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copies of the Scriptures, on returning to their make the way of God known upon earth, and native country, and they have manifested, his saving health among all nations." on acquiring them, the most lively emotions Simulated by these considerations, and of gratitude and joy. Nor have the British encouraged by the success with which the Prisoners of War in France been forgotten: good pleasure of God has crowned the exer. a considerable supply of Bibles and Testa- tions of the Society, let it pursue the course ments was furnished for their use; and the which He appears to have marked ODI,
and gift has been acknowledged, with due ex. continue the dispensation of the Word of pressions of thankfulness.
Life “lo every nation, and kindred, and Among other works printing by the so tongue, and people." In the prosecution of ciety, are the Book of Psalms and the Go a work so con enial with the spirit of his spels of St Matthew and St. John, in the own Revelation, the British and Foreign Ethiopic, and the New Testament in the Bible Socieis may confidently expect the Syriac. The letter of these works is pro- blessing of God. In proportion as it adceeding under the able and judicious su vances to the completion of its object, it will perintendance of the Rev. Dr. Bucha- approach ibat desired and predicted con.
summation, when a loud voice shall be heard The Committee express their sense of the from Heaven, saying, "Behold, ile iaber. loss sustained in the course of the last year nacle of God is with men, and he will dwell .by the deatlo of Mr. Granville Sharp, the with them, and they shall be liis people, and honoured individual who presided at ihe God hiuseli shall be with them, and be their Meeting at wbicb the Society was formed, God: and God shall wipe away all tears and the earliest und largest benefactor to its from their eyes; and there shall be no more Library.
death, neither sorrow, nor crying; heiher The Committee close their Report with shall there be any more puiu: For the former enforcing er themselves, and the Members wings are passed away." of the Society, the obligation of unleigned gratiude in God, and of augmented energy
£. in prosecuting, to the greatest possible extent, Toial net Receipts, exclusive the sacred object of their Association.
of Sales; of which the sun The seed from which this plant has sprung, of 53,4131. 8s, was contriwas sown in a season apparently little fa. buied by Auxiliary Sucieties 62,441 8 10 vourable to its growth and fertility: but, Received by Sales, the major nourished by the secret influences of Hea part of which was for Biules veu, it has, arisen and tourished anidst and Testaments purchased storms and convulsions; extending ins loaded by Bible Associations .... 24,774 17 ii boughs to the ends of the earıh, and offering the blessings of shade and refreshment to
87,216 6 9 the weary and afflicted ot every nation under Total net Payments, of which heaven. It is still putting forth fresh shoots 60,890L. 15. 8d. was for Biin almost every direction, and proclaiming.
bles and Testaments in the to all who are hungering and thirsting after Languages of the United righteousness, "Fear nol"-" For the tree Kingdom.....
84,652 1 5 beareth her fruit."
The storms have now ceased to rage ; the Amount by which the Year's convulsions are no longer felt; judgment has Receipts hafcexceeded the given way to mercy; and the long night of Payments
2,564, 5 discord and calamily, in wbich Europe and the civilized world have been enveloped, appears to be passing into a glorious day of The Society is under engagements, which order, and peace, and social concord. will chietly fall to be paid in the course of
The Committee entertain a sanguine hope, the current year (1814) for Bibles and Testathat this improvement will augment both the ments to supply Auxiliary Societies, and facilities and the resources of the Institution, for general purposes, and, sundry Foreign and enable it to advance more rapidly in Money Grants, amounting together to about the execution of ils sacred design, " to 28,6001.
