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affections above the world, and cen- united in the bonds of Christian afe
Let it not, Toos supported in his principles and however, be imagined that their proceedings, but above all animated views must therefore at all have by a sincere desire to promote the strictly accorded with those of the interests of Christianity, he gradually Protestant Churches. lo some imextended the influence of this insti- portant points, a similarity certainly tution to such a degree that it al did exist; and it is an undoubted tracted the notice of all France. fact, that names and verbal distincThe original monastery of Port tions often impart an unrrasonable Royal was distant some leagues magnitude to the real differences from Paris. A branch of the parent which arise among good men.' institution, closely connected with it. But among other points of differ. was now established in the heart ence, a radical one will be fuund to of the metropolis. The number have existed between the ablest of the nuns was increased. The writers of the two communions, in great men who have already been the statement of the doctrine of named, together with many others, justification. It may also be ob . became connected intimately with served, thal in treating all the vait. Schools were established, of rious articles both of faith and pracwhich they took the conduct, and tice, the sentiments and modes of among other celebrated characters expression adopted by the l'ort who were trained in them, we find Royal writers were strongly af the names of Tilleniont and Racine. fected by the particular genius of
Many men who had made a great the Roman Catholic religion. For figure at the bar, in the court, or in although, by the Jesuitical party, ibe army, were attracted by the in- the whole class was denounced as fluence of an institution thus strik- tainted with heresy, nothing could ing; caught from its members the be more unjust than such an accuflame of piety; abjured their several sation. They were scarcely exprofessions; and, in the true monastic ceeded by any order in the awful spirit, retired to the solitude of Port reverence with which they regarded Royal, there to devole then,selves the doctrine of transubstantiation. to a life of penitence, mortification, Their attachment to relics and and prayer.
images, their implicit belief in tbe It was a period truly memorable intercession of saints, their earnestin the history of the Gallic Church. ness in the practice of bodily aus. Brightly did the flame of piety terities and in the enjoining of glow jo tbe bosoms of the various monastic seclusion, their implicit recluses, and strictly were they obedience to the priesthood, their
zeal against heretics; all which were Jansenius. Without à reservation carried to a great length; were so of this kind, they refused to comply many tests of that orthodoxy, the with the order of signature, praise of wbich they were eager The Jesuits instantly denounced to obtain
this conduct as a piece of disobedie But lo resume the thread of our ence to the Papal authority, and narrative; Inflamed with envy at a strong symptom of heresy. Their the increasing influence of Port accusalions were refuted by the Royal, and cherishing personal great Pascal in his Provincial Lets haired towards $t. Cyran, the Ję ters, and by Arnauld in various suits used every art to raise against publications, with an eloquence, an both the storm of persecution, acuinen, and a wit in the former
To this end they brought for- case, and in the latter by a depth ward certain propositions, which of learning and pegetration, which they pretended to have extracted electrified France. from the Augustinus, the great work But the Jesuits, though bamed in of Jansenius, and highly in esteem the field of argument, and rendered at Port Royal, of which they ob- the objects of ridicule and aversion, tained the condemnation at Rome, were all-powerful at Rome, and at and, at the same time, an order to the French court. They answered procure throughout all France the the Port-Royalists in a very different signature of a formulary, in which way. Persecution and calumny this condemnation was approved and were the arms which they brand, acceded to. The Port-Royalists ished with ruthless violence, and willingly condemned the proposi- with equal success. Regarding tions, but as determinately refused themselves as the champions of to recognise them as extracted from truth, and sufferers in the cause of * It would be easy to quote numerous il
righteousness, the Port - Royalists
met the trial with the constancy of Justrations of the above remarks. In the letters of La Mere Angelique, vol. i. p. 136.
martyrs. The persecution raged occurs, the following passage : “ La denoi and was hushed alternately through selle que je vous avois tant recommendée est a series of years, till it finally ended delivrée, et en de très bunnes dispositions, in the complete destruction of Port Elle fut delivrée deux heures aprés aroir Royal, and in scallering to the four mis a son col l'image de bois de la Sainte winds its pious nuns and devout Vierge, que la bonne mere nous a donnée.”
