Page images
PDF
EPUB

the person

admirable distinctions laid down on cular confession. « C'est une des this subject, by the last-mentioned principales raisons qui a fait révolter author, will be prepared to acqui. contre l'Eglise une grande partie de esce in the more original and inge- l'Europe." How Aight, how easy nuous, but less wary and less cor- the task of auricular confession may Tect, remarks of Pascal. The truth become, how conveniently it may pis, that this great man was here be made not only an accompanisomewhat misled by the prejudices ment, but a cloak to the vilestirréof the school to which he was at- gularities, fully appears, from the tached, and, perhaps, also by a pre- account given of the practice of the possession arising from relative af. Jesuits, by Pascal himself, in the fection. The Jansenists believed, tenth of bis Provincial Letters. On that miracles were wrought-in favour the other hand, no fact surely in of their body, and one of these, and history can be better authenticated we believe the earliest of them, was than this, that the secession of half - an extraordinary care effected on Europe from the Romish Church,

of Pascal's own niece, by was far less owing to the rigidtouching, a relic preserved in the ness of the discipline of that church, Portroyal. What appears of the than to the laxity of her practice. case, does not seem to us to warrant 'Lastly, the superiority of the Prothe idea of any thing beyond one of testant practice Pascal himself elsethose extraordinary developements where candidly admits, where, in of the resuscitating powers of na. repelling from the Jansenists (the ture, with which medical men of charge of secret' Protestantism, great practice are, as we believe, which their enemies were fond of familiar. But we may, perhaps, alleging against them, he says that forgive a different opinion in Pascal they are Protestants only in their and the Jansenists. Nor let any reformed morals: “ ils ressemblent man ridicule this instance of human aux héretiques par la reformation credulity in those eminent charac- des mœurs. ters, until he shall have learned to Let it not be imagined that these rival them in their less common qua- reflections are suggested by any Jifications.

feeling of uncharitableness towards · If it should be thought that the a communion of Christians at våexceptionable parts which we have riance with our own. If we at all .presumed to point out in the opinions know our own hearts, such a suspior practice of our author, may partly cion would be extremely unjusi, be traced to his connection with the We are sensible of two very distinct, church of which he was a' tyember, though not incompatible, impresthis is an opinion to which we are sions, when we contemplate the not disinclined. Pascal's attach- Roman Catholic Church. One of - ment to that church, though malig, these arises in considering her nantly questioned by the Jesuiis, through the medium of those emi. was most sincere. In his Thoughts,” nent persons with whom it has

he - repeatedly professes his sub- pleased Providence to adorni her smjesion to its doctrines, and, on the sanctuary, and several of them even subjects of transubstantiation and in these latter days. When, for

the relics of saints, expresses senti- instance, we listen to the devout ments which we cannot believe that aspirations of Kempis* clasping, such a mind would ever have em. ttie foot of his Saviour's cross; when braced except on such authority.' we" catch he accents of charity ""? It is surprising to find him some that Now from the - Hips of Fenelon, one great cause of the i secession of assigned where statiog it as his opinion, that the We liere cork, De Imitatione the Reformed Churches, was the Christi,"

Whether it is itin -painfulness of the practice of auti trud orie, ? CE 3.9

C2

10

le

without detiding

Or witness the tears with which bephant arguments by which the Supplicates for his tluck, between : Fathers of the English Church vindithe porch and the altar 9 when", we cate the Reformation. It is, because osimbibe the solemn and saintly mo- . we can find im Scripture nothing sality of Nicole, breathing from his like a warrant, 110, not even the gloomy cell in the Portroyal. the semblance of it, for the claimed in. most heavenly lessons of purity, fallibity of the Romisb hierarchy, charity, self-denial, and devotion; which if denied, the whole fabric - when we hear the voice of Pascal, confessedly falls. It is, because we

now raised with authority, as if from regard it as a matter of plain bisMar's Hill, to proclaim the unknown tory, that the imposing ceremonies God, and now, in measures awful peculiar to the Romisin worship and piercing as the lamentations of principally arose from the ashes of a prophet, mourning over the mi- extingaished Paganism. Above all, sery of man; when we see and hear it is because the religion of Rome, all this, we say--we tremble to pro- not perhaps as held by those great npupçe an indiscriminate sentence and revered names above mentioned, against a community blessed, even but certainly, and inevitably, in its in its days of darkness, with such natural and popular effect -- appears burning lights, lest haply we should to us materially to disparage the be found to curse whom God hath dignity and majesty of our blessed pot cursed, and to defy, whom the Lord and only Saviour, Jesus Christ. Lord hath not defied.

