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contrary to the law of " loving our ture intimates: “ The ploughing of neighbour as ourselves ?." Yet sla- the wicked is sin,” Prov. xxi. 4 ; very subsisted, even among Chris. doubtless, because it is done from tians: and not only were some selfish and worldly motives, and in Christians slaves, but some even an ungodly manner. " To them possessed slaves. The apostles that are defiled and unbelieving, is taught both these classes their seve. nothing pure; but even their miad ral duties; which being carefully and conscience is defiled,” Tit. i. 15. attended to, the worst effects of the The sacred writers did not, howsystem would be counteracted. But ever, enter any strong protest against so far from openly protesting against the corrupt motives of those who slavery, and its attendant evils in cultivated the earth : nor did they the world at large, they did not refuse to partake of its fruits, “ ask. even require or exhort Christian ing no questions for conscience masters to liberate their slaves : and sake :" yet, surely, they were not yet, I trust, we shall not venture to in this * partakers of other men's say, that they sanctioned all the sins.” Ministers and Christians, in evils of slavery and the traffic for their private capacity, cannot pos. slaves, and were partakers of the sibly influence the great mass of guilt. Had they been legislators or mankind: and, without some special senators in a country, like Britain, call, or prospect of good, it is best professing Christianity, and possess to avoid what must give great uming liberty ; they would doubtless brage to no purpose.
The same bave done what their instructions protest against emulation, as emhave excited Christian senators and ployed in educating young persons, legislators most honourably to at- which might be made, in the opinion tempt, and in part to accomplish in of many, against the Lancasterian our land, and which, doubtless, the method of teaching, would, in great same principles will still lead them degree at least, involve under conperseveringly to pursue to 'destruc- demnation all our public schools tion. But they were ministers of and seminaries of learning, and all religion : " the weapons of their methods used to train up men to warfare” did not admit the attempt eminence in the army and navy, of altering the laws and constitutions or as physicians and lawyers, or in of the kingdoms of this world; and the senate ; nay, I fear in the church where success could not be expect- itself; for the name of Christian ed, vehement protests on the sub- does not at all change the character ject would only have rendered of those who bear it. Christian slaves discontented; have We may think, yea, prove, that prejudiced most fatally masters “ the ploughing of the wicked is against the Gospel; and have exas. sin ;” but we cannot communicate perated the rulers of the world to our views to the bulk of mankiod. inore determined and violent per- We may maintain, yea, demonstrate secution. This suffices to shew, from Scripture, that emulation of that circumstances of various kinds outstripping others is a corrupt are to be considered in what we principle; but we attempt; and that we should not vince men in general that it is so ; impede the practicable good which and by too eagerly and violently atwe aim at, by useless, injurious, and tempting it, we may prevent the unseasonable endeavours at those good which otherwise we might do. improvements which to us are evi I am not competent to say, how dently impracticable, and beyond far the Lancasterian plan of teachour line of action.
ing more encourages this corrupt Wrong motives may render sinful, emulation than other plans do ; I even things most lawful and needful mean, plans where all coucerned in themselves; and this the Scripare not actuated by genuine Chris
can never con
tian motives. Were I called to parent, who asks my opinion of edu. take an active part in such schools cation: You know the general as are formed on this mode, or any principle of schools and colleges : similar to it, I should more care we cannot alter it; and if we could, fully consider the subject than I unless all concerned became true have been hitherto led to do, and Christians, we should effect no good; endeavour to counteract the ten, but " yet shew I you a more excel.
ency; but I do not think that I lent way: Give as little encoushould enter anyprotest against them. ragement as possible to the emula
It is absolutely necessary, that tion of outstripping others, and vastly more corn should be grown endeavour to repress it; and teach than can be raised by truly pious your children, that they ought to husbandmen; and is it not equally be diligent, and endeavour to make necessary, that far more children progress in useful knowledge, beshould be taught to read, and even cause it is their duty to God, and trained up in learning, han can, in in order that they may be qualified the present state of things, be taught to fill up their station in society in from genuine Christian motives? a suitable manner, to the glory of Alas! in far the greatest part of God and the good of men? Surely Christendom, both ihe teachers and this must be allowed to be an unex. those to be taught are almost ceptionable plan for a Christian equally strangers to them: but is parent or counsellor; and I believe the world to be starved, because all, who have fairly tried it, will “the ploughing of the wicked is a concur with me in saying, that sin?” Is it to sink into barbarous much more, very much more, may ignorance, because the teaching in be effected in this way than is almost all places is connected with generally supposed. But he who emulation? Must no Christian cone thinks himself bound to oppose and tribute to a Sunday school, or a protest against every thing which charity school, or a Lancasterian falls below it, among men in general, school, because of this? On the "must needs go out of the world.” other hand, must he acknowledge
(To be continued.) it as a right principle; and ex. pressly sanction, and adopt, and recommend it? I fear that I cannot Pothe Editor of the Christian Observer. wholly exclude emulation in teaching four or five children; but must The Catholic Journal offered to they, therefore, not be taught? Or the notice of your readers by a cormay I not say to my children or respondent, in your February Numpupils, You ought to apply to your ber, p. 93) continues to be publish: studies, and to labouraster proficiency ed; and appears to have obtained in them; not in order to surpass high credit with such persons as others, and from vain desire of have adopted the sentiments of the honour from man, but that you Catholic Board in Dublin ; particumay acquire a talent with which Jarly with their accredited agent, you may glorify God and do good Bishop Milner, who has supplied to mankind? May I not say, The the editor with numerous papers, emulation of outstripping others can authenticated by his own signature: hardly keep clear of vainglory, and in this he has been followed by and is nearly related to envy, and Mr. Gandolphy, Mr. Haydock, and often produces very bad effects on other members of their community: both the successful and unsuccess Without interfering with the politiful: you should therefore watch cal measures of the Catholics, as and pray against it; and aim at discussed in their magazine, 1 beg real, noi comparative, excellence? leave to lay before you the followMay I not say this to a Christian ing specimens of correspondence on
the subject of the British and for them. It would have been more to Teign Bible Society, without note or the purpose, however, if the cham. comment,
pions of the Bible Society, instead I am, Sir, &c.
