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[Psalm. PSALM III.

voice, and he heard me out of his holy
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A Poslm of David, when he fled from hill. Selah.
Absalom his son.

5 I laid me down and slept; I LORD, how are they increased that awaked; for the Lord sustained

trouble me? many are they that me. rise up against me.

6 I will not be afraid of ten thou? Many there be which say of my sands of people, that have set themsoul

, There is no help for him in God. selves against me round about. bn ia piecos

7 Arise, O Lord; save me, O my 3 But thou, O Lord, art a shield God: for thou hast smitten all mine 0 re,

for ne ; my glory, and the lifter up of enemies upon the cheek bone; thou mine head.

hast broken the teeth of the ungodly. 4 I cried unto the Lord with my 8 Salvation belongeth unto the


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EXPOSITION. sed that the only way of safety and happi- and praised God." (Luke ii. 13.) And 366 would lie in submission to him, and again, 3. When raised from the dead, he otádence in him." (Testimony to Mes- was “ declared to be the Son of God with WED , YDI. I. p. 213.)

power, (i. e. most forcibly) by his resurThe august title, “ Son of God," is bere rection from the dead.” (Rom. i. 4.) zizoraced by a divine decree ; which cer. This may with great propriety be called tuuly, in its peculiarity, raises the Mes

a Missionary Psalm, since it relates espeiad above men and angels; “ For uoto cially to the conversion of the heathen. which of the angels said be at any time, In verses 7 and 8, the Son of God himself Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten is personally introduced, as announcing the thee?" (Heb. i. 5.) But w him it is ap- decree by wbich he was declared to be pilied, 1. As the essential word and wisdojn “the Son of God," and the “ Heir of all o bud; be was " set up from everlasting': things.” (Heb. i. 2.) And he is particu

eper the throne of the divine glory : “Thy larly encouraged to “ ask" of his heaide.

throde, O God, is for ever and ever;' venly Father " the heathen for his inheriter Heb

. i. 3–9.) and to this our great poet, ance, and the uttermost parts of the earth Hatou, thus alludes.

for his possession." In this petition it is * Heer, all ye angels, progeay of ligbt,

certainly the duty of Christians to unite Throzes, dominations priocedoms, virtues, powers, Hear my decree, which unreyok'd shall stand.

with their Redeemer, and the more so, as This nag I bare begot whom I declare

we already see the dawn of its accomrenty Son, and og this holy hill

plishment; for now " verily" hath “ the He kare enainted, whom ye now behold

sound” of salvation gone forth “ into all At es rigbt band , your beall him appoint; Anib, tussell have sworn, to him bali hos

the earth," and "the words” of the gospel 4kites in heaven, and copfess him Lord.

“ unto the ends of the world." (Par. Lost, bk. v. 1.600.) The psalmist concludes with advising 2. This decree was repeated and con- all nations, with their chiefs and prioces, firmed at his incarnation, for “when he to do homage to the Son of God : and as bringeth the first-begotten into the world, this homage was generally rendered by e seith, Let all the angels of God worship kissing the hand; so they are required to 7:" (Heb. 1. 6.) An accordingly, "a kiss the Son, which implied not only subiritude of the heavenly host attended, mission, but adoration,

NOTES. MIT Ver. 2,4,8, Seah.-No less than 12 dif- tempore flourish, which the Italians call a cantabile; 7«es have been given to this word; butelera.

but whether any thing of this kind were intended the radical idea, from which many hare in.

here, we dare not say. The LXX render Selah by st signified an extraordinary elevation of Diapsalma, which is explained to intimate u pause, Ent as this word generally occurs at the en!

or division in the performance. auch an elevation seems most unnatural.

Ver. 3. A shield for me-Marg. “ About me.” apt to speak conficiently ; but in this The shields of the ancients were sometimes so large ve no doubt, that the ele at on was not that a man might be carried on them.-Orient. Lit. Folee, but of the hund; a common and

No, 742. sign, inade by the leader of a choir,

Ver. 7. On the cheek bone.-David's ungodly and *rformers are to hold a note beyond its profane enemies are here compared to ravenous ation, or make a solenn puuse. la the

beasts, who, being smilten upon the chvek bone, are , with us it often intimates permission for obliged to give up their prey. al vocal performer to introduce an ex

Selah. (C)


An Evening]

(Psalm. Lond: thy blessing is upon thy people. Lord will hear when I call unto him.