» How, indeed, the eminent ChrisBut the great and serious concerns tians alluded to, could endure, with betweenu wao and his Maker, are unwounded feelings, the worship of not to be decided by mere autho- their own communion io ils popolar rilya. And tberefore, if, after all form, is to us a perfect mystery. this, we disclaim the Romish reli- Aoridst a host of subordinate mediagion,-if we. humbiy, but delibe- tors'; of mediators, in name subordirately acquiesce in a separation from nate, but who, in fact, occupy all that communion,if we even say, those emotions and exercises of hope, 40;my soul, come not into their fear, love, gratitude, and dependsecret; unto their assembly, mine ance, that constitute devotion; what honours be not thou united!”-it is casual observer would conceive, not because we sisike a numerical that He whom, through all this dazbalance between the holy, virtuous, zling magnificence of ceremonial, .and.venerable persons we have men- we so dimly discern or explore in tioned on the one hand; and the vain, was the only Mediator between sages, and, martyrs, and confessors God and- man? That he was the of Protestantism, on the other: it only begotten of the Father? That is not because we confront the noble he irod the wine-press alone, and of army of the Pascals, the De Sales's, the people there was none with him? the. Duvergers, the Aroaulds, the That he had a name written which Nicoles, the Sacies and the Fene no man knew but be himself. That lons, with our own Andrews's, Hook. be openeth and no man, shultech, ers, Hammonds, Ushers, Halls, Jew- and shuttelh and no man openeth? els, Beveridges, Leightons, Baxters, That he was burb the author and Wartses, Doddridges : but it is be the finisher of our faith, the Alpha cause, 10 our : humble judgment, and the Omega, the first and the exercised most candidly conscieplast, the beginning and the end ? ijously, and solemnly, the faith of Oh, who are these beatified mortals, Rome, appears to be a corruption, however radiant their crowns, or and, bes pretensions a fable. It is however honoured their names as because our reason, mistakenly, per- " brethren that bad the testimony haps, but most sincerely exerled, is of Jesus," who interfere with the Lifetly unable to resist the trium incommunicable attributes of intercession, mediation, and the hearing and the Alfreds, the: St. Bernards of prayer ? Who are these created and the St. Louis's, would have de

comforters that co-operate with the lighted to enjoy, and enjoyed not; * Unutterable inspirations of the Spirit and whether they had not reason to of grace; or what these human suf- fearlest,, on that day when numbers ferings and merits, that presume to shall come from the east and the mingle their efficacy with the blood west, and sit down in the kingdom of the everlasting covenant? of God, while the degenerate chil

The greatest allowances are, how- dren of the kingdom are thrust out, ever, to be made for those who have they may see the sincere disciples of been educated in a system thus a corrupt faith admitted to a beaticombining grievous corruption with tude from which they themselves

essential and invaluable truth. Be- shall be rejected as apostates.. tween such persons and those who The case of these persons, , We

are converts to the same system repeat, is not that of the Fenelons * from a purer creed, the distinction and Pascals. The great tie which is very material. He who has never bound Fenelon and Pascal to the known truth but as interwoven with papal church, was the Christian error, may very naturally confound priociple of submission and teachthem together in his perception, ablepess of mind. Fenelon espewhile his atfection is, in reality, cially, who, under very trying cirfaxed on trụth alone; but he who cumstances, memorably realized has been familiarised with truth in this principle in his own practice, all its purity, aod, who violates the recommends it to others with all his prejudices of habit to embrace error, peculiar unction of eloquence. He must evidently embrace it not for believed that. Protestautism, in its trulh's sake, but for its own. We very nature, argued a proud, critical, know, indeed, that conscientious and dogmatizing spirit, and that converts have been made from such a character was, in fact, geneProtestantism to Popery. The cir- rally discoverable in the writings of cumstances and the motives of such Protestaots. That the ideas of this conversions; the corrupt or imper- amiable and admirable man were

