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Daniel's prayer]

[and confession.

that are far off, through all the couna CHAP. IX.

tries whither thou hast driven them, year of Darius the son of because of their trespass that they have Ahasuerus, of the seed of the trespassed against thee, Medes, which was made king over the 8 O Lord, to us belongeth confusion realm of the Chaldeans ;

of face; to our kings, to our princes, 2 In the first year of his reign I and to our fathers, because we have

Daniel understood by books the núm- sinned against thee. 1 cm ber of the years, whereof the word of 9 To the Lord our God belong

the Lord came to Jeremiah the pro- mercies and forgivenesses, though we
phet, that he would accomplish seventy have rebelled against him;
years in the desolations of Jerusalem. 10 Neither have we obeyed the

3 And I set my face unto the Lord voice of the Lord our God, to walk in to God, to seek by prayer and supplica- his laws, which he set before us by his

tions, with fasting, and sackcloth, and servants the prophets. lashes :

11 Yea, all Israel have transgressed 4 And I prayed unto the LORD my thy law, even by departing, that they *** God, and made my confession, and might not obey thy voice; therefore

said, O Lord, the great and dreadful the curse is poured upon us, and the

God, keeping the covenant and mercy oath that is written in the law of Moses Base to them that love him, and to them that the servant of God, because we have keep his commandments;

sinned againat him. 5 We have sinned, and have com- 12 And he bath confirmed his words, mitted iniquity, and have done wicked- which he spake against us, and against ly, and have rebelled, even by departe our judges that judged us, by bringing ing from thy precepts and from thy upon us a great evil: for under the judgments :

whole heaven bath not been done as 6 Neither have we hearkened unto hath been done upon Jerusalem, thy gervants the prophets, which spake 13 As it is written in the law of in thy name to our kings, our princes, Moses, all this evil is come upon us : and our fathers, and to all the people yet made we not our prayer before the of the land.

LORD our God, that we might turn 70 Lord, righteousness belongeth from our iniquities, and understand thy, unto thee, but unto us confusion of faces, truth. as at this day; to the men of Judah, 14 Therefore hath the Lord watchand to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, ed upon the evil, and brought it upon Lud unto all Israel, that are near, and us: for the Lord, our God, is righteous

EXPOSITION. anes, who persecuted the Jews with A discourse is here introduced between eat cruelty : but some important objec- two angels, or holy ones, (ch, iv. 13-23.) ns bave been raised to this hypothesis ; as to the duration of these calamities, anıl 1 Mr. Hartwell Horne says, that “Sir the answer is given to Daniel himself, 7c Newton, Bp. Newton, and Dr. Hales, on which he faints and is sick; as well he e clearly shown that the Roman tem- might be, as a Jewish Patriot, is the interal power and no other is intended.... pretation of years for days be adopted ;

as the Roman power that destroyed but if he had understood the period to be polity and temple of the Jews, and about six years only, this is not so easy to che uation and holy city in that state in be accounted for, since he had himself lived h they are to remain to the end of to survive the 70 years' captivity. prophetic days or years,

NOTES. P. IX. Ver. 2. Seventy years. – See Jer. oath that is written--namely, Deut. xxx. 15–19; *, 12; xxix. 10. He had doubtless copies of Xxxi. 17, 18; xxxii, 19, &c. ophecies.

Ver. 13. As it is written-Levit. xxvi. 14, &c. 1. By deparling, &c.- Wintle, “ So as to Yel made we not our prayer before, &c.--Heb. “Yet com bearkening to thy voice. And the entreated we not the face of," &c.

Gabriel sent to]


(comfort Daniel in all his works which he doeth: for we praying, and confessing my sin and the obeyed not his voice.

sin of my people Israel, and presenting 15 And now, O Lord our God, that my supplication before the LORD my hast brought thy people forth out of God for the holy mountain of my the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, God ; and hast gotten thee renown, as at this 21 Yea, whiles I was speaking in day; we have sinned, we have done prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I wickedly.

had seen in the vision at the beginning. 16 O Lord, according to all thy being caused to fly swiftly, touched righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine me about the time of the evening obanger and thy fury be turned away lation. from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy 22 And he informed me, and talked mountain : because for our sins and for with me, and said, O Daniel, I am the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem now come forth to give thee skill and and thy people are become a reproach understanding. to all that are about us.

