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(Psalm.

An Elegaic)

PSALMS. 7 So shall the congregation of the quity, and hath conceived mischief, people compass thee about: for their and brought forth falsehood. sakes therefore return thou on high. 15 He made a pit, and digged it,

8 The Lord shall judge the people: and is fallen into the ditch which he judge me, O Lord, according to my made. righteousness, and according to mine 16 His mischief shall return upon integrity that is in me.

his own head, and his violent dealing, 9° Oh let the wickedness of the shall come down upon his own pate. wicked come to an end; but establish 17 I will praise the Lord accordthe just: for the righteous God triething to his righteousness: and will sing the hearts and reins.

praise to the name of the Lord most * 10 My defence is of God, which high. (G) saveth the upright in heart. 11 God judgeth the righteous, and

PSALM VIII. God is angry with the wicked every day.

To the chief Musician upon Gittith. A 12 If he turn not, he will whet his

Psalm of David. sword; be hath bent his bow, and made O LORDour Lord, how excellent is it ready.

thy name in all the earth! who 13 He hath also prepared for him hast set thy glory above the heavens. the instruments of death; he ordaineth 2 Out of the mouth of babes and his arrows against the persecutors. sucklings hast thou ordained strength

14 Behold, he travaileth with ini- because of thine enemies, that thou

EXPOSITION.

but with how little force may be seen by PSALM VII.

considering the cases of Hezekiah and (6) An Elecy of David.--" David is Nehemiah (referred to in the Notes.) W said to have composed this psalın" con- have no objection, however, to such an ap cerning the words (or the matter) of Cushplication, if not made exclusive. The fol the Benjamite. “Whether Saul, or Shi- lowing remarks of Bishop Horne are both mei, or any one else, be intended under just and striking : this name, it is sufficiently clear that Da. “Conscious of his righteousness and in vid had been maliciously calumniated, and tegrity, as to the inatter in question, Davi that this psalın was written to vindicate desires to be judged by him who is to judg himself from the imputation." The writer the world at the last day. How few, amour declares his trust to be in God alone, pro- Christians, have seriously and deliberate tests his innocence of the accusation, and considered whether the sentence of th requests that judgment may be given on day is likely to be in their favour! his behalf. He then prays for the sup- how many, with the utmost composure a pression of wickedness and the establish- self-complacency, repcat continually ment of righteousness, denounces the words of this psalm, as we!l as those in t most awful judgments against sinuers, and Te Deum, . We believe that thou sh praises God for his deliverance.

come to be our judge!' Legal, That the psalmist requests to be "judged righteousness and iutegrity, are peculia according to bis righteousness," has been the Redeemer; but evangelical riglitev used as an argument, not only to apply, ness and integrity all must have but to confine this psalm to the Messiah, would be saved."

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NOTES-Psalm VII. Con. Ver. 4. Yea, rau "but-rather" (hare delirered.

God is angry with the wicked-This shou -See ver. In, il. of the chapter just quoted.

understood inihe singnlar, " the wicked man." Ver. 3. Selah. See Note on Ps. iii. 2.

ngrees with the soilowing sentence, Ishe. &C. Ver. R. Arcording to my righteousness. - See Neb.

Ver. 14. Behold, he trarmileih - The viii. 14, 22, 31: 2 Kings 1x. 3. and Expos.

tracnilith and conceivath should be transp Ver. 10. My defence is of God-Heb. * My hnck. " Hath conceired iniquity, travailed with DNS ler is upon (ind;" Ainsnorih," }, God;" them an. and brought forth falsehood; is an abortin ing unquestionably is, * God is my buckles," or this effect Boothroyd. * shield.

Ver. 15. Ile kuih made-Ileb.“ He hath die Ver. II. God judgeth the righteour-Varg. "God pit, and sunkit" (steepl, Ac. is a silti utis Jadoc, So let it 04 thg 11 slet, Ac, Ver. 16. Pute-The crosyn of his hend.

