Page images
PDF
EPUB

tenseness of the cold, Mr. Halbeck were not indeed, provided with continues :

chaplains, but they attended Divine " It is impossible to describe the service as often as circumstances ardour and enthusiasm which pre permitted. Eight" hundred' Prusvailed in Prussia, as soon as the peo- sians were once quartered in Herrn ple were permitted to take up arms hutt. The commanding officer had against their oppressors. Scarcely ordered the band to parade the were the intentions of the monarch streets, as usual, in the evening; known, before the whole country but being told, that there was a was in motion, and thousands flew meeting for Divine worship at that to arms. Counts and barons, pro- hour, he postponed the music, and fessors and students, masters and be and all the officers and soldiers servants, enrolled themselves as attended the chapel. To this' mom comman soldiers; and those, who dest and pious spirit was joined a could not bear arms, gave money. bravery equally enthusiastic ; of The ladies sold their jewels, their which it is not easy to form an idea, gold, their very hair, to aid the without having been a witness of it. common cause : they left the toilet Conquer or die, was a resolution, leto provide for hospitals, to dig en- gible in the countenance of every trenchments, &c. "This enthusiasm, soldier, which was not effaced by to which modern history presents the most adverse circumstances, and 20 equal, was combined with a re- which influenced even those who ligious spirit, pervading the whole were of a weak and timid disposination. The iron time (as it was tion naturally. Of this I shall called), since 1807; bad sobdued the give two instances out of many, pride of the people, and the terrible which fell under my own observajudgments in Russia had opened tion. After the battle of Lutzen, their eyes. The soldiers were so- the wounded belonging to the Pruslemnly consecrated for the war, by sian army were brought to Zittau, their parish-ministers. It was a most and thus, passing the place where I affecting scene, to see some thou. resided, I had an opportunity of sand young warriors together, re- seeing several thousands of them. ceiving instructions from their mi. Instead of finding them dejected, nister, and the blessing of the and lamenting their fate, as I had church, of their parents and rela- expected, they were all cheerlul and tives, before they went to fight for happy, only wishing soon to be able liberty. Every heart was moved ; to return to the army. Many, 'in every eye shed tears. The same fact, returned within a few days, good disposition and unparalleled with their wounds but half healed, enthusiasm pervaded also the regular and joined the army, then entrench. troops. They were no more the ed near Bautzen. A baron Von K., boasting, self-confident Prussians of who had been my scholar till 1812, * 1806: on the contrary, modesty, and was of so delicate a constitution 'dependance on help from above, that he could not see blood without formed the general character of fainting. This youth, eighteen Blacher's army.

With God, for years of age, enrolled himself as a our king and country, was the motto volunteer among the riflemen, and embroidered on their standard, and was warmly engaged in the battle engraven on their hearts. Cursing of Lutzen, receiving two balls in his and swearing, the common vices of hat. He rétreated with the army - soldiers, were seldom heard : no 'to Bautzen, and having got his feet songs were allowed to be sung till wounded by the severe marches, revised by the colonel and approved his officer permitted him to go to by a clergyınan. Many of these Hennersdorf, and stay thete tilt he songs were of a religious, and all of was recovered. But, baving been a moral tendency. The regiments 'two days wjih us we could not prevail upon him to stay longer, and generals, till they reached an though his feet were still very bad. inmense park, where was erected, on His only reply to all our entreaties a rising ground, an altar, surrounded was: I fear a battle will take by the clergy: on one side, the royal place, and I should be sorry to be family and principal nobles; on the absent. This was the youth, who, other, the great military and civil eight months before, while a scholar authorities: thousands, and tens of in our academy, fainted at a cut in thousands of persons, of all ages, bis finger."

