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tenseness of the cold, Mr. Halbeck were nots indeed, provided with continues :

chaplains, but they attended Divine * It is impossible to describe the service as often as eircumstances ardour and enthusiasm which pre permitted. Eight" hundred Prusa vailed in Prussia, as soon as the peo- sians were once quartered in Herrnple' were permitted to take up arms hutt. The commanding officer had against their oppressors. Scarcely ordered the band to parade the were the intentions of the monarch streets, as usual, in the evening; known, before the whole country but being told, that there was a was in motion, and thousands flew meeting for Divine worship at that to arms. Counts and barons, pro- hour, he postponed the music, and fessors and students, masters and be and all the officers and soldiers servants, enrolled themselves as attended the chapel. To this mocommon soldiers; and those, who dest and pious spirit was joined a could not bear arms, gave money. bravery equally enthusiastic ; of The ladies sold their jewels, their which it is not easy to form an idea, gold, their very brair, to aid the without having been a witness of it, common cause : they left the toilet Conquer or die, was a resolution, leto provide for hospitals, to dig eno gible in the countenance of every trenchments, &c. "This enthusiasm, soldier, which was not effaced by to which modern history presents the most adverse circumstances, and no equal, was combined with a re- which influenced even those who ligious spirit, pervading the whole were of a weak and timid disposination. The iron time (as it was tion naturally. Of this t shall called), since 1807; had subdued the give two instances out of many, pride of the people, and the terrible which fell under my own observajudgments in Russia had opened tion. After the baitle of Eurzen, their eyes. The soldiers were so- the wounded belonging to the Pruslemnly consecrated for the war, by sian army were brought to Zittau, their parish-ministers. It was a most and thus, passing the place where I affecting scene, to see some thou- resided, I had an opportunity of sand young warriors together, re- seeing several thousands of them. ceiving instructions from their mi. Instead of finding them dejected, nister, and the blessing of the and lamenting their fate, as I had church, of their parents and rela- expected, they were all cheerful and tives, before they went to fight for happy, only wishing soon to be able liberty. Every heart was moved ; to return to the army. Many, 'in every eye shed tears. The same fact, returned within a few days, good disposition and unparalleled with their wounds but half healed, enthusiasm pervaded also the regular and joined the army, then entrenchtroops. They were no more the ed near Bautzen. A baron Von K., boasting, self-confident Prussians of who had been my scholar till 1812, 1806: on the contrary, modesky, and was of so delicate a constitution dependance on help from above, that he could not see blood without formed the general character of fainting. This youth; eighteen Blacher's army.

Wick God, for years of age, 'enrolled himself as a our king and country, was the motto volunteer among the riflemen, and embroidered on their standard, and was warmly engaged in the battle, engraven on their hearts. Cursing of Lutzen, receiving two balls in his and swearing, the common vices of hat. He retreated with the army soldiers, were seldom heard : no to Bautzen, and having got his feet songs were allowed to be sung till wounded by the severe niarches, revised by the colonel and approved his officer permitted him to go to by a clergyınan. Many of these Hetinersdorf, and stay there till he songs were of a religious, and all of was recovered. But, having been a moral tendency. The regiments 'two days with us, we could not

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prevail upon him to stay longer, and generals, till they reached an though his feet were still very bad. in mense park, where was erected, on His only reply so all our entrealies a rising ground, an altar, sorrounded was: 'I fear a battle will take by the clergy: on one side, the royal

, place, and I should be sorry to be family and principal pobles; on the absent.". This was the youth, who, Olher, the great military and civil eight months before, while a scholar, aylborities: thousands, and tens of in our academy, fainted at a cut in thousands of persons, of all ages, bis finger."