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PSALMS.

(Psalm. I mische

mightest still the enemy and the beasts of the field;
arenger.

8 The fowl of the air, and the fish 3 When I consider thy heavens, of the sea, and whatsoever passeth which the work of thy fingers, the moon and through the paths of the seas.

the stars, which thou hast ordained ; 9 0 LORD our Lord, how excellent

4 What is man, that thou art mind- is thy name in all the earth! (H)
bt dealine ful of himn ? and the son of man, that
thou visitest him?

PSALM IX.
6 For thou hast made him a little
wil sie lower than the angels, and hast crown-

To the chief Musician upon Muth-labben.

A Psalm of David. ed him with glory and honour.

6 Thou madest him to have domi- I WILL praise thee, O Lord, with nion ører the works of thy hands; thou

my whole heart; I will shew forth kast put all things under his feet: all thy marvellous works. 7 All sheep and oxen, yea, and the 2 I will be glad and rejoice in thee:

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EXPOSITION.
PLALM VIII.

the young people, but the children also,

joined in praising God for the bounties of H A Psalm of David, for the vintage. bis providence; which marked Israel, under - He consider this as an evening or mid- thai dispensation, as the chosen people of igit lymı, in which the psalmist, over- God, and was calculated to silence the rewhelmed with the brilliant glories of an proaches of their enemies. This circumeasteru sky, is led to reflect upon the com- stance may account for our Lord's applicaparative littleness and insignificance of tion to himself of the hosannahs of the aan and of himself, though king of Israel. Jewish children, Matt. xxi. 16. It is not necessary to suppose David ac- The New Testament, bowever, gives us quabated with the modern system of astro- anotber and widely differeut view of human BABY, to account for his humiliating views. nature. Adam fell aud lost his prerogaSupporting the golden orbs, which he sur- tive of supremacy, and in fact, his all : mered

, to be only floating meteors, their but a second Adain has been appointed 10 brilliacey and beauty, and especially that supersede the former; and not only to reof the moon, might well command his ad- store, but to raise our nature to higher homiration. Man is mean and little, com- pour and felicity than bis predecessor lost. pared with the globe which be inhabits, This second Adam, this "Lord from heaRich more compared with the vaulted ven," whose peculiar character is that of skis around him-well might he, there- Son of Man, has been for “a little wbile" fare say, “ Lord, wbat is man that thou art made lower than the angels, to the end piedful of him, and the son of man that that he might, in his own person, exalt hu

man vature far above them; and herein is From the title of this psalm, we think a display of the divine power and goodness highly probable that it was composed for that may well excite our admiration and Ee time of vintage, which we know was a

our praise : “ O LORD our Lord, how 'exme of great rejoicing, in which not only cellent is thy name in all the earth!"

thou visitest him?"

NOTES. ZU VIII. Title, l'pon Gittith. Some have Airsnorth) means either " a little while," or "a

this to be a musical instrument, which little deal," in both which senses it is used in Fooght from Gath, where he long resided :

Ps. xxxvii. 10, 16. Bishop Hørsley renders it, " Thou aldee parapbrase; and if this be corrret, it

hast somewhat abased him in comparison of angels.” essa stringed justrument, as it does not Dr. J. P. Smith, " Thou hast reduced him a little + David played on any other. But Gath below the angels; the Heb. thus translated is Elo. The press; and the LXX understand this him, the gods; which is explained of angels, not ating that it was composed for the time only by the Greek and Chaldee, but also by the =ith which the purport of the psalm very

apostle to the Hebrews, chap. ii. 7,9. as it is a thanksgiving to God for the Ver. 7. All shrep and úxen-Heb. “ Flocks and provider.ce

oxen, (or cattle) all of them." LORD 987 Lord.-The first word here D, in capitals, is Jekovar, the second ai, Governor, or Master.

