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ings of Professor Franck soon re. vine Being yet in the world.” For ceived from their associates in study the account itself, we must refer to the designation of Pietišts. This the volume before us ; in which new name seemed like a signal to every lover of piety and every the adversáries of the truth, and the friend of humanity will be gratified opposition which followed was so by a most striking and encoutaging volent, that it ended in the banish- proof of the extraordinary benefits ment of Professor Franck and his which may result from the zealous athérents from 'Leipsic They and continued efforts of one indiviwere, however, joyfully received by dual, animated, as Professor Franck Dr. Spener, who was then resident was, by the love of God and man. at Erfurt; apd, on the appointment From the practice of catechising of that pious and learned man, by the children of some poor people Frederick the First of Prussia, io who were accustomed to come once superintend the Lutheran Churches a week to his house to be relieved, in his dominions, he procured that and upon the foundation of the of Dr. Franck as Professor of the trifling sum of eighteen shillings Greek and Oriental Languages in the and six peoce, deposited in an almsnewly founded' university of Halle, box fixed in his study, Professor in Saxony. The account given by Franck conceived and executed the Mosheim, of the Pietists, is cer- design of building his celebrated tainly not so favourable as that of Orphan House, in which not only a the preceding brief sketch ; but, as large number of children were edu. the editor of the work now under caled and supported, but many poor our consideration justly observes, it students also intended for the unicould scarcely be expected that the versity, and lastly, some indigent learned historian should be alloge- widows. 'The funds for this great ther impartial in his judgment of undertaking were gradually obtaidthose with whom he was contempo. ed by voluntary contributions from rary, and whose efforts in religion different parts of Europe. Frehe decidedly opposed. Mosheim, quently was the pious founder at a However, gives full credit to Spener, loss cür the supply of the daily Franck, and their associates, for expenses of bis institution ; but the learning and sanctity, as well as for providence of God never failed 10 their integrity and earnestness in support him in every hour of need; promoting the cause of practical re, and he lived to see the buildings, ligion,
completed, and the establishment The university of Halle, under the confirmed by a royal charter. auspices of its founder, the King of The detail of this great work is Prussia, and by the unwearied dili- highly interesting, and exhibits gence of Professor Franck and bis the character of Professor Franck friends, soon became pre-eminent in a very exalted poini of view. among the colleges of Germany. May this imperfect tribute to his Bet of the life of this eminent man, faith, zeal, charity, and deep humisubsequently to his arrival at Ilalle, lity, (to use some of the expressions
the editor has not been able 10 of the excellent Dr. Woodward), collect any regular mémoirs. The tend to excite others to an imita
remainder of bis narrative is occu' tion of his pious labours; the repied with a very interesting accord of them will not then bave count of the rise and 'progress of beev in vain. It is greatly to be
the Ofpiran Plottse at Glaucha, near regretted," "that the editor of this - 7i Halle, of wnieh The Prófessor was volume has not been able to colo
minister. This is an abstract of the hect any of the remaining circum. werk which was published at the stances of Professor Franck's life Taime, rider the title of Demon.it his death, which took place sagttatíðnsoof'thie Pootsteps or a Dic in the year 1427. The only addi
tjonal fact with which we are our, ference to the Greek, Testament, selves acquainted is, that from the wbich cannot fail of being highly Orphan House at Glaucha have useful to a learner, but are not of proceeded some of those pious and course necessary to a Greek scholar, Jaborious Missionaries who have though even he may derive some been employed in India under the yaluable hints for the study of that patronage of the venerable Society part of the Sacred Volume, The for promoting Christian Knowledge; directions for the attainment of the and that a connexion seil exists Hebrew language will be more gebetween those two excellent instila- nerally useful;; and the references tions, which will, we trust, long to books from which more extencontinue to be productive of great sive information may be obtained, and extensive good both to Ger- both with respect to Greek and He. many and India. We must at brew, with the additional works rei present, however, apologize to our commended by the editor, render readers for this unusual introduction this part of the work 'sufficiently to a review, and proceed to give comprehensive and complete. We them some account of the work 10 may here, indeed, observe, once for which the memoirs of Dr. Franck all, that the notes by the translator have been prefixed; hoping, with contain a valuable fund of bibliothe editor, that whoever peruses it graphical knowledge, collected and niay feel something of a disciple's digested from various approved spirit, while he contemplates in its sources, on all the topics discussed pages the precepts of so experienced by Professor Franck, from which a master,
