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[of charity PSALM XLI.

make all his bed in his sickness.

4 I said, Lord, be merciful unto To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

me : heal my soul ; for, I have sinned BLESSED is he that considereth against thee.

the poor : the LORD will deliver 5 Mine enemies speak evil of me, him in time of trouble.

When shall he die, and his name 2 The LORD will preserve him, and perish ? keep him alive ; and he shall be blessed 6 And if he come to see me, he upon the earth : and thou wilt not de- speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth! liver him unto the will of his enemies. iniquity to itself; when he goeth

3 The Lord will strengthen him abroad, he telleth it. upon the bed of languishing : thou wilt : 7 All that hate me whisper together

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EXPOSITION-Psalm XL. Continued. quiet of the grave'; but would intimate (as for the most exact and complete obediindeed many of the ancients thought,) ence." This will partly account for the verthat our Lord's sufferings were not ter- sion giver of this passage by the Septua. minated with his parting breath.

gint, and in Hebrews x. 5. to which we shall The second part of the psalm, from ver. there again advert. 5 to 10, appears to relate to the incarnation When it is added, “Lo, I come !" these of the Messiah, and to that only. The pure words, we conceive, express the effect of port of it is, that, seeing the insufficiency the Messiah's ears being thus prepared, of all other sacrifices to take away sin, He namely, a ready and prompt obedience, presented himself as the great atoning and that in the accomplishment of presacrifice for human guilt. The language ceding predictions : “ In the volume (ur here used is peculiar, and requires expla- roll) of the book, it is written of me: I nation.. “Sacrifice and offering thou didst delight to do thy will," &c. the evidence not desire :” pot that the sacrifices of the of which appeared in preaching in the law were unenjoined or disapproved; yet great congregations” of the temple, the they were not the ultimate object of the

synagogue, and the public highways, till divine command; but were appointed only the speaker's lips were closed by violence as typical, and derived all their value in and death. the sight of God, from being the appointed 'The third part of the psalm comprehends types of Messiah's more perfect sacrifice : from ver. 11 to the end; where, as the when offered to supersede the moral duties writer speaks of his sins laying hold upon they became abominable. (Isa. li. 8; Amos him, and sinking him into despair, we re v. 21.)

turn again to David. It appears to us, tha “ Mine ears hast thou opened.” In the the five intervening verses (6 to 10,) are language of the Hebrews, and of poetry, kind of parentbesis, though a most im to open the ears of any one is to secure portant onc; and that the eleventh vers his favourable attention, (Job xxxiii. 16.) should be connected with the fifth : that iIsaiah, speaking in the person of Messiah, clares the mercies of God to be innumera says, "The LORD God hath opened mine ble; and this entreats that those merci ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turn- may neither be with held or withdrawn fro ed away back. I gave my back to the the petitioner, who is overwhelined wi smiters," &c. (Isa. 1. 5, 6.) But neither in sins and troubles, from which he prays this instance, nor in any other, (we be. be delivered. The three following vers lieve,) is the same original word used for (14 to 16,) which, in our version, are re openiug the ears, as in the psalm before dered imprecatory, are in the original si us, which we conceive signifies “ carved," ply future, and so rendered, not only

cut out,” in the sense of forming. Bishops Horne and Horsley, but also (See Notes.) As if the psalmist had said, Dr. Boothroyd, who is not governed by

Mine ears hast thou made, or prepared, same system.


NOTES. PSALM XLI. The poor- Marg. “ Or weak, or This term seems always to imply moral evil, a sick.” The Hebrew term is of extensive import, analogous to that of blasphemy. Matt. xxvi. and includes every kind of afliiction. In the Ver. 9. Mine own familiar friend-Heb. time of trouble--Heb.“ In the day of evil."

man of my peace."-Hath lifted up-Heb.“ Ver. 3. Thou wilt make-Heb. Tura" ail his nified the heel.'' bed.

Ver. 13. Blessed, &c.— This animated dox Ver. 7. Derise my hurt-Heh.“ Evil to me." closes the first book (or collection) of the psalı Ver. 8. An exil disease-Heb.“ A thing of Belial."