of empty boasts and magnificent A PROTESTANT. prophecies, had condescended to
point out to us one single nation “ Would not, Mr. Editor, some converted to Christianity by the discunning financier do well, if he took tribution of Bibles, or, in more moadvantage of this rage for Bibles, dern times, one single individual and laid a smart tax upon the read. who solely by reading the Bible ing of it; permitting none to read was changed from an infidel lo a it without first taking out a licence? Christian. This they cannot do; And why not tax this, as well as hence it is but reasonable to conother nostrums? Or might it not elude, that their display of the wonserve as a commutation for the win- ders to be wrought by the Bibledow tax? For' if they are deter. distributing scheme in the convermined, that the light of heaven sion of mankind, is mere frothy shall be obscured by so many con.
assertion.-I must confess, I am not tradictory doctrines, we might at very sanguine in my expectations of least have a little more terrestrial a miracle from the Bible Society, light, to illuminate our darkness.” never having witnessed any thing (Vol. II. p. 58).-" The Bible-distri- from them approximating to the mibuting scheme ......is then a mere raculous, except their success in human invention; consequently, drawing money from the pockets of the merit or demerit of this scheme, so many well-meaning men, for the its utility or inutility, as to the ob- support of a plan so directly in opject which it professes to have in position to observation, experience, view, may easily be learnt by and common-sense, as is the Bibleweighing it in the scales of human distributing scheme. -Let the Bible. prudence. It would, indeed, be distributing scheme be adopted in its neither rashness nor presumption... full extent, and at no great distance ...to dismiss this scheme as a dea of time the blessed fruits of the Refor. lusive phantom, and pronounce its mation will be brought to complete speedy dissolution in air. For, if maturity......each self-interpreting the Bible-distributing scheme be individual will be a sect within not the method appointed by Christ himself; the Bible itself, in consefor propagating his doctrines, but a quence of the absurdities and extraplan engendered in the conceit and vagancies fathered upon it, will no fostered by the pride of man and longer command respect; Christiadopted by human folly, as prefer- anity will, among the followers of able to the system formed for the this scheme, be nothing but a name, diffusion of Christianity by the wis- and infidelity will pour in full tide dom of ils Divine Founder, it re over this land of Bibles. But the quires no great depth of penetration true church, which has in every age to foresee that such a scheme will preserved with so much care the return no other fruit to its inventors sacred deposit of the Divine Word, but disappointment. If in the pre- will continue not only to deliver to sent deluge of infidelity and moral her children the letter of this word, corruption, which overflows this land but unfold to them the hidden treaof Bibles, the Bible Society can sures of its sublime doctrines and find any cause for triumph or any moral precepts, and, in unity of encouragement to go on with the faith and purity of morals, will reap glorious work, I envy them not their the plenteous harvest of her glorious wreath of fame, nor wish to deprive exertions.” (pp. 60-62).-" The them of one atom of the merit to features of the Bible Society, though which their scheme may entitle heightened by all the charms of the
splendid dress in which they have a want of confidence in the Ali been decked out, to such cold hearts mighly may have rendered insensias yours and mine appear to have ble to the spiritual wants of their proved unattractive. Stripped of forlorn little ones; but I am confi. their meretricious ornaments, they dent there is hardly a Catholic can hardly excite any sentiments but family among the poor, the most those of disgust and contempl.-I ignorant of whom would not be able have clearly shewn, that the distri to instruct in the true principle of bution of Bibles was not the plan the Christian Religion those same instituted by Christ for the propa. Bible distributors, whose only spigation of Christianity..... that the ritual learning seems confined to a coalition between the Established few texts of the Protestant Bible; Church and its dissenring offspring, and yet these men (with an arro. is a convincing proof of the tottero gance never excelled) would lead ing state of the former; and that, our little innocents from the pious in forming a society for distribnting care of their spiritual instructors Bibles, the Church of England has (their clergy) to drag them to such signed its death-warrant, unless, at dens of hypocrisy as those the the same time that it puts a Bible subject of my letter.” (pp. 184, into the hands of self-interpreting 185.)-The extract which follows readers, it will furnish each of them is from Bishop Milner himself.