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prayers, with a twig, upon the end of which can be no honour shown to the saints there is a little cotton, anoints the sick per. equal to that of imitating their lives, and son with oil on the chief parts of the hody. trusting in God 'aloue according to their In doing this, they make use of seven soil example. twigs, one for each priest. But this mystery “ Those, Therefore, are inexcusable, and is now administered by fewer priests, for in grievously transgress against this commandthe country it is difficult to collect the nu. ment, who render unto the favourites of ber stated in the regulations.” pp. 193, 194, God, divine, or nearly divine honours, and
who trust in them almost as much as in The 39th chapter relates to Tra- God binseli; who offer up prayers to them ditions and Ceremonies, such as
more frequently than to Hin'; who respect using candles as a mark of burning ilieir memory, and keep their holidays with faith; crossing themselves; but in
a greater degree of devotion than the holithis and in other chapters, the good days of the Lord, and reverence their picMetropolitan has evidently accum- tures more than those of our Saviour himmodated himself a litle too much 10 self. For the favourite sainis of God aro the general taste.
of themselves by no means so great; they The third part, "! Of the Law of
are the servants of God, and the work of God,” contains sixteen chapters,
his hands; consequently, between them and
God there is an infinite difference. It is and may be generally described as an explanation of the Commandmenis, necessary, therefore, for every one to be and an illustration of the Lord's such errors." pp. 222, 223.
very watchful, that he be not infected with Prayer. In this, as in the other parts of the work, there is much of He asserts also, that " reverencexcellent and valuable matter; his ing the pictures is not contrary to allusions to the practices and opi
the Second Commandment:" and his nions of the Russians are frequent arguments are, that they do not atand pointed.
tempt to represent God under any Our curiosity was a little excited form, but our Saviour only in fato discover in what way the invo- shion as a man or his chosen sercation of saints could be reconciled vants; and that the obeisance paid to the probibition of the First Com- to the pictures of saints is a revemandment, and the idolatrous ve- rence rendered to them out of a lov. neration of pictures to the Second. ing heart, as his favourites, and as For every traveller in Russia knows of the same nature and of the same that saints are invoked and pictures church, and members of the same worshipped with as little reserve as body with the Christian. After in the most superstitious days of the pointing out the abuses, however, Church of Rome.
to which this practice is liable, he A careful perusal of the fifth and reminds his readers, sixth chapters will convince the reader, that Platon is anxious to do
" 1st, That the worship of God can never away the obvious niischiefs of these be sincere, unless it proceed from a con
trite and unteigned spirit. For all external superstitious observances He af:
riies of worship are orly marks testifying firms, that ihe invocation of saints is
our internal piety and sincerity towards not contrary to the First Command. God, without which they signity nothing. ment, and adopts the osual defence And therefore the Gospel requires, that the that it means nothing more than worshippers of God should worship him in that they should pray for us ihrough spirit (nöt externally alone), and ir: truth, the mediation of Jesus Christ ; and or not in hypocrisy. 2d, We must hold to he believes them to have a sincere the Divine word alone, and rest assured, desire whether on earth or in heaven that it only contains the true rules by for human happiness.
which we ought to please God. And there.
fore Christ said concerning the holy Scrip “ However, we ought not foolishly to tures, ibat in them is contained eternal imagine that this respect given by us to life.” pp. 230, 231. the saints, will be of any advantage to us, if we live in sin and impenitence ; for there,
It is evident that the mind of
Fiaton was far more enlightened, position. In a subsequent part of than some parts of his work might ihe volume, the same lively writer lead us to imagine: and if our judg. relates the following anecdote:ment of the Greek Church were 10 “ One day, ascending by this be formed from our opinion of this staircase. we found all the churehes writer, we should be inclined to say in the Kremlin open, and a prodilittle either of its idolatry or super. gious concourse of people assembled stition, But what are we to think althe celebration of the great Festival of the concurrent testimony of all of tue Ascension. It is difficult to travellers? It will prove, that what- describe the scenes then exhibited ever may be the views of learned within these buildings. I was car. and able men, the great body of ried in by the crowd, which rushed the people are immersed in the forward like a torrent; and, being grossest ignorance.