stood behind. When arranged, im. · The result of this campaign I need mediately every bead was uncover: not recal to the recollection of any ed, and they sung the Te Deum of your readers. Their severe na. Jaudamus of the Prussian Church, tional sufferings had brought the An oration of about twenty minutes Prussians, with David, who was a was then pronounced by a clergy; soldier, and during a great part of man on the wonders God had his life engaged in the actire du« wrought, which was closed by a ties of his profession, to set up their suitable prayer. The instant be banners in the name of the Lord, began the prayer, the monarch fell and to remember that His favour on his knees, and 50,000 soldiers, is strength, and submission to His and every spectator, followed his will is victory! Nor did the Prus- example. On rising, they continusians forget to give glory to God ed uncovered, whilst they sang after he bad given them the victory. "Glory to God in the highest." On the return of their monarchio They then separated. Nothing can Brandenburgh, on arriving at the be added to the sublimity of this great gate, the finest in Europe, the scene: I will not, therefore, attempt bronze horses which Bonaparte had to weaken its effect by any obserremoved, having been replaced, vations of my own; but only add my were shewn to the delighted sole earnest prayer, that while called to diery and people for the first time. view the wondrous things which A drapery which had been hung God hath wrought in the earth, we over them till that instant, to con. and all the inhabitants of it, both ceal them, fell down in folds, and princes and people, may learn the enthusiasm of 50,000 soldiers, rigbteousness. broke forth. They then continued

I am, &c. their marcb, headed by their king

M.

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

A Guide to the Reading and Study of associated in the minds of those who

the Holy Scriptures, with an illus- are acquainted, with lbe modern

trative Supplement. By Aucus. "bistory of true religion, with all that <TUS HERMAN FRANCK, late Profes- is learned, pious, useful, and excel

sor of Divinity, and of the Greek lent. This eminent Christian di and Oriental Languages, in the yine, evidently a ppears to have University of Halle. Translated been one of those who are raised from the Latin, and augmented with up from time to time, by the great Notes, ir By WILLIAM Jacques, Head of the Church, to repire the Teacher of useful and polite Lite- decaying spirit of piety, and to pro: rature. London: Halchard. 181$. mote the languishing interests of his 16.5**bi ? kingdom. He was indeed The Bade of Professor Franck is burning and a shining light," and

[ocr errors]

in extending the knowledge of his learned 'menthen diving. Besides, character and example, and trans- the classical, and the principal molating the present brief buť valua- dern languages, he studied with para ble work, ihe editor has,' we think, ticular application and onder, great rendered a very acceptable and use advantages, the Hebrew tongue. ful service to the lovers and students Hitherto, however, the studies of of sacred literature. It may, per- Mr. Franck' had been chiefly directhaps, tend the niore powerfully to ed, as he expresses it, ad pompam: recommend the work itself to our his main design had been to acquire readers, if, previously to any account learning, preferment; wealth; and of it, we adopt the method of the though he had frequent seasons of translator, and offer a short sketch devotion and seriousness, he was still of the life of its truly'admirable au. drawn away by the multitude, and thor.

his knowledge of divinity was spen Augustus Herman Franck was culative and theoretical. “ I was," born at Lubec, in the year 1663. he observes, “in my heart, a mere His father, 'who was aulic counsel. natural man, who had a great deal lor to the Duke of Saxe Gotha, died in his bead, but nevertheless rewhen he was only seven years old, mained a stranger to the truth as it having, however, from the evident is in Jesus.” indications of his son's piety even