Some account of the Hibernian Auxiliary Church Missionary Society, and of the Sunday Schools in Antiguo, with a variety of other Religious Intelligence; we are under this necessity of postponing.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
We recur to the subject of the Slave contracted. According to the clear Trade. And bere we will begin and universal and indispensable rules with stating, that, after having beard which the Scriptures prescribe lo from the lips of the different speak. individuals and to states resperting ers in Parliament every syllable human duty, they are, 10 my apa which has been urged in explanation prehension, stipulations which no of that article in the Treaty of Peace country ought at any time 10 have on which we commented so largely admitted, or to have ranfied. To in our last Number; after having have deliberately sanctioned an arcandidly weighed all the considera- ticle, opening with a broad avowal tions presented to our minds in pri- that the slave trade is contrary 10 vate, and having enjoyed the bene- justice, and forthwith ending with fit of another month's deliberation; an authoritative permission of the we remain of the same opinion which practice; to have deliberately sancwe formerly expressed-namely, tioned the recommencement of the that the stipulation in question is slave trade, by gratuitously presentmost disastrous to Africa, and ing to France, without requiring, as disgraceful to Europe. Let us hear a condition, the immediate and peron this point the sentiments of an petual abolition of the traffic, various individual, whom no one will suspect colonies in the West Indies, and on of being hurried away by a false the continent of America; to have zeal, or of tending the sanction of deliberately surrendered afresh to his respected name to exaggerated civil war and misery and barbarism, views and statements. The Rev. by the unconditional restoration of Mr. Gisborne has just published a the French seulements in Africa, sermon, preached on the day ap- fifteen hundred miles of the coast; pointed for a general thanksgiving, where the slave trade is now extin which is marked by his usual abi- guished, and a lawful commerce in lity, and by his known attachment native productions is established and to the general policy pursued by his advancing; and to have restored Majesty's Ministers during the last these settlements, with the full cona twenty years. To that sermon, sciousness that it was for the purpose however, he has deemed it his duty of renewing the slave trade that to attach the following note, which they were desired :--these are among expresses distinctly, the feelings of the proceedings for which we are our own mind.
standing responsible before God; " In addressing my parishioners proceedings deliberately adopted by from the pulpit, I thought it, on the us in the very moment in which we whole, most advisable to confine were receiving from Him blessings myself to general instructions dedu- of unexampled magnitude, and were cible from past events, or suggested standing forward to Europe as the by our present prospects. But in vindicators of her liberty.' To sanclaying before the public a discourse tion the slave trade for five years, in referring to the peace, I should act order to obtain a promise that it in direct opposition to my con- shall then be renounced ; a promise, science, if I forbore to express, in the performance of which is left 10 distinct terms, not only my, deep the hazard of aumerous contingenconcern caused by the stipulations cies, and is inevitably to be opposed in the definitive treaty which bear by the embarkation of new capita! upon that traffic, bui my convic. and the formation of new interests in tion also of the guilt, which, by re- the traffic, is a measure equally ime cognizing them, Great Britain bas politic and immora). To permit a
man to form babits of wickedness, In adding to this extract some and to become deeply implicated in observations on the arguments which them as to profit, is not to promote we bave heard urged in favour of the renunciation of them. To au- this article in the Treaty, we beg to thorise iniquity with a view to its be understood as not having the fulure extinction, is to dare, in the remotest intention of censuring face of the word of God, to do evil any individuel. Our wish is to that good may come. That France consider the matter as it stands, would seriously have preferred to without any personal reference whatpersist in the war, rather than to receive from us the gift of colonies, 1. We are first asked, whether we for which she had not a single acre would dictate to France about her to restore to us in return, under the internal policy? And some of those condition of the immediate abolition who have condemned most veheof the slave trade, is a supposition mently the article in question, are repugnant to all ordinary principles reminded of their uniform reprobaof action and of rationality. But is tion of the principle of internal inthat supposition, if moulded into the terference with foreign powers. But shape of an argument, any defence can there be a greater abuse of of the treaty? When, were the language, than to call our refusal to argument valid, would the slave sanction the revival of the French trade be abolished ? To acquiesce on slave trade an interference with the that ground in the continuance of internal policy of France? With as the traffic, would be, in other words, much reason might we be told that to say to France: · Menace us, five to restrain or to regulate the French years hence, with war, if we require fisheries on the banks of Newfound. you to fulfil your promise; and the land would be such an interference. slave trade is yours.' How incon. What is it that we are supposed to