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superficial reasoning; to the love of writers express their contempt of amusement rather that information;, Calvin and his followers, we might 'to the wretched frippancy with almost suppose that no man of comwhich the gravest subjects are dis., mon understanding could ever have cussed; and to the disgraceful prac. listened for one moment to bis doctice (arising in general, we believe,' trines. It would be well" if these from consummate ignorance) of persons koew, 'wbat Mr. Whitaker grouping together, and holding up can tell them, that the reputed au10 derision under some common thor of this scheme was “a man of térm of obloquy, persons wbọ dit, great practical piety, one of the fer widely both in principles and first scholars of his age, able to state practice.
and maintain his peculiar opinions “ Subjects which would have put out an
with a clearness of conception and cestors to the expence of folios, are dispused purity of style never equalled by of with great confideuce in a pamphlet his antagonists :" that bis peculiari. the strong points of an argument are art. ties were embraced by many learn-: fully declined, the weak ones placed in the ed divines in the latter years of inost prominent and ladicrous point of view Queen Elizabeth, and that the --and, when a few trifting out works have learned during the 17th century been won, victory is triumphantly proclaim- were pretty equally divided beed, while the fortress itselt remains unassail, tween Calvin and Arminius. We ed. As an example of this style of political have some recollection of a mowriting, flippant, shallow, petulant, and often uninformed, it is impossible not to be directed duro critical Professor, who conto a certains periodical, and too-popular mis tends, that no Calvinist can be a cellany. The · Letters of a Barrister are to friend to the Liturgy: let bim read be referred to the sanie class." pp. 10, 11.
this sermon, and blush for his asser
tion. In exposing " this detestable spi. rit," the author has it in view to “ It may be a matter of surprize with prove, that persons of loyal charac- sợine who have indulged themselves in this ter, who embrace the fundamental arrogant abuse of the terms Calvinist and principles of Christianity, have no
Calvinism, to be told, that the great Lord need to be estranged from each Bacon himself was a Supralapsarian I do other on account of opposite senti- repressing enquiry, but petulance: for as it
not quote such a name for the purpose of ments on the Calvinistic system. hath pleased God to bestow on every man: He is evidenuly of opinion, that the an under standing and conscience of his owl, treatinent which Calvinists have re. he hath as good a right to exercise them, as cently experienced reflects no credit is Calvin had never written bis Institutions, upon their opponents.
or Bacon his Confession; but it may pero S« Calvinism is become a sort of hideous chance abash the spirit of nodern levity plantom, indistinct and obscure, at which
and presumption to beat these despised men start they know not why. Young men
terms connected with a name the most and young students in particular, have dis
honoured for the extent and depth of his covered that a single nanje is instead of a
researches among our countrymen, terins thousand arguments, and with a levity inci.
which many have hitherto: perhaps been dent to their aue and their auainments, modern conventicle and a raving fanatic.
wont to associate only with the ideas of a have learned to condemn what they have not beer at the pains to understand. This con
This is the proper and only legitimale use of duct of the teniper and the understanding is authority in nuatters either of faith of sci neither creditable to the heads nur to the hearts of those vi dio pursue it. A little more
"" And now, if by the veneration which allention both tille nature and history of dices are in any degree abated on the sub
ancient examples ought to excite, our preju. this controveisyin outd teach thent to treat the subject with thiore reserve and ditli. ject itself, a portiou, perhaps, of the same dence." 1: 14. sotadi *gode å se bore forbearance, nay be permitted to extend it
self to some of our own contemporaries, who From the manner in which some
tlje bated and opprobrious Dame of ) * i
Calvinists; : for, with all the consequences" insult the friends of that measure, as which are even fairly chargeable upon their enemies of the Church and State :: system, if it in fact appear that these persons and 'it would do no injury, to their are nevertheless distinguished by their acti: reasoning, if others would follow his vity in the cause of vital religion, that they inculcate the love of God, and man, that
of the monastic and collegiate : they abhor the very name of Antinomianism, and preach the necessity of universal ube establishments, which have arisen dience to the Moral Law; while, perhaps
, in this country since the date of they, on their part, are much too rigid and the French Revolution, he speaks in exclusive in retusing to tolerate any contra. terms of qualified approbation. His riety of sentiment in others, it canuot be approbation would be unmixed, if unseasonable to remind both the one and the members of these institutions the oiher, sirs, ye are brethren, why do ye confined themselves to the proper wrong one to another?)” pp. 12, 13.
duties of their several stations; but We perfectly coincide with this: when they travel into the neighable and intelligent divine, in the booring parishes, and become misobservation that the Gospel of sionaries of the Papal faith in this Christ is entirely independent of Protestant land, these controverted topics.
