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(interpretation. 36 This is the dream; and we will 44 And in the days of these kings tell the interpretation thereof before the shall the God of heaven set up a kingking.

dom, which shall never be destroyed : 37 Thou, O king, art a king of and the kingdom shall not be left to kings: for the God of heaven hath other people, but it shall break in piegiven thee a kingdom, power, and ces and consume all these kingdoms, strength, and glory.

and it shall stand for ever. 38 And wheresoever the children of 45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that men dwell, the beasts of the field and the stone was cut out of the mountain the fowls of the heaven hath he given without hands, and that it brake in into thine hand, and hath made thee pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the ruler over them all. Thou art this silver, and the gold; the great God bead of gold.

hath made known to the king what 39 And after thee shall arise another shall come to pass hereafter: and the kingdom inferior to thee, and another dream is certain, and the interpretation third kingdom of brass, which shall

thereof sure. bear rule over all the earth.

46 Then the king Nebuchadnezzar 40 And the fourth kingdom shall fell upon his face, and worshipped be strong as iron : forasmuch as iron Dạniel, and commanded that they breaketh in pieces and subdueth all should offer an oblation and sweet things: and as iron that breaketh all odours unto him. these, shall it break in pieces and 47 The king answered unto Daniel, Eruise,

and said, Of a truth it is, that your 41 And whereas thou sawest the God is a God of gods, and a Lord of feet and toes part of potters' clay and kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing part of iron, the kingdom shall be di- thou couldest reveal this secret. ided; but there shall be in it of the 48 Then the king made Daniel a strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou great man, and gave him many great Sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. gifts, and made him ruler over the

42 And as the toes of the feet were whole province of Babylon, and chief part of iron, and part of clay, so the of the governors over all the wise men ingdom shall be partly strong, and of Babylon. artly broken.

49 Then Daniel requested of the 43 And whereas thou sawest iron king, and he set Shadrach, Meshach, nixed with miry clay, they shall min- and Abed.nego, over the affairs of the le themselves with the seed of men : province of Babylon : but Daniel sat ut they shall not cleave one in the gate of the king. (C) nother, even as iron is not mixed with ay.


EXPOSITION, (C) Ver. 31 49. Nebuchadnezzar's was now absorbed,) particularly of Nebuean, and its interpretation, followed by the chadnezzar, its high and haughty sovereign. rophet's promotion.-Both the dream and This head is represented to be of gold

interpretation are so clearly related from its riches and its splendour, of which at nothing remains, but for us to point that inetal was the established emblem. t the mighty powers hereby represented. 2. The breast and arms of silver are said Daniel explains this golden head, of the to indicate a second Empire, still rich and abylonian Empire, (in which the Assyrian splendid, but inferior to the former, which

NOTES. Fer. 43. One to another -- Chald. “ This to this,” Messiah as the foundation stone of his eburch, as e different nations conquered by the Romans were Ps. cxviii. 22; Isa. v. 14, &c., and Bp. Chandler principles and dispositions so various, that they says, the old Rabbins are unanimous in applying to Fer cordially united.

him the passage now before us. Defence of Christi. er. 45. Forasniuch, &c.—See ver. 34. The Old anity, p. 122. tament Scriptures in many places speak of



(golden image

judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, CHAP. III.

the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the NEBUCHADNEZZAR the king provinces, to come to the dedication of

made an image of gold, whose the image which Nebuchadnezzar the height was threescore cubits, and the king had set up. breadth thereof six cubits : he set it up 3 Then the princes, the governors, in the plain of Dura, in the province and captains, the judges, the treasurof Babylon.

ers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and 2 Then Nebuchadnezzar the king all the rulers of the provinces, were sent to gather together the princes, gathered together unto the dedication the governors, and the captains, the of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the

EXPOSITION—Chap. II. Continued. can mean no other than the Persian or aid, and never to be destroyed; which shall Merlo-Persian Empire, of which Cyrus was surmount and survive all the changes of properly the founder.—The third empire human governments, and extend into the is described by a belly (or trunk) and thighs eternal state. Such is Christianity, which of brass, wbich very appositely represent was established, in the first instauce, the Macedonian Empire, founded by Alex- only without, but in opposition to all the ander the Great; the Greeks being com- powers of earth and hell. monly called brazen coated, from wearing When Daniel was relating to this mighty brazen armour. This Empire, though monarch his supernatural dream, his fe perhaps more extensive than either of the collection no doubt revived as it proceeded

, preceding (as the belly is larger than the and the interpretation appeared so natural head or breast) was yet in some respects and consistent, that in the close he was inferior.