the student of the Sacred Writings The testimony of Dr. Doddridge '
may derive important direction and is in itself a sufficient recommenda. assistance';—and supplying, in this tion of the present work..“ Franck's respect, the deficiency which an Manuductio," said that judicious English reader of the present day and experienced writer*, "deserves cannot but feel in the original refeto be often read. It contains the rences, which are, as must be exbest rules for studying the Scrip- pected, almost exclusively to fotures that I ever remember to have reign works of the last, or rather of seen." This is, we think, a just the preceding, century. encomium, and that of Dr. Allix, in Under the head of historical his preface to the Latin edition in Reading, are comprehended the 7706, is not less favourable. The suin and substapce of the Old and work is divided into two parts; of New Testaments -- the. Inspired which one respects the letter, the Penmen-the occasion or causes of other the spirit of the Inspired Write their writings--the scope, so farras ings. The former is again subdi- it can be gathered from historical vided into three branches;-Gram- incidents--the arguments of the rematical, Historical, and Logical spective books; where, speaking of the latter into four ;7 Expository, compendiums, the learned Professor Doctrinal, Inferential, and Practic justly remarks, that ", diligence in cal.
reading and examining the word "In the first chapter, which treats itself, is a compendious system of of grammatical Reading, the learned mnemonics "the seats of sub
author seems to suppose that his jects, by, which , are meant the reader is unacquainted not only places in Scripture, where subjects with the Hebrew, but even with the are more or less professedly, and Greek language. He begins, there fully discussed--and external çirfore, with laying down some excel-, cumstances, such as MSS., Editions, lent rules for the acquisition of the Versions, &c. The following ob Jatier tongue, with a particular re- pervations at the close of this chapIbu vins Lectures on Picaching,
ter deserve the attention those who are in danger of attaching speated, or too strenuously and anxi.'. undue importance to mere bistorical ously enforced. For want of unTeading.dvd
5 K 2
derstanding or attending to it, tpany ***To be iminoderately anxious," says the well-disposed persons have affixed pious kuibor, a about things merely external meanings not only to particular argues great insensibility to the exeellencies passages, but to the general system of the Holy Scriptures. It should likewise of Scripture, which the remembe
our concern to guard against vain-glory. brance of the sound principle in in a business wherein the glory of God question, and an aecurate and ens : should be our only object. There is a new larged knowledge of the means of cessity alao for the exercise of caution, lest applying it with effect; would have a knowledge of external points reuder us less' atdent and lively in reading the word that sense which the Holy Spirit
shewn to be entirely contrary to itself. How many are there who err in this respect, and feed contentedly on the hasks, purposed, directly or indirectly, to while those heavenly delights which flow declate. It is obvious that fancy, and from the volume of Revelation remain ube all hasty and half-digested, notions tasted and uuenjoyed.".
must be excluded from the task of In the succeeding chapter on discovering this true and only: logical Reading, by which he in- meaning of the Divine Oracles. Dr. tends the accurate analysis of entire Franck has pointed out some excelsa books, or of particular texts, the lent helps, both external and intera? Professor, after a very able and use nal, for this serious and important : ful view of this branch of biblical work; and while the extent of his study, in a similar manner guards learning and the soundness of his his readers against supposing that judgment atford ample secarity to they are “
"mighty in the Scrip- one class of inquirers as to his quatures,” if they are more solicitous lifications as a safe and rational to analyse a text, than concerned guide, the depth of his religious about understanding and applying views, the spirituality of bis mind, it.
and the length of his experience, * In the exercise of refined sabtilties, and may well assure some others, that the solution of difficult passages," be con.
