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fourth, thirty-sixth, and thirty-seventh chapters of Ezekiel relate chiefly to this event. Though the return of the Jews from their captivity in Babylon may be implied in this prophecy, and some expressions may have particular reference to that, yet it evidently looks farther, to a deliverance and salvation, of which their return from Babylon was a type or pledge; and there are many things predicted which cannot be applied to the former, and were not true of it, particularly the following: "I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; and he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. One king shall be king to them all. And I will cleanse them; so shall they be my people, and I will be their God. And David, my servant, shall be king over them, and they all shall have one shepherd. They shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes and do them. And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they and their children, and their children's children forever, and my servant David shall be their prince forever." (Eze. xxxiv. 23; xxxvii. 22-25.) By David, Jesus Christ, the Son of David, is meant, as the former was an eminent type of the latter; therefore, this must refer to their restoration and happy state under Christ, which is certainly not yet come, but will take place when there shall be one fold and one shepherd, and Jews and Gentiles shall be united in one church under the Redeemer, which, after the millennium, shall be transplanted from earth to heaven, where the spiritual David will reign over it forever.

The same is foretold by the prophet Hosea. "The children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim. Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the Lord their God, and David their king, and shall fear the Lord, and his goodness in the latter days." (Chap. iii. 4, 5.) The children of Israel are now in the state here described, without a king, and without a prince, without a sacrifice; for their temple is destroyed, and they cannot go to Jerusalem, and their law forbids them to sacrifice in any other place. They are without an image, without an ephod and teraphim; for they have a great and obstinate aversion from all kinds of idolatry, to which they were once so much addicted. They have been a long time, many days, in this state, and will continue so, until they return and seek Jesus Christ their King, and submit to him, which is yet to come.

These prophecies, and others of the same kind, if they be

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considered as having reference to the Jews exclusively, and not including the whole church of Christ in the latter day, composed of Jews and Gentiles, do prove that there is yet to be a time when the church of Christ shall be universal, and include all nations; for it appears from what St. Paul says, that when those prophecies shall be fulfilled to the Jews, the fulness of the Gentiles will also come in, and all men in every nation will be subject to Christ, and his kingdom shall be glorious, and fill the world. And in this sense, "all Israel shall be saved."

In the revelation made by Jesus Christ to the apostle John, the final victory and triumph of the church on earth over all her enemies, and the happy state to which it will be brought, which shall continue a thousand years, is, in some respects, more clearly set forth than in the preceding prophecies, by which they are illustrated, and their meaning is more fully fixed and confirmed. Here the general state and circumstances of the church, from the time when the revelation was given to this time, and down to the end of the world, are predicted. Here the afflictions and persecutions, through which the church should pass; the respite which she should have, and victory over the persecuting power of heathen Rome, in the days of Constantine; the grand apostasy which should take place in the church by the rise of the pope and the hierachy of the false church of Rome; the gross idolatry which should be practised in that church; and the violent opposition of this power to the true followers of Christ; their cruel persecutions of them, and shedding their blood, for a thousand two hundred and sixty years; the judgments that should be executed on that corrupt church and her adherents, and on the whole world, for their obstinacy in wickedness; and the final overthrow of the pope and all who support him, and of the kingdom of Satan in the world, and the deliverance of the church of Christ into a state of rest and peace, when this kingdom of Christ shall increase, and spread, and fill the world, and continue in this happy state on earth a thousand years. All this is foretold, much of which is already come to pass; but the most happy and glorious events are yet to come. The great and remarkable things which have come to pass, as they were foretold, are a standing, incontestable evidence and demonstration that the prophecies in this book are from heaven; for it is as certain that none but the omniscient God can know and predict such events, which take place according to the prediction, as it is that this world was made by him. And the events which are come to pass, and are now taking place in the world before our eyes, agreeably to the prophecies in this

book, at the same time that they prove that those predictions are from God, are also a pledge and assurance that the prophecies of things not yet come will be fulfilled in due season.

The subject now in hand will lead more particularly to consider what are the prophecies in this book which relate to the future prosperity of the church and kingdom of Christ in this world, in which all the darkness and afflictions which do attend it, being oppressed and trodden down by enemies, while they prevail and triumph, shall issue; and to show that such a day is certainly coming, according to the predictions which are to be found here.