completely overwhelmed ; aud, considering The fourth, or Roman Empire, was repre- the Prophet as the representative of the sented by legs of iron, and feet of iron supreine Deity, “a Gud of gods, and a inixed with clay; intimating that ihough Lord of kings," he falls dowu before him, part of its elements were strong as iron, and' pays him divine honours, which its

constitution being heterogeneous, (though it be not distinctly stated) *e had in itself the elements of division ; may safely believe he never would accept

. beside wbich, the legs may represent the He was however generously rewarded, and east and western branches of the empire, (like Joseph in the court of Pharaoh and the toes the smaller petty kingdoms promoted to the highest honours of the which afterwards succeeded. But in ex- state : he sat in the king's gate, doubtless plaining emblems, as well as parables, we as his deputy or Lieutenant, and his must not descend to every minute parti. friends, Shadracb, Meshach and Abed. cular. Thus much is certain, that by this nego, were placed in high end confidential image was represented the government of offices under him. “ Blessed be the name the then known world in several successive of God for ever and ever, for wisdom and ages. The golden empire of Babylon in- might are his!" (For a full exposition of deed lasted but about 70 years after this this Prophecy, See Bp. Newton, Diss. w.) period; but the Persian continued about 200, the Grecian upwards of 300, and the Should it be thought strange for the Roman, which subdued the former, still Almighty to make such revelations to an longer.

idolatrous prince, we may remark, that The fifth monarchy was of a different special mercy was in reserve for him; and and superior nature ; it is Christ's kingdom, that in the end he bore a noble testimony and is itself a rock, fornied without human respectiug God's everlasting kingdom.

NOTES. CHAP. III. Ver. 1. Image of gold.--Several cir- hints, that the furnace might be a fiery pit wilbin cumstances lead to the supposition that this image this area, was intended to represent the solar orb. The astro- Ver. 5. The cornet, Aute, &c. - It is not easy to nomical character for the sun, is the chemical cha. ascertain the vistinct character of thiese instruto racter for gold, and the Latin sol applies equally to but it is evident they embraced the three classes of both. The sun was worshipped by fiery rites, and it wind, stringed, and pulsative, which, on this ara is possible that this furnace was primarily intended sion, seem to have been all 'sour, deu logether, and for them, though converted into a place of punish. certainly made more puise than music — Thessie ment. See Fragments to Calmet, No. cxlix. cl. mer--Chald. * Symphony," has been taken for a Dura was a large plain, near Babylon; the name most every kind of instrument: and from its nax seems to intimate that it was circular, and the LXX appear to have considered it as an appellative for a different instruments.

was, perhaps, an attempt to combine ile powers of kind of Circus. See Calmet and Wintle. The latter

set up:


Shadrach, Meshach, and) CHAP. III.

(Abed-nego accused. king had set up; and they stood before 12 There are certain Jews whom the image that Nebuchadnezzar had thou hast set over the affairs of the

province of Babylon, Shadrach, Me4 Then an herald cried aloud, To shach, and Abed-nego ; these men, O you it is commanded, 0 people, nations, king, have not regarded thee: they and languages,

serve not thy gods, nor worship the E 5 That at what time ye hear the golden image which thou hast set up.

sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sack- 13 Then Nebuchadnezzar in his but, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds rage and fury commanded to bring of musick, ye fall down and worship Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego.

the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar Then they brought these men before the - the king bath set up:

king. 6 And whoso falleth not down and 14 Nebuchadnezzar spake and said worshippeth shall the same hour be cast unto them, Is it true, 0 Shadrach, into the midst of a burning fiery fur- Meshach, and Abed-nego, do not ye

serve my gods, nor worship the golden 7 Therefore at that time when all image which I have set up? the people heard the sound of the cor- 15 Now if ye be ready that at what net, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and time ye hear the sound of the cornet, all kinds of musick, all the people, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulthe nations, and the languages, fell cimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worshipped the golden down and worship the image which I image that Nebuchadnezzar the king have made; well : but if ye worship

not, ye shall be cast the same hour into 8 Wherefore at that time certain the midst of a burning fiery furnace; Chaldeans caine near, and accused and who is that God that shall deliver the Jews.

you out of my hands ? 9 They spake and said to the king 16 Shadrach, Meshach, and AbedNebuchadnezzar, O king, live for ever. nego, answered and said to the king, O

10 Thou, O king, hast made a de. Nebuchadnezzar, we are not careful cree, that every man that shall hear to answer thee, in this matter. the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, 17 If it be so, our God whom we sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and serve is able to deliver us from the all kinds of musick, shall fall down burning fiery furnace, and he will deand worship the golden image: liver us out of thine hand, O king.