fect nature of the Protestantism that erroneous on both these points, - was relinquished; the seductive ta- both as to the tendency and as to ients, or attractive virtues of the the fact,--we are very decided in teacher who persuaded ;--these, and thinking, and should not despair, a thousand other congonitant parti.. if we had a fit occasion, of fully cuiars, may safely be reposed with proving. Deep submissiveness and Him who judges all things and chill-like docility, are as strictly add whose goodness is equal to his wis- imperatively duties' in the Protesdom. But man is not debarred from . tant as in the Cataolic system, 'whatusing remonstrance with a brother ever may be the diflerenice respecto whom he conceives to err; and, ing the objects to which thiese graces putting out of the question all the should be directed; and, on the peculiar circumstances of palliation other hand, 'whatever may some alluded to, we should be temptext, times be the case in the contró. “had we the opportunity, to wará vérsial writings of Protestants; (to such proselytes as we have sup- which, as we conjecture, the read. posed, that their case was deeply ing of Fenelon in this department serious. We should earnestly im- was confined), their hortatory and plore them to consider whether they devotional compositions enforce the were not trifling with a bigh privi duties in question as earnestly and lege couferred on them by Provi. as affectionately, though perhaps not dence;' whether they were not always as ably, as bis owir. trampling on means of grace whichThese observations we naké, admany prphets and kings, the Bedes visedly, indeed, but with a telut

A

tance strong even to pain. They der un don que toutes les eréatures ensemble have been wrung from us only by a sie peuvent n'accorder. Je n'aurois pas Is fear of the influence of error when hardiesse de vous adresser mes crís, si quel sheltered under such authorities as

qu' autre les pouvoit exaucer. Mais, mas Fenelon and Pascal; for we deeply Dieu, comme la conversion de mon coeur feel bow unworthy we are to offer passe tous les efforts de la nature, je ne puis

que je vous demande, est un ouvrage qui even the slightest censures on men m'adresser qu'à l'auteur et au mâitre toutwho appear to have made so emi• puissant de la nature et de mon cænr. nent a progress in the most exalted qui crierai-je, Seigneur, à qui aurai-je rê because the most sacred of all human cours, si ce n'est à vous? Tout ce qui n'est pursuits. Let that progress be 'a pas Dieu, ne peût pas remplir mon attente. subject of self-reproach, and a mo. C'est Dieu même que je demande et que je tive of exertion, to the professors of cherche; et c'est à vous seul, moon Dieu, que the Protestant faith; and let such, je m'adresse pour vous obtenit. Ourrez at the same time, feel themselves mon caur, Seigneur ; entrez dans cette confirmed in their principles, by la tiennent sujette. Entrez-y comme dans

place rebelle que les vices ont occupée. Ile finding that the distinguished cha- la maison du fort; mais liez auparavavt le racters on whom we have been de fort et puissant endemi qui la maitrise ; es scanting, whatever they might be in predez ensuite les trésors qui y sont. Seigtheir creed, were in the temper of neur, prenez mes affections que le monde "their hearts essentially Protestant. avoit volées ; vulez vous-même ce tresor, As one proof that this was the case ou plutôt reprenez-le, puisque c'est à vous with Pascal, and also as an appro- qu'il appartient, comme un tribut que je priate termination to the comments vous dois, puisque votre image 5 est eof the Christian Observer on the preinte. Vous d'y aviez formée, Seigneur, merits of that great man, we shall conde naissance; mais elle est toute effacée.

au moment de mon baptême, qui est wa see pow conclude with extracting some

L'idée du monde y est tellement gravée, que petitions from one of his prayers; la vôtre n'est plus connaissable. Vous seul petitions which, if offered up sin

avez pû créer inon âme: vous seal pou rez cerely, and through the merits of la créer de nouveau; vous seul avez pû y qur Redeemer, will never be offered former votre image : vous seal pourez la to up in vain.

'former, et y réimprimer votre portrait cffacé;

*c'est-à-dire, Jesus-Christ mon Sauveur, ona *?"« C'est pourquoi, mon Dieu, je m'adresse ê est votre image et le caractère de votre sabe vous, Dieu tout-puissant, pour vous demani.

stance."

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

[ocr errors][merged small]

1

on-l'Eglise delivrée, Poeme Epique, par Ls. GREAT BRITAIN.

cien Bonaparte ;-Charlemagne, translated PREPARING FOR PUBLICATIONS Essays into English Rhyme, by the Rev. Dr. $. on the Works of the British Poets, by Nir. Butler, and the Rev. F. French;-A second Cempbell;

-8 new and elaburale XIap vf 'Volume of Sermons, by the Rev, T. Kidd: Asia, by Mr. Arrowsmith;a work on Ma- The Lord of the Isles, a Poem, by Mr. Walšitime Geography by Caplain Tuckey, R.N.; ter Scott;--Nautical Astronomy by Nigtet, A History of Perşia, from the age of Cyrus illustrated by Lieut. W. E. Paris, R.N, 1 to 1810, by Sir John Malcolm ;-*. History of the Life of Melancthon, by the Rev. A. Preparations are making to fight many Macaulay ;-A Dictionary of Religious Opi- parts of London with gas. It is expected nions, by il Jones.

