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A valedictory Address delivered at a Forms for the ready Calculation of the General Meeting of the Society for pro- Longitude; with the Tables published by moting Christian Knowledge, on Tuesday. Joseph de Mendoza Rius, Esq. F. R. S. May 17, 1814; by George Henry, Lord Polio, 4s. Bishop of Cliester, 1o Thomas Fanshaw, Letters to the Duke of Kent, on the Elli. Lord Bishop of Calcutta, previous to his

cacy of equable and artificial Temperature Departure for Jodia; logether with his in the Treatment of Consumption ; by Reply. 15.

Thomas Sutton, MI. D. 2s. Twenty Remedies against the Fear of Thoughts on various charitable and other Death ; by J. Wilkinson. 8vo. 1s. Institutions, and on the best Mode of con

Two Discuurses, delivered in George's ducting them : to_which is subjoined, an Meeting-house, Exeter, on the 171h and Address to the females of the Rising 2415 of April, 1814; by Lant Carpenter, Generation ; by Catharine Cappe. 3s. LL. D. 18. od.

A Survey of the Road from Calais to

Paris; by L. Hebert, Geographer, and G. An Account of the Grubber; an Instra. Dupont, Engineer. Svo. 9s. ment recently introduced into East Lothian, À Picture of Paris; being a complete for pulverising the Ground, and diminishing Guide to all the public Buildings, Places of the Expense of Cultivation; by John Shira Amusement, and Curiosities, in that Ne. reff. 15. od.

tropolis ; acrompanied with six different History of Ireland, from the earliest Pe Routes from the Coast to Paris; by Louis riod to the present Time; by Stephen Bar Tronchet. 6% low, A. M. 2 vols. 8vo. 1l. 1s.

Leiters on India; by Maria Graham. A Literary History of the Middle Ages; With nine Etchings, and a Map of the comprehending an Account of the State of North of India. 8vo. 14s. Learning, from the Close of the Reign of A Voyage to the Isle of Elba; translated Augustus 10 its Revival in the 15th Ceniury; from the French of M. Arsenne Thiebault de by the Rev. Joseph Berington. 410. 21. 2s. Berncaud. 8vo.



THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING Christ, and to declare tlie glad tidings of

CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. salvation to all mankind. A Saviour had Tus Annual Report of this Suciety * for the brought life and immortality to light. The year 1813 is now before us, and it strikingly grand aim, therefore, of every rational being, manifests the beneficial effects of the in. was no longer a perishable, but an ererlastcreased exertions which it has lately made. ing reward---not time, but eternity. Her:ce, The Report is preceded by a Sermon education, as the great means to this end, preached by the Right Rev. the Lord Bi. becalue of a more exalted and spiritual nashop of Chester, on the Sd of June, 1813; Lure; ils object was to make known unto being the time of the Yearly Meeting of man the purposes of his creation, to commuthe Children educated in the Charity picate a kuowledge of the will of the Diost Schools in and about the cities of London High; that knowledge night lead to prac. and Westminster. The learned prelate, after tice, and at length procure for him a glorious pointing out the advantages attendant on inheritance, cternal in the lieavens. the acquisition of general knowledge, even “ We are too apt to overlook or undera as this life is concerned, proceeds to enlarge value the importance of this instruction, beon the higher benefits of a Christian educa cause the full effects of it are not instantly tion. The following passage deserves a and wholly perceived. But the awful more lasting record ihan our ephemeral page truths of religion have seldor, if ever, been can give it :

duly inculcated on the mind of south, with. " When in the fulness of time it pleased out producing the most beneficial result, if the Almiglity to reveal his Son, the Christian not immediately, yet at some future period Tcacher was called upon to discharge a su of life. The precept nay for a time be forperior duty, to preach the Gospel of Jesus gotten; the passions may break through all

restraints, whilst reason and conscience slum* Both the General Account and the ber or sleep. The voice of religion, liowever, Annual Reports of this Society may now though overpowered, is not often entirely siWe purchased by any persons who are not lenced, but is heard at some favourable sermerpbers,

son, in the hour of stillness and repose, and

before the day of repentance is finally the Lord? On the contrary, who, but for passed. The seed, to all appearance dead, the hopes and consolations of religion, wonld may yet produce a most abundant harvest. contentedly submit to hardships, privativn,