PLALM IX. Title-l'pon the death of Labben. Heined - Heb. Founded ” strength. Among the great variety of interpretations here asidered the disine ordination as the nee) the eneray and the atengor. al strength.That thou mightest idea that any of these Hebrew terms refer to hyma

tunes. The 'Hebrews had no musical characters, little lower. The Hebrew, (says Mr. nor any metrical tunes, like modern psalmody.

13

[ for victory.

ever.

Thanksgiving]

PSALMS. I will sing praise to thy name, O thou people his doings. most High.

12 When he maketh inquisition for 3 When mine enemies are turned blood, he remembereth them: be forback, they shall fall and perish at thy getteth not the cry of the humble. presence.

13 Have mercy upon me O LORD; 4 For thou hast maintained my consider my trouble which I suffer of right and my cause ; thou satest in the them that hate me, thou that listest throne judging right.

me up from the gates of death : 5 Thou hast rebuked the heathen, 14 That I may shew forth all thy thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou praise in the gates of the daughter of hast put out their name for ever and Zion : I will rejoice in thy salvation.

15 The heathen are sunk down 6 O thou enemy, destructions are in the pit that they made : in the come to a perpetual end : and thou net which they hid is their own foot hast destroyed cities; their memorial is taken. perished with them.

16 The Lord is known by the judg; 7 But the Lord shall endure for ment which he executeth : the wicked ever: he hath prepared his throne for is snared in the work of his own hands. judgment.

Higgaion. Selah. 8 And he shall judge the world in 17 The wicked shall be turned into righteousness, he shall minister judge hell, and all the nations that forget ment to the people in uprightness. God.

9 The LORD also will be a refuge 18 For the needy shall not alway for the oppressed, a refuge in times of be forgotten : the expectation of the trouble.

poor shall not perish for ever. 10 And they that know thy name 19 Arise, O Lord; let not man will put their trust in thee: for thou, prevail : let the heathen be judged in LORD, hast not forsaken them that thy sight. seek thee.

20 Put them in fear, O LORD: that 11 Sing praises to the Lord, which the nations may know themselves to be dwelleth in Zion : declare among the but men. Selah. (1)

EXPOSITION.
PSALM IX.

erful pagan adversary, whose object seems (1) A Psalm of David-in thanksgiving

to have been the overthrow of the Jewish

church and state. David, however, piously for victory. There seems no doubt but attributes his victory to divine interference, this was a song of triumph and thanksgiving for a signal victory over some pow from the gates of death, which had probably

and thanks his deliverer for rescuing him

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NOTES-Psalm IX. Con. Their hymns were all channted, as already remarked. as to the cities which thou (0 God) hast destrogen 2. We do not conceive Labben to be Goliath: internal evidence is strong to the contrary. This psalm

thieir memory is perished with them.” This nearl

corresponds with the margin of our common Bible must have been composed after David laid claim to butisclearer. the crown, ver. 4.-after he had taken Zion, rer. 11; Ver. 9. A refugelleb. "A high place. and the conquest here referred to, was in defence of Ver. 12. Humble-Marg, “ Allicted." his throne and his religion ; ver. 4,5. Ben signifies a Ver. 13. The gates of death. The invisible wol son, and the Chaldee su here explains it; but Da. is constantly represented in the Scriptures vid's feelings on the death of his son Absalom were very different from those of joy and triumph. Far

of continement, having gates and bars; Job xvii. ]

-xxxviii. 17; Isa, xxxviii. 10. ther, Labben sigmities while; and it is very possible Ver. 16. Higgaion-is generally allowed to mea that the fallen chieftain bere meant, may have been named the white prince, perhaps from wearing a

as in the margin, "a meditation.” As we bare su

posed Selula (Ps. iii.) to answer in suine respects remarkable white leather, just as one of our English a hold in our music, it is probable that the pio princex was called the black prince, from the colour of his arınour.