recluses. Many of the sufferers Lancelot, speaking of M. St. Cyran, in died in exile, among whom was the his Memoirs, vot. i. p. 192, observes: " !! avoit un oratoire dans sa chambre qui étoit great Arnauld.---The events which
we have thus briefly recorded exa orné de plusieurs images. C'est devant cet oratoire. qu'il fuisoit ses prieres; et toutes les vended from the year 1602, 10 1710. fois qu'il entroit et sortoit de sa chambre, il
Such was the fate of Port Royal. ne manquoit pas d'y aller dire l'Ave Maria.” Such was the tragic end of a SoAt page 21, vol. i. of these Memoirs, ciety which, for so many years, had Launcelot dwells also with great approbation nourished the lamp of ihe Gallic and delight upon the conduct of a young lady, Church, and imparted to it a splenwho though she had always been “ le modele dour wbich, perhaps, it had never d'une solide vérta, et d'une parfaite inno- before atlained or has since lecence, embrassoit encore la vie la plus rude covered. et la plus austere qui fut dans l'eglise, Quand je la vis paroitre (he observe:) a la iis claims to our admiration, or lo
We have no room to enlarge on grille revetue de ses habits, ceinte d'one grosse corde, puds pieds, avec une couronne
dwell upon its defects. That much d'épines sur la tête, un crucifix a une main
might be advanced on each of these et une cierge allumée dans l'autre, j'avoue
heads will have been obvious from que je fus frappé de ce spectacle; la com- the simple expositiou of facts which siderant dans un paradis," &iç,
has been introduced,
With pleasure we quote the words fidelity in point of fact.” And not of the volume before us, which de- only so; “ equal pains," it is assertscribe, in a most interesting manner, ed," have been taken, to maintain, the feelings towards Port Royal
, that in every part, the spirit and turn of pervaded the unprejudiced inbabit. sentiment whicb characterize the ants of the surrounding districts, original.” Again, it is stated;" with who had long known and felt the respect to the mode of expression benignant influence of the instilu- and turn of thought, the sentition.
ments not translated from the Tour " Its memory was held in bene- ' to Alet are mostly borrowed froin diction. The peasants were accus the Port-Royal authors.” “The tomed to visit its ruins, and even reader who is well versed in these the very children endeavoured to writers will easily detect the sources pick up some fragments of its sacred whence they are derived." Great remains. The poor, as they return- latitude is certainly claimed in this ed from their labours, frequently and in other similar remarks which turned out of the way, to visit the occur in the preface; and we felt valley where Port Royal stood. They rather disposed to favour an arrangetraced its lakes and gardens: they ment which promised to collect into pointed to each other the places one focus information scattered where they had seen its saints; and throughout various scarce works. in the warmth of their affectionate Far, however, we had not advanced, gratitude, they recounted the bene- betore we were again and again asficent miracles they imagined its sailed by a species of phraseology ballowed ruins had wrought." and sentiment, so entirely distinct
Our readers will now be prepared' from that to which we had been acto enter with us upon a consideration customed in the writings of our of the different pieces which make Port-Royal friends, that we felt asup the volume before us.
sured, either that our author had The first article is the relation of taken unwarrantable liberty with a tour made to Alet, a town situated his original, or else, that Lancelot among the Pyrennees, by Dom himself night fairly have been Lancelot, the author of the Port- charged by his Roman-Catholic Royal Grammars. The narrative was friends with heresy. originally addressed lothe Abbess of Upon instituting the comparison, Port Royal, at a time when that mo Lancelot's claim to orthodoxy was nastery was suffering beneath bitter fully established; but we endeavour. persecution. The character of the ed in vain to frame a sufficient apoBishop of Alet, who was an admirer logy for the pari that bad evidenily of the Port-Royalists, and eminent been taken by the author. for bis piety, is the principal wpic presented wiih a series of conversa of which it treats : counected with lions which are stared to have ensued the main subject, are introduced also between the Bishop of Alet and an account of the celebrated monas others. In such a case, strict fidetery of La Grande Chartreuse, and lity, in point of fact and sentinieji, is of that of La Trappe. The author equally due to the deceased prelatee does not profess to offer this piece as and the English reader. Thus much a translation of the original docu. the preface, amidst all the latiiude ment, but merely to have selected it assumes, distinctly promises. How: its most interesting passages, and then shall we express our surprise, to have interwoven other matter, on finding whole pages put into ibe bearing more or less relation to it, mouth of the good Bishop, of whicha? and faithfully selected from authen. not even a trace is to be found in tic sources. On the whole, the au- the original; nay more, which are thor states, that it has been his en- directly contrary to the dogmas of deavour to preserve the most “strict the Roman Catholic Church! The Christ, OnSery. No, 145,
Bishop is every where made to speak blessed who have had the deepest experia language decidedly Protestant; mental knowledge of their own uniworihiness, 8oletines, indeed, verging towards and of Christ's fuluess : we find that Christ extravagance.