lifted by it from the ground, .beThe idle legends of the Virgin of held, as I entered, a throng of deVladimir, the Virgin with the votees, in which there was danger bleeding cheek, ihe Virgin with three of being pressed 10 death; all of hands; the particular places con- whom were in motion, crossing secrated to particular saints, as so themselves, bowing their beads, and many tutelary deities; bodies, mic struggling who should first kiss the raculously preserved of saints, who consecrated pictures. The bodies have been dead for ages; pictures of their saints were exposed : and transferred from place to place by we were shewn, by the atteuding the ministry of angels, and sup- priests, some of the wood of the posed 10 be capable of healing the true Cross.' Women, with tears sick, restoring sight to the blind, streaming from their eyes, were and showering down favours of all seen lifting their infants, and teachsorts upon their worshippers ; pil- ing them 10 embrace the feet and grimages from every part of the hands of the images Observing a empire to Kieff and Troitza, for the crowd particularly eager to kiss the purpose of devotion to old pictures skull of an incorruprible saint, I and withered and wonder-working asked a priest, in Latin, whose remains ;- these and a thousand body the sepulchre
contained. other things must tend to prove the • Whence are you,' said he, that general ignorance even of the priest- you know not ibe tomb of St. Dehood, or at least their general ne- metrius?” glect.
The volume concludes with an “ The picture of a saint," says Appendix, containing an account of Dr. Clarke, “found accidentally in the different sects of Dissenters in the street, human bones dug up in Russia. a forest, a dreani, any casual and Schismatics seem first to baye rude representation of a cross, in made their appearance in Russia straws wbich have fallen together about 450 years after the introduc. at the meeting of roads, or a lusus tion of Christianity into that counnaturæ, the colours of a pied horse, try. They were of the class of veins in a piece of flint or marble ; Judaizing Teachers. Persecution in short, whatever represents, or is was occasionally the doom of these supposed 10 represent, any object seceders; but the schisni was never in their prodigious catalogue of destroyed. superstition, might occasion a resort A more serious divisiva look of devoites, give rise to a church, place in the sixteenth century, on or market place for wax-chandlers, account of an attempt to correct. painters, and silversmiths, as facuous the numerous errors which were acas the shrive of Diana of Ephesus," knowledged to have crept into the
Then follow some very striking sacred books. Many were alarmed facts illustiative of the graveral pro with the idea, that these writings
would be corrupted under the pre- Raskolniks ab ut tie mystery of the tence of correcting them ; and Chrisia and the right form of the when a similar attempt was made Cross.-3. The Peremazan:sítschios in the seventeenth century, the same or Reanointers. They sprung also apprehension was revived, and the from the people at Vetka, and they schisa continued to increase. These reanoint their proselytes by the divisions appear to have been cre- Chrism. This sect is numerous in ated partly by designing men, and Moscow.–4. The Epefanoftschins, partly through the ignorance of the nearly the same with the old cere. people. The spirit of dissent, when monialists of Staradubofsk; only once excited, indulged many fan- they pay some respect to the bones cies, and gave birth to different of an old monk.–5. The Tscherna. sects. The Raskolniks or schisma- boutsi, a recent swarn from the old tics may, however, be considered as bive of Staradubofsk. They recomposed of two grand divisions : fuse civil oalbs: will not be shaved, viz. the Popoftschins or such as and therefore furnish no recruits to admit priests from the National the army, and decline praying for Church; and Bezpopoftschins, or the emperor according io the form such as have no priests at all, or prescribed by the holy synod. priests of their own ordination. The Bezpopoftschins include the These two designations must be following divisions: understood to comprise many difie- 1. The Duhobortsi, a race that rent sects.
say they are descended from Sha. If we were ignorant of the history drach, Meshech, and Abednego; of dissent in our own coupiry, we but they sprang up in the middle should be surprised, perhaps, at the of the last century. Mr. Pinkerreasons for ic in Russia. It is not ton employs some pages in his acupon matters of faith, that the na- count of them. They are peacetional church and the dissenting able, and of good morals: but neinterest are in general opposed, but ver enter the national church, nor whether old or new pictures are bow before the pictures, nor cross to be used in Divine worship, and themselves, nor observe the appointwhether twenty volumes folio, con- ed fasts. They are eminent for taining the Church Service, ought brotherly love, have all things in to be received in their ancient or in common, are hospitable to strangers, their corrected state. It is remark. kind to the affiicted, and have no able, however, that the Raskoloiks punishments among their members are distinguished for their morals but expulsion from their society. and integrity, and are usually much The following account of them is better acquainted with the holy extremely curious:-Scriptures than their neighbours.