Whether predestination, according to the of human nature that the systematic couh
“it is perhaps more thian can be expected Calvinistic view of it, be true or teraction which a faithful parochial minister false, whether the operation of Di- is bound to oppose to such encroachments vine grace be irresistible or not, the should be altogether unaccompanied hg tecl. doctrine of salvation through Jesus, ings of animosity and resentment,” p. 17. Christ, and by faith in bis blood, " In another instance we are unhappily must still be the doctrine of the committed among ourselves. It would liave Christian teacher: he must still required some intuition into hunian natbre call sinners to repentance, and la. tq foresee that a plan the most disinterested bour to build up the people of God and benevolent should havę, occasioned in their most holy faith. And why its patrolis. The same advanced period of
spirit of hostility, or even rivalşhip, among tben are we to cavil and dispute with society which produces a total separation of bitterness about questions of infe. mechanical' aris, suggests the immense adrior moment? What benefit can vantage of combination for the purposes of result from contentions, which dis-' beneficence; and if ever there was an inplay little else than the pride or slance in which the independent operation folty, or malignity of the combat-, of two great associations for the same ants?
cellent purpose might, instead of exciting a After a few strong animadversions spirit of censure and mutual recriminations upon the doctrine of " assurance,” as
have provoked them reciprocally to love it is occasionally taught and profess- of the Bible Societies. But whither does
and to good works, it was in the institution ed, our author applies the principle not human depravity intrude itself, and of his text in relation to our brethren' whiat does it not poison? Yet
, surely, bre: of the Church of Rome, (for so tbren in the same ninistry, distinguished by we will continue to style them, their talents, their condition, and their sta• though Jacob forget us, and Israel tion in the Church, might have found in acknowledge us not');" and it is al- their favourite and useful pursuits, in Bib. most unnecessary to say, that helical' criticism, or in ecclesiastical history, still appears in the same character more suitable occupation than in fauning of manly sentiment and liberal flame wliich liad already blazed too fiercely feeling. De wishes to promote the
and spread too wide.” pp. 17, 18. spirit of conciliation and charity : la this passage we find much to bąt the principles, which he con- commend ; and we sincerely wish scientiously maintains be manfully that the Bishop before whom the avows. His views appear to be un. sermon, was deliveredog and all the favourable to the concession of the
The Bishop of Chester : see an extract Catholic claims; but he does not from his Charge in our last Number, p. 736
Clergy in the United Kingdom The Socinians are making a crear were influenced on this subject by effort to procure to themselves a the same spirit of diffusive liberality name and consequence among us: with the reverend author. But it but theirs" is a system too cold and contains one assumption upon which too' comfortless for the poor; and it we must beg leave to offer a single is never likely to lake deep root remark. The spirit of rivalship among those who have access to the and hostility has pever yet existed New Testament, The Antinomiau in the Bible Society, When it was heresy is of a more inviting, and first established, Lord Teignmouth, therefore of a more dangerous, as the President, addressed an official pect; but if the ministers of the and respectful letter to the Society Church of England will be vigilant for promoting Christian Knowledge and faithful, "the vile and absurd but the existing rulers of that So. ribaldry" (p. 18) of this school must ciety neyer condescended to notice eventually be silenced by the lans the communication. Every attack guage of truth. which has been made commenced The conclusion of this sermon is in behalf, as it was pretended, of well worthy of the subject : it is the old Society: and ihe friends of candid, solemn, dignified, and imthe Bible Society have done no- pressive. Its excellence, we trast, thing more than defend themselves.. will be a sufficient apology for the
The Country Clergyman, and Dr. length of our quotations Wordsworth, and Dr. Marsh, and the Curate of blackney, and the ed in this discourse, is perfectly consistent
*** The conduct of the temper recommende several Archdeacons, who have with the firmest determination of the undetcharged in the same cause were as standing: - let every one be thoroughly pero sailants: the Bishop of St. David's' suaded in luis own nind,
' nay, 'Jet us conand the Dean of Carlisle, and the tend for the faith which was once delivered other Clergy, who have appeared as to the saints?' but not with petulance or anthe friends of the Bible Society, ger, “ for the wrath of man' worketh 'nor the have come forward only to repel rigbleousness of God.'-Let'as labuur to ite* assauli, and to vindicate truth; and form ourselves ou all the subjects of control it is notorious that most, if not all, of versy, which have divided the Claristian the zealous advocates for the Bible world, and we shall quickly discover that Society are friends and supporters
while indolence is the parent of bigotry, of the Society for promoting Chris- fairness and candor are the product of dilia tian Knowledge. We have thought ihese discrepancies should have arisen from
gent investigation. It is impossible that all it due to truth and justice to state
individual vices of the lead, or of the, these facts : at the same time we
heart: many, no doubt, are to be assigned must confess that this sort of dis
to that incurable diversity of opinien, which crimination in the sermon was not is inherent in the human understanding called for, and would probably have And if, after all-our diligence, we should done no good.