23 At the beginning of thy suppli17 Now therefore, O our God, hear cations the commandment came forth, the prayer of thy servant, and his sup- and I am come to shew thee; for thou plications, and cause thy face to shine art greatly beloved : therefore underupon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for stand the matter, and consider the the Lord's sake.

vision. 18 ( my God, incline thine ear, 24 Seventy weeks are determined and hear; open thine eyes, and behold upon thy people and upon thy holy city, our desolations, and the city which is to finish the transgression, and to called by thy name: for we do not pre- make an end of sins, and to make sent our supplications before thee for reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring our righteousnesses, but for thy great in everlasting righteousness, and to mercies.

seal up the vision and prophecy, and 19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; to anoint the most Holy. O Lord, hearken and do ; defer not, 25 Know therefore and understand, for thine own sake, O my God : for that from the going forth of the comthy city and thy people are called by mandment to restore and to build Je thy name.

rusalem unto the Messiah the Prince 20 And whiles I was speaking, and shall be seven weeks, and threescore


NOTES_Chap. Ix. Con. Ver. 15. Gather thee renown-Heb." Made thee or nobleman of sufficient rank, or merit, to stand be a name.'

sore kings. See Prov. xxi. 29. - Seest tbou a baa Ver. 18. Which is called by thy name-Hebrew, diligent, &c.....he shall stand before kings.” " Whereupon thy name is called.”—Not present- Ver. 25. From the going forth of the cessed. Ileb." Not cause to fall." See Note on Jer. xxxvi.7. ment--that is, as we reckon, following the Index w

Ver. 21. The inan Gabriel-that is, the angel in our anthorized version, which is adopted by Bp. human form. See ch, viii. 16.

Lloyd, Mr. Wintle, and Mr. Horne. But it shoald Ver. 23. The commandment-Heb.“ Word.” be remarked here, that it is almost impossible, at

Ver. 24. Seventy weeks--that is, of years, or 490 this distance of time, to fix these dotes to a month, years. To finish - Margin, “ Restrain;" Dr. or even a year, since the Jews had two years, ose Stonaru, “ Put a stop to." —To make an end- beginning in the spring, and the other in Antena Marg. “To seal up,” which is literal, and refers to (See the Calendar in our first volume, p.310.) Na sealing up any thing in a bag. And to make re. are we certain of the exact length of their year: ben conciliation for iniquity.-So Boothroyd, and Dr. side which, before the commencement of the New Stonard; but Dr. Blayney reads, “ to make atone. Testament Chronology, there is an hiatus of three er ment," and Mr. Wintle, "to expiate;" all referring four years. The date of our Lord's passion is, a. to the atonement of our Saviour on the cross. ever, astronomically settled by Ni. Fergusun, at Everlasting righteousness - So Boothroyd; but A. D. 33. Wintle, Faber, and Stonard read, "the righteousness The way of dividing a greater number into tsus of ages," i. e. to come; and Blayne; (on the contrary) three smaller, as in this verse, is quite in the orient! " of ancient times.”—To seal up the vision and taste. S Ezek. xlv. 12. and Note. prophecy-Heb.“ prophet :” So Wintle and Stonard. Ibid. To restore and to build - Marg. " Te bu!! -- And 10 anoint the most holy-Wintle and Stonard, again."

See 2 Sam. xv. 25; Ps. lxvi

.. “ The holy of holies;" Blayney, " The most holy the wall -- Marg. “ The brench ;" Stonard, " Th things;" Faber, “ The Most Holy One.” A varba. lanes."—Even in troublons tumes - Heb. “ la strunt nel is quoted as applying this to the Messiah.- times;" . e. finnes of straitness or distress, which Unto Messiah the Prince - Stonard, “ Until Nessiah shall be leader." Strictly, perhaps, a prince,

appears throughout the books of Ezra and deze


supplicatio kiet blous times.


