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on earth, during the thousand years Latin translations thereof in Walof the general prevalence of true ton's Polyglot; --yet no such omisseligion, than in two, or three, or sion as he has noticed is to be found more thousands of the preceding in the Latin translation of the Syyears ;, especially when, both at the rjac, It obtains only in the Latin creation and after the flood, a long translation of the Arabic. time niust have past before the The original meaning of avd patroeartb was replenished. Nor does it dotais ("they who steal the children seem to me improbable, that God in of freemen"), which, as the very those favoured days may render the learned Principal of Magdalen Hall earth vastly more fertile than it is informs us, is supported by the Copat this day --as Canaan was vastly to-Arabic Lectionary, and the Ara. more feriile, when given to Israel, bic New Testament of Erpeoius, than at present. So that the nun is found also in the Peshito-Syriac bers which may be saved during Version, as follows:
. the numbers, who have his like the
זלגנבי בני חארא
therlo gone the broad road; and witla saved infants, prevent a vast majority of those who perish; nay, And against those who steal the chilpossibly render the saved the majo
dren of free men.' rity. - These are my views, and hopes, and anticipations, rather than And perhaps may be inferred from my decided judgment ; which must the Coptic Version. The Latin be restrained to things expressly re- translation by Wilkins is " deceptovealed. If not, strictly speaking, ribus hominum, liberatoribus," against scriptural, they are not anti-scripc circumventers of men. deliderers ; turul; as many suppositions on this which latter word makes no sense, subject are. God is Love: and he and, as Wilkins remarks in the 36th does “all to the praise of the glory page of his preface, is to be found of bis grace.”
neither in the original'nor in any I am, yours, &c,
other version. On' referring to Thomas Scott. Croze's Lexicon, abridged by
Scholtz, and published by Woide,
I found in page 93, that his MS. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. read “refricebol, plagiarii," men-sical.
Holwell, 9 August, 1814. ers. So that I think it is probable, Permit me to insert in your valua. that some Coptic MSS. closely folble publication a few observations low the Greek, and that others give on the onission in the Arabic Bible, the meaning more fully like the Sye of the word " men-stealers," I Tim. riac;- to which latter class the MS. 1. 10, in addition to those already of Wilkins may be refet red on the made by your correspondents T. $. supposition of some error in the and the very learned Dr. Macbride.scribe, who has mistaken the sense. The omission, singular as it is, is Men-stealers were punished with neither noticed by Bp. Walton nor death by the Jewish law, see Exod. Griesbach. Mill has noticed the xxi. 16, and Deut. xxiv, 7. omission, but from an oversight has Whilst on the subject of orientat referred it to the Syriac (deest Syr.) literature I would remark, that the instead of 10 the Arabic. And ihis venerable Bishop of St. David's I think is certain from what he has might greatly facilitate and encou. written in the 162d page of his rage the study of the Arabic tanProlegomena, where he informs his guage, by reprinting Espenii Historeaders, that, in the collation of the ria Josephi, which is now dear, and Syriac, Persian, Arabic, and Ashio- very scarce. And its importance to pic versious, de 'has made use of the the Englisb stadenta woald greatly
be increased, if the Bishop's Alpha- But though the Psalmist thus discobet, with a concise Arabic grammar vered mych in bis ways which needin English, were to be inserted in- ed to be reformed, it was probably stead of the Alphabet of Erpenius; not the first time he had begun to if a literal English translation were seek after God and to serve him. to occupy tbe place of the interli. But aware that a close search, even neary Latin version; if Sales's tran- by the best of men, into their conslation
were to be used, instead of duct, its motives, principles, and the two others given by Erpegius; end, would discover to them much and if the substance of the notes of that was amiss, he had felt it bis Erpenius were clothed in an English duty to engage in this salutary work dress, with a few additions to ex- of self-examination. Now it is this plain words dificult to beginners. consciousness of defect which is the A Vocabulary, Arabic and English, very beginning of improvement. and the two Arabic Versions of the If a man be perfectly satisfied with original Hebrew-one by Saadias, hintself, or even if, knowing that the other published by Erpenius- there is much amiss in him, he is would render the work very com- nevertheless easy under that convicplete, and yet of no inconvenient tion, he seeros to be sbut out frorn size,
the hope of improvement. On the Your valuable correspondent Dr. contrary, the true servants of God, Macbride would much oblige many
like the Psalmist, are pained by the of your readers, if he would insert a sense of their sins, and are earnestly notice in your Literary Intelligence desirous of deliverance from them. of any Oriental works that may be They not only perceive that they publishing under his inspection, or bave done amiss, but they search if he would occasionally favour us into the causes of their misconduct; with the results of his researches in they consider how they may amend Biblical literature. The resident their ways, and are determined, by members of the University of Ox. God's help, to lura their feet unto ford, who wish to acquire a know- his testimonies. ledge of Arabic, cannot do better In making this determination, than attend his lectures, to the uti- however, we must be careful not to lity of which I can bear honourable do it in our own strength. Young testimony...
