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The gospel dispensation] CHAP. II.

[predicted.

7 Their land also is full of silver CHAP. II.

and gold, neither is there any end of THE HE word that Isaiah the son of their treasures; their land is also full

Amoz saw concerning Judah and of horses, neither is there any end of Jerusalem.

their chariots : 2 And it shall come to pass in the 8 Their land also is full of idols; last days, that the mountain of the they worship the work of their own LORD's house shall be established in hands, that which their own fingers the top of the mountains, and shall be have made: exalted above the bills; and all na- 9 And the

boweth tions shall flow unto it.

down, and the great man humbleth 3 And many people shall go and himself: therefore forgive them not. say, Come ye, and let us go up to the 10 Enter into the rock, and hide mountain of the Lord, to the house of thee in the dust, for fear of the LORD, the God of Jacob; and he will teach and for the glory of his majesty. us of his ways, and we will walk in 11 The lofty looks of man shall be his paths : for out of Zion shall go hum ed, and the haughtiness of men forth the law, and the word of the shall be bowed down, and the LORD LORD from Jerusalem.

alone shall be exalted in that day. 4 And he shall judge among the 12 For the day of the Lord of nations, and shall rebuke many peo- hosts shall be upon every one that ple: and they shall beat their swords is proud and lofty, and upon every into plowshares, and their spears into one that is lifted up; and he shall be pruning hooks : nation shall not lift brought low : up sword against nation, neither shall 13 And upon all the cedars of Lethey learn war any more.

banon, that are high and lifted up, 5 O house of Jacob, come ye, and and upon all the oaks of Bashan, let us walk in the light of the Lord. 14 And upon all the high moun

6 Therefore thou hast forsaken thy tains, and upon all the hills that are people the house of Jacob, because they lifted up, be replenished from the east, and are 15 And upon every high tower, soothsayers like the Philistines, and and upon every fenced wall, they please themselves in the children 16 And upon all the ships of Tarof strangers.

shish, and upon all pleasant pictures.

EXPOSITION. effect, he bitterly laments their degene- rence of every thing connected with idolaracy; and concludes with declaring, in the try, the source of all their misery. name of Jehovah, his purpose of inflicting “ The whole chapter affords a beautiful still heavier judgments, such as would de- example of this great Prophet's mauoer : stroy the wicked, and excite in the righ- whose writings, like his lips, were touchteous (who should also pass through the ed with haliowed fire." furnace) an everlasting shame and abhor

NOTES. CHAP. II. Ver. 1. That Isaiah saw... Lowth, Ver. 7. Full of silver and gold . horses, &c " That was revealed to Isaiah.”

- This was contrary to Deut. xvii. 16, 17. He fol. Ver. 2. Established - or “ prepared," Margin. lowed the example of Solomon, 2 Chron. i. 14, 16. Compare Micah iv, 1-4.

Ver. 9. The mean man boweth, &c.—that is, all Ver. 4. Pruning-hooks-or" scythes," Margin. ranks bow down to idols : but Bp. Lowth renders Ver. 6. Replenished from the East - Lowth, this in the future; " therefore shall the mean man « Filled (with diviners) from," &c.

be bowed :" so Boothroyd.--- Forgive them noi Ibid. They please themselves – Marg. “ Abound Lowth, “ Thou wilt mot forgive them.with," &e. Lowth, " They multiply a spurious Ver. 12. Shall be upon—"Is against," and so in brood of strange children.” 'This refers to the ille. the four following verses. Lowth. gitimate produce of their licentious connexion with Ver. 13. Cedars of Lebanon, &c.-that is, great the heathen, which is here compared (in the original) men, princes, &c. with the corn, or grass, springing from seed accia

Ver. 14. High mountains – kingdoms, states, &c dentally sattered.

Ver. 13. Every high toner-military state,

Predictions]

ISAIAH,

[of the Messiah. the tablets, and the earrings,

2 In that day shall the branch of 1 21 The rings, and nose jewels, the LORD be beautiful and glorious,

22 The changeable suits of apparel, and the fruit of the earth shall be exand the mantles, and the wimples, cellent and comely for them that are and the crisping pins,

escaped of Israel. 23 The glasses, and the fine linen, 3 And it shall come to pass, that and the hoods and the vails.

he that is left in Zion, and lie that 24 And it shall come to pass, that remaineth in Jerusalem shall be called instead of sweet smell there shall be holy, even every one that is written stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; among the living in Jerusalem: and instead of well set hair baldness; 4 When the LORD shall have and instead of a stomacher a girding washed away the filth of the daughof sackcloth; and burning instead of ters of Zion, and shall have purged the beauty.

blood of Jerusalem from the midst i sad 25 Thy men shall fall

by the thereof by the spirit of judgment, and sword, and thy mighty in the war. by the spirit of burning.