" One of the main advantages which and toil? Banish the idea of God out of the arises from the education of the poor, is the world, and the whole system is disorganized; ability which it confers upon them to employ acknowledge his superintending Providence, their leisure hours in a profitable and in- and all things work together for good unto proving manner. Iuternuissions of labour all men. knd them for the most part listless and un. “ If we wish to produce the full effects of occupied. To avoid this oppressive tedium a religious education, the materials must be and languor, they are tempted to the re- prepared and the foundation laid, at a much ceptacles of slothi or sin, where property is earlier period than they commonly are. wasted, where health is undermined, and Much evil is occasioned, and much good where bad habits are acquired and con- neglected to be done, before the generality firmed. Now had the same persons been

are at all aware of it. None but those who able to employ their vacant 'hours in use

have watched the dawn of the human unful reading, had early instruction opened derstanding are sensible, how early and how to them the Bible, the temptations of idleness deep impressions may be made. Children might ruot have been felt at all, or, if felt, reason not only better, but souner, than is might hare been resisted and overcome. generally supposed. The work, therefore, “ of the blessed effects which even a

if it is to be done to the best advantage, casual pera sal of the Word of God may pro

must be begun betimes. From an ignorance duce, we have a memorable instance upon or neglect of this truth, all fulure endeavours record, in the life and conversion of the are frequently unavailing. Parents, therecelebrated St. Augustine. He who was af- fore, and preceptors, cannot too strongly be terwards one of the most illustrious fathers reminded, that the education of children of the Church, liad been in his earlier years should commence almost from their birth. notoriously dissolute and abandoned. His The years of infancy are the most important, attention, however, and feelings, were sud- but the most neglected period of their lives. denly arrested by an awakening passage, These form the heart, and stamp the chiawhich met his eye upon opening a page of racter of the future man. And should the the Sacred Volume. The impression thus engagements and the cares of life devolve excited, was durable, daily grew stronger, the parental charge upon another, yet surely and at length wrought in him a deliverance the greatest caution and consideration are, from the captivity of sin. The same means required, more than I fear are generally, may, in orber cases, produce the same bestowed, in ascertaining the habits and effect. The CONSFQUENCES TO BE EX- opinions of those persons to whom chile

FROM EVERY POOR MAN'S POS dren are entrusted, and from whose sentiSESSING HIS BIPLE ARE INFINITE,- OF A

ments and principles they naturally imbibe VALUE BEYOND ALL CÁLCULATION.

their own.

And here we cannot but express " There is scarcely any plan, however ex

a wish, that an increased attention to the cellent, against which objections may not be morals of youth may be shewn, in our pubraised, and it has been urged against this lic schouls, and seminaries of learning. A general instruction of the poor, that it dis knowledge of the ancient languages and the qualities them from executing, as they ought, acquisition of human science, both are and, the inferior but necessary offices of life. ought to be among the prominent objects of What! can we conceive a situation, however these excellent institutions. But let them humble, the duties of which will be less not stund first in view. An elucidation of willingly performert, in consequence of that the Scriptures, and the inculcation of moral small and limited degree of knowledge, principles are entitled to a far higher con. which these institutions impare? Is there sideration, to the principal share of our any agricultural or mechanical employment, time and thought. Let not this opinion, is there any domestic or servile occupation, bowever, either give offence, or be misunwhich the poorest will discharge with less derstood. I mean not to affirm, that no fidelity and skill, because the charitable anxiety at all is shewn to the concerns of have laught him to read and write? Will religion; neither do I think that they are. they be less faithful, because they know the less regarded at the present, than at any pregrounds of their obligation? Will they beceding period; but what I believe and, less satisfied, because they have learnt that assert, is, that a greater degree of attention their lot and the whole disposing of it are of is still called for in some cases, and that too


much can hardly be bestowed in any. For Prayer Buoks, School Books, and fracts, at the end is worthy of the means, an ob- the discretion of the Committee. ject which will always repay the utmost On the subject of education, the Society care and zeal. Too long has our youth been congratulates the public on the progress educated for the world, let us now strive to which has been made, and is making in the educate them for God."