persons, who have little knowledge I am, Sir,
of themselves, are apt to be rash in Your obedient humble servant, forming resolutions, as if to resolve
J. N. C. were to perforn. Man is so corrupt a
çreature, that his very determination
to sin no more, seeros to savour of FAMILY SERMONS. No. LXX.
presumption, and at least' to argue Psalm çxis, 59., I thought on my great ignorance of his own heart,
ways, and turned my feet unto thy Our resolutions are to be made under testimonies. I made haste, and de- a deep consciousness of our own inalayed not to keep thy commandbility to fulfil them, unless as we are menis.
aided by Divine grace; rather as Two things are implied in these solemn declarations of what we are words; the Pealmist's determination bound to do, than as absolute proi 19 turn his feet unto God's testimo pises of wbat we will do ; rather as nies, and she readiness with which subjects for future prayer, than as he would execute his purpose.
engagements certainly to be fulfillo I The Psalmist had thought on ed. In the great work of reformahis ways, and had discovered many tion, we 'succeed just so far as we of them to be wrong, and he now implore and engage the help of determines, by, the grace of God, God. Not one evil habit can we to walk no longer as he had done. overcome without the power of the CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 154.
Spirit of Christ working in us. Bat loaded with wealth; were esteemed, the way in which Christ communic and loved, and admired by our cates his ail, is, by discovering to fellow-creatures, still, withoot the Us our sins, humbling us on -account favour of God we should be objects of them, and enabling us to strive of pity, poor miserable creatures. against them. To him then must But if we are the sons of God, adopt
ohr trope be directed who died to ed into his family, walking under lhe purify to himself a peculiar people guidance of his word and Spirit, then, zealous.of. good works; even to him, though destitute of every thing the who, seated in heaven, rules over the world can give, we shall be truly church, and sends thence to all bis blessed. true servants, the effectual aid of his Are we then resolved by the grace Spirit. If we trust to his power and of God 'to serve bim Can grace, we may, notwithstanding our adopt the sentiments of the Psalm
own natural weakness; confidently jist and say, "I will turn my feet to expect that we shall be made more thy testimonies?" --Let us proceed to than conquerors over every sin. trace out the duty which is implied For then we shall be clothed with in these words.' the whole armour of God; we shall « The testimonies of the Lord.” fight under his banner, and have him are very extensive. They relate to on our side ; and with such aid we every part of our conduct and conmay be assured of final victory. versation to all our actions, words,
But I proceed to explain the na. and thoughts. They point out our tute of the determination itself; “I duty, not only in public, but in pritorned my feet onto thy testimo. vate, when no eye but that of God is mies.!'. This implies, that the sta- upon us; our duty to God and man; tutes of God shall be henceforth the 10 our families, relatives, friends, Tale of our life, and that we will in and acquaintance to the stranger
all things conform to their injunc. and fatherless; the widow and ortions. Nothing, indeed, can be more phan'; vithe sick and distressed. reasonable than this. Has not the "They prescribe' 10'us 'the manageLord of heaven and earth a clear ment of our time, our money, our inright to direct his creatures, and to fluence, our authority. They folprescribe laws for their conduct? Is low us -into every state of life, as it not fit that we should be guided masters, and servants; as busbands, by his wisdom who is the wisest of and wives ; a's poor, and as rich. beings that we should follow his They extend to the deepest recesses instructions. who is the best and of the heart, and tell us what ought kindestof parents, and intends only to be found there; what our secret our good by all be enjoins? What wishes and desires must be, and motive besidesi can he have for what they must not be." In short, giving us ihis precepts? Our right there can be no moment, nor car we teousness extends not to him, nor be placed in any circumstances, in does he need duri services. He which they ought not to direct, concoulde at once create myriads of trout, and influence our conduct. creatures far superior to man in their · Now are we willing to be thus Saculties, who should serve him pera direcred and controuled? Shall we fectly and dove him supremnely...o not feel it a hardship to have our lilet us be persuaded of this, that it is berty thus abridged ? Can we, in the highest-glory and happiness of this view of the extent of the coniman to worship and obey God. Let mandment, 'tiot only say with the us impress bis truth on our minds, Psalmist, a sa The law of the Lord is that there is no truerwisdom, no perfetre i converting the soul; the lasting peace, no stal comfort tot in judgments of the Lord are true and keeping God's commandments."**Jf righteous aleogether;" but add with we were masters of all sciences were bim More to be desired are they
