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hough the holy of bolies is opened pnblished: my. Dissertation, but have before the effusion of the vials, yet since procureds; and I wish the tic in chap. xv. ver. 8, it is empbatically mits of this paper would permit me, declarer, that "no man was able to to put you in possession of his reas enter into the temple (or holy of soning on the subject of the above holies) until the seven plagues of earthquake. Isball
, however, quote the seven angels were fulglled.”- a passage, wherein he gives the opi. Now this intimation, when connects nion of Aretbas, who, be it ob. ed with chap. vii. ver. 15, where it served, is supposed to have lived in was said that the palm-bearing mul- the sixth century, and consequently titude worship in the holy of holies, long after the time of Constantine. is to be understood as a declaration Vitringa, speaking of the opinion of by the Holy Spirit bimself, that we some, that the earthquake of the are not to look for the triumphant sixth seal, relates to the overthrow condition of the Churcb, signified by of the Jewish Policy by the Row the vision of the palm-bearers, until mans, which they supposed also to after the conclusion of the vials, i.e. bave been predicted by Christ in until the Millennium.
the 24th chapter of St. Matthew, . In reviewing my Dissertation, you affirms, that even if that exposition
have allowed some degree of weight of the prophecy in Matt. xxiv. be 'to the foregoing argument, by term-right (which he does not conceive ing it "an ingenious conjecure*.” to be certain), still it will by no I am not without hope that on con- means follow that the symbols of sidering it again, and what has now the sixth seal are not rather applicabeen advanced in aid of it, and also ble to some greater empire to be subthe great authorities by whom the verted in the same manner as the point to be proved by it is support. Jewish state was: and he then adds; ed, you will join me in thinking “Arethas, on considering this matthat it is perfectly conclusive in fix- ter after he had said that some ining the millennial sense of the vi- lerpreters refer these emblems to sion of the palm-bearing multitudet. the overthrow of the Jewish state, Considering this point, therefore, as excellently observes, • Though it be established, I proceed to reason from most true that these things were-se : it accordingly.
yet they shall be more completely fulThe last part of the sixth seal being filled at the coming of Antichrist, not thus exclusively appropriated to the in the quarter of Judea onty, but in Millennium, the former part of it, the whole world.' This he afterviz. the great earthquake, must ne- wards confirms by the symbols of cessarily relate to the final revolution the four winds which shall in that which iakes place at the fall of An- time concur to produce this great tichrist. On the authority of Vi- catastrophe in things*.” iringa, I shall add, that this was an The sixth seal is therefore to bez ancient exposition of the earthquake considered as wholly referrable to advanced by Victorinos, Andrew, the events of the last times: and it and Arethas. It is adopied by Vi- must follow that the usual applicatringa himself, whose work on the tion of the five priot seals to the Apocalypse I had not seen when I events which preceded the age of
Constantine is entirely erroneouis, . Christ. Observ, March 1814, p. 174. upless indeed we are to admit-a
t I have quoted the attbority of Mede, chasm of more than fourteen cemiyin aid of this conclusion To this I have to ries between the fifth seal and the add, that Daniel Iawenus, a foreign divine, sisih. But I presume that neither who wrote some severe strictures ou Medeis System of ynchronisms, to which Mede pub. * Vitringa Anacrisis Apocla psios, p. - 250. lisbed a reply, completely concurred with Amsterdam, edit. 1719. Tre ayrabol of the Mede in the identity of the vision of the fotir winds bere alluded to is dieglioued in palm-bearers with the New Jerusalemu state. Rev. sit. 1. Cumist, OnSert, No. 156,
you, Mr. Editor, nor any sober in the regions of uncreated light, and terpreter will plead for such an un, is as it were constrained to breathe due violation of the unity of time, the gross and tainted atmosphere of and that too in defence of a scheme this earth, and to imbibe the sordid of interpretation which, when it is and grovelling spirit of worldly ebnarrowly investigated, proves itself jects. After some remarks respecto to be utterly unworthy of our recep. ing the capacity and price of the tion.