not attain to the perfect knowledge of the There, exists in some. minds a truth, fand wiso will date to affirm that be spurious, sort of charity, which makes has attained to it?) hamility and diffidence little or no distinction of sects and at least can never be wrong; and the thao t creeds. This is not the charity of kuuweth the indirmities of our nalure, wilja Dr. Whitaker. “With the Unila- we trust, through the merits of bis Son, be
On the contraty, we; rian anıl the Antinomian," he
gracious unto us.
says, s we disclaim the idea of fraternity, well as unrighteousness, and the result will
may bold the truth in uncharitableness as We do them no wrong? by votat be the same;" for though we have ile çift estrangement. We tremble at the of prophecy, and understand all mysteries
, consequences of their errors.” (p. and all knowledge;" and thouglı we låve all 18.) It is impossible that the Clergy faith, so that we could remove mountains
, can be too zealous in exposing the and hate noticharity, we are nothing.' evit of these monstrous, beresies.. Let us also bear in mind that the time
is shortly approaching, when those gifts the law to which he adverts; s6 which are most apt to betray
, men into the that if Christianity contradicts one heats of controversy, are strictly to be ac law in the manner of its influence, counted for—that the solemn period is draw. ii agrees with another. The author ing nigh, when wit, and eloquence, and the will
forgive this trifling obseryation. ological learning, and controversial acute
We cannot close our Review withness, will be to their possessors as if they had never been--when, it we are permitted out expressing a very earnest hope to reflect at all, the hours which we shalt that this sermon may be widely reflect upon with least satisfaction will be read. We recommend it to the those of intellectual surise and triumph, in clergy in general; and we also beg, which we once prided ourselves the most with becoming deference, to submit when • wratlı, and bitterness, and evil- to the Society in Bartlett's Buildings, speaking,' and acrimonious writing, will no whether they would not render a longer be sanctified by their subject--when real service to the cause of Religion the Gospel of Jesus Christ will appear in its and the Church, by adopting it genuine character, not as a convenient vehi into the list of their Tracts. But cle for the display of talent, not as a chan. let it be adopted without the internel through which we may, void the gall ference of a correcting committee and bitterness of our constitutions, not as a whetstone on which we may sharpen the we wish for the sentiments not of weapons of debate; but as righteousness, a committee, but of Dr. Whitaker: and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost;' as
and the revision of the author, with a message sent from God to renew the na such notes and references as he tute of fallen man, by the operation of Di- might think it expedient to insert, vine grace ; and through a life of faith, would soon adapt it in the form of working by love, to make us meet for the
a tract for general circulation. We inheritance of the saints in light.'” pp. shall be glad to find that this hinc 19, 20,
bas been as freely received as it is If we should venture to propose freely given. any correction in this truly admi. rable discourse, it would be the A Sermon preached at the Parish substitution of some other sentence Church of St. Bride, Fleet Street, ia place of the first. We remem- on Thursday, November 10, 1814, ber to have heard a clergyman, before the Church Missionary Sowhen speaking of the difficulty of ciety for Africa and the East, on composing sermons, complain bit. Occasion of the Departure of the terly that every sermon had a be. Red. John Christopher Sperrhacken ginning and an end: the conclu- and the Rev. John Henry Schulze, sion, in the present instance, is as Missionaries to the Western masterly, but the beginning is ra- Coast of Africa, together with sevether unhappy. It
ral other Persons attached to the Christianity, considered as a rule same Mission, By DANIEL Wiki of temper and conduct, appears to SON, M.A., Minister of St. John's contradict a fundamental law of Chapel, Bedford Row, and Chapnature, inasmuch as its influence
lain to the Right Hon. Lord Visincreases in proportion as it recedes count Galway Prioted by Defrom the centre.” The idea itself site of the Committee. London: is not worthy of the sermon, nor of Seeley: 1814. pp. 47. the taste and talents of the author ; This is certainly an eloquent and and this law of nature is not an uni. powerful discourse, well adapted to versal law. We need not remind its purpose, and highly creditable to Dr. Whitaker, that within the sure the zeal and piety, as well as to the face of ihe earth the influence of ability, of the preacher. Consider. gravity increases as we recede from, ing the frequent recurrence of Mis: the centre, for it varies directly as siogary Sermons, it must be adinia the distance : it is only without the led to be no mean trial of the inven surface of the earth that we find tire faculty: po avoid falling on such
occasions, into a mere repetition of the duties of a Missionary and in hackneyed remark and thread-bare extracting it we wish its application sentiment. We do not mean to to be extended to the watchmen of insinuate that a sermon, on that ac our own Israel.