-with a pair of Church-of-England “ The present Bible-men are the spectacles, to enable him to see the first associated Protestants who Thirty-nine Articles in the Sacred have acted up to their principles, Volume. I might add, that, if each and who can with truth proclaim, one is to teach himself the ductrines with the Socinian Chillingworth, of Christianity, ministers of religion The Bible, the Bible alune, is the sum will become an almost useless branch of our faith. What though this of society. I would therefore sug- rule leads those who adopt it into an gest to the Bible-men, in order to endless variety of contradictory render their work complete, to give opinions;......yet as this diversity of the Book, when they distribute it, a sentiments is the unavoidable connew title, viz. Every Man his own sequence of the fundamental prinParson.” (pp. 140-142.)—" It is ciple of the Reformation, so called, amusing to reflect on the self-im- it must either be borne with by the portance and idiotism of these Bible consistent Protestant, or he must distributors and fanatics! Do they trace back his steps to the living really believe, by such paltry and speaking tribunal of the Catholic silly artifices, to subvert our divine Church, whose authority in expoundreligion, which has for eighteen cen- ing the Word of God can alone turies shone amidst the dark clouds of unite men in the same uniform ben bigotry, superstition, and malice ? - liei.” (p. 135.) Vain men! how fucile are their expectations! how dangerous to them. ** The Hunin from the Roman selves their ambition! This Bible. Breviary, inseried in the Christian distribution scheme, like a midnight Observer for June (p. 315), is transvision, has fired their imaginations to Jated in the “ Orthodox Journal" a pitch of absolute frenzy.- No; for March 1814. they may succeed in prevailing on a few individuals, whom poverty and * The St. Giles's Ca:holic Schools,
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS,
An Address to the Rev. Eustace Carey, ibis Address, that he will follow the
certain observations contained in Jan. 19, 1814, on his Designation as a Christian Missionary to India. example of bis distinguished relaBy ROBERT Hall, M. A. 8vo.
tive. A few years must terminate pp. 49. London: Button and Son. the labours of that good man, and
call him to his reward: happy will Many circumstances conspire to be his closing days, if he shall perrender this Address peculiariy inte- ceive that his house, like himself, is resting. The destination of the determined to serve the Lord, and to Missionary, the name which he praise his name among the Genbears, and the acknowledged emic tiles. nence of the person selected to We have assuined that the Mis. deliver the charge, are well calcu. sionary addressed in these pages is lated to excite the attention of all of the Baptist persuasion; but there who take any concern in the ad. is nothing in ihe Address itself of vancement of religion abroad, and an exclusive character. Mr. Hall has possess any knowledge of what is far higher objects than to promote great and distinguished at home, the views of a party: he aims at the Upon the labours of the Baptist extension of real religion; and, Missionaries in the East there is little whatever may be his own peculiar need for us to enlarge. They have opinions on subjects of inferior consiborne an honourable testimony for deration, he urges upon the Missionthe faith of Jesus, and their words ary the promulgation of those truths have been successful: many poor which are of vital importance. By and ignoranı idolaters have curned these alone can the spirit of Chrisfrom dead works to serve the living tianity be diffused, and its benefits God,and the light of Revelation is by imparted. their means arising upon multitudes, Mr. Hall commences his Address who were unable to come to the by stating three qualifications essenlight. Difficulties and discourage- tial for a missionary. The first is, a nients appear to have had little efect decided predilection for the office. but to apimate their zeal and to Without entering minutely into awaken their vigilance: they have the circumstances which contribute obtained a reward, which perhaps to that predilection, he considers it they never expected, the praise of as indispensable. Whoever engages men: the tongue of calumny has to preach the Gospel to heathen been silenced. May they so con- nations, should be influenced by an tinue to labour as to obtain the ardent desire to be employed as a praise of God!
messenger among them. And his We are not sorry to see other la- resolution is to be maturely formed : bourers entering into the same ex little account is to be made of a tensive field; and it is with much sudden impulse, or of a decision pleasure that we read upon the title- founded in ignorance: it is necessary page of this pamphlet the name of to be apprised of the danger, and to Carey. In what degree he is re count the cost. Jated to the father of the Baptist, The second qualification is that Missions we know not: he is men. of self-devotement.--Mr. Hall justtioned as of the same family; and ly observes, that without a degree we hope, and are persuaded, from of this spirit it is impossible ever to