stood behind. When arranged, im: The result of this campaign I need mediately every bead was uncover: not recal to the recollection of any ed, and they sung the Te Deum of your readers. Their severe na- laudamus of the Prussian Church, tional sufferings had brought the An oration of about twenty minutes Prussians, with David, who was a was then pronounced by a clergy, soldier, and during a great part of man on the wonders God had his life engaged in the actire dus wrought, which was closed by a ties of his profession, to set up their suitable prayer. The instant be banners in the name of the Lord, began the prayer, the monarch fell and to remember that. His favour on his knees, and 50,000 soldiers, is strength, and submission to His

and every spectator, followed bis will is victory! Nor did the Prus- example. On rising, they continusians -forget to give glory to God ed uncovered, whilst they sang after he had given them the victory. "Glory to God in the highest.”. On the return of their monarchio They iben separated. Nolbing can Brandenburgh, on arriving at the be added to the sublimity of this great gate, the finest in Europe, the scene: I will not, therefore, attempt bronze horses which Bonaparte had to weaken its effect by any obserremoved, having been replaced, vations of my own; but only add my were shewn to the delighted sol earnest prayer, that while called to diery and people for the first time. view the wondrous things which A drapery which had been hung God hath wrought in the earth, we, over them till that instant, to con and all the inhabitants of it, both ceal them, fell down in folds, and princes and people, may learn the enthusiasm of 50,000 soldiers, righteousness. broke forth. They then continued

I am, &c. their march, headed by their king

M.

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REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS,

A Guide to the Reading and Study of associated in the minds of those who

the Holy Scriptures, with an illus are acquainted with the modern citratide Supplement. By Augus. "bistory of true religion, with all that TUS HERMAN FRANCK, late Profes. is learned, pious, useful

, and excele sor of Divinily, and of the Greek lent. This eminent Christian diand Oriental Languages, in the yine, evidently a ppears to have University of Halle. Translated been one of those who are raised from the Latin, and augmented with up from time to time, by the great i Notesaas By WILLIAM JACQUES, Head of the Church, to revire the

Teacher of useful and polite Lisę decaying spirit of piety, and to pro. rature. London: Halchard. 1813. mote the languishing interests of his 163 HPb 17! 1.

kingdom. He was indeed " Talk Ramel of Professor Franck jis burning and a shining light;" and,

" I was,"

in extending the knowledge of his learned menthen living. Besides character and example, and trans- the classical, and the principal molating the present brief bof valua- dern languages, he studied with part.. ble work, the editor has, we think, ticolar application and under great rendered a very acceptable and use advantages, the Hebrew tongue. 'ful service to the lovers and students Hitherto, ihowever, the studies of of sacred literature. It may, per- Mr. Franck' had been chiefly direcio haps, tend the more powerfully 10 ed, as he expresses it, ad pompam: recommend the work itself to our his main design had been to acquire readers, if, previously to any account learning, preferment; wealth; and of it, we adopt the method of the though he had frequent seasons of translator, and offer a short sketch devotion and seriousness, he was still of the life of its truly admirable au. drawn away by the multitude, and thor.

his knowledge of divinity was speAugustus Herman Franck was culative and theoretical. born at Lubec, in the year 1663. he observes, “ in my heart, a mere His father, 'who was aulic counsel- natural man, who had a great deal lor to the Duke of Saxe Gotha, died in his bead, but nevertheless Twhen he was only seven years old, mained a stranger to the truth as it having, however, from the evident is in Jesus.” indications of his son's piety even

About this time, however, God at that early age, destined him to was pleased to touch his heart more the church. Aboul three years after effectually, and to convince bim wards, he felt, as be himself describes that a mere speculative acquaintit, a divine attraction in his soul, ance with divinity was by no means which made him disrelish and de a sufficient qualification for the mispise the common amusements of nistry; and that, were he to undera childhood ; and a most fervent de. take the office before he himself sire, which was frequently the sub- practised the doctrines of the Goject of his prayers, that his life spel, he should only be imposing on might be directly and solely devoted mankind. Affected by these conto the glory of God. In the mean siderations, he besought the Lord, time, the advancement in his stu- with great fervour, to work in him dies was so remarkable, that he was an entire change. The effect of publicly elected for the university this prayer was a deeper sense of

