which they had formed they unlawful means, fall by those very means into the presently put in practice. Though Jeremiah and evils they expect to shun, and are confounded in Baruch, and probably many of the people, were not their hope. willing to go along with them, yet these rebellious Verses 8, 9. Then came the word of the Lord to captains forced them to go; so that the prophet and | Jeremiah in Tahpanhes—Jeremiah was now among his pious friends were now a kind of prisoners to | idolatrous Egyptians and treacherous Israelites, yet their own countrymen. So they came into the land here the word of the Lord came to him, and he proof Egypt—Their great inclination to go into Egypt | phesied. God can visit his people with his grace, arose, as has been intimated, from a supposition that and the revelations of his mind and will, wherever they should be safer there from the Babylonians, they are; and when his ministers are bound, his who, they thought, might injure them at any time word is not bound. When Jeremiah went into the while they stayed in Judea ; but would not venture land of Egypt, not out of choice, but by constraint, to attack Egypt, on account of its strongly fortified God withdrew not his wonted favour from him. cities, which commanded the passes into the coun- And what he received of the Lord he delivered to try, and the various channels of the Nile, which the people. Wherever we are, we must endeavour were great obstructions to the march of an army. to do good; for that is our business in this world. Thus they came even to Tahpanhes-One of the Saying, Take great stones in thy hand-Such as principal cities of Egypt, and a place of residence are used as foundation-stones; and hide them in the for their kings. The word is contracted to Hanes, clay in the brick-kiln-Or furnace. The Vulgate Isa. xxx. 4, and joined with Zoan, the chief city of reads, in crypta, quæ est sub muro lateritio, in the the kingdom. Tahpanhes gave a name to a queen hollow place, or vaull, which is under the brick wall ; of Egypt, (1 Kings xi. 19,) and is supposed by many and the LXX., ev pod vpous, in the place before the to be the same city which was afterward called 'lgate which is at the entry of Pharach's house
The prophel predicts
the spoiling of Egypt.
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Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men sword to the sword. of Judah;
12 And I will kindle a fire in the houses of 10 And say unto them, Thus saith the LORD the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will send || and carry them away captives: and he shall and take Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, | array himself with the land of Egypt, as a f my servant, and will set his throne upon these shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall stones that I have hid; and he shall spread his go forth from thence in peace. royal pavilion over them.
13 He shall break also the l images of a Beth11 & And when he cometh, he shall smite the shemesh, that is in the land of Egypt; and land of Egypt, and deliver h such as are for the houses of the gods of the Egyptians shall death to death; and such as are for captivity he burn with fire.
Chap. xxv. 9; xxvii. 6; Ezek. xxix. 18, 20. - Chap. xliv.
13; xlvi. 13. Ch Chap. xv. 2; Zech. xi. 9.
i Chap. xlvi. 25.
- Heb, statues, or standing images. Or
the house of the sun.
Which, however, might be a great way from the liver such as are for death to death-See note on palace itself; the courts of great kings being almost chap. xv. 2. Death here signifies the pestilence equal to a city, for extent, in ancient times: particu- | which the prophet foretels would overspread the larly the palace of Babylon was four miles in com- country of Egypt by reason of the famine occasionpass, according to Diodorus Siculus : in the sight of led by sieges and other ravages of war. the men of Judah—Hebrew, D'71' D'Ux, liter- Verses 12, 13. And I will kindle a fire in the ally, of men Jews; which signifies indefinitely some houses of the gods of Egypt-I will cause the temof that nation; not as in our present translation, ples of the gods of Egypt to be set on fire, and their which seems to imply, that the presence of all the images to be consumed, or carried away, as being Jewish emigrants was required; for in that case the neither able to save their worshippers nor themreading would at least have been, with the definite selves. God here speaks of himself as the prime article prefixed, O'7177'07 D'VINN, the men the mover, or principal agent in this business, no doubt Jews : see Blaney. Jeremiah was not ordered to with a design to inculcate this necessary and implace these stones thus in the presence of the Egyp- | portant lesson, that in the punishing of idolatrous tians, who were unacquainted with his prophetic or ungodly nations both the plan is his, and the character, but in the sight of the Jews to whom he power of carrying it into execution, whatever inwas sent; at least some of them, who might attest struments he may choose to employ as the suborwhat they had seen to others; in order that, since he || dinate ministers of his providence. And he shall could not prevent their going into Egypt, he might array himself with the land of Egypt—That is, he bring them to repent of their going.
shall clothe, or enrich himself and his army with Verses 10, 11. And say, Thus saith the Lord, I the spoils and plunder of the country: or he shall will send Nebuchadrezzar, &c.—God now com- add Egypt to his dominions, and possess himself of mands his prophet to expound to the Jews the de- | the riches of it, with as much ease as the shepherd sign of the order given him in the preceding verse. puts on his garment. So calamities, when they surThe stones hid in the clay, at the entry of Phara- || round men on every side, are compared to a garoh's house, were intended to be a sign that the king ment, Psa. cix. 19. “ The expression shows,” says of Babylon should make himself master of that Rollin, “ the prodigious ease with which all the royal city, and set his throne in that very place. This power and riches of a kingdom are carried away, minute circumstance is particularly foretold, that, when God appoints the revolution.” And he shall when it was accomplished, they might be put in | go forth from thence in peace-None daring or atmind of the prophecy, and confirmed in their belief tempting to resist him, or give him any molestation. of the extent and certainty of the divine prescience; | He shall also break the images of Beth-shemesh to which the smallest and most contingent events are -Or, the house of the sun, as the word signifies. evident. God calls Nebuchadnezzar his servant, || The LXX. render the clause, Kal GVVTPIWEL 50% ec Hibecause in this instance he should execute God's Toews, He shall break in pieces the pillars of Hewill, accomplish his purposes, and be instrumental | liopolis, that is, the city of the sun, where, as we in carrying on his designs. And when he cometh, he || learn from Herodotus, lib. ii. c. 59, the Egyptians shall smite the land of Egypt—Though Egypt has celebrated a grand festival annually, in honour of always been a warlike nation, it shall not be able to the sun, that had a temple there. But you n's, the withstand the king of Babylon; but whom he will | house of the sun, seems rather to mean the temple he shall slay, and in what way he pleases; and de- || itself, in which the images of their deity were erected. 3