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the abundance of peace.

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and in his] PSALMS.

providence. 7 Rest in the LORD, and wait pa. 21 The wicked borroweth,' and tiently for him : fret not thyself be- payeth not again: but the righteous cause of him who prospereth in his sheweth mercy, and giveth. way, because of the man who bringeth 22 For such as be blessed of him wicked devices to pass.

shall inherit the earth; and they that 8Cease from anger and forsake wrath: be cursed of him shall be cut off. fret not thyself in any wise to do evil. 23 The steps of a good man are or

9 For evil doers shall be cut off : dered by the LORD: and he delighteth but those that wait upon the Lord, in his way. they shall inherit the earth.

24 Though he fall, he shall not be 10 For yet a little while, and the utterly cast down : for the LORD upwicked shall not be: yea, thou shalt holdeth him with his hand. diligently consider his place, and it 25 I have been young, and now am shall not be.

old; yet have I not seen the righteous 11 But the meek shall inherit the forsaken, por his seed begging bread. earth; and shall delight themselves in 26 He is ever merciful, and lend

eth; and his seed is blessed. 12 The wicked plotteth against the

27 Depart from evil, and do good; just, and gnasheth upon him with his and dwell for evermore. teeth.

28 For the Lord loveth judgment, 13 The LORD shall laugh at him: and forsaketh not his saints; they are for be seeth that his day is coming.. preserved for ever : but the seed of the

14 The wicked have drawn out the wicked shall be cut off. sword, and have bent their bow, to 29 The righteous shall inherit the çast down the poor and needy, and to land, and dwell therein for ever. slay such as be of upright conversation. 30 The mouth of the righteous

15 Their sword shall enter into speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talktheir own heart, and their bows shall eth of judgment.

31 The law of his God is in his 16 A little that a righteous man heart; none of his steps shall slide. hath is better than the riches of many 32 The wicked watcheth the righ

teous, and seeketh to slay him. 17 For the arms of the wicked shall 33 The LORD will not leave him in be broken : but the Lord upholdeth his hand, nor condemn him when he

is judged. 18 The Lord knoweth the days of 34 Wait on the Lord, and keep his the upright: and their inheritance way, and he shall exalt thee to inhe

rit the land : when the wicked are cut 19 They shall not be ashamed in off, thou shalt see it. the evil time: and in the days of fa- 35 I have seen the wicked in great mine they shall be satisfied.

power, and spreading himself like a 20 But the wicked shall perish, and green bay tree. the enemies of the LORD shall be as 36 Yet he passed away, and lo, he the fat of lambs: they shall consume;

was not: yea, I sought him, but he into smoke shall they consume away.

could not be found.

be broken.


the righteous.

shall be for ever.

NOTES. Ver. 7. Rest – Heb. “Be silent;" i. e. wait, and Ver. 35. A green bay tree-Marg." A green tree Burdur not.

that groweth in his own (or native) soil." Ver. 10. It shall not be-Ainsworth & Lowth," He This psalın is alpbabetical, bat not strictly so hall not be found);" I.XX,“ Lo! he was gone!". throughout; whether the deviations are owing to

Ver. 31. As the fat (Heb.“ the precious, or rich") the laxness of the Hebrew laws of versification, as of laabt - Which blazes for a moment, and then some have thought, or to the negligence of tran.

scribers, as is now the more general opinion, we Ver

. 23. Ordered-Marg." Established.”. presume not to determine. Ver. Si. He is erer Heb. “ All the day," or

** erery day."



[of God's mercy. 37 Mark the perfect man, and be- 4 For mine iniquities are gone over hold the upright: for the end of that mine head: as an heavy burden they man is peace.

are too heavy for me. 38 But the transgressors shall be

5 My wounds stink and are corrupt, destroyed together: the end of the because of my foolishness. wicked shall be cut off.

6. I am troubled; I am bowed 39 But the salvation of the righte- down greatly; I go mourning all the ous is of the Lord: he is their strength day long. in the time of trouble.

7 For my loins are filled with a 40 And the LORD shall help them, loathsome disease: and there is no and deliver them: he shall deliver soundness in my flesh. them from the wicked, and save them,

8 I am feeble and sore broken: I because they trust in him. (P)

have roared by reason of the disquiet

ness of my heart. PSALM XXXVIII.