than gold, yea than much fine gold, more violent for being thwarted; so sweeter also than honey, and the ho- that it is with reason his life is Deycomb If this be the sincere termed a warfare, and he is exhort, language of our hearts, we may pro-ed to fight the good fight of faith. ceed with auvantage to a more par. And now, after this representas ticular consideration of the subject. tion, are we still, determined to turn
If we really resolve to turn our our feet to God's testimonies? Are feet to the testimonies of the Lord, we seriously resolved to live a new we must live a different kind of life life according to God's precepts, from the world around us. Our ob- taking our estimate of Christianity ject must not be merely to make not from the world, or even the our circumstances as comfortable as practice of persons reputed to be rewe can in the present life, but to ligious, but from the pure word of glorify our God, and to shew forth God? Are we regardless what this by our life and conversation, the may cost us? Can we encounter obpraises of him who bath called us loqay and shame, or worldly loss in out of darkness into his marvellous this pursuit ? If such be our resolulight. The world lieth in wicked. tion, may God hear our vows, and ness now, as in the days of St. John, give us his blessing! May be be and the servants of Christ must still with us, and strengthen and support be a peculiar people; they must be us, that we may not faint in our new creatures in Christ Jesus. We course, nor turn back must, therefore, not be vain, foolish, count of its difficulties !, May he frivolous, selfish, idle, lovers of plea- conduct us safely through every dansure, or worldly, like many around ger, and give us at length an abundU$o- We must sludy to spend our ant entrance into his kingdom of time profitably; to live to God, and glory! fulfil his, will in all we do ; and II. And to strengthen these holy to be contented in every station purposes, let us consider the necesWe must daily examine our hearts, sity of carrying them speedily into and try our conduct by the rules of effect, according to the Psalmist's the Gospel, labouring in all things to example: “I made haste, and deapprove ourselves to God, and to layed not to keep thy commandfollow the example of our Lord and ments," -If all who had good deSaviour,
sires and intentions were admitted Add to this, that if we truly turn into heaven, few would be excluded; our feet to God's testimonies, we but the turning point is not what must take up our cross and deny have been our desires and purposes, ourselvc3. Let us not imagine that but how these bave been fulfilled. the Christian life is a life, of ease. And in this it is highly important Far from it. A Christian is one who that we admit no delay; as I shall declares war against affections and now proceed to show, by several passions the dearest to man. He is considerations. 10. mortify the pride of bis heart, 1. Our good desires, if not carried which is ever seeking self-exaltation; ipto immediate effect, are apt to the conceit of his talents or import. grow languid and fail. Now, per ance; bis enyy of others; the an- haps, we may be deeply impressed ger, which is apt to rise on any fans with a sense of our past sins; our cied, provocation, the love of ease, miuds are disentangled from the which is continually craving indul world, and in a serious frames gence, and templing us to decline Every thing, therefore, is now: fax the active discharge of present duty. vourablego But soon we shall have He wages war against himself and lost our present feelings, they can against the world, and many and not be expected to remain always: severe are bis conflicts His evil indeed, it is a law of our naturer tempers will rise up, and will be the that impressions dade on the mind
636 Family Sermons. - No. LXX. On Psalm exix. 59. i [Oer.
the door and knock">P'stand in a 2. But besides this, we cannht be lowly waiting posture, praying for certain that another opportunity of bilmittance ; "If any man heat my repentance will be allowed us. May voice, and open the door, will not this be the last time we shall be come in to hiin,' and sup with him, thus addressed? Life is too short to and he aith' nie." What blessings admit of trifling, and is uncertainty await those who open their hearts at too great to justify a moment's de. the call of Christ, and receive him! lay. We may loiter, but live will By all these blessings, let us be perspeed its flight. Satan will not be suaded no longer to trifle. Now is inactive in carrying on his work; his love offered to us, but soon it and God will not be tripled with. 'will be offered no more. ? ii. We can all remember many of our It remains with us now, seriously friends and acquaintance as young, to lay these things to heart. - Asas strong, as healiny, as ourselves, sured that we can be happy only in
grave. the and
ep God's riches, they will want no really good commandments!
thing. What though they should 3. Another reason for not delay: be deprived of their dearest friends,
and thoughtless, who have never fengräbe, which' is able to build you up