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have taken for certain, if not the ferent ministers are somewhat dif. right, the wrong way, and to have ferent on this point. The bent of passed an interval “ long enough to some, and those eminent and distingive the final decisive bent and guished preachers, seems to be rasway to their thoughts and disposi- ther that of addressing " the elect sion;" we doubt whether the Dean people of God” as the class for does not limit both the operations whom more especially, if not excluof the human mind, and also of sively, the word of this salvation Divine Grace upon it, beyond the was sent, and who alone have, or proper bearing of the case. 'The can have, an ear to listen to its inquestion put by the Prophet was, structions. Our notion, we confess, * How long halt ye between two strongly is, that the Word of God opinions?” intimating, that it may is directed to man, as man, that is, be very long; and that no limits, as a corrupt fallen creature, to shorter than life itself, can be set whom, even in proportion to his coreither to the indecisive reasonings ruption and his “ wretchlessness of of men, or to the patient long.suf unclean living,” all its provisions, fering of God. If Agrippa was and the endless store of its warnings, hardened in a day, which, indeed, examples, precepts, doctrines, prowe have not a sufficient warrant in mises and threatenings, are adapted. Scripture to assert, still Felix, who We conceive that the representahad before trembled on the same tions of the Gospel truly made, in judgment-seat, sent frequently for all their just proportions, are exactly Paul, during the space of two that which is most suited to the years, and conimuned with him. cure of our corrupt nature; the We cannot tell how often in that wedge just calculated, when driven time he may have trembled again, home by Divine Grace, to penetrate nay, have been “ almost persuaded the hardest heart. Consequently, to be a Christian."

it is always our most earnest desire In this, however, as in most other to see that wedge set point blank, points, we are willing to defer to and “ with arguments of weight the highly respectable and judicious urged home" upon the most obauthor of these sermons. As a fur- durate and stiffnecked. And, to ther proof, however, of our opinion change the comparison, the contrary of his candour, perhaps, also, of conduct has always seemed to us our own unseemly disposition to take as absurd as it would in the physiadvantage of it, we shall beg per- cian, possessed of a panacea for mission to make one or two other every disease of human nature, to free observations upon these compo- plead his conviction that only cersitions as they lie before us.

tain persons are intended for the The general style of doctrine ex- benefit, as a reason for passing by hibited in them, we cannot but in the a very large proportion of the most highest degree commend, as strictly diseased and plague-stricken of his conformable to our own views of charge, and applying his care and his Christian truth. We should be medicine almost exclusively to those most sorry to think it possible that who already give symptoms of imthere should be actually two opi- provement and convalescence. nions amongst the successors of that This is a wide subject. We cannot in great Teacher who was “the friend a short space do justice to our own of publicans and sinners,” as to views, or to the importance of the whether those out of the pale of question. We shall, therefore,only add, Christ's flock, considered as yet unre that the plan of the Dean of Wells, as generate and unconverted, should far as we may consider it to bedevebe addressed at all, or not, by the loped in these sermoss, has our most Christian pastor.

Yet we cannot cordial and decided approbation. but apprehend that the views of dif We could wish, alter his example, lo

see, we speak boldly perhaps, the quired such a love of order in the largesl portion of every sermon ap- distribution of the subject matter of propriated to the largest portion, a sermon intended for popular inconfessedly the ignorant and care-struction, that we can scarcely set less, of the audience. We could our important imprimatur of absowish to see in this regard, as well as lute perfection upon any which we in every other, no respect of persons, see deficieat in this respect. The in the prosessed followers of an im- difference, we own, with us, both in partial Saviour, the children of that reading, and more especially in beavenly Parent who maketh the bearing, a well and an indiffersun to shine alike on the evil and the ently arranged discourse, is no less good, and who sendeth rain on the than that of remembering by far just and the unjust.". The Dean the larger part of it, or of really bears in the front and forehead of remenbering liule or none at all. his preaching this most animating We are greedy enough to wish to and inspiring of all principles ; "I carry much away from the spiritual would that not only thou, but also all feast of the Gospel; and that houses that hear me this day, were not only holder who reduces his large and almost, but allogether such as I am.” substantial mass into the most easy Even io the hardened and confess. and portable form not only for preedly almost hopeless Agrippa he sent use, but for honest theft, we would you refuse the personal and think most considerate, most hospihearty appeal, “ King Agrippa, be. table, and on the whole most likely lievest thou the prophets? I kuow to nourish his hungry and but occaibat thou believest."