11 And whoso falleth not down and 18 But if not, be it known unto worshippeth, that he should be cast thee, O king, that we will not serve into the midst of a burning fiery fur- thy gods, nor worship the golden image nace.

which thou hast set up. (D)

had set up



breadth ; but we are to recollect that statues (1)) Ver. 1-18. Nebuchadnezzar's Gol- are usually placed on pedestals, or pillars, den Idol worshipped, and the Hebrews pun- and there are two reasons to suppose that Eshed for refusing:-The account of this this might be a high one; 1. To place it (as golden image has been objected to as out being of gold) the farther out of danger of of all proportion; and so it is, it the image mutilation; and 2. That it might be seen tself is to be understood as ten times its at a great distance, and by an immense

NOTES. Ver. 8. Certain Chaldeans. The term is here na- Ver. 15. Well.-This word, though not in the text, cional. In some places it seems to indicate the pro- is properly supplied. See Exod. xxvii. 32; Luke eseors of Chaldee science, as chap. ii. 10; iv. 7, &c. xiii.9. - Who is that God that shall deliver you?

Ver. 14. Is it true?-Marg. "Is it of purpose," or And who is the king that says this? 11. 47. ntentionally? or was it inadvertently? So Gesenius. Ver. 18. Thy gods.-The word may be rendered Mr. Wiotle renders it “ insultingly," but we think either singular or plural. vithout suficient authority.

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(the fiery furrace, 19 | Then was

Nebuchadnezzar 22 Therefore because the king's full of fury, and the form of his visage commandment was urgent, and the was changed, against Shadrach, Me- furnace exceeding hot, the flame wi shach, and Abed-nego : therefore he the fire slew those men that took up spake, and commanded that they should Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego

, heat the furnace one seven times more 23 And these three men, Shadrach, than it was wont to be heated.

Meshach, and Abed-nego, fell don 20 And he commanded the most bound into the midst of the burning 4 mighty men that were in his army to fiery furnace. bind Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed- 24 Then Nebuchadnezzar the list nego, and to cast them into the burni

was astonied, and rose up in base, ing fiery furnace.

and spake, and said unto his couosel 21 Then these men were bound in lors, Did not we cast three men buat their coats, their hosen, and their hats, into the midst of the fire? They ar and their other garments, and were swered and said unto the king, Tre cast into the midst of the burning fiery Oking. furnace.

25 He answered and said, Lo, 1 set


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EXPOSITION-Chap. III. Continued. muniber of worshippers. Supposing the in a sitting posture, of solid gold, with: figure to be erect, four times and a half table of the same before him, estimated the breadth of the shoulders, is stated to 800 talents of gold. be the usual height of a nian. Now the It may be asked, of whom was the breadth of the statue being 6 cubits, the statue the representation ? Some surprise proper beight would then be 27, leaving of the king himself, and others of bis * 33 for pedestal, which does not appear to ther; but from the text, it is evident t's us unlikely, the above circumstance con- it was of some deity, probably Bd, ille sidered ; and whether we take the cubit at representative of the Sun or Solar fire 18 inches or 22, the proportion will be the for the enraged king charges the Hebrer

children, not with personal disrespect, the But this was an image of gold; how with refusing to adore his gods. ver. It immeuse therefore musi be its value ! The greatest difficulty in this fist True; but if the pedestal were of stone, as seems to be, to account for Nebuchadoers we suppose, this would reduce it more than here setting up an idol, who hut in the half; and if the statue were hollow instear chapter before was falling down before of solid, as we conceive most probable, it Daniel, and worshipping his God. It is would make another considerable reluction be observed, however, that though in its supposed value. Golden images are, events follow so closely in the varratir, however, not uncommon in the east. Abp. Usher and other respectable (im Diodorus Siculus mentions one of fortynologers, place more than 20 years before feet high (without a pedestal) and two the events tbemselves. Nebuchadden others nearly of the same value, beside forgot his vows to the God of Israelis. altars and utensils of the same precious years; but how many have done tks u metal. Herodotus mentions one of Jupiter, less than half that time!