26 And her gates shall lament and 5 And the LORD will create mourn ; and she being desolate shall upon every dwelling place of mount sit upon the ground. (C)

Zion, and

upon her assemblies, a

cloud and smoke by day, and the CHAP. IV.

shining of a flaming fire by night:

for upon all the glory shall be aim AN ND in that day seven

defence. shall take hold of one man, say

6 And there shall be a tabernacle ing, We will eat our own bread, and for a shadow in the daytime from the wear our own apparel : only let us be heat, and for a place of refuge, and called by thy name, to take away our for a covert from storm and from reproach.

rain. (D)

women

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. II.

The latter part of the chapter is a parti(C) Judgments on the wickedness of cular amplification of the distress of the the men, and the pride and folly of the wo- delicate daughters of Zion, whose deploramen.—The whole of this chapter, with the able situation is finely contrasted with their first verse of the following, is a prophecy of former luxury and ease. the Babylonian invasion and captivity, in Some think that this prophecy may like. which all ranks of society were involved. wise refer to the destruction of Jerusalem These calanities are represented as so by the Romans; and it is remarkable, that great, and so general, that even the honour on a medal struck by Vespasian on that of government should be declined, from the occasion, Jerusalem is represented in the desperate state of the country, as affording very posture described by the last words of no ground to hope the return of its .pro- this chapter, under the figure of a disconsperity. Its governors are declared to he solate mother hewailing the unhappy fate weak as women, capricious as children, and of her children. See Ps. cxxxvii. corrupt as Sodom, wherehy they had brought these evils upon themselves.

CHAP. IV. Amidst all the evils denounced, however, (D) A prophecy of Christ, the Branch; an exception is made in favour of good and the blessings to spring from him.- The men-" Say ye to the righteous, that it is, first verse of this chapter (which oaght not aud shall be well !"

to have been separated from the precede

NOTES. CHAP. IV. Ver. 1. Let us be called by thy name. Ver. 3. Among the living - Marg. “To life;" i, e Hei. "Let thy name be called upon us.".

enrolled among the remnant lelt. See Ezek, xiji, 9. Ver. 2. The branch of the Lori The Messiah of Jehovah." says the Chaldee. Beautiful and God's wrath, which (in bis furnace) he will puglorious-He!. "Beauty and glory.-Fruit of the rity his people. Lowth. See Ezek. xxii. 17-22. earth-Lowth, " Of the land,'' i. e. of Judah. By Ver.5. Upon all the glory shall be a defenre-Heb.

pression, if not exactly parallel with the " Above all the glory shall be a covering." See 2, Bp. Lowth would understand its fruit; Exod. xiii. 21; xl. 38. consequent upon his redemption."

The vineyard]

CHAP. V

(of the house of Israel.

also command the clouds that they CHAP. V.

rain no rain upon it. Now will I sing to my well-beloved 7 For the vineyard of the Lord of

a song of my beloved touching hosts is the house of Israel, and the his vineyard. My well-beloved hath a men of Judah his pleasant plant: and vineyard in a very fruitful hill : he looked for judgment, but behold op

2 And he fenced it, and gathered pression; for righteousness, but behold out the stones thereof, and planted it a cry. with the choisest vine, and built a 8 Woe unto them that join house tower in the midst of it, and also made to house, that lay field to field, till a winepress therein : and he looked there be no place, that they may be that it should bring forth grapes, and placed alone in the midst of the earth! it brought forth wild grapes.

9 In mine ears, said the LORD of 3 And now, O inhabitants of Je- hosts, Of a truth many houses shall rusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I be desolate, even great and fair, with.. pray you, betwixt me and my vine- out inhabitant. yard.

10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall 4 What could have been done more yield one bath, and the seed of an to my vineyard, that I have not done homer shall yield an ephah. in it? wherefore, when I looked that 11 · Woe unto them that rise up it should bring forth grapes, brought it early in the morning, that they may

follow strong drink; that continue 5 And now go to; I will tell you until night, till wine inflame them! what I will do to my vineyard : I will 12 And the harp, and the viol, the take

aray the hedge thereof, and it tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their shall be eaten up; and break down feasts : but they regard not the work the wall thereof, and it shall be trod- of the Lord, neither consider the

operation of his hands. 6 And I will lay it waste: it shall 13 Therefore my people are gone sint be pruned, nor digged; but there into captivity, because they have no shall come up briers and thorns : I will knowledge: and their honourable men

1forth wild grapes?

den down :

EXPOSITION. ing) represents the havock occasioned by (See Zech. iii. 8m-vi. 12.) *ar, and other calamities which the Prophet The great blessings of the gospel are had been describing, so great, that seven frequently set forth (as in ver. 5.) by alluwomen should be left to one man ; in con- sions to the glory and pomp of the Mosaic Sequence of which, they, instead of being dispensation; so the protection and glory afcourted, shall be compelled to become forded by Messiah shall be equal to that of buitors, and that, upon any terms, to take the divine Shechinah, under the Mosaic away their reproach. The following verses dispensation : nay more, for it shall not promise to the remnaut that should escape only be a pillar of fire and of cloud, but those severe trials, a restoration to the also the new tabernacle, or Christian divine favour, and a share in the blessings Church, shall be a place of refuge from of the man wbose name is The Branch, one every danger, and a covert from every of the appropriated names of the Messiah. storm.