About this time, however, God at that early age, destined him to was pleased to touch his heart more the church. About three years after effectually, and to convince him wards, he felt, as he himself describes that a mere speculative acquaintit, a divine attraction in his soul, ance with divinity was by no means which made him disrelish and de a sufficient qualification for ibe mi. spise the common amusements of nistry; and that, were he to under. childhood ; and a most fervent de. take the office before he himself sire, which was frequently the sub- practised the doctrines of the Goject of his prayers, that his life spel, he should only be imposing on might be directly and solely devoted mankind. Affected by these con to the glory of God. In the mean siderations, he besought the Lord, time, the advancenient in his stu- with great fervour, to work in him dies was so remarkable, that he was an entire change. The effect of publicly elected for the university this prayer was a deeper sense of at the age of thirteen. He after- his natural depravity and weakness, wards declared, and the observa and increased desires for Divine de. tion is well worthy the attention of liverance. At this time, he was students, that he found by long ex. providentially advised to hear the perience, that the more assiduous he divinity lectures of the famous suwas in devotion, the greater progress perintendant Sandhagen, at Lone. he made in his studies; and that, burg. There he spent the greater when he neglected prayer, he could part of his tiine in retirement; givdo nothing well at his desk, even ing himself up to prayer and media though he exerted hiinself with the tation. Having been desired to greatest application. “ Bene oras- preach' at 'one of the churches in se,"" it has been justly observed, this city; Mr? Franck chose for his " est bene studuisse."

fext the last verse of the 20th chapMr. Franck passed eight years in ter of St. John, proposing to shew, the universities of Erfurt, Keil, from those words, the properties of Leipsic, and Luneburg,' where his a true and living faith, as distinguishdiligence and success were very ed from that which is barren and conspicuous. There was scarcely speculative, bo in meditating, how. any branch of science'in which he ever, upon this important subject, he did not excel; and he was accounts felt that he himself was destitute of ed, for his years, one of the most sie faith which he would describe.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

a This reflection at orice checked his ease be a scientific divine, or that he

study, and tuned all his thoughts is not to enforce upon others a mea- upon binself. After several days sure of faith and holiness-beyond saf darkness and distress,' it pleased what he has himself experienced: dhe Lord to in the light of his but no one who engages in the sa. countenance upon him, and to fill cred office ought either to be igne. shim with that faith the want of rant or a novice, unacquainted with which he had so deeply deplored. the grand sebeme of salvation ré

Two days afterwards, he preached vealed in Scripture, or uninfluenced Rhe-sermon ; and could truly apply to by the peculiar doctrines and mohimself those words of the Apostle, tives of the Gospel. In short, if we 2 Cor. iv. 13: “ Having the same expect to be the instruments of spirit of faith, according as it is teaching and converting others, we • written, I believed, and therefore must ourselves be as scribes well thave I spoken; we also believe, and instructed onto the kingdom of hea. therefore speak."..

ven, and sincerely and thoroughly

devoted to the service of our God " This," said be," is the time from and Saviour. 122 wlich I date my real conversion. Since that period, I have always felt it easy to

We cannot help remarking, in the deny alt angodliness and worldly lusts, and

next place, the holy and active in to live soberts, righteously, and godly, in fluence of a true faith in the strik

the present evil world. Elave kept cluse ing declaration of Mr. Franck; and *witt God, and have accounted us nothing, opposing this decisive oxample of all promotions and preserments in this the practical efficacy of that divine world, its grandeur, riches, ease, and plea principle, to the crude and hetero suses. And whercas I liad but 100 much dox opinions which we had occaidolized learning, I now perceived that a sion lately to controvert and ex

grain of faith far exceeds all human scieuces; pose * Doubtless, a lively faith and that all attainments made at the dect of in the mercies of redemption, will Garnaliel,

are to be valued as dress, in com work by love to God and man; and parison of the excellency of the knowledge of Jesus Cbrist our Lord.”

a more satisfactory proof of the

truth of this scriptural doctrine can Before we proceed with our nar. scarcely be found, than in the subrative of this eminent man, we sequent life and conduct of the exe would pause for the purpose of make cellent subject of this memoir. zing one or two brief observations on We would only add here a few the preceding part of it.