that the whole line of street, together with In the press : Sermons in 2 vols. 8vo. by many of the slops in that line, fron Westthe Rev. Dr. Wordswürib ;-Charlemagne, minster Abbey io St. Paul's, and thence to Shoreditch church will soon be thus lighted. The entire work will be in ten volumes folio, The cost of a shop lamp thus lighted will be and its cost will be 3001. 41. per annon.-Besides the original Com M. Lamoureux, an able naturalist, and an pany in Westminster, which has also a sta- eye-witness of the fall of stones at Agen, tion in Worship-street, an establishment for Sept. 5th, has transmitted the following relathe generation of gas has been opened in tion to the Institute, the general depôt of all Water-lane, Fleet-street. It may be used that is scientific and curious in France. "At at any distance to which there are pipes to eleven in the morning the sky was pure, convey it.

calm, and transparent, as it is almost always A Steam Packet Company has been form in the southern provinces, and as it s rarely ed in London, for establishing conveyalices is on our foggy banks of the Seine. On a by steam-boats on the River. Thames. It is sudden, in the northwest, appeared at a expected that, in the spring, boats of this great distance a dark cloud, with a very slow description will be seen passing between notion, and of apparently very circumLondon and Gravesend, London and King- scribed dimensions ; for at the great altitude sion, &c.

The great advantage of these at which it was, its diameter did not appear boats is their moving rapidly against both more than a few feet. Presently its motion wind and tide.

increased, the cloud rolled over itself with a A School of Physic has been established noise resembling that of a continual thunder. in Dublin, The Professors are for Anatomy, A terrible explosion took place; the noise Chemistry, Botany, Theory of Medicine, ceased; the cloud divided itself; at the same Practice of Medicine, and the Materia Me. instant che inhabitants of several comunes dica, Sir P, Dan has endowed a Clinical were struck with terror at seeing falling Hospital, where each Professor gives clinical around them stones of a very considerable lectures for six months in succession, and a size, making holes in the earth several inches medical library. A diploma granted after in depth. The Count de Villeneuve, Prethree years' study, equals an Edinburgh or fect of the Departinent, has collected several Glasgow diploma. A longer period is re- of them." M. Lamoureux has sent his bro. quired to equal those of Oxford and Cam. ther, who is very curious int such researches, bridge,

to the place, to obtain all the information lie FRANCE.

can procure. The stones collected at Agen

resemble those found at l'Aigle, Laudes, and The grand work on Egypt and Syria, be, other places ; but they are of a clearer grey, gun under Bonaparte, and of which two and a thinner consistency. If they came parts have been published, is to be finished from the moon, they must belong to a more under the sanction of the French Govern. refined manufacture than we have hitherto ment. The whole work will contain about seen.-M. Lamoureux proposes to deposit 1000 plates with corresponding letter-press. these beautiful specimens at the Iustitale.

THEOLOGY.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. .

A Catalogue of a Miscellaneous Colletion A Sermon at Lancaster, Aug. 25, 1814, at of Books, by Jas. Black, York-street, Covent the Primary Visitation; by T. D. Whitaker, Garden. 29. 6d. LL.D. F.S.A. 410. 2s.

The Second Part of the Catalogue of The Complete Works of the late Rev. T. Messrs. White, Cochrane, and Co. containRobinson, M. A. late Vicar of St. Mary, Lei- ing the Natural History, Auctores Classici cester, and fellow of Trinity College, Carti. et Theologici. 2s.6d. bridge; containing Scripture Characters, the The Post Roads in France for 1814, pubChristian System, Prophecies of the Nses- lished by authority. 18mo. &s, * siah; any of which may be had separate. 8 Relation Historique de leur Voyage aux vols. Byo. 41. 4s.

Régions Equinoxiales du Nouveau ContiA Candid and Impartial Inquiry into the nent, pendant les Années 1799-1804, par Present State of the Methodist Societies in MM. Hamholdt et Bonplando-Tone I. this Kingdom; wherein their Doctrines are Partie Is avec l'Atlas des Cartes Géografairly examined, their Discipline and Eco- phiques et Physiquestow pap. fin. 31. nomy investigated, real Excellencies in each pap. vel. 31. 125.2 displayed and vindicated. 8vo. 7s.6d. Dlemoirs of the Queen of Etruria, written MISCELLANEOUS.

by herself. To which is annexed, an av. Traveller's Guide through Scotland and thentic Narrative of the Seizure and Renjoval in Islands 2 vols, 12mo. 14,

of Pope Pius VII. on the 6th of July, 1809;

2

« PreviousContinue »