4 Stand in awe, and sin not: com

mune with your own heart upon your PSALM IV.

bed, and be still. Selah. To the chief Musician on Neginoth. A 5 Offer the sacrifices of righteousPsalm of David.

ness, and put your trust in the Lord. HEAR me when I call, O God of 6 There be

many say,

Who my righteousness: thou hast en- will shew us any good ? Lord, lift larged me when I was in distress; have thou up the light of thy countenance mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.

upon us. 2 0

ye sons of men, how long will 7 Thou hast put gladness in my ye turn my glory into shame? how heart, more than in the time that their long will ye love vanity, and seek after corn and their wine increased. leasing? Selah.

8 I will both lay me down in peace, 3 But know that the Lord hath set and sleep: for thou, Lord,only makest apart him that is godly for himself: the me dwell in safety. (D)


ourselves, as both David and Messiah did, (C) A Psalm of David, for the morniug. in the consideration that « salvation be-This psalm is said to have been com- longeth unto God," and he is “a shield unto posed by David, when he fled from his son all ihem that trust in him.” Under these Absalom. “ Thus circumstanced, (says considerations, we may at night “ lie down Bishop Horne) he expresses himself in in peace," and in confidence of divine terms well adapted to the parallel case of protection; and in the morning, arise and the Son of David, persecuted by rebellious praise our great Deliverer. Israel; as also to that of his church, suffer

" My God sustain'd me all the night; ing tribulation in the world." The psalmist Salvation doth to God belong : “ complains, in much anguish, of the

He rais'd my head to see the light, multitude of his enemies, and of the re

And make his pruise my morning song.” Watts, proaches cast upon him, as one forsaken

PSALM IV. by God;” but declaring, notwithstanding, (D) A Psalm of David, for the evening his sure trust in the divine promises, he -This, like many other psalms, is in thderides the impotent malice of his ene. tille directed to is the chief musician o mies, and ascribes his anticipated salvation Neginoth," or, " the overseer of the per to JEHOVAH. Thus is the same scripture formers on stringed instruments," inclur made“ profitabla" to a variety of useful ing the barp, psaltery, and other instru purposes. (2 Tim. iii. 16.) If we look ments played with the hand : so the follow back to the original occasion of the psalm, ing psalm is dedicated “ to the chief m we cannot hut grieve to hear the venerable sician on Nehiloth," or“ to the overseer monarch say of his own rebellious son, the performers on wind instruments,' “ Arise and flee, for we shall not else the organ, and other pipes. The trump escape from Absaloin : make speed to de- were performed on by the priests on part, lest he overtake us, and mite the but these two classes of instruments, city with the edge of the sword.". (2 Sam. already intimated, were properly used xv. 14.) If we look forward to David's accompany two choirs of singers, w Son and successor, we may mark the performed alternately, and when period when Jew and Gentile conspired united in general chorus, the trump against him, as stated in the preceding horns, and cymbals, were probably jo psalm. If we look within, we shall always with them. This was an evening psa find enemies ready to rise up against us: and probably used at the time of the e we may, however, here also encourage ing sacrifice. It is, however, cq


NOTES. PSALM IV. TITIE,-To the Chief. “The ori. if the leader were always placed, as with us, ginal word (menaiseach) signifies one that urgeth end of the row of musicians which he superinte the continuance any thing unto the end, 2 Chron. it will be easily accounted for. xxii. 18, and xxxiv. 12, 13. .... There were Levites

Ver. 2. Leasing --Horsley, "falsehood.” appointed to several duties; and some (lenatscach) Ver 4. Stand in awe-Bishop Horne, “ tre to set forward, and be over the rest, I Chron. xv.21. But the Greek translators render it," Be ang and there were such as excelled in the art of singing sin not;"and so it is quoted by St. Paul, Ephe and playing upon instruments. . . . Some levites Ver. 2. More than in the time" Beyo had no other charge." Ainsworth. The LXX render “ superior to," Bishop Lonth. Lemnaiseach, " to the end,” (ris telos) which the Ver. 8. I will both, ac." I will at once," critics have been much puzzled to account for; but

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I call unto

bloody and deceitful man. To the chief Musician upon Nehiloth. A

7 But as for me, I will come into eart apos! Psalm of David.

thy house in the multitude of thy GIVE ear to my words, O Lord, mercy: and in thy fear will I worship of nights consider my meditation. toward thy holy temple.