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PSALMS. [communion with God. against me : against me do they devise 2 My soul thirsteth for Gol, for the my hurt.

living God: when shall I come and 8 An evil disease, say they, cleaveth appear before God? fast unto him: and now that he lieth 3 My tears have been my meat day he shall rise up no more.

and night, while they continually say 9 Yea, mine own familiar friend, in unto me, Where is thy God?

ed, which did eat of my 4 When I remember these things, I bread, hath lifted up his heel against pour out my soul in me: for I had

gone with the multitude; I went with 10 But thou, O Lord, be merciful them to the house of God, with the unto me, and raise me up, that I may voice of joy and praise, with a multirequite them.

tude that kept holy-day. li By this I know that thou fa- 5 Why art thou cast down, O my Fourest me, because mine enemy doth soul? and why art thou disquieted in mot triumph over me.

me ? Hope thou in God: for löshall yet 12 And as for me, thou upholdest praise him for the help of his counteme in mine integrity, and settest me before thy face for ever,

6 O my God, my soul is cast down la Blessed be the Lord God of within me: therefore will I remember Israel from everlasting, and to ever- thee from the land of Jordan, and lasting. Amen, and Amen. (T) of the Hermonites, from the hill MiPSALM XLII.

7 Deep calleth unto deep at the Te the chief Musician : Maschil: for the noisefof thy water-spouts : all thy waves sons of Korah.

and thy billows are gone over me. the hart panteth after the water 8 Yet, the Lord will command his brooks, so panteth my soul after lovingkindness in the day-time, and in

the night his song shall be with me,


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thee, O God.

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writers, apply the whole of this, as of the (T) A Psalm of Duvid. The blessedness Psalms generally, to our Saviour; but as o charity and the baseness of treachery.-- the psalmist here also confesses sin, and

on truc charity with which the pleads for mercy, we cannot, for reasons palm

is of most extensive applica- given in our exposition of Psalms xxx, and tion. The poor, the weak, the sick, are all xxxi., admit him to be here the speaker; its objects, and those wbo display this kind but perhaps we might divide the psalın not and benevolent disposition, of which our improperly into two parts : in the first five Lord affords a perfect example, though verses, we may consider the writer as they can have no pretensions to merit

, speaking in his own person, and in the rehave a promise of like sympathy and aid mainder in the person of the Messiab, our from the Lord himself in their afflictions. Lord Jesus having himself applied for acBut it may be here asked, how then was cominodated) the ninth

to the qur compassionate Lord liimself surren- treachery of Judas. To lift up the herlo dered to his enemies? why was not he, the against á person, is not only to desert him, tuost compassionate of all men, delivered froin them? The answer is easy—“He was

or run away; but to turn the back and

treat him with contempt. Judas did this, delivered for our offences.” (Rom. iv. 25.)

and probably never looked his master in Bishop Horne, and other Hutchinsonian the face after he betrayed him.


NOTES. PSALI XLII. Title - Maschil. See Note to

Ver. 4. These things ) -Or times, rather. BoothBettie of Ps. xxxii.- For the sons of Korah-- royrl. We sere boristers. I Chron, vi. 33, &c.

Ver. 5 and 11. Why art thou cast donn ?--Heb. met As the hart panteth-Heb. “ brayeth.”

“ Bowed down." - I shall yel praise – Marg.

" Give thanks " for the help of his countenance; fur.i, Trars hare bern my meat-That is, I have

Marg." His presence (or countenance) is salvation;' been toccapied in weeping, that have neglected

Heb. “ salvations.” food. See pelsxx. G.

Ver. 6. The hill Mizar-Marg, " The little bill :'

T» Hebrew is feminine.

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PSALMS. a great deep: 0 LORD, thou preservest

PSALM XXXVII. man and beast. 7 How excellent is thy loving-kind

A Psalm of David. ness, O God! therefore the children of FRET not thyself because of evilmen put their trust under the shadow doere, neither be thou envious of thy wings.

against the workers of iniquity. 8 They shall be abundantly satis- 2 For they shall soon be cut down fied with the fatness of thy house; and like the grass, and wither as the green thou shalt make them drink of the river herb. of thy pleasures.

3 Trust in the Lord, and do good; 9 For with thee is the fountain of so shalt thou dwell in the land, and life: in thy light shall we see light, verily thou shalt be fed.

10 O continue thy loving-kindness 4 Delight thyself also in the Lond; unto them that know thee; and thy and he shall give thee the desires of righteousness to the upright in heart. thine heart.

11 Let not the foot of pride come 5 Commit thy way unto the LORD; against me, and let not the hand of trust also in him; and he shall bring the wicked remove me.