EL. The prophecy]


[of seventy weeks. aring, and contain and two weeks: the street shall be with many for one week: and in the of my people l21 built again, and the wall

, even in trou- midst of the week he shall cause the

sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and d for the big s 26 And after threescore and two for the overspreading of abominations

weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not he shall make it desolate, even until Yet

, alis lw for himself: and the people of the the consummation, and that determined s, eren ther'e prince that shall come shall destroy the shall be poured upon the desolate. (N) een in the raiza city and the sanctuary; and the end

CHAP. X. caused bofe thereof shall be with a flood, and unto

the end of the war desolations are de- In the third year of Cyrus king of

Persia a thing was revealed unto de 27 And he shall confirm the covenant Daniel, whose name was called Belte

ut the te

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siah to death. The commencement of (N) Daniel's prophecy of the seventy this period is, by Prideaux and others, weeks.—The Prophet's mind having been fixed to the time when the order was issued occupied in considering Jeremiah's pro- for rebuilding the temple, in the 7th year phecy of the 70 years' captivity, and find- of the reign of Artaxerxes. “Seven weeks, or

ing them drawing to a close, he earnestly 49 years, was the city and temple in buildte, f emplores pardon and restoration of his ing'; sixty-two weeks, or 434 years inore,

aptive countrymen, though he appears to bring us to the public manifestation of the jave been himself too old to participate in Messiah," by the preaching of Jolin the he national felicity. His prayers are Baptist; “and one week, or 7 years after jeard in the very inoment of their being this, will bring us to the time of our Saresented, and the angel Gabriel is sent to viour's passion, or the 33d year of the issure him of their acceptance; and at the Christiau era; in all 490 years, according ane time to deliver, by his means, the to the prophecy. The latter part of the preery interesting and importaut prophecies diction relates to the subversion of the vhich form the four last verses of this Jewish temple and polity, by the Romans, · hapter : wherein the angel anuounces to (A. D. 70,) and to the second coming of the he Prophet that the holy city should be Messiah." (Horne's Crit. Introd. iv. New ebuilt and peopled within seven weeks of Ed. p. 192.) Not to enlarge farther here, ears, and should continue for seventy we shall give a few additional remarks in eeks, or 490 years; after which it should the close of this Prophet. e utterly destroyed, for putting the Mes.

NOTES. Ver. 20. But not for himself – Marg. “And shall all Jewish sacrifices ceased for ever. ve nothing ;"Booth. “though he have no (fault);” The reckoning days for years, and weeks of such ". And they (the Jews) shall be no more his peo. years, is not peculiar to the Scriptures. Varro says,

So Blayney and Faber. Wintle, “ None shall he was entered into the 12th week of his years; i.. or him;". Stonard, " No one will be on his side.” his 84th year. Quoted in Bp. Chandler's Def p. 136. espression is certainly elliptical, the Hebrew Ver. 27. And for the overspreading, &c.-Marg. ing, literally, and (or but) nothing (or none) '10 “ And upon the battlements shall be the idols of the i to whicb ambigriity may be traced all the ver- desolator.” Wintle, “The abomination of desolaabove given. Our translators, following the tion;" Stonard, Upon the border of abominations have here placed only a colon, but Dr. Booth- shall be the desolator, and that'nd others, (in our opinion very judiciously,) a Ibid. Eren until the consummation - Stonard, int; here' ending the prophecy, so far as con- “ Until he (the desolator) be consumed, and the dethe Messiah.

termined judgment shall have been poured ont upon And the people of the prince:--This certainly the desolated. But Faber reads with our margin, of tu be applied to the Messian, but to Titus * the desolator.” For a fuller account of the fullarmy; for the city was not destroyed by ment of this part of the prophecy, see our remarks us, bui by the Romans. The wrong point on Matt. xxiv. to a fauliy division of the verses, and con- In our lotroduction to this book, we promised to two parts of the prophecy, perlectly dis- consult Dr. Stonard's elaborate work on ihis subject, The Romans destroyed both the city and the published last year (1825). We have done so; and v; and the end ihereof was with a flood, have quoted some of his observations ; but we are with nothing but desolation and destruction, sorry to be obliged to confess, that we are by no tion was destroyed, or scattered through means satisfied with the novel parts of his hypothesis;

particularly, not with his making Christ's ministry to And he shall confirm the (Marg. "a") comnence at 2 years old ; nor with his trunslating ith many for one week-that is, of years. “ Messiah the leader,'' and making him the leader in explanation of this, remarks, that the (or prince) of the Roman armies ; nor with several ade a league with the Medes, Parthians, parts of his translation, which we have quoted with

that they might be at liberty, with all out adopting : it is but justice to add, however, that th, lo prosecate the war with the Jews. it is a work of great erudition and the purest inten. , and in the midst of tbis period, A. D. 70, tions, and well worthy the perusal of Biblical students.