9 Lord, all my desire is before A Psalm of David, to bring to remembrance. thee; and my groaning is not hid

from thee. O JORD, rebuke me not in thy 10 My heart panteth, my strength

wrath: neither chasten me in thy faileth me: as for the light of mine hot displeasure.

eyes, it also is gone from me. 2 For thine arrows stick fast in me, 11 My lovers and my friends stand and thy hand presseth me sore. · aloof from


kinsmen 3 There is no soundness in my flesh stand afar off. because of thine anger; neither is there 12 They also that seek after my any rest in my bones, because of my life lay snares for me: and they that sin.

seek my hurt speak mischievous things

my sore; and


earth ;” and though others may boas PSALM XXXVII.

greater claims, they only enjoy it. A sen (P) A Psalm of David, exhorting to sible writer observes, “ They have no tur patience, meekness, and submission to the buleot, repining, vexatious thoughts tha 'divine providence." From the beginning they deserve hetter; nor are vexed whe to the end of this psalm (Bishop Horne they see others possessed of more honou remarks,) the Holy Spirit, by the hand of or more riches, than their wise God has a the prophet, administereth advice and con- lotted for their share." solation to the church and people of the An observation in the latter part of t Lord, oppressed and afflicted in this world psalm may demand particular notice, as by prosperous and triumphant wickedness. has occasioned some practical difficul Faith and patience are therefore recom- As a general maxim, it may certainly mended, upon the double consideration of admitted. “ So far is charity from im that sure reward which awaiteth the righte- verishing (says Bishop Horne,) that w ous, and that certain punishment which is given away, like vapours emitted by shall be inflicted on the wicked. These two earth, returns in showers of blessings i events are set before us under many lively the bosom of the person that gave it ; : and affecting images. As the psalm is ra- his offspring is not the worse, but infini ther a collection of divine aphorisms on the the beiter for it.” (Prov. xi. 25.) 1 same subject, than a continued and con- maxim is not, however, to he so strictly nected discourse, it admitteth of nothing terpreted, as to maintain that, in no c farther in the way of argument:" but the has a pious man been reduced to ! maxims or observations here introduced, gary: our Lord himself, though ne are most interesting and important. It is beggar, lived upon the hospitality of a folly for Christiaus to fret and fume at disciples, during the whole of his pu evils which they cannot prevent. It is ministry. He had no patrimony, no hi much better patiently to submit to cir- no purse; and when called upon for tril cuinstances, and make the Lord himself

was compelled to work a miracle to pa the object of their confidence and delight. Generally speaking, however, benevol For, after all, as our Lord himself assures far more frequently enriches than i 119, it is “ the meek” who “ inherit the verishes,

And expressions of )

(faith in him. and imagine deceits all the day long. 19 But mine enemies are lively, and

13 But I, as a deaf man, heard not; they are strong: and they that hate and I was as a dumb man that openeth me wrongfully are multiplied. not his mouth.

20 They also that render evil for 14 Thus I was as a man that hear- good are mine adversaries; because I eth not, and in whose mouth are no follow the thing that good is. Teproofs.

21 Forsake me not, O LORD: 0 15 For in thee, O Lord, do I my God, be not far from me. hope: thou wilt hear, O LORD my

God. 22 Make haste to help me 0 LORD, 16 For I said, Hear me, lest other- my salvation. (Q) wise they should rejoice over me: when my foot slippeth, they magnify

PSALM XXXIX. themselves against me.

To the chief Musician, even to Jeduthun. 17 For I am ready to halt, and my

A Psalm of David. SOTTOW is continually before me. 18 For I will declare mine iniquity; I SAID, I will take heed to my ways; sorry for sin.

that I sin not with my tongue: I will

I will be



at home to indulge in ease, and luxury, and PSALM XXXVIII.

crime. (9) A Psalm of David to bring to re- Many have endeavoured to explain the membrance - That is, a memorial of his psalmist's complaints of unsoundness and sas

, aud of bis sufferings under them. putridity in his flesh aud in bis bones figuHis afflictions appear to have been of ratively, of his inward distress and spirino classes — bodily pain and sickness, and tual conflicts ; but we think "it seems the desertion of his friends and relatives, evident (as Mr. Scott observes,) that the Blo, instead of comforting, aggravated writer was (also) visited with some dire bis afflictions. In David's history, indeed, malady, which affected his whole frame in we read nothing of his being confined with the most distressing manner; and that he sickness; yet it is reasonable to believe considered this as the chastisement of this might often be the case, though per- God, for some particular sins of which his haps for no long continuance, so as to in- conscience accused him.” What that parterrupt the operations of his government. ticular malady might be with which he was That he suffered much from disease may allicted, we presume not to determine; but te inferred, not only from bis frequent re- from the symptoms mentioned, and partiferences to it in the book of Psalms, but cularly from his friends and neighbours from the siogular fact of his extreme debi- keeping " aloof from his sore,” we should lity, and the extraordinary means used to think it must have closely resembled, keep life in him, for some time before his either the leprosy of Job, or the pestilence death, though he died at the age of seventy of Hezekiah, either of which, counected (1 Kings i. 1-4.) In these afflictions, he with the agonies of conviction in his conconstaatly refers to sin as the cause of his science, would be fully sufficient to account sufferiogs; and it is true that all our suf- for his groans and agonies. But we totally ferings originate in sin; yet his language object to the application of such language in this psalm seems to 'refer particularly to our Redeemer, for reasons which we to his dreadful apostacy in the matter of have already stated : nor do we find any Criah, when be sent Joab to conduct the application of it to him in the New Testawar with the Ammonites, while he stayed ment, by either evangelists or apostles.