sional guests. Not that we should That this mode of constant, ear. therefore recommend them to be nest, and well-digested address to

upon dry bones;" very far the different classes of ungodly from it. But while we wish the hearers, has no tendency to diminish several parts of the sermon to be the effect, or lower the standard, of well filled out, and to abound with the purest evangelical doctrine, the the richest as well as the most dimost cursory view even of these versified matter, we still covet “the specimens will convince us. On fair form and just proportion" of this subject we have only to con- each part as making up one regular gratulate the world, and, more than and consistent whole. We desire all, himself, on the deep and funda. lo sce the several members and mental sense of the power and sections of the composition to stand grace of the all-sufficient Saviour, out in just relief, and to bear a which pervades the whole structure definite and decent relation to all of doctrine adopted by the Dean of the rest. An unbroken, though Wells.

smooth and rotund, mass does not of the clear and measured style satisfy us, although we are told of of these sercions we have already a concealed method within the skin. dealt out our humble dole of coni Neither do we think that any but mendation. But may we here be a lucid, transparent, and visible, permitted to suggest, whether, arrangement, at least in this species notwithstanding the general correct. of composition, in general either ness of the style, (excepting some portends or conveys the “ bene few individual slips, through haste provisam rem.” or inadvertence), there is not, in Now on this point we do not their general plan and construction, mean to bring any heavy charge of something which may be considered delinquency against our valuable as faulty, and in ihat same pro. preacher. "Perhaps we use this dise portion, as it generally happens, in- course, somewhai vojustly, as a efficient.

stalking horse to our observations, We confess that we have ac. At least, to tell the hvaest trulb,

we are somewhat betrayed into sphere in which they are to be exthem by what can scarcely in fair-ercised. At a time when the agitaness fall under our cognizance at tions of religious opinion seem likely the present moment as reviewers, to take the place, and with the same the style adopted by him in those doubtful issue, of the late national most able and striking exhibitions conflicts ; when too much tendency of eloquence and good sense to appears on all sides to vindicate which we have before alluded as their peculiar notions from neglect Jately delivered in the metropolis, by carrying tbein to excess; and We confess we were much disap- when, amongst a large class, many pointed in our after endeavours at of the most fundamental doctrines of recollection, for the benefit of Christianity and Protestantism come, friends, to find how much of his strangely enough, to be considered valuable matter had fled and left as errors" earnestly to contend no traces in our brain from the for the faith .once delivered to the very want of prominent order to saints ;” to rescue it at once from which we have just adverted. We neglect and perversion ; to “ lift cannot help thinking also, there alori the blazing torch of Revelamay be some want of artificial, tion, and to convince the world ibat which in the end may prove the the same humble lamp which cheers most natural, arrangement of his the dwelling of the humble villager, subject in the present discourses. may also gild in majestic brightness We allude, for example, and shall the dome of the cathedral and only just allude, to the doctrinal the canopy of the palace; to watch part of the first of the two. The it in its progress, vnextinguished, second, as containing only a series upsullied, over distant seas and of affecting addresses to several mighty continents; and, whilst consecutive classes, scarcely be- Jews and Turks, Infidels and Here.. comes in this respect the subject tics, feel the remote influence of these of criticism. If it had become so, labours of love, lo bless the nearer by the addition of some little doc- flock of surrounding Christians with trinal discussion, it would certainly the edifying example of a prudent have seemed to possess more sla