establishment of schools in all parts of the We now proceed to the Report. From kingdom for the education of children of the this we find, that the constitution of the lower order of the community, especially Society has undergone some material im through the agency of the National Society, provements since the date of the preceding most of whose schools are supplied with Report. The necessary benefaction of sub- books by the Society for promoting Chris. seribing members at admission had then tian Knowledge. In future, it is intended heen reduced from not less than two to specify the schools which derive aid from pounds to not less than one guinea. Now, this Society. In the mean time, mention is however, all parochial clergymen with small made of a report from the Deanery of incomes are admi-sible, without the payment Hedingham, of 30 parishes, in which schools of any benefaction at adnuission, on claiming containing 2300 scholars are regularly sop, the benefit of the rule to that effect; and plied with books through the Society; and this benefit is extended retrospectively to all of another report of the state of the Sunday such clerical members admitted since Christ- Schools at Manchester and Salford, belong. mas, 1812, as choose to avail theinselves of ing in the Established Church, by which it it. Besides this, under the name of Corre. appears, that 7000 children are there in spouding Members, clergy men, 10 whom a constant habits of religious instruction. subscription might be inconvenient, may be The Memorial of the late Dr. John on admitted to the privileges of the Society Indian Civilization has turned the attention without either benefaction or subscription. of the Society to the promotion of schools in In consequence of these new regulations, the East Indies, and a gratuity of 501. has and the exertions of Diocesan and District been voted in aid of that desigu; (we Committees, thirty of which had been added should have been better pleased, had the to the Society's list in the year 1813; the volc been 10001, a year;) and an offer is number of subscribing members, which at made of duly appropriating to the same the end of the year 1810 was 3560, at the object, the special benefactions of benevolent end of the year 1813 was 7689. To secure individuals. The Society also recommends a supply, at once effectual and permanent, this matter to the attention of its Missionaries of the holy Scriptures, the Book of Common and friends in India ; and professes its Prayer, and the Society's Tracts, the farther readiness to co-operate in any judicious expedient of a periodical parochial collec measure for furthering so desirable an end. tion is strongly recommended, and the uni. The books issued by the Society, from versal adoption by the several Committees April 9, 1812 to April 9, 1813, were as of a day of Anniversary Meeting, 10 be follows:-sold to members, for 13,8241. 2s. 8d,, holden at some principal place within the the cost to the society being 22,6161. 1s. 4d.; fimits of their respective operations; when 19,880 Bibles, 43,671 New Testaments and schools receiving books throogh the Society, Psallers, 45,730 Common Prayers, 41,913 may be brought together in the cathedral, other bound books, and 426,713 small or other principal church in the district, Tracts. Given gratuitously; 2118 Bibles, after the manner of the yearly meet- 7082 New Testaments and Psalters, 2931 ings at St. Paul's of the London Charity Common Prayers, 616 other bound books, Schools.

and 4083 small tracts. Issued for the ser. of the parochial and general Cullections, vice of the Navy, and paid for by the Lords one third is required to be paid to the so- of the Admiralty; 1916 Bibles, 6975 New ciety iu aid of its general designs : for the Testaments and Psalters, 2800 Common remaining two thirds, books are allowed at Prayers, 742 o her bound books, 4033 small the reduced prices of the Society, which are Tracts. A farther impression of 2500 copies so low, that the parishes will still be gainers of the Welsh Bible has been printed from by the arrangement, to the extent of up- the Society's stereotype plates, and an wards of 25 per cent.

edition of the Welsh Common Prayer Book for facilitating the supply of all parts has also been completed, to be bad bound of the kingdom, depôts of books have been by members at 2s. 4d. each.