chæpix of corn mentioned in this In reference to this scheme, let vision, the Bishop proceeds; “Best me ask you, sir, and your readers to whatever may be the capacity of the open the Apocalypse at chap. r. chænix, which is difficult to be deand to mark the deep and solemn termined as it was different in diffe. importance wbich is attached to the rent times and countries, yet such sealed book. It is first seen in the eare and such regulations about the hand of God the Father. The voice necessaries of life imply some want of a mighty angel is next beard and scarcity of them. Scarcity obproclaiming, Who is worthy to open ligeth men to exactness in the price the book? And no one was found and measure of things. In short, in heaven nor in earth worthy eren the intent of the prophecy is, that to look thereon. We behold pext corn should be provided for the peoan apostle weeping much at the ple, but it should be distributed in bitter dissppointment;—and when exact measure and proportion. This at length the Lamb approached, third period commenceth with Sepand took the book out of ihe hand timius Severus, who was an Empeof Him that liveth for ever and ror from the South, being a native ever, all heaven is filled with a of Africa. He was an enactor of rapturous burst of adoration and just and equal laws, and was very praise.--Observe again the solem- severe and implacable to offences. nity with which the seals are open- He would not suffer even petty lared; and, as if the Holy Spirit had cenies to go unpunished; as neither seen it meet to put most honour would Alexander Severus in the upon those very seals which have same period, who was a most severe been most unhallowed by the sys- judge against thieves, and was so tems of modern interpreters, the fond of the Christian maxim, 'Whatopening of each of the four first seals soever you would not have done to (not of the subsequent ones) is 30. you, do not you to another,' tbat lemnly announced to the Apostle, he commanded it to be engraved on and he is invited to come and be the palace, and on the public build. hold their contents by one of the ings. These two emperors were four, living creatures or cherubim also no less celebrated for procuring that are nearest to the throne of of corn and oil, and other provisions, God.
and for supplying the Romans with Having contemplated. these them after they had experienced mighty preparations, I ask you the want of them." next to turn to the pages of Bishop I will not, sir, enter into any reNewton, and you will there find, futation of the above exposition. that the first four seals are supposed in the present state of prophetical
not tant changes in the condition of its own confutation, as being totally the secular Roman Empire during unworthy of the Divine Prophecy the three first centuries !!! shall which it professes to illustraie. I select a passage from the Bishop's request you to read again the simple exposition of ille third seal, as a fit but elevated exposition of Archspecimen of the manner tu: which deacon Woodhouse, and to compare this Divine prophecy is brought it with that of the Bishop and Mede down from its sublime elevation in I shald oply, abserve further, that
it was not to reveal matters of an seals commencing not with the third earthly, but a beavenly nature, that (as is supposed in your Review *) the Apocalypse was given to the but perbaps strictly with the first t, Churcb.
and reaching to the Millennium. But I here foresee an objection. Though, therefore, the first part of It will be said that I myself ex- the seventh seal be prior to the sixth, pound the trumpets as having refe- yet, as a whole, it is not prior to but rence to the secular fortunes of the reaches to the same ultimate period Roman Empire, and that, therefore, as the sixtb. I cannot consistently object to a si. It may be expected that I should milar interpretation of the seals. I not close this paper without acknow have two answers to this:-The first ledging the errors into which I have is, that the symbols of the trumpets fallen in my volume on the Apoca? are entirely ditferent from those of lypse, in anticipating the course of the first four seals, and therefore events. I shall feel no hesitation in may fitly be supposed to relate to doing so on another occasion, but distinct objects. The second is, that the great length of this communicain the trumpets i.consider the great tion forbids my now entering on a nutations only of the Empire to be subject which would necessarily repredicted, and not these minor quire my going into some detail. I changes which Mede and Bishop shall, however, briefly state, that Newton suppose to be referrel lo my opinion respecting the actual in the seals.' And I consider these expiration of the 1260 years (which great mulations to be the subject of I conceive to be the most iniporiant prophecy only because of their con- conclusion in my work) remains une section with the fortunes of the changed, and that I consequently Church and the spiritual concerns still think we are in the midst of mankind. The Roman Empire, the last great earthquake which in short, is the subject of prophecy precedes the second Advent. Note as to its greater mutations, because, withstanding the late' unexpected while it exists (as it still does), it is overthrow of Bonaparte, 1 yet bethe last great enemy of the Church; lieve also with many of the ablest and when it is destroyed, it is 10' writers on prophecy, that the Roman make way for the triumphant reign Beast is finally to perish in Palesof the Messiah.