In the fifth chapter of the Revelation, the four and twenty elders, who represent the church, appear rejoicing and praising Christ in the prospect of their reigning on the earth. "And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof; for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood, out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation, and hast made us unto our God kings and priests; and we shall reign on the earth." This is spoken of the church, and is not literally true of every particular member of it that then actually existed in heaven or on earth. When the church shall reign on earth, consisting of the numerous members who shall then exist in this world, all those who are gone out of the world and are in heaven will reign in and with the church on earth, as members of the same society and kingdom, and will partake in all the joy and glory of this event, in a much higher degree than if they were personally on earth. They will reign in their successors, who represent them, and in the prevalence, victory, and triumph of that cause which is theirs, and in which they lived and died. But this will be more particularly considered hereafter.

"And the seventh angel sounded, and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdom of our Lord, and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever." (Rev. xi. 15.) Here it is asserted, that under the seventh trumpet, which contains all the events from the time of its sounding to the end of the world, all the nations and kingdoms in this world shall become one kingdom under Christ, and shall be wholly swallowed up in this kingdom, which shall not be succeeded or give place to any other kingdom, but shall stand forever. It shall continue the only kingdom on earth to the end of the world, and exist forever in heaven; which is perfectly agreeable to many other prophe cies which have been mentioned. The meaning is not, that this event shall follow immediately upon the sounding of the

seventh trumpet, but that this is comprehended in the events of this trumpet, to which all the preceding have respect, and in which they shall issue, as the most important and glorious event, to which all the inhabitants of heaven were attending, and in the prospect of which they had peculiar joy.

The same event is celebrated in heaven, as having actually taken place, in the former part of the nineteenth chapter. "And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him; for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white; for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. And he said unto me, Write, Blessed are they who are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God." Here the Lord Jesus Christ is represented as reigning as he never had done before; which is the same event which is so often predicted in the Psalms, and by the prophets, especially by Daniel, by the Lord's reigning, that is Christ, and which is mentioned and celebrated in the tenth chapter, and in the twentieth chapter. "And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them, and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years." By the bride having made herself ready, and being arrayed in fine linen, clean and white, is meant the eminent degree of holiness and moral beauty to which the church will arrive at that day, in the millennial state. This is represented as taking place upon the fall of antichrist and the great whore, the false, idolatrous church of Rome. And it succeeds the overthrow of Satan's kingdom in the world, and not only the destruction of the Roman empire under antichrist, but of all the nations of wicked men; which is described in the sixteenth chapter, verse seventeenth, etc.

And the same event is again represented in the latter part of the nineteenth chapter, and in the beginning of the twentieth. "And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war." From the following description it appears that this person is Jesus Christ, prepared and going forth to destroy his enemies on earth. And an angel is seen standing in the sun, in the most conspicuous place, calling with a loud voice upon all the fowls of the air to come "to the supper of the great God, to eat the flesh of kings and captains, etc., and the flesh of all men,

both free and bond, both small and great. And he saw the beast and the kings of the earth, and their armies gathered together, to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army." And the beast and false prophet were destroyed by him; and the remnant of those who joined with the beast and were enemies to Christ were slain by him. This battle, and the destruction of the enemies of Christ, does not follow in time, and is not to take place after the events mentioned in the first part of this chapter, viz., the joy and praise in heaven, upon the reigning of Christ on earth, and the bride, the Lamb's wife, making herself ready, etc., but is a repeated and more particular representation of what is to precede that happy event, which had been before mentioned in the sixteenth chapter, from the thirteenth verse to the end of it. There the kings of the earth, and the whole world, are said to be gathered together to battle; "the battle of the great day of God Almighty." So here, "the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies are gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse." And there the battle is described as coming on, upon the pouring out of the seventh vial, and great Babylon, which is the same with the beast and the false prophet, and all the enemies of Christ, are destroyed in battle; which is exactly parallel with the war and battle of which there is a more particular description in the nineteenth chapter, and must be one and the same event. This is confirmed by what immediately follows this destruction of the enemies of Christ, in the beginning of the twentieth chapter, which, as has been observed, is the same event with that described in the nineteenth chapter by the marriage of the Lamb, whose bride, that is, the church, was made ready and arrayed in fine linen, clean and white. A more particular and remarkable description of this same thing, in the twentieth chapter, is in the following words :

"And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upan him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season. And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them. And I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and

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