siderately do we judge, if we deem requires That France should adopt that war is necessarily the greatest a particular form of government, or of national calamities, and peace the place a particular individual at the first of national blessings! What is head of that government? No such war compared with the Divine in- thing: merely that France should dignation? What is peace compared stipulate no longer to pillage unofwith the continuance of the Divine fending Africa of her inhabitants;--a favour? That we have acted aright in country also in whose favour we sanctioning iniquity towards Africa, had already procured similar stipulaif thus we obtain for ourselves better tions from other independent states, terms elsewhere, would surely be an - from Denmark, from Sweden, argument 100 outrageous to reason and even from Portugal. Indeed, as well as to religion to maintain if we looked no higher than to the itself during one moment of reflec- consideration of our pecuniary inlion. Let us rejoice and be thankful, terests, we had a right to require that the British Government has that a practice should not be revived pledged itself to commence new ne- by France which would speedily gociations with France on the sub- extinguish our own commercial inject; and also to employ, at the tercourse with Africa. Many of our ensuing congress, its whole influence readers will remember what a flame with the European powers for the was kindled in this country by ceruniversal extinction of this unchris- tain measures on the part of Spain, tian commerce. Let us unite in which seemed to affect some petty prayers to that Being, who has the trade for peltry which had been hearts of all men at his disposal, that opened at Nooika Sound... The the exertions of duty may be crowned dreadful note of warlike preparation with success."
was heard from one end of the king
dom to the other. Yet now the attachráents. With at least equal attempt to preserve to ourselves our reason might this stipulation bave fair share of the trade of a whole been objected to, both as an intercontinent, putting other conside- ference with the internal policy of sations out of view, is to be charac- different states, and as an eaforceterized as a dictation to France en ment of a moral obligation. And the subject of her internal policy. yet would any man have been sa
2. Unfort unately, perhaps, for the tisfied with the negociators, had present question, the commercial they not insisted upon this as an part of it, ihough transcending in im- indispensable part of the treaty? portance the value of a trade to Wirhout it we should have been Nootka Sound twenty times told, is told, and justly lold, that we bad so merged in the higher interests basely and inconsiderately sacriwhich it involves, as to be forgotten . ficed the happiness and the lives even by those whose minds are perhaps of thousands. Africans, chietly affected by commercial pro- however, and the descendants of fit or loss. Hence it is that we are Africans, (we here allude to Hayti,) asked, “Would you continue the are unhappily out of the pale of the war for the purpose of imposing a European commonwealth. They used moral obligation-uf dictating moral to have no existence in the eye of the duties to France? Would you pro. practised politician and diplomatist, pagate your own views of morality but in the character of goods and with the sword, or at the point of chattels, articles of trade, or imple. the bayonet ?" We reply, Certainly ments of husbandry. They are not. We do not require France to parties to no public convention. adopt, voless she likes them, our They are not within the purview of views either of religion or morality. international law. They are not But we do require, that' at the wanted to fix the balance of moment we are opening to France power. But let the kings of the a share in the commerce of the earth remember, that there is One universe, while we are lavishly re- higher than the very bighest among storing to her large and valuable them, who does not participate in possessions, she should agree with their feelings of scorn towards the us uot to revisit the unoffending ine wretched African, and whose venhabitants of Africa with “ the great geance for deliberate robbery and est practical evil which has ever wrong towards the creatures of his cursed mankind;" she should agree hand, and the children of his care, to abstain from carrying war and will not be averted either by a dila desolation over a fourth part of the ference in complexion, or by arbiGlobe; from poisoning all the trary lines of political demarcation. sources of domestic and social en 8. But it is further asked, "Would joyment, and diffusing crime and you have maintained these high misery, throughout a continent. But principles at all hazards? The this is not all. The present, and Allies would not have stood by indeed almost every, treaty contains you had you remained infexible. precedents to justify all for which would you have dissolved the conwe contend. How oftea are solemo federacy, and sacrificed the peace guarantees required, and given, of and happiness of Europe to your the rights and immunities of parti- ill-timed obstinacy?"-And yet we cular nations ! But what are civil are told, by the very highest autho rights and privileges in comparison rily, that ihe Emperors of Austria with those involved in the present and Russia, and the Kings of France guestion? Even in this very treaty and Prussia, are decidedly hostile to it is mutually agreed between the the continuance of the slave trade, contracting parties, that no indivi- Of the sentiments of two of these dual shall be prosecuted, `or molest. monarchs we can speak with confie ed, on account of his past political dence. The Emperor of Russia and CHRIST, OBSERV. No, 151.