he is not unworthy of their' confis clades, " we may lose sight of holy Chris. dence as an instructor upon this tian-simplicity, and sacrifice the edification fundamental subject. Our author of ourselves to these : for when the rays of 'is particularly earnest in recome: Truth are divided, they cannot act with so mending Scripture as its own intermuch life and power, as when its energies preter, and consequently in declarare collected tuyether. May the reader ing, that expository helps are to be in Jeain nul to abuse this branéh of Scripture chiefly drawn from its owo pages. exposition; and in the sober use of it, may The consideration of the whole conhe realize its excellencies!!!
"text, and sometimes of the whole In the second part of his sub- book, the collation of parallel pasjeet, which treats of Reading, as it sages, the analogy of faith, the afrespects the spirit of the word, the fections both of the inspired writers": excellent author introduces the fola, and of the student of Scripture him lowing universal and important self, the order observed by the sa axiom respecting the exposition of cred pennen in proposing their Scripture: " that one word or sen- subjects, and a consideration of cirtence having respect to one and the cumstances, are the principal topics same subject, bias but one literat discussed in this important part of sense formally purposed. To dis "the work. Upon one of them, vie... cover this one and true meaning of the consideration of the affections the Holy Spirit in the Scriptures, is of the writer and reader of Script therefore the business of Exposi- ture, a separate treatise is added in tory Reading. This is a maxim the Appendix; from which, as it is which cannot be too frequently re- a subject not so generally treated of
as it deserves, we are tempted to cart of investing himself with the w extract the following passage. 9 The mind of his author, and of correchnu celebrated Dr. Spener, "in a lettering his own affections by those of addressed to the Philobiblical Col the sacred penmans and thence": lege at Leipsie, after strongly re-says he, "it was, that be derived his commending the students; subse spiritual erudition."
29:1945 quently to fervent, secret prayer, 10 Some admirable observationsloc: 10 discriminate and enter into the af. cur in that part of the chapter fections of the inspired writers, and which relates to expository reading. strive to unfold their nature and as to the choice of commentatorscharacter, supports his advice by particularly as to the absolute ne the following interesting quotation cessity of the 'illamination of the from Luther.
Spirit to form just expositors of "That eminent divine," observes Scripture, and the restriction of that the pious Superintendant, "speaking Divine influence to those who are of this practice, says, "--"Whoever truly regenerate. Upon this poist adopts it will, I am satisfied, learn Professor Franck quotes, some verysy more himself, than he can gather striking remarks of the learned and from all Commentaries united. By excellent Melanchon ab He adds! means of incessant and attentive however, a very useful cautida eta reading, we should; as it were,' raise the scriptural student, to beware of it the writer from the dead, and consi- neglecting the perusah of the word, der hiin as alive ; so as to form per- while searching after many and vadi? feet conceptions mentally, of what rious external assistances. . r , 20:17 we cannot actually behold. When: «We may," says he, safety assure those
err engaged in the study of the Scrip- who read the word with devotion ang sinta tures, the idea formed in the writer's plieiig; that they will derive møte light and Inind should be carefully ascertain-profit from such a practice, and from con-v% ed; the affections by which he was neeting meditation with iti (in the lattner sad's influenced; his state of life; and exquisitely described by David, Psalm i.);$! his office at the time he penned the than can es
eser be acquired from drudging book. Much do I wish that the la- through an infuite yariety of uniinportanors bour which Casaubon has bestowed minuti,".
"1259 liks ju "esbess on Horace, Juvenal, and Persius, in The chapter on doctrinal Read: his Prolegomens were applied to ing, though short, is full and comlhe elucidation of the Sacred. Ora. prehensive. We extract cles, so as to give a just descriprion following observations as applica. of the genius, mind, condition, man- ble to two very different classes of ners, and affections pekuliar to each readers.
biruinio. *9 of the sacred writers. These are
• The consideration of the abstruset Mods desirable subjects which yet remain trines.” observes this holy and experienced untouched."** nito GTA 3
else under the We wish that we could add, that have made greater advances in the knowest these were not still, after all that "ledge of fundamental trutin. Those which has been written since the days of are most essential to salvation and to a Luther, to be too jusely numbered asstranice of faith, should be first learned amongst the desiderata of sacred liuby a living and practical acquaintance with teralure. In Doddridge, thowever, themis and then, the transitioni'to doctrinera and in Scott, it must be acknow more prółopndo boc less eszönitat, wil ognius
rur 30e ledged with pleasure, that the descome pleasant and easy.