words of caution, as to the strong The just and solemn sense en• terms in which Mr. Franck extertained by Mr. Franck, of the presses his renunciation of alt boman necessity and importance of person learning, in comparison of the ally experiencing the truth and effic knowledge of Christ. The senticacy of the doctrines which he was ment has been frequently avowed about to preach to: Olbers, is in the by other eminently pious men, and first place deserving of attention. cannot certainly but be admired and low many, it may be feared, of approved. We would only wish it those who enter upon the work of to be remembered, that this is ROS the ministry, are got.even theoret- the declaration of uninformed or jia ically acquainted with divinity, to dolent, but of Jearned and studious the extent which this excellent man men---that, from St. Paul to Franck, bad attained, when he so strongly the renunciation of hqman auain expressed bis conviction of his own ments has ever been, wben.com deficiencies and how much smaller pared with the superior excelleney

number appear really to feel and of all those whicbaré divine; and exemplify, their own instructions! that the men who have most highly We are far from thinking that a mi

See our Review@of M. Beresfunda nister of the Gospek must sa exery pappulet.

be

[ocr errors]

adorned and promoted the Gospel, and for each to give in order his have not been those who set out exposition of the passage. The with despising human learning; but first part of the exercise was callo. those who, having laboured dili- gether critical, for ascertaining the gently to attain it, have afterwards literal sense; the other was for the humbly laid all their stores at the deduction of inferences and pracfeet of their Lord and Master, and tical uses. These, meetings werą, employed them zealously in his ser. begun and ended with prayer, and vice. But to return to Mr. Franck. contributed greatly to the promotion

In the year 1885, he commenced of biblical literature, and the diffuMaster of Arts at Leipsic; and soon sion of biblical truth. To Professor after was eminently instrumental Franck himself, they were particuin promoting a most extensive and Jarly useful, in preparing bim for wonderful revival of religion in writing on the study of the Scrip Germany, the foundation of which tures; and the laudable care with had been laid by the celebrated which, in all these biblical exercises, John Arndt, the general superin- the grammatical sense of every pastendant of the churches under the sage was first ascertained, and then, princes of Luneburg, about the com- made the basis of practical remark, mencement of that century. This doubtless led to that sound method excellent man, after having, amidst of interpretation which is unfolded much opposition, been the means of in the work before us. awakening thousands from a mere With a view to the improvement, formal profession, to an experimen- of the students in divinity at Leire tal acquaintance with true religion, sic, Professor Franck opened anodied tull of faith, hope, and holy, ther biblical school, which was also triumph, and was followed by many most numerously attended,

the others, who walked in his, steps. great object of which was to proAmongst them, was the learned Dr. mote vial religion amongst his aca.. Spener, first of Frankfort, and af- demical bearers, and to point out terwards of Dresden. In the former the obstacles and aids coonected city, he was entrusted with the with the study of divinity. The chief pastoral care; and, amongst success of this new plan was equally other plans for proinoting true reli- remarkable. The demand for Greek gion, this excellent man established Testaments, and practical theologiwhat he called, Collegia Pielaiis; or cal works amongst the students was, exercises of piety, in his own bouse unexampled, and many of them twice a week, for the exposition of were converted to the true knowScripture, which were frequented by ledge and the devoted service of great numbers even of the higher Christ. How earnestly is it to be classes, and proved remarkably use- wished, that something similar to ful. It was, probably, from the this institution of Professor Franek, example of Dr. Spener, that Mr. as far as it could be rendered conFrauck, soon after be had taken his formable to the very different nadegree of Master of Arts, united with ture of our establishments, were several otber, students in establish- pursued in each of our universities ! ing a private conference, før the We throw out this hint, not without purpose of gaining a better under- being aware of the difficulties of standing of the Scriptures, and like any such plan, but thinking, at the wise of regulating their conversa- same time, that it is by no means tion and studies. This meeting was visionary or impracticable. desiguated, Collegium Phitobiblicum, It may not, perbaps, be a recom. and was held once a week. The mendation of the proposal, thougte method which they adopted was, the friends of religion will not be for one to read a select portion of surprised at such a consequence, Sesipture in the original languages, that those who attended the meetCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 156.

,K

« PreviousContinue »