the King of Prussia are decidedly to the conflagration and blood, of a hostile to the slave trade; and we new slave trade. - will venture to affirm, without fear 5. But then it is argued, that "supof contradiction, that neither of . posing we had succeeded in comthem has considered our negocia. pelling France to subscribe an article tors as exacting too much in favour of renouncing the slave trade, abso· Africa, or as unreasonably pertina- lutely and for ever, she would have : cious in asserting the claims of out- felt herself to be, and would have raged humanity and justice in that been regarded by others, as a disquarter. But, independently of this, .graced and degraded nation."- But the argument is unsupported by the why shonld France be more disslightest shadow of proof, and in- graced by such a stipulation than deed was put only bypothetically by Denmark, or Sweden, or Holland ? the speakers in Parliament who de. Who would have known, excepting fended the Treaty.
the negociators of the treaty, that 4. But “ France would not have there had been any unwillingness submitted to such a condition: she on the part of France to renounce would have preferred a continuance what she admitted to be repugnant of the war to the renunciation of the to natural justice? In the eyes of slave trade."--But does any invidi. the world at large, Louis XVIII. dual really attribute validity to this would have had the glory of volunargument? Does any man" believe tarily relinquishing this nefarious that the King of France, who, it is commerce ; 'of distinguishing, the affirmed, is himself hostile to the commencement of his new and auslave trade, would have made its 'spicious reign, by one of the most revival the sine qua non of peace splendid acts which hadever adorned „ with this country ;-that with Paris, the crown of any monarch. Dis
indeed with the whole of France, in graced and degraded! What disgrace the military possession of the allied and degradation could have equalled forces, he would have persisted in those which have been incurred by refusing this humane and equitable the article as it now stands ? Forced concession? Does any man really to acknowledge the radical injustice believe that France, crippled in her of the very practice he avows his resources, exhausted of men and intention of continuing for five treasure, with a monarch scarcely years! Could any thing be more yet replaced on his throne and to humiliating, than io declare, in the whom a season of tranquillity was face of the world, that the trade absolutely essential, with popula- which he was resolved to revive tion exceedingly impatient of the and retain for five years, was farther continuance of foreign troops a violation of all law, both divine among them ;--that France, thus sic and human--a violation of natural tuated, would have prolonged the justice i We rejoice that this declapegociations even for a day on this ration has been made, and for this single point, bad we been firm and reason, among others, that it supplies unbending in maintaining the cause an answer to the argument founded of humanity and justice? Still less on the inexpediency of degrading will it be believed, that, with her France. Had any one been stuwounds still fresh; bleeding at every dious of degrading that country, pore, and bound and fettered as she could he have done it more effecwas; she would have again onsheathed lually than by obtaining her reproher sword, and renewed, under every bation of a practice as morally wrong, disadvantage, a contest in which, in which she nevertheless avows her while still erect and entire, she had purpose of largely engaging? Had been so completely foiled, merely he been anxious to shed a ray of because Great Britain refused to true glory around her, could he have abandon Africa to all the horrors--to done it more effectually, than by the universal pillage and devastation, exhibiting her to the world rem