Daniel mourns)


[and humbles himsey.

came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neishazzar ; and the thing was true, but ther did I anoint myself at all, till three the time appointed was long : and he whole weeks were fulfilled. understood the thing, and had under- 4 And in the four and twentieth day standing of the vision.

of the first month, as I was by the side 2 In those days I Daniel was mourn of the great river, which is Hiddekel

; ing three full weeks.

5 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and 3 I ate no pleasant bread, neither looked, and behold a certain man


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EXPOSITION-Chap. IX. Continued. In the first verse of the prophecy (ver. Holy One. As to anointing “ the most 24), Dr. Boothroyd (who, in this place, ad. holy place," the temple here referred to heres very closely to our authorized version) was to be destroyed, instead of beiug og interprets the several expressions, secrated. But Messius means, literally, finish transgression, and make an end of “the anointed;" and he was só, pot caly sin," &c. in reference to the work of the in his prophetic and priestly offices, but Messiah. “All these (says Dr. B.) refer to also in his kingly office, to which his resur

. the sufferings, doctrine, and righteousness rection was the necessary introductio. of our Lord, who died for our sins, and (See Psalm ii. 2, 6; lxviii. 18; cumpared made peace by the blood of his eross ; so with Acts iv. 27 ; *.38; Ephes. iv. d.) that through him, sin is pardoped, righte- We cannot enter thus minutely into all ousness obtained, and reconciliation ef. the parts of this important prophecy; but fected." Tive word rendered to make an there is one passage of pre-eminent in end of sins, means literally, as in the portance: “ Messiah shall be cut off, but margin, to seal them up as in a bag: so not for himself." We have, in the Notti Job speaks of his sins as “ sealed up in a below, subjoined both the literal reading, bag, to be brought in evidence against and the various translations given of this him" (Job xiv. 17); here they are gealed clause; and after much reflection, we hueup for another purpose, to be cast into ob- bly conceive the passage to be nearly pa. livion, yea, into “ the depths of the sea,' rallel with Isaiah, (chap. liii. 8,) in one of that they may be found no more for ever. the following interpretations, all which (See Isa. xxxviii. 17; Jer. 1. 20; Micah vii. harmonize with each other, and with the 19.) In the latter part of this verse, the evangelical Prophet, as Isaiah is frequentis same word is used in reference to " vision called. Daviel says of the Messiah, " He and prophecy," and means, we apprehend, shall be cut off;" Isaiah adds, “ from the to close them, so far as concerns the Jewish land of the living." If the latter clause in dispensation. We have already remarked, Daniel be rendered as by Wintle and Swthat Daniel's prophecies are considered as nard,“ None shall be for him," it will pete prosaic; yet, as Dr. Boothroyd has re- fectly correspond with Isaiah's question, marked oue exception, (chap. ii. 20---23,) “Who shall declare his generation ?" @ and Bp. Jebb another, (chap. vii. 26,) so we speak to his character: (see

our Note there, beg to propose tbis as a third, and venture and with the fact that “all his disciples to render this verse as a Hebrew triplet, or forsook him, and Red;" or, 2uly, If our trimetre, thus

common translation be preferred, as we " To finish the transgression, and to seal up the are inclined to preferit,) " Not for himself,"

it is perfectly in harmony with the follow“ To make atonement for iniquity, and bring in

ing clanse in Isaiah, For the transgres. everlasting righteousness; “ To seal up vision

and prophecy, and to avoint sion of my people was he stricken." Or, 3dly, the Most Holy."

Should we adopt Dr. Boothroyd's rendering, In the last line, we confess that we pre- He had no fault," Isaiah will give us at fer applying the whole to the Messiah. He expression perfectly parallel; « He had sealed up “the vision and prophecy," be- done iu violence, neither was deceit found cause in him the prophecies, as well as in his mouth.” Either way, Isaiah is the promises, are all yea and amen;" and to best commentator on Daniel, aud both “chim give all the prophets witness.” (Acts bear a noble testimony to the atonelaeut x. 43.) He was also “ the Lord our offered by Messiah. Righteousness," and therefore the Most


NOTES. CHAP. X. Ver. 1. The lime appointed was long. - term is here insed in distinction from the serty The text is ambiguous, and might be rendered, "the yrars in the preceding chapter. warfare is great." Boothroyd. See Note on Job vii. 1.