NOTES.
CHAP. V.Ver. 1. A song of my beloved-Lowth,"A rock, &c. Wild grapes — Lowth,

" Poisonons Stue of loves."'---In a rery fruilful hill-Heb.On berries." See 2 Kings iv. 39-41. also Deut. xxxii. a burn, the son of oil,” which Lowth renders,"0a a 3,3 bigh and fruitfal hill."

Ver. 7. His pleasant plant-Heh." Plant of his Ver. 2. Ile fenced it-Marg. “Made a wall about pleasure;" Lowth, " of his delight." it, which was generally formed of the stones found Ver. 9. In mine curs said, &c. --- Lowth, in mine upon the land. The choicest vine-Lowth, “The ears hath the Lord. revealeil ic.''—-Of a truik Vibe of Sorek."

See Gen. xlix. 11.Built a ---Heb. “ If not,"' &c. a usual form of swearing. LUET -See Matt. xxi. 23.-Made a wine-press- Lowth, “Surely." Het. " Hewed out," not the press itself, but the Ver. 10. One bath--less than eight gallons, late, which received the must from the wine-press, Ver. 13. Their honourable men .. le Whicho was often underground, in the recess of a glory;" Lowth,

" Nobles."

Predictions]

ISAIAH.

[of the Messiah. the tablets, and the earrings,

2 In that day shall the branch of 21 The rings, and nose jewels, the Lord be beautiful aud glorious,

22 The changeable suits of apparel, and the fruit of the earth shall be erand the mantles, and the wimples, cellent and comely for them that are and the crisping pins,

escaped of Israel. 23 The glasses, and the fine linen, 3 And it shall come to pass, that and the hoods and the vails.

he that is left in Zion, and he that 24 And it shall come to pass, that remaineth in Jerusalem shall be called instead of sweet smell there shall be holy, even every one that is written stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; among the living in Jerusalem : and instead of well set hair baldness; 4 When the LORD shall have and instead of a stomacher a girding washed away the filth of the daughof sackcloth; and burning instead of ters of Zion, and shall have purged the beauty.

blood of Jerusalem from the midst 25 Thy men shall fall by the thereof by the spirit of judgment, and sword, and thy mighty in the war. by the spirit of burning.

26 And her gates shall lament and 5 And the LORD will create mourn ; and she being desolate shall upon every dwelling place of mount sit upon the ground. (C)

Zion, and upon her assemblies, a

cloud and smoke by day, and the CHAP. IV.

shining of a flaming fire by night:

for upon all the glory shall be a ND in that day seven

defence. shall take hold of one man, say- 6 And there shall be a tabernacle ing, We will eat our own bread, and for a shadow in the daytime from the wear our own apparel : only let us be heat, and for a place of refuge, and called by thy name, to take away our for a covert from storm and from reproach.

rain. (D)

women

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EXPOSITION.
CHAP. II.

The latter part of the chapter is a parti(C) Judgments on the wickedness of cular amplification of the distress of the the nien, and the pride and folly of the wo- delicate daughters of Zion, whose deploramen.—The whole of this chapter, with the able situation is finely contrasted with their first verse of the following is a prophecy of former luxury and ease. the Babylonian invasion and captivity, in Some think that this prophecy may like. which all ranks of society were involved. wise refer to the destruction of Jerusalem These valanities are represented as by the Romans; and it is remarkable, that great, and so general, that even the honour on a medal struck by Vespasian on that of government should be declined, from the occasion, Jerusalem is represented in the desperate state of the country, as affording very posture described by the last words of no ground to bope the return of its .pro- this chapter, under the figure of a disconsperity. Its governors are declared to be solate mother hewailing the unhappy fate weak as women, capricious as children, and of her children. See Ps. cxxxvii. corrupt as Sodom, whereby they had brought these evils upon themselves.