age of thirteen. He after his natural depravity and weakness, wards declared, and the observa. and increased desires for Divine de tion is well worthy the attention of liverance. At this time, he was students, that he found by long ex. providentially advised to hear the perience, that the more'assiduous he divinity lectures of the famous suwas in devotion, the greater progress perintendant Sandhagen, at Lone. he made in his studies; and that, burg. There he spent the greater when he neglected prayer, he could part of his tiine in retirement; givdo nothing well at' his desk, eren ing himself up to prayer and media though he exerted hiinself with the tation. Having been desired to greatest applicationi. * Bene oras- preach at one of the churches in se, it has been justly observed, this city; Mr. Franck chose for his " est bene studuisse."

text the last verse of the 20th chapMr. Franck passed eight years in ter of St. John, proposing to shew, the universities of Erfurt" Keil, from those words, the properties of Leipsic, and Luneburg,' where his a true and living faith, as distinguishdiligence and success were very ed from that which is barren and conspicuous. There was scarcelý speculative, in lo meditating, how. any branch of science 3n which he ever, upbry this important subject; he did not excel; and he was accounts felt that he himself was destitute of ed, for his years, one of the most wie faith which he would describe.

at the

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2 This reflection at orice checked his ease be a scientific divine, or that he

study, and tuined all his thoughts is not to enforce 'upon others a mea. • upon-bindself. After several days sure of faith and holiness beyond of darkness and distress, it pleased what he has himself experienced; sche Lørd to lift the lighit of his but no one who engages in the e. countenance upon him, and to fill cred office ought either to be igno. shim with that faith the want of rant or a novice, unacquainted with which he had so deeply deplored. the grand sebeme of salvation re

Two days afterwards, he preached vealed in Scripture, or uninfluenced Rbe-sermon ; and could truly apply to by the peculiar doctrines and imo2 himself those words of the Apostle, tives of the Gospel. In short, if we 2 Cor. iv. 13: “Having the same expect to be the instruments of spirit of faith, according as it is teaching and converting others, we *written, I believed, and therefore must ourselves be as scribes well have I spoken; we also believe, and instructed unto the kingdom of hea. therefore speak."

ven, and sincerely and thoroughly * This,” said be," is tho time from and Saviour.

devoted to the service of our God waliich I date my real conversion. Since

We cannot help remarking, in the
that period, I have always felt it easy to
deny alt ungodliness and worldly lusts, and next place, the holy and aclive in
to live soberly, righteously, and godis, in fluence of a true faith in the 'strikia
the present evil world. I have kept cluse ing declaration of Mr. Franck; and
with God, and have accounted us nothing, opposing this decisive example of
all promotions and preserments in this the practical efficacy of that divine
world, its grandeur, riches, ease, and plea principle, to the crude and betere
sures, and whercas I lead but 100 much dox opinions which we had occá-
idolized learning, I now perceived that a sion lately to controvert and ex-
grain of faith, far exceeds all human sciences; pose*, Doubtless, a lively faith
and that all attainments made at the lect of in the mercies of redemption, will

Gamaliel, are to be valued as dress, in com work by love to God and man; and
parison of the excellency of the knowledge
of Jesus Christ our Lord.”

a more satisfactory proof of the

truth of this scriptural doctrine can Before we proceed with our nar. scarcely be found, than in the subrative of this eminent man, we sequent life and conduct of the esse would pause for the purpose of mak- cellent subject of this memoir. sing one or two brief observations on We would only add here a few the preceding part of it.

words of caution, as to the strong The just and solemn sepse en- terms in which Mr. Franck extertained by Mr. Franck, of the presses his renunciation of all homan necessity and importance of person. learning, in comparison of the ally experiencing the truth and effic knowledge of Christ. The senii