A large formed by many of the committees, con- number of copies of the Arabic Bible stil sisting of Bibles, New Testaments, Common remain in the Society's Store-room to be

He was

disposed of, when proper opportunities great alarm as to what would become of his occur. And in addition to several English Missiou." Mr. Pohle writes from Trichin. Tracts placed on the Society's list, 30). were apoly in the same strain. “ The support of granted to promote an impression of the the Mission," he states, “ was attended with German Lutheran Catechism for the use of great difficulties, especially as their customary poor Germans in this country.

receipts from Germany liad failed.” “ I Measures have been taken to secure a look up to the Lord," lie observes," for help.' more extensive circulation of the Society's The bad examples of Christians, he describes Tracts, with a view to counteract the per as doing unspeakable mischief. nicious influence of methodistica', impure, or faithfully aided in his labours by four inflammatory pamphlets; and to render the native catechists and two alive school. distribution more efficacions, a Committee masters. The members of the Tamul Conhas been appointed 10 revise the Society's gregation were abuut 320; of the PortuTracts before they are reprinted ; lo report guese, 137. to the Board the expedicucy of reprinting The Danish Missionaries at Tranquebar them at all; and to " recommend such siate, that 5000 copies of the Tamalian New corrections, additions, or other alterations, Testament were about to be printed at the as may appear to them to be requisite*.” Calcutta Press* ; and “ they bless God that

We now come to the Eası- India Missions various nations, in their different languages, of this Society. Of the appointment of the are now likely to be blessed with the holy Rev. Mr. Jacobi as one of its Missionaries; Scriptures.” Srine account is then given of of Dr. Middleton's able Charge, and Mr. Dr. John's schools (which we largely noticed Jacobi's Reply, we have already given an in our last volume), containing 550 children, ample account in the volume of last year, which had been assisted by the Kev. Mr. p. 673. He took his departure for India in Thompson at Madras, and Colonel Mulesthe month of April, 1813. The accounts worth of Jaffna. Dr. John had baplized from abroad are neither so copious, nor so eighteen heathens and five Roman Catholics. interesting as they have usually been. Mr. The East-India fund received an iinportant Pæzold, the Missionary at Vepers, had aid, by a generous donation of 6001. from an visited a variety of places, and had bap- anonymous benefactress. tized 34 individuals, of whom eleven were The receipts of the Society, in 1813, adults. Mr. Holsberg, from Cuddalore, amounted to nearly 32,000l; and its paystates, that some of the families were living ments to about 30,7501. as becane Christians; while others had been

BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE overcome by their weakness, but, he trusted,

SOCIETY. had seen and repented of their sins. He

The following is the substance of the speaks very favourably of a native catechist, Tenth Annual Report of this Society. who was attached to his Mission; and

1. EUROPE. complains of the generally declining state of In GERMANY, the different Bible Socie. the Mission from waut of funds t. Ite ties exhibit, notwithstanding the miseries external circumstances being very narrow, occasioned by war, solid proofs of a decp and he had endeavoured to uphold it with what growing interest in the object of the Society. little of his own he could spare; but bim. That at Berlin has coiopleted a second self being in narrow circumstances also, and

edition of the Boliemian Bible, of 5,000 having no office from Government, nor any copies, and it finds at this time a more freassistance from Germany, he was under quent inquiry than formerly among the poor

after the German Scriplares. The CominitWe confess ourselves to be a litule

tee has aided this Society with 1500 dollars. alarmed at the extensive range of the labours

A Wirtemberg Bible Institution has been of this Committee. Is it intended that all

established, under the patronage of the King corrections, additions, or other alteratious of Wirteinberg, and with a direct appoint. proposed by the Committee, and sancioned

meni to provide for the Protestant population by the Board, of whatever hind they are, inay of the kingdom. The Committee, anxious be introduced into traets originally written

to encourage this Institution, added 1 their by Beveridge, Woodward, Kenn, Tillotson,

former donation of 2001, a further donation Stonehouse, &c. ? How very slight to the

of 3001. The Institution has already an eye may be the alteration which shall

cdition of 10,000 Bibles, and 2,000 extra make these tracts, no longer speak the sen Testaments in the course of printing. timents of their anthors on vital subjects!

+ Why should this complaint be repeated This edition has been printed at the year after year in vain? Why, indeed, Missionary Press at Serampure by the Calshould it exist at all?

culla Auxiliary Bible Suciety.