CHAP. IV. Amidst all the evils denounced, however, (D) A prophecy of Christ, the Branch; an exception is made in favour of good and the blessings to spring from him.- The men—"Say ye to the righteous, that it is, first verse of this chapter (which ought not aud shall be well!"

to have been separated from the precede

NOTES. CHAP. IV. Ver. 1. Let us be called by thy name. Ver. 3. Among the living-Marg. " To life;" i, e. -Heis. “ I.et thy name be called upon us."

enrolled among the remnant leil. See Ezek. viii. 9. Ver. 2. The branch of the Lord "The Messiah

Ver. 4. A spirit of burning-meaming ibe tire of of Jehoval," says the Chaldee. - Beautiful and God's wrath, by which (in bis furnace) he will puglorious-Heh. " Beanty and glory.-Fruit of the rily his people." J.owth. See Ezek. xxii. 17-29. earth-Lowih, “ Of the land :" i. e. of Judab. By Ver.3. Upon all the glory shall be a defenre-Heb. this expression, if not exactly parallel with the ** Above all the glory shall be a covering," Set preceding, Bp. Lowth would understand its fruit; Exod. xiii. 21; xl. 38. is the blessings consequent upon bis redemption."

The vineyard]

CHAP. V

(of the house of Israel.

also command the clouds that they CHAP. V.

rain no rain upon it. NOW will I sing to my well-beloved 7 For the vineyard of the Lord of

a song of my beloved touching hosts is the house of Israel, and the his vineyard. My well-beloved hath a men of Judah his pleasant plant: and vineyard in a very fruitful hill : he looked for judgment, but behold op

2 And he fenced it, and gathered pression; for righteousness, but behold out the stones thereof, and planted it a cry. with the choisest vine, and built a 8 Woe unto them that join house tower in the midst of it, and also made to house, that lay field to field, till a winepress therein : and he looked there be no place, that they may be that it should bring forth grapes, and placed alone in the midst of the earth! it brought forth wild grapes.

9 In mine ears, said the Lord of 3 And now, O inhabitants of Je- hosts, Of a truth many houses shall rusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I be desolate, even great and fair, withpray you, betwixt me and my vine- out inhabitant. yard.

10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall 4 What could have been done more yield one bath, and the seed of an to my vineyard, that I have not done homer shall yield an ephah. in it? wherefore, when I looked that 11 · Woe unto them that rise up it should bring forth grapes, brought it early in the morning, that they may forth wild grapes?

follow strong drink; that continue 5 And now go to; I will tell you until night, till wine inflame them! what I will do to my vineyard : I will 12 And the harp, and the viol, the take away the hedge thereof, and it tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their shall be eaten up; and break down feasts : but they regard not the work the wall thereof, and it shall be trod- of the Lord, neither consider the den down :

operation of his hands. 6 And I will lay it waste: it shall 13 Therefore my people are gone not be pruned, nor digged; but there into captivity, because they have no shall come up briers and thorns : I will knowledge: and their honourable men

EXPOSITION. ing) represents the havock occasioned by (See Zech. iii. vi. 12.) war, and otber calamities which the Prophet The great blessings of the gospel are had been describing, so great, that seven frequently set forth (as in ver. 5.) by alluwomen should be left to one man ;

in con

siops to the glory and pomp of the Mosaic sequence of which, they, instead of being dispensation; so the protection and glory afcourted, shall be compelled to become forded by Messiah shall be equal to that of suitors, and that, upon any terms, to take the divine Shechinah, under the Mosaic away their reproach. The following verses dispensation : nay more, for it shall not proasise to the remnant that should escape only be a pillar of fire and of cloud, but those severe trials, a restoration to the also the new tabernacle, or Christian divine favour, and a share in the blessings Church, shall be a place of refuge from of the man wbose name is The Branch, one every danger, and a covert from every of the appropriated names of the Messiab.

storm.

NOTES. CHAP. V.Ver. 1.A song of my beloved-Lowth,"A rock, &c. Wild grapes – Lowth, “ Poisonons Songoflores.” -In a very fruitful hill-Heb.“On berries." See 2 Kings iv. 39-41. also Deut. xxxii. a boro, the son of oil,” which Lowth renders,“Oa'a 3,33. Ligh and fruitful hill."

Ver. 7. His pleasant plant-Heh. Plant of his Ver. 2. He fenced il-Marg. “Made a wall about pleasure ;"! Lowth, " of his delight." it, which was generally formed of the stones found Ver. 9.' in nine eurs said, &c. ... Lowth, In mine upon the land. The choicest vine-Lowth, “The enrs hath the Lord. revealed it."--of a truth vibe of Sorek.” See Gen. xlix. ll. Built a ... Heb." If not," &c. a usual form of swearing. toerr-See Matt. xxi. 23.-Made a wine-press- Lowth, “Surely.". Heb." Hewed out," not the press itself, but the Ver. 10. One bath--less than eight gallons, Lowth Jake, whicb received the must from the wine.press, Ver. 13. Their honourable men ..

. Heb." The which was aften underground, in the recess of a glory;" Lowth, “ Nobles."

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