12 There are the workers of ini- 6 And he shall bring forth thy quity fallen : they are cast down, and righteousness as the light, and thy shall not be able to rise. (O)

judgment as the noonday,

it to pass.


quities appear hateful in the eyes of his (0) A Psalm of David, the servant of fellow-creatures. He even affects to be a Jehovah, complaining of the atheism, deceit, good man, and wears the mask till it ceand cruelty of his enemies:-Bishop Patrick ments with his face, accounting himself as supposes that this psalm was probably good as any other man, till somebody decomposed toward the beginning of Saul's tects his vices, and exposes hiin to shame. jealousy against David. (1 Sam. xviii. 9.) and this is the common condition of almost

The lirst verse of tbe psalm is attended all bad men.". This seems not an impro with cousiderable perplexity, which seems bable sense of the passage.-(Robinson partly owing to some error in the copyist. Claude ii. 119.) Bishop Louth reads it, “ The wickedness In the latter part of the psalm, Davi of man, according to the wickedness in bis celebrates the mercy and kindness of the heart, saith, There is no fear of God before Lord, and prays for its extension and co

For some versions and a few tinuance. God is considered as the four manuscripts, instead of my heart," read tain of life, and light, and blessednes his heart," which affords this seuse, that “ God, like the sun, (says Bishop Horn “ the traggression of the wicked saith, cannot be seen but by the light which hir (asserteth) within his owu heart, that there self emnit; :" and he is no less the univer is no fear of God before his eyes." Ap- source of life and blessedness. plyiog this to Saul, the wicked man sup

"O thou whose power o'er moving worlds presie posed to be here alluded to, a late ingeni- Whose voice crrated, and whose wisdom guide ous writer supposes the psalmist to reflect On darhling nian in pure etiulgence shine, thus within himself :-" I have made my

And cheer the clouded mind with light diving

'Tis thine alone to calm the pious breast own observations on that cruel man, Saul, With silent confidence and holy rest; and I have imagined he is an Atheist. Í From thee, great God! we spring

to thee observe, although he commits many crimes,

bend, for which, did he fear God, he would always

Path, Moure, Guide, Original, and End."

Dr. Johnsi blush ; yet he never blushes till his ini.

mine eyes.

NOTES-Psalm XXXVI, Con. Ver. 7. How excellent-Heb. “How precious !". It was the practice of tyrants to tread upon

Ver. 8. Abundantly satisfied (Heb. “ watered ;" eneries, or to spurn those who offended the na Ainsworth, “ moistried") with the fulness—That their feet. is, with the richness of the (moral) provisions of thy house.

PSALM XXXVII. Ver. 3. Verily - Heb Ver. 10. O continue (Heb. " draw ont at length;"' Aiasnorth, "estend ") thy loving-kindness.

Ver. 5. Comail-Ileb. "Roll thy way up Ver. 11. The foot of pride-07, " of the proud." Lord.'



and in his) PSALMS.

(providence. 7 Rest in the LORD, and wait pa.

21 The wicked borroweth, and tiently for him : fret not thyself be- payeth not again: but the righteous cause of him who prospereth in his sheweth mercy, and giveth. way, because of the man who bringeth 22 For such as be blessed of him wicked devices to pass.

shall inherit the earth; and they that 8 Cease from anger and forsake wrath: be cursed of him shall be cut off. fret dot thyself in any wise to do evil. 23 The steps of a good man are or

9 For evil doers shall be cut off : dered by the LORD: and he delighteth bat those that wait upon the LORD, in his way. they shall inherit the earth.

24 Though he fall, he shall not be 10 For yet a little while, and the utterly cast down: for the Lord upvicked shall not be: yea, thou shalt holdeth him with his hand. diligently consider bis place, and it 25 I have been young, and now am shall not be.

old; yet have I not seen the righteous 11 But the meek shall inherit the forsaken, nor his seed begging bread. earth; and shall delight themselves in 26 He is ever merciful, and lendthe abundance of peace.

eth; and his seed is blessed. 12 The wicked plotteth against the 27 Depart from evil, and do good; just, and gnasheth upon him with his and dwell for evermore.

28 For the Lord loveth judgment, 13 The LORD shall laugh at him: and forsaketh not his saints; they are for he seeth that his day is coming. preserved for ever: but the seed of the

14 The wicked have drawn out the wicked shall be cut off. sword, and have bent their bow, to 29 The righteous shall inherit the cast down the poor and needy, and to land, and dwell therein for ever. slay such as be of upright conversation. 30 The mouth of the righteous

15 Their sword shall enter into speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talktheir own heart, and their bows shall eth of judgment. be broken.

31 The law of his God is in his 16 A little that a righteous man heart; none of his steps shall slide. hath is better than the riches of many 32 The wicked watcheth the righwicked.

teous, and seeketh to slay him. 17 For the arms of the wicked shall 33 The LORD will not leave him in be broken : but the LORD upholdeth his hand, nor condemn him when he the righteous.

is judged. 18 The Lord knoweth the days of 34 Wait on the LORD, and keep his the upright: and their inheritance way, and he shall exalt thee to inheshall be for ever.

rit the land : when the wicked are cut 19 They shall not be ashamed in off, thou shalt see it. the evil time: and in the days of fa- 35 I have seen the wicked in great mine they shall be satisfied.

power, and spreading himself like a 20 But the wicked shall perish, and green bay tree. the enemies of the Lord shall be as 36 Yet he passed away, and lo, he the fat of lambs: they shall consume; was not : yea, I sought him, but he into smoke shall they consume away.

could not be found.