. cacy of the doctrines which he was ment has been frequently a rowed about to preach to orbers, is in the by other eminently pious men, and first place sleserving of attention, cannot certainly but be admired and How many, it may be feared, of approved. We would only wish in those who enter upon the work of to be remembered, that this is not the ministry, are not even theoret- the declaration of uninformed or in ically acquainted with divinity, to 'dolent, but of Jearned and studious the extent which this excellent man men--that, from St. Paul to Franck, bad attained, when he so strongly the renunciation of boman atraia expressed his conviction of his own ments has ever been, wben.com deficiencies and how much smaller pared with the superior excellency

number appear really to feel and of all those whieb are divine; and exemplify, their own instructions! that the men who hare most highly IVe are far from thinking that a mi

See our Review of M. Beresford's nister of the Gospel must sa exety appllet.

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adorned and promoted the Gospel, and for each to give in order his have not been those wbo set out exposition of the passage. The with despising human learning ; but first part of the exercise was allothose who, having laboured dili gether critical, for ascertaining the gently to attain it, have afterwards literal sense; the other was for the humbly laid all their stores at the deduction of inferences and pracfeet of their Lord and Master, and tical uses, These, meetings were, employed them zealously in his ser. begun and ended with prayer, and vice. But to return to Mr. Franck. contributed greatly to the promotion

In the year 1885, he commenced of biblical literature, and the diffaMaster of Arts at Leipsic; and soon sion of biblical truth. To Professor after was eminently instrumental Franck himself, they were particuin promoting a most extensive and Jarly useful, in preparing bim for wonderful revival of religion in writing on the study of the Scrip Germany, the foundation of which tures; and the laudable care with had been laid by the celebrated which, in all these biblical exercises, John Arndt, the general superin- the grammatical sense of every pastendant of the churches under the sage was first ascertained, and then, princes of Luneburg, about the com- made the basis of practical remark, mencement of that century. This doubtless led to that sound method excellent man, after having, amidst of interpretation which is unfolded much opposition, been the means of in the work before us. awakening thousands from a mere With a view to the improvement, furmal profession, to an experimen- of the students in divinity at Leip. tal acquaintance with true religion, sic, Professor Franck opened anodied full of faith, hope, and holy, ther biblical school, which was also triumph, and was followed by many most numerously attended, the others, who walked in his steps. great object of which was to próAmongst them, was the learned Dr. mote vital religion amongst his aca.. Spener, first of Frankfort, and af- denical 'hearers, and to point out terwards of Dresden. In the former the obstacles and aids connected city, he was entrusted with the with the study of divinily. The chief pastoral care; and, amongst success of this new plan was equally other plans for promoting true reli- remarkable. The demand for Greek gion, this excellent man established Testaments, and practical theologiwhat he called, Collegia Pietatis; or cal works amongst the students was, exercises of piety, in his own bouse unexampled, and many of them twice a week, for the exposition of were converted to the true know. Scripture, which were frequented by ledge and the devoted service of great aumbers even of the higher Christ. How earnestly is it to be classes, and proved remarkably use- wished, that something similar to ful. It was, probably, from the this institution of Professor Franek, example of Dr. Spener, that Mr. as far as it could be rendered conFrauck, soon after be had taken his formable to the very different nadegree of Master of Arts, united with ture of our establishments, were several otber, students in establish- pursued in each of our universitjes ! ing a private conference, for the We throw out this hint, not without purpose of gaining a better under- being aware of the difficulties of standing of the Scriptures, and like any such plan, but thioking, at the wise of regulating their conversa- same time, that it is by no meang tion and studies. This meeting was visionary or impracticable. designated, Collegium Phitobiblicum, It may not, perbaps, be a recomand was held once a week. The mendation of the proposal, thougte method which they adopted was, the friends of religion will not be for one to read a select portion of surprised at such a consequence, Sesiptore in the original languages, that those who attended the meetCHRIST. OBSERY, No. 156.

K

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