Israelites were here required seriously to medit

during this musical pailse. . maintainedThou hast made my judginene;" a given judgment. Judg. punishment; "Toe the grave, not the state of des

Ver 17. Turned into hell.-The place of fati ing right-Heb.“ In righteousness."

merely; for this is equally true of the righteous as Ver. 6. O thou enemy!- Bishop Lonth reads, “De. the wicked. structions have consumed the enemy for ever; and

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PSALMS.

(for deliverance.

doth he murder the innocent: his 26205 PSALM X.

eyes are privily set against the poor.

9 He lieth in wait secretly as a WH

HY standest thou afar off, 0 lion in his den: he lieth in wait to

Lord? why hidest thou thyself catch the poor : he doth catch the in times of trouble?

poor, when he draweth him into his 2 The wicked in his pride doth net. ath:

persecute the poor : let them be taken 10 He croucheth, and humbleth in the devices that they have imagined. himself, that the poor may fall by his

3 For the wicked boasteth of his strong ones. heart's desire, and blesseth the covet- 11 He hath said in his heart, God sus, whom the Lord abhorreth. hath forgotten : he hideth his face ; he 4 The wicked, through the pride of will never see it. his countenance, will not seek after 12 Arise, O Lord; O God, lift up God: God is not in all his thoughts. thine hand : forget not the humble. 3 His ways are always grievous ; 13 Wherefore doth the wicked con• thy judgments are far above out of his temn God ? he hath said in his heart, sigke: as for all his enemies, he Thou wilt not require it. prich at them.

14 Thou hast seen it ; for thou be6 He hath said in his heart, I shall holdest mischief and spite, to requite ** be moved : for I shall never be in it with thy hand : the poor committeth

himself unto thee ; thou art the helper . His mouth is full of cursing and of the fatherless. deceit and fraud : under his tongue is 15 Break thou the arm of the Elischief and vanity.

wicked and the evil man ; seek out 8 He sitteth in the lurking places his wickedness till thou find none. of the villages : in the secret places 16 The Lord is King for ever and

strersity.

EXPOSITION. teclosed many both of his enemies and their enemies, and will always be liable t) friends; aod determines, in consequence suffer from the hostilities both of infidels il liveing so spared, that he will enter the and wicked men: and though, under the rites of the daughter of Zion, and worsbip Christian dispensation, we are forbidden to ibung her children.

pray for the destruction of our enemies, He have reason to bless God that we there is nothing unchristian in praying live in times of peace, and in a land that that they may be made sensible of their tas long been exempted from the miseries frailty and bumbled before their Maker and i war. But all true Christians have ene- their Judge, and thereby be prevented tex, if not externally, yet in their own from showing their enmity against the ktes ; agaiose these enemies they have people and the cause of God. ed, tost earuestly, to pray, and to re.

Rise, great Redeemer, from thy seat, thanks for every victory obtained To judge and save the poor;

Let nations tremble at thy feet, church of God also, as a body, have

And man prevail no more,"'-- Walls.

NOTES. IX. The LXX bare united this psalm to Ver. 7. Vanity.-. Marg, “Iniquity." ing, for which we know no reason, except Ver. . His eyes are privily sel.-- Heb. " Hide 30 die inet title, but this alteration mahes themselses;"' i. e, to watch for the poor. in the numbering, all we come to the Ver. 9. Secretly--- Heb.“ In secret places."

hich is divided into two, and makes Ver. 10. He croucheth - . Heb. "breaketh," or aber right. Pather Calmet, Dr. Grey, rather, bendeth himself, as a wild beast crouches foror, suppose it to have been com. down to spring at his prey.----By his strong ones... the time of the Babylonish captivity;

Marg. "Into his strong parts;"' i. e. into his paws. socertainty of this.

Ainsurorth. Iri's (Heb. “ soul's) desire, and bless

Ver. 12. The humble... Marg. “ AMicted.” 3* The covetous blesseth (himself); Ver. 14. Commit!eth himself (Heb." cltaveth")

unto thee. ! is not in all his thoughts.--Marg.