tine. But whether France or AusOne or two observations more, tria, or what other power will then and I shall conclude.--It bas been possess the supreme authority or objected to my scheme of interpre- headship of the empire can be de tation, that even if the principle of clared only by the event. retrocession be admitted (as it con- I shall close with a remark of a fessedly must be) to exist in the very golemn nature.
There are Apocalypse, yet it does not follow many texts of Scripture which seem chat this principle cat legitimately positively to predict that the apbe carried so far as to assign to any pearances of the last times shall be period of prophecy numericaliy pos- of such a kind as to loll even the terior to another, a place anterior WiseVirgins into a deceitful'slumber. to it; i. e. to give to the sevent May we, sir, be found warching. seal a place in time anterior to the with out loins girded and our lights third or fourth, or the fifth or sixth:I reply, that my scheme does not as
Christ. Observ. for Mareli,1814, p. 176.
+ The first event of the seventh semut is." sign to the seveath seal, as a whole, a place in time prior to any of the the prayers of the sainis
, offered by the An
gel on the golden allar of incense. Theso, preceding six. It merely supposes prayers inay be presumed to have began to the seventh seal to be a more de ascend even from the commencement of the taited history with many new facts first seal; and if so, the first and seventila of the whole period of the preceding Seals continence at the same' munent.
5 G 2
burning, that when our Lord shall land to which those of our friends come, be it at even, or at midnight, and relations who sleep in Jesus are or fat cock-crowing, or in the morn. now translated. Yes"; there is a ing, we may receive the invitation state in which this corruptible puts to enter wiib Him into the marriage on incorruption. This body, which supper!
is formed out of the dust, and is I am, &c.
doomed soon to return to the dust William CUNINGHAME. again; which is so liable to aches,
and pains, and decay; which is so
soon exhausted by fatigue, and FAMILY SERMOYS. No. LXXII. needs such a frequent recruit of rest
and sleep; which is composed of I Cor. xv. 54 57. So zuhen
such frail materials, that a slight this corruptible shall have put on
accident may materially injure it; incorruption, and this morial shall Inde pit on immorlulity, then shall taints 100 subtle to be perceived, and
which is liable to be affected by be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up life adheres to it, that the soul her
to become so corrupt, even while in Victory. O Death, where is thy self loathes the companion of her sting? 0 Grave, where is thy rictory? The sting of denth is sin, which in a short time we must
existence ;--this perishing form, and the strength of sin is the law; bury in the earth, and hide from : But thanks be to God, which giveth the sight of those to whom it was
us the victory, through our Lord the dearest object of affection, lest Jesus Christ.