Ver. 3. No pleasant bread-Heb. « Bread de Ver. 2. Three full weeks - Heb. “ Three weeks light," or delicate fooil. of days.” So ver. 3. Dr, Stonard (p. 125) thinks the Ver. 4. Hiddekel - Syriac, “ The Eupårstes,"

Michael's contest with]


(the prince of Persia. E TYRE clothed in linen, whose loins were girded chief princes, came to help me; and I with fine gold of Uphaz :

remained there with the kings of Per6 His body also was like the beryl, sia.

and his face as the appearance of light- 14 Now I am come to make thee Bitchning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, understand what shall befall thy people riesand and his arms and his feet like in colour in the latter days: for yet the vision is

to polished brass, and the voice of his for many days.
words like the voice of a multitude. 15 And when he had spoken such

7 And I Daniel alone saw the vision: words unto me, I set my face toward
for the men that were with me saw the ground, and I became dumb.
not the vision ; but a great quaking 16 And, behold, one like the simili-
fell upon them, so that they fled to hide tude of the sons of men touched my

lips: then I opened my mouth, and
8 Therefore I was left alone, and spake, and said unto him that stood be-
saw this great vision, and there re- fore me, O my lord, by the vision my
mained no strength in me: for my sorrows are turned upon me, and I
comeliness was turned in me into cor- have retained no strength.
ruption, and I retained no strength. 17 For how can the servant of this

9 Yet heard I the voice of his words: my lord talk with this my lord ? for as
and when I heard the voice of his for me, straightway there remained no
words, then was I in a deep sleep on strength in me, neither is there breath
my face, and my face toward the left in me.

18 Then there came again and !0 And, behold, an hand touched touched me one like the appearance of me, which set me upon my knees and a man, and he strengthened me. upon the palms of my hands.

19 And said, O man greatly beloved, 11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, fear not: peace be unto thee, be strong, a man greatly beloved, understand the yea, be strong. And when he had words that I speak unto thee, and stand spoken unto me,

I was strengthened, upright: for unto thee am I now sent. and said, Let my lord speak; for thou And when he had spoken this word hast strengthened me. unto me, I stood trembling.

20 Then said he, Knowest thou 12 Then said he unto me, Fear not, wherefore I come unto thee? and now Daniel : for from the first day that will I return to fight with the prince of thou didst set thine heart to understand, Persia : and when I am gone forth, lo, and to chasten thyself before thy God, the prince of Grecia shall come. hy words were heard, and I am come 21 But I will shew thee that which for thy words.

is noted in the scripture of truth : and 13 But the prince of the kingdom of there is none that holdeth with me Persia withstood me one and twenty in these things, but Michael your ays; but, lo, Michael, one of the prince. (O)


chapter gives a pleasing view of Daniel, as (0) Daniel's self-humiliation, and last a Jewish saint and patriot. Hearing, provelio vision. - The carly part of this bably, of the difficulties his brethren in

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NOTES. ate, "Tygris;Gr, and Arabic, " Tygris Ed. the chief (or first) princes.--See Jude 9; Rev. xii. 7. 1. Wintle. Probably' some part where these rivers Ver. 20. To fight-Wintle, “ Contend ;' the con

tests of sciritual beings must be intellectual, not -. 6. His, &c

Compare Rev. i. carnal, like those of Milton's angels.-The prince 5.

of Greece--another bostile demon. .7. The inen.-So Acts ix. 7.

Ver. 21. That holdeth with me - Heb. “That . 9. In a deep sleep.-See Note on ch. viii. 18. strengtheneth himself with me;"' i. e. that cordially -. 10. He set-Hei. "Moved,"

unites with me. The Scripture of truth.-Not .ll. Greatly beloved. See chap. ix. 23. the revealed word, but his secret record, and immu1:13. The prince, &c. opposed me-Heb.“ Stood table decree. See Ps.lvi. 8; Isa. Ixv. 6; Mal. iii. 16. me;" i.e. lo stop my way. Michael, one of

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