2 Hearken unto the voice of my cry, 8 Lead me, O LORD, in thy righte

my king, and my God: for unto thee ousness because of mine enemies ; Lors fill I pray.

make thy way straight before my face. 3 My voice shalt thou hear in the 9 For there is no faithfulness in morning, O Lord; in the morning will their mouth; their inward part is very

I direct my prayer unto thee, and wickedness; their throat is an open pe that they will look up.

sepulchre; they flatter with their 4 For thou art not a God that hath tongue.

pieasure in wicked ness: neither shall 10 Destroy thou them, O God; let n]v makseril dwell with thee.

them fall by their own counsels; cast 5 The foolish shall not stand in thy them out in the multitude of their sight: thou hatest all workers of ini- transgressions, for they have rebelled quity.

against thee. 6 Thou shalt destroy them that 11 But let all those that put their speak leasing : the Lord will abhor the trust in thee rejoice: let them ever

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EXPOSITION alapted to the use of Christians as of Jews. ther reference to the Messiah himself, as It is the language of one who, having re- King in Sion, and ver. 4. may be parallel ceived mercy in former time, now applies with Ps. ii. 11.“ Serve the Lord with fear,

the same source for assistance and de- aud rejoice with trembling." liverance. But the psalm is not all devo- The concluding verses of the psalm fortotal; part of it is addressed to persons cibly represent the writer's faith and conof a different character : “ How long will fidence in God, in contradistinction from pe turn my glory into shame?" that is, those who seek their happiness in worldly how long will you despise and ridicule my objects. There be many that say, " Who trast in Jehovah, which is my glory? and will shew us any goud!”-many who inat the same time delight in vanity and quire after honours, riches, and earthly falseboad; er, as those words mean in the pleasures; – but what are these to us? lips of a pious Israelite, How long

will you - Lord! lift thou up ou us the light of thy put your trust in idols, which are but lying countenance !". This shall kindle a light sanities." (Acts xiv. 15.)

aini.lst the darkest adversity; this shall Such are exhorted to stand in awe-to create a joy beyond that of the harvest or releet-to meditate by night upon their the vintage. (Isa. ix. 3.) With such antiheds, and submit to the divine decree, as cipations, the good man may lay down to having reference to his establishment on sleep with composure, and rest in the the throne, from which he was probably assurance of perfect safety. Low driven ; for Lightfoot, Calniet, and “ This with my thoughts composed to peace, wothers, think this psalm, as well as the pre- I lay me cown to sleep: Feeling, was written during Absalom's re

Thy hand in safety keeps my days, Ellion. Boib, however, may have a far

And will my slambers keep."


NOTES. ALUV. Per.3. Will I direct-Rather, arrange, Ver. 7. Tonard thy holy temple-Heb."The tem714, orierly address thee;" the words " yn y ple of thy holiness." See 1 Kings viii. 38, 44, 48. => being supplementary. Bishop Horsley Before the erection of Solomon's temple, this applied it reders to the orderly arrangement made by to the tabernacle. 1 Sam. 1.9 -1.3. s previons to the morning sacrifice. And Ver. 8. Mine enemies-Heb. " My spies;" those

up – Ainsworth, * Jook oat;” literally, thot watch me. * for an answer to his prayer.

Ver. 9. Faithfulness--- Ainsworth, “certainty;" Wickedness .... evil.-Mr. Ainsworth i. e. their word cannot be depended on. Very that these words may be understood of wickedness - Hen. "wickednesses.”—- Flotter :evil persons, who ought not impenitently Horslen. " smoothe over."

the divine presence, and who will not Ver. 10. Destroy thou them - Marg.“ Make them into the courts above.

guilty." Bishop Horslıy, “ Convict them." 1. e. The foolisk, in Seriptore, seldom or never pronounce sentence against them as rebels; for thnse ons deficient in capacity. The word here that rebelled against the Lord's anointed, rebelled wered by Ainsworth, “ vain-glorious against the Lord. • sinners who zlory in their sins,

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voice of my weeping.