they should be shocked by its disW& frail children of men, who, for gusting appearance :this corrupa few short and fleeting years, dwell tion shall put on incorruption. It in houses of clay, whose foundations shall put on a form of glory, a form are in the dost; we, who daily see clothed with lustre and brightness, around us our friends and acquaint- like that of light; a form free from ance sinking under pain and infir. infirmity, and languor, and pain, milies; who find ourselves, ere old not requiring to be refreshed by age comes upon us, deserted by frequent rest, or restored by the aris those who were the companions of of niedicine; not liable to be injor. our youth, and left solitary and de- ed, or to perish, but fitted by Alsolaie; who feel within our own mighty Power to continue in unabodies the symptoms of gradual de. bating vigour and perfection throughcay; who are daily expecting the out eternity. dissolution of this tabernacle of the This mortal, too, shall pot on in. flesh, either by its own natural mortality. This mortal body, which weakness or by the assault of some now is so subject to death, shall put of those diseases which ravage the on immortality. In the glorious world, or of those innumerable accie state above, there shall be no afflicidents by which the slender thread ing separation from friends dearer of life may be cut in a moment; - than life; no sudden call to relinquish we, I say, who are thus daily be employments and duties of the most holding the sad spectacle of human important nature, to quit all that mortality, and expecting our own we here delighted in, and to enter destruction, let us come and contem. ' upon an unknown state'; 'no painful plate the glory of another state; spectacle of those we love, stretched some bright beams of whịch pierce out as breathless corpses ; no-sutterthrough the gloom that surrounds "ing under the melancholy feelings this dark world, and shew us afar of exhausted nature, or the distressoff a land of light and blessedness, in ing apprehension of dissolution. which there is no decay, no corrup. This mortal shall put on inimor. Lion, no sorrow, and no death ;-- gality." Deadli shult-be swallowed
in victory. That destroyer, whose veys, the arguments on which it is strokes neither the wisdom aor the founded, are those of Christianity in force of man has been able to evade, general. It is what Christ has done shall himself be conquered and an- for the church at large, not what bibilated.
he did for the Apostle alone, which There are implanted in the breast was the cause of his exultation. of man, for wise .purposes, livo Let us, then, be impressed with the powerful principles; the love of same sentiments. Instead of dread. life, and the desire of happiness. ing death, and shuddering at tbe Now, if we always feel the influence view of the grave, let us triumph of these principles; if, wretched as over them both. We must all be this life often is, we still fondly cling brought, in the common course of to it; if we feel ourselves irresiste nature to a death-bed.
Let us ibly impelled to give up our ease, realize that scene to ourselves. and employ our whole time, and all Let us think when we are about to our talents in the pursuit of happi- leave all that is dear to us, how the pess; then let us reflect on the noble world will then appear in our view; and important subject which the what folly and vanity will be seen in text presents to our view. Behold those delights which we now so arLile! Life immortal! Endless hap- denily pursue. Let us think how se piness! Behold, a life and happiness riously those subjects will then affect fully able to satisfy the highest de- us, with which we can now care, sires of an immortal soul.
lessly amuse ourselves as mere On the other hand, edo we dread matters of speculation. the power of death, and sbudder to think how the elernal world will think that we cannot escape it? then strike' our minds; how awful Does it at once damp our enjoyment the dread tribunal of the judge of of the blessings which surround us, quick and dead; how soleman to to reflect, that in a short
meet our God, and to give an may be laid upon a bed of fatal account to him of our whole sickness, aud be torn from all the life. Let us think how many delights of our heart, and from our scenes of sin will then arise up to weeping friends? Then let us look our alarmed consciences, and how to the subject which the text sets often the soul will shrink back, before us. We there see, the Apo- loth to quit the body, and anxiously stie triumphing over death and the looking on every side for succour. grave. Oh death, he exclaims, Now, would we wish in that hour where is thy sting? Oh grave, to bave peace; would we wish even where is tby victory? Where, O to rejoice in holy triumph; to smile death, is there any thing in thee, at the prospect of death, and to wel. when seen in this view, which a dis- come his approach? And who would ciple of Christ should dread? Where, not? What better prayer can a fao grave, are thy spoils and tro- ther offer up for his children, in phies ? Thy prison-doors shall be the most affectionate warmth of his burst open, the shackles in which heart, than that they may die the thou didst hold thy captiyes bound, death of the righteous? What wish in appearance for ever, shall be can we form for ourselves, more taken off. Thy triumphs shall be truly important than that we may at an end. " Captivity shall be led triumph over death? Let us, then, captive."
attend to the reasoning of the ApoSuch is the elevated tone in which ștle. He shews bow we may attain the Apostle triumphis over death and this triumph. He enters into the the grave. But this language was calm consideration of the causes not peculiar to him as , an Apostie. which make death dreadful, and
It was spoken by him as a Chris; points out how we may gain delis ** fiale The seguiments which it con: rerance from them.