Jeb vi. 4.

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strong. - Het

NOTES. PSALM XXXVIII. Ver. 2. Thine arrons.-See

Ver. 16 'In thee do I hope-Marg. "Thee

do I wait for."-Hear-Marg. "" Answer." Ver. 3. Rest-Heb“ l'eace,” or “ health.”

Ver. 17. Ready to halt Marg: "For balting ;"!
Ver. 3. Because of my foolishness.-This implies i. e. ready to sink down under my infirmities.
Na, as well as folly, for the thought of foolish-

19. Lively

(Being) Less is so." Prov. xxiv. 9.

Jively, are strong." Ver. 6. Troubled – Heb. “ Wried,” or writhed Ver. 20. Because, &c. - Read the last clause,

" What is good.” Ver

. 10. Is gone from me-Heb. “ Is not with Be" His disease affected his sight.

PSALM XXXIX. Title – To Jeduthun. See Per. ll. Ny sure-Heb. “ Stroke,"My kins

1 Chron. xvi. 41. XXV. 3, maca--Marg. * Neighbours,"

Ver. 1. Wilh a bridle-Heb." Muzzle." Jtis pro

with pain.

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Con templations]

PSALMS. [on the frailty of life keep my mouth with a bridle, while 10 Remove thy stroke away from the wicked is before me.

me: I am consumed by the blow of 2 I was dumb with silence, I held thine hand, my peace, even from good ; and my 11 When thou with rebukes dost sorrow was stirred.

correct man for iniquity, thoy makest 3 My heart was hot within me, his beauty to consume away like a while I was musing the fire burned: moth: surely every man is vanity. then spake I with my tongue.

Selah. 4 Lord, make me to know mine 12 Hear my prayer, O Lord, and end, and the measure of my days, give ear unto my cry; hold not thy what it is ; that I may know how frail peace at my tears : for I am a stranger I am.

with thee, and a sojourner, as all my 5 Behold, thou hast made my days fathers were. as an handbreadth; and mine age is as 13 O spare me, that I may recover nothing before thee; verily every man strength, before I go hence, and be no at his best state is altogether vanity. more. (R) Selah. 6 Surely every man walketh in a

PSALM XL. vain shew: surely they are disquieted 7o the chief Musician. A Psalm of David. in vain : he heapeth up riches, and I WAITED patiently for the Lord; knoweth not who shall gather them. and he inclined unto me, and heard

7 And now, Lord, what wait 1 for? my cry. my hope is in thee.

2 He brought me up also out of an 8 Deliver me from all my transgres- horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and sions: make me not the reproach of set my feet upon a rock, and established the foolish.

my goings. 9 I was dumb, I opened not my 3 And he hath put a new song in mouth ; because thou didst it.

my mouth, even praise unto our God:


substance ; a shadow feeting like that of (R) 1 Psalm of David, coniempiating the passing cloud upon the grass. the frailty of human life." The psalm The life of man is then compared to begins abruptly, with the result of a medi- an image,” exhibited to the mind tation on the narrow, slippery, and dan- in a vision, or in a dream : avd in no gerous paths of life, and more especially man is this vanity more striking that on the extreme difficulty of restraining the in the avaricious, who “ beapethu tongue amidst the continual temptations riches," and knoweth not who sball gathe and provocations of the adversary.” (Bp. them. And even while this transitory lit Horne.) Meditation should terminate endures, how doth affliction “ melt away in devotion : and this ineditation led to health, and beauty, and talent, and wealit the following excellent prayer, that the and every thing desirable in man! psalmist might be taught practically his own frailty, and the uncertain duration

« This life's a dream, an empty show;

But the bright world to which I go of the present life, which, compared to the Hath joys substantial and sincere : life to come, is but as a shadow to the When shall I wake, and find me there?” War

NOTES-Psalm XXXIX. Con. bable that the hridles of the ancients were made in Ver. 11. Thou makest his beauty-Heb. «T the form of muzzles. See Note on Ps. xxxii. 9. wbich is to be desired in him.” To consi Ver. 2. Stirred--Ileb. ** Troubled."

(Heb. “ to melt away") as a moth, or havth-wo Ver. 3. The fire burned.-See Jer. xx. 9.

which perishes with the touch. See Job iv. 19. Ver. 4. How frail I ain-Marg. "What time I Note. have” i. r. as the Chaldee explains it, “ How soon I shall cease to exist here."