NOTES. Ter. 7. Rest-Heb.“ Be silent;" i. e. wait, and Ver. 35. A green bay tree-Marg." A green tree burnur pot.

that groweth in his own (or native) soil." Ver. 10. It shall not be-Ainsworth & Lowth," He This psalın is alphabetical, hat not strictly so hall not be found);" J.XX,“ Lo! he was gone!". throughout; whether the deviations are owing to

Ver. 21. As the fal (Heb." the precinus, or rich") the laxness of the Hebrew laws of versification, as of lazúr - Which blazes for a moment, and then some have thought, or to the negligence of tran

scribers, as is now the more general opinion, we V. 23. Ordered-Marg." Established.”

presume not to determine. Ver m. fle is erer Heb. “ All the day," or



[of God's mercy. 37 Mark the perfect man, and be- 4 For mine iniquities are gone over hold the upright: for the end of that mine head: as an heavy burden they man is peace.

are too heavy for me. 38 But the transgressors shall be 5 My wounds stink and are corrupt, destroyed together: the end of the because of my foolishness. wicked shall be cut off.

6 I am troubled; I am bowed 39 But the salvation of the righte- down greatly; I go mourning all the ous is of the Lord: he is their strength day long. in the time of trouble.

7 For my loins are filled with a 40 And the LORD shall help them, loathsome disease: and there is no and deliver them: he shall deliver soundness in my flesh. them from the wicked, and save them,

8 I am feeble and sore broken: 1 because they trust in him. (P)

have roared by reason of the disquiet

ness of my heart. PSALM XXXVIII.

9 Lord, all my desire is before A Psalm of David, to bring to remembrance. thee; and my groaning is not hid

from thee. O LORD, rebuke me not in thy 10 My heart panteth, my strength

wrath: neither chasten me in thy faileth me: as for the light of mine hot displeasure.

eyes, it also is gone from me. 2 For thine arrows stick fast in me, 11 My lovers and my friends stand and thy hand presseth me sore. aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen

3 There is no soundness in my flesh stand afar off. because of thine anger; neither is there 12 They also that seek after my any rest in my bones, because of my life lay snares for me: and they that sin.

seek my hurt speak mischievous things,


earth ;” and though others may boast PSALM XXXVII.

greater claims, they only enjoy it. A sen(P) A Psalm of David, exhorting to sible writer observes, “They have no turpatience, meckness, and submission to the buleot, repining, vexatious thoughts that 'divine providence." From the beginning they deserve better; nor are vexed when to the end of this psalm (Bishop Horne they see others possessed of more honour, remarks,) the Holy Spirit, by the hand of or more riches, than their wise God has althe prophet, administereth advice and con- lotted for their share." solation to the church aud people of the An observation in the latter part of the Lord, oppressed and afflicted in this world psalm may demand particular notice, as it by prosperous and triumphant wickedness. has occasioned some practical difficulty Faiih and patience are therefore recom- As a general maxim, it may certainly be mended, upon the double consideration of admitted. “ So far is charity from impo that sure reward which awaiteth the righte- verishing (says Bishop Horne,) that wha ous, and that certain punishment which is given away, like vapours emitted by th shall be indicted on the wicked. These two earth, returns in showers of blessings int events are set before us under many lively the bosom of the person that gave it; an and affecting images. As the psalm is ra- his offspring is not the worse, but infinite ther a collection of divine aphorisms on the the beiter for it.” (Prov. xi. 25.) Tb same subject, than a continued and con- maxim is not, however, to be so strictly i nected discourse, it admitteth of nothing terpreted, as to maintain that, in no ca farther in the way of argument:" but the has a pious man been reduced to be maxims or observations here introduced, gary: our Lord himself, though not are most interesting and important. It is beggar, lived upon the hospitality of a folly for Christians to fret and fume at disciples, during the wbole of his pub evils which they cannot prevent. It is ministry. He had no patrimony, no ho much better patiently to submit to cir. no purse; and when called upon for tribe cuinstances, and make the Lord himself was compelled to work a miracle to pay the object of their confidence and delight. Generally speaking, however, benevole For, after all, as our Lord himself assures far more frequently enriches than in lis, it is “ the meek" who " inherit the verishes.

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