100 count; would be less edifying, al- **You, then, my reverend brethren, are though it would undoubtedly be going forth in the character of water Jess worthy of publication; for the You are to guard the Church of God. You utility of Christian preaching de are to make memion of Jeborah in leathea pends not on the enunciation of lands. You are by your exertions and new propositions or original obser- prayers to exercise a ceaseless. vigilance in yations, but, in subordination to Di pour officet You will have to lay before vine Grace, on the intelligent deve people that sit in darkness, all the grand lopement and faithful application of truths of religion. You are to explain to the plain and obvious traths of nature of moral good, and evil ;- the ci
of Scripture. Still, to justify the ex. ableness of inan; the extent and sanction of pense of paper, ink, and presswork, the boly baw; the guilt of every lansgreso and the call on the time even of an sion; and their consequent state of misery author's circle of friends, to say no- and ruit. You are to unfold the glories of thing of the public at large, which the Divine Saviour; the infinite grace and are involved in printing and pub. condescension of his work and sufferings; Jishing a sermon or a volume of and the stupendous sclieme of reconciliatiua Sermons, it should, we'thiok, have which is founded on his incarpation, agous something to recommend it beyond the Cross. You are to proclaim the offers
You are to be ministers of the mere statement of admitted ve of meres in Christ Jesus 10 a lost world rilies. The Church Catechism, especially if the Articles and Homillie Holy Ghost, and to direct so big as that
Yon are to dwell on the person and work of Jies are added to it, may very fairly source of all spiritual, affectious and right be considered as superseding the conduct. You are to enforce all those dus necessity of such productions. But ties of ihe moral law, which are to do we need not pursue this line of re from these high principles. You are, in a mark. Mr. Wilson's discourse does word, to know nothing bot Jesus Christ, not require any apology for its in. and him crocified."" ' pp. 16, 17, troduction to public notice, and it Our limits will only permit us to might have equitably preferred its subjoin to this fult delineation of claim on public attention, even with- the duties of the true evangelical oat “the desire of the Committee. labourer, a few of the more striking (Mr. Wilson conceives that the exhortations which the preacher ad event to which, in Isaiah (xii. 6, 7, dressed to the Missionaries before the Christian is taught to look for him, and to which it is still our obward, is the Church's establishment ject to give a wider appropriation. and glory in the world;" and that she means by which this event will of immortal souls, view the lost and perish
"Contemplate, then, the unulietable value be accomplished, are the raising up ing state of the heathen world, consider die of men of fervent piety to enter.on brief and uncertain and degrading nature of the work of propagating the Gospel, all earthily things, be penetrated with a lively aided and animated in their efforts conception of the glories of an eternal state, by the exhortations and prayers of remember the majesty and grace of the Cad the church militant at large Pass whom you 'serve, call to mind the infinite ing over the able, but rapid, sketch condescension to use Redeemere whese which he exhibits of the present
Cross you go forth to proclaims think tre moral state of mapkind, and of the
quently of the mighty operations of thout brightening rays which the efforts
Holy Spirit on whose pid you sely, bear in
mind the promises of the future glogy of the of the
Christian world have recently church by which you are animated look thrown athwart the gloom, we find forsendero the consequenees of that, ateinal our attention arrested
by the follow bliss which you may be the means un forte ing brief but comprehensive vieve of municatings and you will learne wilde toe