Various other sums have been voted, in ply of the Scriptures for the use of the Greene the course of the year, to promote the circa. landers. Mr. Henderson had procured 300 lation of the Scriptures in Germany. copies of the Greenlandish New Testament;

" Though the Committee does not stand and had encouraged the circulation of the officially connected with the Catholic Bible Scriptures in Borusholm and Norway. Society at Ratisbon, they consider it both a Sweden has made considerable progress duty and a pleasure to state, that this zealous in providing for the dissemination of the and benevolent Society proceeds with great holy Scriptures, chiefly through the zealous spirit in printing the German Testament, and prudent exertions of the Rev. Dr. which mcets with so rapid a sale, that the Brunnmark, who, when proceeding on a Society can scarcely keep pace with the visit to his native country, charged himself 3 cager and constantly-increasing demands." with powers from the Comuoittee to encoy.

Io SwitZERLAND, the German Bible rage the formation of Bible Societies, by Society at Básle bas not furnished an accoont grants and promises of further aid. "Three of its operations; but there is reason for be. new Bible Societies have been established lieving, that its exertions have not relaxed. in Sweden, viz. the Gothenburg, Westeras,

The Bible Institution at Zurich, has pro- and Gothland Societies, patronized by the ceeded with diligence and success. The Bishops of those dioceses: the second con. Conmiitee learning that this Society, by prehends the provinces of Westmania and the purchase of Bibles, and printing an

Dalecarlia. To each of these new Societics edition of the Newl'estainent, bad exhausted the Committee has granted a donation. iis resources, and that it earnestly desired to The Evangelical Society in Strekhalm has, proceed to print an impression of the whole in the last year, printed 5,000 copies of the Bible, granted the additional sum of 2501., New Testament, and 2,000 Bibles; of these, to promote this important work.

843 Bibles, and 2,047 Testaments, have In addition to the Zurich Bible Institu. been distributed gratis; the joy of the poor tion, and the Bible Committees at Schauff.

on receiving them was very great. The hausen, and at Chur, a similar Commitiee Committee has given 2001. in further aid of bas been formed at St. Gall, by the exertions this Society. Copics of the Society's Reof a merchant, venerable boih by age and ports, and of certain of the Society's editions piety.

of the holy Scriptures, have been presented “ I wisli," says this venerable correspon

to the Public Libraries at Gothenburg, dent*, " to work while it is called to-day, Wisby, and Westeras. — The Committee take being now in my 74th year, and feeling leave of Sweden, in the words of the Bishop desirous to render myself useful iņ ny day and other Patrons of the Gothenburg Bible and generation. Our Lord well deserves Society: “We are at a distance from each that all ile powers of our body and soul be other, as to the earthily spot we inhabit; but entirely consecrated to him."

our joys, our views, our hopes, in this In DENMARK, the Fuelineu Society coul

blessed work are the same." tinues its exertions, and has even sent copies

In the RUSSIAN EMPIRE, the Bible Son of the Scriptures into Norway, Holstein, and ciety at Abo in Finland, is pursuing ils Jutlaud.

useful labours with zeal and activity.The Rev. Mr. Henderson, who obtained The Finnish New Testament, on standing pernission from his Danislı Alajesty to types, is in a course of printing. The joy reside at Copenhagen, to superintend the

of the Finlanders, in the prospect of being printing of the Icelandic Bible, has come

furnished with the Holy Scriptures, is very pleted that work; and is now preparing to

great; and so liberal have they been, in the depart for Iceland, to superintend its distrie midst of their poverty, that their subscrip bution, and form connexions for carrying on

tions have more than tripled what was eie the plans of the Society.

pected by the most sanguine. In the mean The Committee authorised Mr. Henderson time, the 2001. voted by the Coinnittee, to to expend the sum of 501. in the purchase of supply the poor Swedes in Finland with coBibles and Testaments, for distribution among pies of the Scriptures, have been employed the poor in Denwark, and 10 purchase a sup menced, and las rejoiced the bearls of

for that purpose : the distribution has com

many. * In the course of three years this venera Early in last June, the Rev. Ms. Paterble man, whose name is Steinman, has distri son undertook a journey through the probuted 9,600 Testaments, and 800 Bibles, vinces of Courland, Livonia, and Esthonia, chiefly to the poor, and lias sent 3,000 florins Mr. Paterson, among many other things, to the Bible Society at Basle.

discovered, that in the district of Dorpat in

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