PSALM XL. Ver. 1. I naited patiently Ver.5, 4t his best stale-Heb. " settled;" most " In waiting I waited.” permanent.

Ver. 2. An horrible pit-Heb.“ A pit of no Ver. 6. In a vain shen - Heb. * An image ;" resounding with falls of water. See Ps. xviii. phantasm, or appearance onlya

Ver. 5. They cannot be reckoned-Marg: “ Ver. 10. Blower Heb.“Conflict," stroke,

can order (or enumerate) them unto thee.”

The great sacrifice)


[ for man's sin. many shall see it, and fear, and shall thy truth from the great congregation. trust in the LORD.

11 Withhold not thou thy tender 4 Blessed is that man that maketh mercies from me, O LORD : let thy the LORD his trust, and respecteth not loving-kindness and thy truth continuthe proud, nor such as turn aside to ally preserve me. lies.

12 For innumerable evils have com5 Many, O Lokd my God, are thy passed me about : mine iniquities have wonderful works which thou hast done, taken hold upon me, so that I am not and thy thoughts which are to us- able to look up; they are more than Fard : they cannot be reckoned up in the hairs of mine head : therefore my order unto thee: if I would declare heart faileth me. aad speak of them, they are more than 13 Be pleased, O LORD, to deliver can be numbered.

me : O LORD, make haste to help me. 6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not 14 Let them be ashamed and condesire; mine ears hast thou opened : founded together that seek after my burnt offering and sin offering hast thou soul to destroy it; let them be driven hot required.

backward and put to shame, that wish 7 Then said I, Lo, I come : in the volume of the book it is written of me: 15 Let them be desolate for a re81 delight to do thy will, O my ward of their shame that say unto God: yea, thy law is within my heart. me, Aha, aha ! 9 I have preached righteousness in 16 Let all those that seek thee re. the

great congregation : lo, I have not joice and be glad in thee: let such as refrained my lips, O Lord, thou love thy salvation say continually, The

Lord be magnified ! 10 I have not hid thy righteousness 17 But I am poor and needy; yet within my heart; I have declared thy the Lord thinketh upon me: thou art faithfulness and thy salvation : I have my help and my deliverer ; make no Dot concealed thy lovingkindness and tarrying, O my God. (S)

me evil.



sufferings, during some of his persecutions (S) A Psalm of David, relating partly to from his enemies; and, in a typical sense, the dis cun circumstances, and partly to Mles- sufferings of our Redeemer. The imagery sah. -We agree with Dr. Kennicott in di- seems taken from one of the horrible dun. viding this psalm into three parts, but not geons of the Asiatic tyrants. (Jer. xxxviii. exactly in our application of them. The 6-12.) Applied to our Saviour, it may typify first part, comprising the first five verses, the extreme sufferings which he endured'; He consider as capable of a double applica- yet a pit of mire, with the sound of waters tion, expressing first the psalmist's deep and waterfalls, seems not to agree with the

NOTES Ver. 6, Vixe ears hast thou openeil-Heb.“ Diga these Notes is well aware that many interpreters red," de carved ; and it is with much diffidence the consider this as an allusion to the Jewish law, Exod. editor Features to suggest, that cutting out, digging, xxi. 6. But the Hebrew word there used for boring, e earring, is the radical idea of the root (kar ah) is radically different trom this Compare the above bere axed. It is very commonly nsed for digging Exposition. ly, or wells ; sometimes for carving sepulchres from

Ver. 7. In the rolune That is, roll. All the anatal, Isa. xvi. 14. also for carving (or cntting pp). cient books were in this form, as are all the sacred teat for a feast, 2 Kings vi. 23. where, instead of M88 of the Synagognes to this day. prcared a great provision," we would read more Ver. 8. Within my heart-Heb." In the midst of literally, went up a great cutting ;"' i. t. cot up my bowels;" i.e. in my most inward parts. many joints of meat amongst them; and in Job xli.6. 'Ver. 11. We have mentioned above Dr. Kenni.

Wet thou part the Leviathan (or carve him out) cott's discovery, that this psalın should end with the song the merchants?" The sume terin is trans- Joth verse. Thus much is certain, that the last five pred back from the grottoes of the sepulchre, to verses form the 70th psalm. Perhaps they might be

goarts of banan nature ; " Look unto the rock originally connected, as distinct parts of the same be ye are bewn, and to the hollow of the care poem ; but a short psalm being wanted for some Shree ye were digged;" referring to Abraham and particular occasion, these verses might be separated Surel, Lonth's 1, 2. in harmony with this for the purpose. This is a circumstance Dot uncum

a kindred Hebrew noun is used for birth, mon in churcb music. of viab. Ezek. xvi. 3.- xxxi, 39. The writer of Ver. 12. My heart failelk-Heb.“ Forsaketh me."


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