Ver. 15. Breukekou the arm---That is, the power ights are, there is no God."

of the wicked. be in edrersitn...Heb. “ Not unto Ver. 17. Prepare (Marg. “establish") their heart. d generation.”

the Lord.''

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PSALMS. ever : the heathen are perished out of upon the string, that they may privily his land.

shoot at the upright in heart. 17 Lord, thou has heard the de- 3 If the foundations be destroyed, sire of the humble : thou wilt prepare what can the righteous do? their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear 4 The LORD is in his holy temple, to hear:

the Lord's throne is in heaven: his 18 To judge the fatherless and the eyes behold, his eyelids try, the chiloppressed, that the man of the earth dren of men. may no more oppress. (K)

5 The Lord trieth the righteous:

but the wicked and him that loveth PSALM. XI.

violence his soul hateth. To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

6 Upon the wicked he shall rain

snares, fire and brimstone, and an IN N the LORD put I my trust : how horrible tempest: this shall be the

say ye to my soul, Flee as a bird portion of their cup. to your mountain ?

7 For the righteous Lord loveth 2 For, lo, the wicked bend their righteousness; his countenance doth bow, they make ready their arrow behold the upright. (L)

EXPOSITION.
PSALM X.

ten during Saul's persecution of him, when
(K) A Prayer for deliverance from some advised him to seek bis safety in
atheistical and cruel enemies.—This psalm fight; or during the rebellion of Absalom,
having no title, it is in vain to guess at when the foundations of the kingdom apa
either its author or occasion. Bishop peared to be subverted (as intimated ver. 3.)
Horsley calls it “a supplication in behalf we cannot ascertain. But it was certainly
of certain helpless people cruelly, perse- during a time of great danger and alarm;
cuted by a powerful enemy; who, re- when the fate of bis kingdom seemed
nouncing all fear of God and regard of very precarious, and when his frieuds
men, uses both force and deceit as means seemed utterly in despair. David, how-
of oppression.” The heathen formerly, as ever, strengthened himself in the Lord his
well as at present, were divisible into two God, and trusted in him for support and
classes; the one extremely ignorant and deliverance.
superstitious—the other more enlightened, “As the choicest of heavenly blessings
as to general knowledge, but atheistical (says · Bishop Horne) are frequently in
and profane. Persecutors may be found scripture represented by the salutary ef-
in both classes; the one jealous for their fects of wine, a cup of which the master
favourite superstition—ihe other rejecting of the family is supposed to hold in his
superstition, and with it all religious wor- hand, ready to distribute due portions of
ship; the true God as well as idols. The it to those around him; so, from the noxi-
Lord Jehovah is, however, the universal ous and intoxicating qualities of that liquor
sovereign. He will punish impenitent sin- when drunk strong, and in too large
ners of every class. At the same time, he quantity, is borrowed a most tremendou
hears the desire of the humble, before that image of the wrath and indignation
desire is expressed in words; and will never Almighty God. Calamity and sorrow, fes
fail to answer the prayer which his spirit and trembling, infatuation and despai
teaches them to offer.

the evils of the present life,

and of th God will “ prepare their hearts to pray,

which is to come, are the bitter ingredier And cause his ear to hear;

which compose this most horrible cup He bearkens what his children say,

mixture. It is entirely in the hand a And puts the world in fear."

disposal of God, who, through every a PSALM XI.

has been pouring out iis contents, more

less, in proportion to the sins of men. 1 (L) A Psalm of David, erpressive of his much of the strength and power of confidence in God.-Whether this was writ. liquor still remains behind, until the !

Walls.

NOTES. PSALM XI. Ver. 2. Pricily skoot Marg. Ver. 6. Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, # Shoot in darkness.”

..-Bishop Lowth renders this verse, Ver. 3. If the foundations... Heb." For the foun. ** He shall rain live coals upon the ungodly, dations are cast down." * The just, wbnt bath he Fire, and sulphur, and a burning storm dune?!) Ainsworth,

This shall be ine contents of their cup."

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