zcal, an humble life, and godly conmina in its constiiution. We have versation ;-these are the solemn sometimes observed two or three calls with which the high and deserva well arranged and striking deduce ed elevation of the Dean of Wells tions, at the close of such a sermon, seen most peculiarly 10 mark his to have been exceedingly well Jot;--this is the awful, though noplaced, and to have been attended nourable responsibility, compared with a good practical effect on the with which, we should expect him minds of the audience. But we beg to “ leave all meaner things," all pardon for these observations, and inferior motives and considerations, fear that in reference to the very 10 their native littleness. Action reverend and experienced Christian more than expression, and things pastor under review, our criticism rather than words, we should refer will be found to have proceeded far to his extended department in the “ beyond the last.” A little more stage of life ;-and seeing him enor a litle less careful arrangement, compassed with so great a cloud of or studied elevation of style, are witnesses, ready to profit, we lear, points of minor importance indeed, no less by bis errors in conduct, if when compared with the high and any, than by bis adherence to the eventtul duties of the Christian path of sound wisdom, we should ministry. Critical, doubtless, these once hope and pray that he must ever be, and more so in pro- might “ do this one thing,” and be portion to the importance of the so directed from above to "press toCHRIST. Obsery. No. 151,

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wards the mark” as to carry multi- the highest prize of his high calling todes in his train along the same of God in Christ Jesus," career, and " to obtain at length

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

vested with authority, their inspection has PREPARING for publication :-A Philoso- been in a great ineasure superficial; but phical History of the European Languages, they have been enabled to obtain an inhy Dr. Alexander Murray, late Professor of spection of the major part of the houses for Oriental Languages in the University of the reception of the insane within the bills Edinburgh, accompanied by a Menoir of of mariality. At three houses they were the Life of the Author ;-Illustrations of refused admittance, viz. at Gore House at Ireland, or .a Topographical, Antiquarian, Kensington; at Miles's Receiving Houses at and Philosophical Survey of that Island, Hoxton; and at Brook House. The larger with Engravings :—a complete edition of the private houses for the reception of the inPuerical Works of the late Rev. C. Wesley; sane are, in their construction, essentially -a History of the Town and Port of Dover, bard; generally having several beds in a and of Dover Castle, with a short Account of room, and frequently two patients in one the Cinque Poris, by the Rev. Jolin Lyon, bed.--In the women's galleries of Bethlem one of the Ministers of Dover;—an Account Hospital, one of the side rooms contained of the most celebrated Public and Private about ten patients, each chained by one arma Libraries, with Bibliographical Notices, to the wall; the chain allowing them merely Anecdotes, &c.

to stand up by the bench or form fixed to The Rev. Robert Morrison, Missionary at the wall, or to sit down on it. The naked Canton, has ready to print, a Chinese Gram ness of each patient was covered by a blan? mar, with Chinese and English Dialogues, kel-gown only. The blanket-gown is a and is preparing a Dictionary of the Chinese blanket formed somewhat like a dressing. Language, in three parts; in the first, the

gown, with nothing to fasten it in front. Chinese and English, arranged according 10 This constitutes the whole covering; the the Chinese Keys; in the second, the Chic feet even were naked, One female in nese arranged alphabetically with English; this side-room, thus chained, was an obin the third, English and Chinese.

ject remarkably striking: she mentioned

her maiden and married names, and stated The number of Country Banks in Eng- that she had been a teacher of languages. Jand and Wales, for which Licences were She entreated to be allowed pencil and taken out 10 issue Promissory Notes in paper, for the purpose of anusing herself 1813, were 689.

with drawing, which were given to her by one The sub-committee, to whom it was re of the committee. Many of these unfortuferred, by the committee of the intended nate women were lucked up in their cells, London Asylum for the Care and Cure of naked and chained, on straw, with only the Insane, 10 obtain information relative to one blanket for a covering. One, who was the state of the insane in the places for in that state by way of punishment, the their reception within the bills of inortaliis, kiee per described as the most dissatisfied pa;have prepared their report, hy which a tient in the house.- In the men's wing, in variety of facts relative to the treatment of the side room, six patients were chained lunatics have transpired. It appears, that close to the wall, five handcuffed, and one the patients in work houses, with the excep locked to the wall by the right arm, as well tion of a few, who, un being first afflicted as by the right leg, who was very noisy. by the disease, are sent there for care and All were naked, except as to the blanketcustody, and paid for by their friends, are gown, or a small rug on the shoulders, parish paupers; and these are generally and without shoes; one complained much kept in gloomy and comfortless confine of the coldness of his feet. Chains are niept. The sub-committee not being in universally spbstituted for the strajt waists

Coat.