“ The Duhobortsi affirm, that every ¢. It is difficult to ascertain their num
ternal rite, in regard to salvation, is of no bers: but most of the opulent Rus- avail wbatever, and that the outward sian merchants of Petersburgh, Mos- churclı, in consequence of her corruption, cow, and the other great towns of is now become a den of ihieves. On this the empire are Raskolniks.
account, they conie's Niet alone to be the The Popoltschios embrace the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church, great majority of Russian Dissen- which the Lord gathered by his appearance, iers :--of these che principal sets
which he enlightens, and adornis, by the are,-1. The churches at Verla gilts of the Holy Ghost, and which on this and Staradubofsk. They have been
account is the company of the faithful, or
of true believers, in all ages. scattered by persecution even to Siberia, aod with increasing num- meetings among themselves, but have no
" In this persuasion ihey frequently have bers.-2. The Diacogoliscbius, an
stated place appointed for this purpose, as excrescence of the church at Vet- ibey account every place alike holy: henge ka: they quarrelled with the Vetka llicae meetings are held in the first convenient place they can find. Neither do they 316 to p. 330. Whoever peruses this appoint any purricular days for this pur• statement, will be inclined to propose, accounting all days alike. They have,
nounce the Duhobortsi to be the therefore, no holidays : but their meeting Quakers of Russia. are frequently held on the holidays appointed by the churchi, when other people their converts to be re-baptized,
2. The Pomeryans. They require are not engaged in labour; for if they were to work on the holidays of their neigh
believe that antichrist is already bours
, they say, they should subject them come, and recommend a life of selves to double persecutiou, and might be celibacy and solitude. represented as disobedient to the lans of 3. The Theodosians, a schism from the empire.
the Pomoryans, whom they do. " Each of them is at liberty to hold a serted, chiefly on account of their meeting in his own house, and to invite not 'purifying what they purchased such of his brethren as are near him to
in the market of unbelievers, and attend. In such meetings, they alway: sup not writing ihe superscription upon together; and should the brother in whose
the Cross ! They are numerous, and house the ineering is held not be able to provide food sufficient to entertain his for discrepencies equally weigbty
have some good regulations.--And guests, in that case they either send them. selves, before band, provisions for this pur
and wise, about marriage, and the pose, or bring them along with them. cross, and rebaptism, and particular
· Being assembled, they salute one an. pictures, and circumcision, we have other; the men salute the men, and the still to enumerate several hard females the females, by taking each other names of determined schismatics; by the right hand, and thrice bowing and such as, 4. The Philipoftschins; kissing one another; at the same time every 5. The Netovtschins; 6. Pastushkoc one pronounces a short prayer. These three Loglasia; 7. Novojentzi; 8. Sabows and three embraces, they perform in mokrestschentsi, or self-baptizers ! the name of the three-one Gud, to the p- 9. Tschuvstviniks; 10. Molokans; rifying of the fesh, and to the routing out of pride. They take each other by the
11. Ikonobortsi—these admit hand as a mark of their union in love, in pictures or images into their worcalling, in knowledge of judgment, and of ship, and thus deserve to be ranked the unseen God, who is within them. with more respectable associates ;
" In the course of the meeting, they 12. Seleznevischini. To these is to pray one after another, sing psalıns, and be added the sect of Martioists, fol. explain the word of God; but as the lowers of one Martin, a Freuchman, greater part of them are unable to read, Their tenets are in the highest deinost of this is performed in their assem
gree mystical: they pretend to vie blies extemporaneously. They have no ap- sions and discoveries, and maintain pointed priests, but conrees Jesus Christ that the word of God contains not alune to be the only just, y, pur, .