Upot genst ficiency of which the great Reformer | We earnestly complained has been materially, and seasonable suggestion may be though dot perfectly, supplied: Lu- seriously considered by those whods theri afterwards remarks, that Seslåre anxious to in reduce Berriard excelled in the heavenly inexperienced inquirer
thes merezos 2o bsta91: por DE !08 18/L2 W
yineup 1991erd Planethasedm
htu wish that this wistosos
depths of doctrinal discussion, luable observations, from which is which ought not to be sounded would be difficult to select any with: without reverence and godly fear, out injuring the symmetry of the even by the most advanced and ese whole. We particularly recommend tablished Christian.
it to the attention of our readers
, The other observation to which and would only remark, that Pro. we referred is of a different, but fessor Franck is not one of those not less important and interesting, who think that the illiterate are cast.
not qualified to derive instruction “ Inasmuch as Jesus is the very soul of from the private and practical pe Scriptore, and the way by which we have rusal of the Scriptures; but while access to the Father, he who, in doctrinal he strenuously contends, in his whole reasing, does not fix his eyes on him, must work, for the use of learning as an read in vain, Truth and life are attainable important subsidiary to the professonly through this way. To know Christ, ed and complete elucidation of the and the doctrines concerning Christ, only in Sacred Oracles, he asserts, with theory, is not the soul of Scripture ; it is equal confidence, that they are able faith in him, and that imitation of him wbich
to make the unlearned, who search flows from faith.
them, “wise unto salvation.". The Inferential Reading, which is the simplesť application of Divine truth, subject of the next chapter is the observes our pious author, is ces deduction of conclusions by legi. tainly the most profitable, if it be timate consequences from texta; made with sincerity of soul. We when the literal sense is explored, should compare the portion of and the truths expressed have been Scripture under present notice with fully examined. The foundation the habit of our minds, aod
'shall of this reading is the perpetual ana- thus perceive as in a glass logy of Divine things, which is ticular faults under which we labour, such, that from one truth rightly We must have our eyes interoal
fixed on known, all others depend, being Christ, and depend on the interval linked, as it were, together. It is, operation of that Spirit which God of course, essential to a right use of in infinite mercy, to his children im this method of reading, that the parts to them continually for their mind be endued with a living know- illumination and guidance. The ledge and "form of sound words in work closes with some brief direc: faith and love." It cannot other tions as to the order in which the wise be prosecuted in a consistent Holy Scriptures ought to be sty: and profitable way ; nor can the in. died. exhaustible fulness of the sacred It was observed by Dr. Doddridge text be else perceived. The learn- in his character of the « Manudug ed author gives a copious example tio," that it has not many illustra
: of this mode of reading from 2 Tim. tions of particular places of Scrip: i. 8. But this chapter would have ture. The remark is undoubtedly just been more useful and complete, had and forms the only material objes he added some example of that false tion to the book.
The truth and unsound mode of deducing infe- 'that conciseness was evidently the tences upon which we have in the object of the author; and as the present day had occasion so fre- work was chiefly designed for ube quently to animadvert
. As the disc benefit of students in divinity, this covery of truth is, however, the best deficiency is the less important; the preservative against error, the direc- fundamental principles and sources tions given by the Professor may be of right interpretation being y9 a sufficient guide upon this part of folded with sufficient perspicuity a his subject. IW
enable them to explam aud illus The succeeding chapter on practitrate the Sacred Writings for thems cal Reading contains a series of va. selves. Aa, elaborate specimen,