In the men's wing there were 75 formed, was mostly lying down, and that, as or 76 patients, with two keepers and an it was inconvenient to raise bimself and stand assistant; and about the same number of upright, he very seldom did so; that he read putients on the women's side.--In one of a great deal--books of all kinds--history, the cells, on the lower gallery, the commit- lives, or any thing that the keepers could tee saw William Norris, who stated bimself get him; the newspaper every day; and to be fifty-five years of age, and that he conversed perfectly coherent on the passing had been confined about fourteen years. A topics and the events of the war, in which stout iron ring was rivetied round his neck, he felt particular interest. On each day from which a short chain passed to a ring, that the committee saw bim, he discoursed made to slide upwards and downwards on coully, and gave rational and deliberate anan upright massive iron bar, more than six swers to the different questions put to him.feet high, inserted into the wall; round his In consequence of the discovery made by body, a strong iron bar, about two inches wide, this committee of the situation of William was rivetted; on each side of the bar was a Norris, and of a drawing which they prco circular projection, which, being fashioned cured to be made of him in his irons, be to and enclosing each of his arms, pinioned was visited by Messrs. Home Sumner, Lord thein close to lis sides. This waist-bar was Robert Seymour, William Smith, Hon. G. secured by iwo similar bars, which, passing Bennett, R. J. Lambton, Thos. Thompson, over his shoulders, were rivetied to the and other Members of the House of Comwaist-bar, both before and behind : the iron mons; but the committee have now to state, ring round his neck was connected to the that at their last visit they observed that the bars on his shoulders by a double link; from whole of the irons had been removed from each of these bars another short chain passed Norris's body, and that the length of chain to the ring on the upriglit irou bar. He froin his neck, which was only iwelve was enabled to raise himself, so as to stand inches, had been doubled. In the public against the wall, on the pillow of his bed, hospitals it is custoniary to lock up the pas in the trough-bed in which he lay; but it rients in their cells at dusk; this, in winter, was impossible for him to advance from the is soon after four o'clock; and the cells are wall in which the iron bar is soldered, on opened at seven o'clock the next morning.--account of the shortness of his chains, which The committee conclude this document by were only twelve inches long. It is con- stating, that, if they have been pained by ceived to have been out of his power to re the remarkable contrast in management bepose in any other position than on his back; tween one of our great public hospitals for the projections, which, on each side of the the insane and the larger private houses gewaist-bar, enclosed his arms, rendering it nerally, they have have been as forcibly impossible for him to lie on his side, even if impressed by contrasting the practice, of the length of the chains from his neck and even such houses, with the general economy shoulders would permit it. His right leg of the “Friends' Retreat,” near York; where was chained to the trough, in wbich he had neither chains por corporal punishment are remained thus encaged and chained more tolerated on any pretext; where the conthan twelve years. lle informed the com veniences provided, within doors and with mittee, that he had for some years been out, are suitable to patients in any station able to withdraw his arms from the manacles of life; where every appearance is avoidwbich encompassed them. He then with. ed that can aftlict the mind by painful drew one of them: and observing an ex recollections; and where regulation and pression of surprise, he said, that when his controul are governed by the experienced arms were withdrawn he was compelled to efficacy of the important principle, that rest them on the edges of the circular pro. whatever tends to promote the happiness jections, which was more painful than kcep of the patient increases his desire to restrain ing them witbin. His position, we were in himself,

TUEOLOGY.

.

sons bringing a Child to be baptized; by the The Substance of a Discourse delivered at Rer. J. Scott, of Hull. Price 14d. the Abbey Church, in Bath; by the Rev. A Sernion addressed to the British Pri. Charles Daubeny, Archdeacon of Saruin. soners of War lately returned from France; 1s. 6d.

by the Rev. J. Scott, M.A., of Hull. 15. The Christian Minister's Address to Pere Ene; 6d. cominon.

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