(Psalm, 7 Mine eye is consumed because of 2 Lest he tear my soul like a lion, grief; it waxeth old because of all rending it in pieces, while there is

none to deliver. 8 Depart from me, all ye workers of 3 O Lord my God, if I have iniquity; for the Lord hath heard the done this; if there be iniquity in my

hands; 9 The Lord hath heard my supplica- 4 If I have rewarded evil unto him tion, the Lord will receive my prayer. that was at peace with me; (yea, I

10 Let all mine enemies be ashamed have delivered bin that without cause and sore vexed : let them return and is mine enemy :) be ashamed suddenly. (F)

5 Let the enemy persecute my soul,

and take it; yea, let him tread down PSALM VII.

my life upon the earth, and lay nine Shigcion of David, which he sang unto honour in the dust. Selah. the Lord, concerning the words of Cush 6 Arise, O LORD, in thine anger,

lift up thyself because of the rage of 0 LORD my God, in thee do I put mine enemies : and awake for me to

my trust : save me from all them the judgment that thou hast comthat persecute me, and deliver me: manded.

the Benjamite.


is alone, without friends, poor, and desti

tute of all support, but God's providential F 4 Psalm of David, in time of sick- protection. The supplicant, on the other Besond great affliction. This psalm is hand, often miraculously relieveil, is yet addressed to the chief musiciun, on Negi- never out of danger, though he looks for. asth upon Sheminith--that is, probably on ward with confidence to a period of final strieged instruments (tuned) an octave deliverance. If at any time he is under above the usual pitch, as more plaintive, apprehension of death, it is by the visitaand therefore a more suitable accompani- tion of God in sickness. Aud at those seabent to a penitential psalm like this, sons, the persecution of his enemies always E-bop Horsley bere remarks, “ The sup- makes a considerable part of the affliction. picatory Psalms may be generally divided But why, (it may be asked,) is David so Les two classes, according to the prayer; distressed at the thought of dying? Did * sich, in some, regards the public, and in he suppose that he should perish, or be anCars the individual. In those of the lat- pihilated? or that the state on which he Fer clas, sbich is the most numerous, the Was entering was one of total insensibipplicant is always in distress. His dis. lity? This can refer only to the state of * arises chiefly from the persecutiou of the body. The grave is the land of forgetelemies. His enemies are always the fuloes; and of silence, where the voice of thies of God and goodness. Their en praise is never heard. (Psalın 1xxxviji. 12; = to the supplicant is unprovoked. 10 cxv. 17; Isa. xxxviii. 18, 19.) Recorery

any cause, it is only ihat he is the froin sickness is the restoration of joy and ul servant of JEHOVAH, whose wor- gladness, and while our joy arises from a les oppose. They are uumerous and prmciple of gratitude, our gladness will be Ful, and use all means, both of force expressed in praise; and that praise will atagem, for the supplicant's destruc- not rest privately in our own hosoms, but

object, in the pursuit of which they we shall be glad to unite with the congresantly employed. The supplicant gation of all those who fear God.

NOTES. 1. Title -Skiggaion.-This is a very the father, for Saol his son. Others think Onsh E, and of doubtlul derivation. Ains- may here be used in a moral sense for Shinei, (who " an artificial song

(or wandering); also was a Benjuinite) as in such sense a black man; - lamentation;" and Boothroyd, (still

that is, a man of black, malignant character. Such Flest." See Hab. ii. 1.

Cash, the was Shimei, as we find in his history (2 Sam. xvi. – The late Mr. C. Taylor has taken 5, &c.) Tie Cushites, if not absolutely bluck, were Lo show that the Hebrew's (like other of very dark complexions. inuulged sometimes in a play of words,

Ver. 2. None to drlicer-lleh. “ Not a deliverer." Soinething of the kind Ver. 3. If I have done this-Namrly, what lie was

Some stippose the name accused of, 2 Sam. xvi. 7,8.-If there be (such) * used for kisk, and the same Kish, tiymilli, &c.


No. 107,188.) rred here.

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