NOTES-Chap. III. Con. Ver. 19. The form of his visage--that is, his coun- Editor of Calmet, however, has proved t':8: tenance was changed. One seren times--that is, nace was open abore; and, indeed, it brast tare bort a great deal hotter. According to the apocryphal hymn so, for the king to see all that passed; it above referred to, this was done by throwing in have been of considerable extent, for four personeel “resin, (or naphtha) pitch, tow, and small wood.” walk in the midst of the flames, la our f.spaz ere

Ver: 91. Their hosen, and their hats rather, suggested the possibility of the wind bis “their turbans, and their cloaks.” Wintle, and played to cool this furnace: the idea is taken ** Boothroyd, Ver. 21. Then—that is, immediately after, when he which says, "Tie fi. c. God) made the content

the song of the three children, abort period? saw them walking.

fiery furnace as it had been a most Marzo Ver. 25. They have no hurt-Chald." There is no whistling wind, so that the fire touched :'*** hurt in them." The Son of God-Wintle and Ver. 27. Nor the smell of fire had - Winkbe, * * Boothroyd (following the LXX) read, “ A son of had the smell of tire settled on them.” God," or of the gods, supposing him to speak as a

Ver. 21. I make a decrepihald " Adre henthen.

made by me." Ver. 26. To the mouth-Cheid.“ Door, or gate." error.” This furance is commonly supposed to be a kind of oren. So it is called in the song of the three child prosper," or Avurish, so that they were is sur les

Ver. 30. The king promoted - Chald ***** dren;' and it is certain that, in the East, for atrocious lested. crimes, men are put into Haming ovens, The late

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CHAP. IV. [delivered therefrom.
Therefore being four men loose, walking in the midst hath sent his angel, and delivered his

of the fire, and they have no hurt; and servants that trusted in him, and have
the form of the fourth is like the Son changed the king's word, and yielded

their bodies, that they might not serve
26 Then Nebuchadnezzar came nor worship any god, except their own
od these tipe near to the mouth of the burning fiery God.
and dwie furnace, and spake, and said, Shadrach, 29 Therefore I make a decree, That

Meshach, and Abed-nego, ye servants every people, nation, and language,

of the most high God, come forth, and which speak any thing amiss against ?. Vente come hither. Then Shadrach, Me- the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and

shach, and Abed-nego, came forth of Abed-nego, shall be cut in pieces, and
the midst of the fire.

their houses shall be made a dunghill :
27 And the princes, governors, and because there is no other God that can
captains, and the king's counsellors, deliver after this sort.
being gathered together, saw these men, 30 Then the king promoted Sha-
upon whose bodies the fire had no power, drach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, in
hor was an hair of their head singed, the province of Babylon. (E)
neither were their coats changed, nor
the smell of fire had passed on them.

CHAP. IV. 28 Then Nebuchadnezzar spake, and said, Blessed be the God of Sha: NEBUCHADNEZZAR the king, drach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, who unto all people, nations, and lan

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EXPOSITION. (E) Ver. 19–30. The three Hebrew better employed, in interceding for them youths, nobly refusing to worship this with the King of heaven than with the image, are cast into a fiery furnace, but tyrant of Babylonia. miraculously delivered. - Nebuchadnezzar, We have mentioned (in our introduction by an error tou common among tyrants, to this book) that there are some apocrysupposing he had a right to prescribe the pbal fragments appended to it by the religion of his subjects, and rule their con- Church of Rome, of which by far the sciences, is now in as great a rage with most interesting and valuable is * The the Hebrew youths, as he had beeni with Soog of the Three Holy Children," supposed his own soothsayers, and orders them to to be uttered by them in the midst of the be thrown into this bed of fire, and the fiery furnace. It contains many passages flames being blown perhaps directly in the from the book of Psalms (and particularly ace of their executioners, are to them from the 148th) not ill-suited to their cha. atal, while to the intended martyrs they racter and circumstances, though we cannot re perfectly harmless. The king, who had consider the song itself as holy scripture. obably boped to gratify his temper in They could not, however, be ill employed itnessing their destruction, is now per- while their divine guardian, the Augel of ctly astounded; struck with wonder and the covenant, was walking with them. afusion. Yes; the Angel which had Nebuchadnezzar, who had seated himnducted the tribes of Israel on dry land self where he could view the wbole process, ough the Red Sea, is now coollý' walk- was now overwhelmed with astonishment,

with the three children amidst the as were all bis courtiers, and commanded y furnace. Probably He, who by his the three holy youths to come forth from d divided the sea, by the same, or other the furnace; upon doing which they were ns equally within' his command, di- strictly examined, and it was found that

the fames also, and turned their neither was their hair singed, nor was the against their executioners.

smell of fire found upon them. The true question may here arise, Where was God was therefore again acknowledged, I all this time, and huw came it that and his servants promoted to higher hoas not iovolved in the same persecu- nours. This was literally fulfilled, a provith his Hebrew brethren. Perhaps mise, (whiclı niust not two generally be so ugular honours Daniel had received construed,) “When thou walkest through erpreting the king's dreams, might the fire, thou shall not be burnt, neither late the Chaldeans from attacking shall the flame kindle upon thee.” (Isa. and as to his interfering on their xliii. 2.) This is true only when the sun

he doubtless knew the king's ca- of God is with us. s temper, and thought himself

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