only the defiled priest, separated from sinners, and
of deliverance to fallea exalted above the heavens ; he also is their men, but discovers also the secrets ortly Teacher. In their assemblies they in.
of nature : they are of a class simi. struct each other from the Scriptures; every
lar to the disciples of Behmen and one speaks according to the græce given Swedenborg, and, with loud prelenhim, to the admonishing and comforting of sions to wisdom and learning, are his brethren. Even women
as ignorant of Divine Truth as the cluded from this privilege; for they say, poorest among their countrymen. Have not women enlightened understand- It were devoutly to be wished, inge as well as men? They pray standing that this work of Platon might be of sitting, just as it happens. At the end read with attention by all the Rusof the meeting they again embrace each other thrico, as at the beginning, and their sians, who are capable of reasoning separate.” pp. 309-312.
and reflection. It is not without
errors, and some of these errors are The articles of their.. belief, and important; but it is the production many of their peculiarities, are de- of a man, who, rises infinitely above tailed in the several pages from p. the bighest flights of the rabble
are not ex.
of pretenders to religion, whether cumstance, that at the very time staunch churchmen or in veterate when the convulsions of Europe sectarians. A great change is at have roused from their comparative this moment taking place through. slumber, so many provinces of that out the Russian empire; and the extensive empire. and have given measures recently adopted for the the inhabitants of those distant lands circulation of the Scriptures through an interest in the affairs of nations, all the provinces-measures as wise which was never excited before, as they are benevolent-cannot fail the Volume of Inspiration has been to correct many delusions and to be freely opened to their view. To productive of important benefits. expect any remarkable immediate The blessings of religion are not to effect from the dispersion of the be diffused in a day. We look not Scriptures in a country, where civifor miracles; but for the silent lization is still in its infancy, would operation of sacred principles, for impiy little knowledge of the chathat gradual and almost impercep- racter of man : it is by slow protible advance in civilization and gress that kingdoms advance to knowledge, which in the end the maturity of their moral and rechanges the character of nations, ligious state; but the experience of and converts uncultivated man into past ages must convince us, that the an animal of a higher order. The Word of God, however slow in its public events, which we have re- operation, is mighty in its influcently witnessed, must tend to give ence; and we doubt whether any a powerful impulse to the minds single plan could be proposed more of the Russians; and the spirit likely to raise the human animal to of inquiry
and improvement, his proper raok and condition, than which has now gone forth, will the circulation of that book, which doubtless be assisted in its pro- inculcates the best principles of acgress by the liberal and enligh- tion, points out his relation to the tened policy of the emperor. We Deity, and unfolds the bigh desticonsider it as an auspicious cir- nies of a future world.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
mas Longueville, by R. P. Gillies, Esq.;~ A PREPARING for poblication :--The Cam Voyage to the Isle of Elba, from the French paign of Germany and France subsequent of M. Sisè i na Thiebaut de Berneaud ;-A to the Expiration of the Armistice in 1813, Tour through wie Island of Elba, hy Sir by J. Philippart, Esq. ;--the Life of Sir R. C. Hoare, in imperial 410., with engravBenjamin West, comprising Anecdotes of the ings from drawings on the spot, by J. Smile; most celebrated Characters in Europe and -A work on the Population and Resources America, during the last sixty years, hy Mr. of the British Empire, by Mr. Colquhoun, Galt ;-The Travels of Dr. Holland in the -Translations fro:n the popular Pociry of South of Turkey, in 1812 and 1813;-—A
the Hindous, by Capt. Broughton ;-'The pair of celebrated Hemispheres, projected by First Volume of Mr. J. Turner's History of Mr. J. Heming, of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, England, extending from the Norman Conengraved by Mr. Lowry, with an explana. quest to the Reign of Edward the Third. tory 'Trentise.
in the press:- The Origin of Pagan On the 19th of May, the Prize Composi. Idolatry, in three vols. 410. by the Rev. tions at Oxford were adjudged to the followG. S. Faber;-The Confessions of Sir Tho. ing Gentlemen : Latin Essay-De Ephora