is our all in all, and that we are nothing. All When it is considered with what depends on looking at him continually with extreme caution the Bible was put titute of every good thing, that they are mo
a lively loving faith. My sisters are so des. into circulation by Roman Ca
inent by munient compelled to go to him, tholics al that distant period to and to draw out of his fulness." p. 105. which the Tour to Alet relates; and how sedulously it was inculcated,
There is an obscurity in these sen
tences to which we should be disthat the only legitimate interpretalion of its contents was the writings posed to object, wherever it met our of the fathers, and the voice of lra. eye, deeply as we reverence the dition; can it for a moment be con
truth which glimmers through the reived, that the Bishop of Alet, a
mist. But in the mouth of a Cathostrict Roman Catholic, 'should have lic such expressions are quite inused such sentiments as the follow. congruous. Open to the same cen
sure, and interpolated in a similar
way, is a passage, in which, speakMay we all become more and more of ing of the same females, it is said, Bible Cluistians: as every branch of our " In these (meetings) they have faith is immutably so, may every part of our readings of a more spiritual nature ; walk hecome more and more modelled by to which they add exhortation, and Scripture! We are comnianded to eat and drink, and do all to the glory of God. Surely,
a little free spiritual conversation, in then, the law of Christ should regulate all which each person who is inclined, these things; for how, but by that, sball we relates her experience, or asks ad. know what is for his glory? The natural vice.” Surely our author is transman knows as little of a Christian walk as forming these good women into of a Christian faith. Though many profess. Wesleyan Methodists. ing Christians suppose they walk according At the commencement of Lance10 ilie mind of Christ in these respects, yet lot's narratire occurs a simple and it is evident that they frame the rule by their brief description of the romantic own imaginations, and suppose it to be that approach to the Grande Chartreuse, of Christ
; instead of truly studying the the scenery of which has long been Scripture in every individual practice, and carefully tracing the connection between
rendered familiar to our readers by every precepe and doctrine vi the Gu. the fine description in Gray's Letters, spel." p. 10.
as well as by bis celebrated Ode,
wriven within the walls of the moIt is scarcely needful to observe, bastery. We could not forbear a hat the passage is entirely the pro- smile to see into what a narrative duction of the author. Throughout the whole of ihis do- by the inventive imagination of our
this description had been swelled cumen!, similar interpolations occur: author. At the imaginary picture of indeed, faint glimmerings only of the the horrors sustained by Lancelot and original will be discovered by the his friend in this wild valley, our most accurate observer. Already hair almost bristled. have we observed, that our coniplaint is not only that whole pages ever, be adduced, that our readers
The two descriptions shall, howare put into the mouths of the various speakers, wbich they never
may judge for themselves :ullered, but that the characteristic " From Annecy"(says Lancelot)" we went features of their faith are complete forwards to the Grande Chartreuse, where, lg altered. The following passage talions which had been given me of it fell
I found that all the represenwill further illustrate our meaning :
far short of the reality, What I saw cven " Those sisters among us" (some female re- of the desert of St. Claude, which had ap1 gionists speak)" have been most eminently peared to me so surprising, was really 110.
thing in comparison to this frightful solitude. of the defile is a most romantie mountain The road first of all leads you between two
We crossed it on a rude stone rocks, which are about as close to each other bridge ; and, by a sudden wind in the road, as the lowers of Notre Dame, and two or immediately saw before us the tremendous thuree times as high; but which appear Alp on which the monastery is placed. In almost to meet above, and to be on the point order to give you any idea of its position, of falling upon your head, so near do they I should observe, that the mountain on approach towards each other.' They really which it is situated, though apparently of appear suspended in the air without any an inaccessible height, is yet surrounded support. At the base of these rocks runs a on every side by rocks still tore elevated, torrent, over which there is a stone bridge. whose summits are covered with perpetual This may be called the entrance of the snows. No sooner is tlie defile passed, than desert." (Voyage fait a Alet, p. 373.) not bing which possesses either animal or Now let our author describe Lance. vegetable life is seen. No huntsman winds
liis horn in these dreary solitudes; no shieploi's approach 10 the Chartreuse:
herd's pipe is allowed to disturb the deep " From Annecy we proceeded to the repose. It is not permitted the mountaineers Grande Chartreuse, near Grenoble. All I ever to lead their fucks beyond the entrance ; had heard of this astonishing seclusion falls and even beasts of prey seem to shrink back infinitely short of the reality. No adequate from the dreaded pass, and instinctively to description can be given of the awful mag. keep away from a desert which neither fur. nificeuce of this dreary solitude. We nishes subsistence nor covert. Nothing meels travelled for some hours through a very the eye but tremendous precipices and rudo thinly inhabited country. Here and there fragments of rock, diversified with glaciers a few scatterent buts are interspersed. At in every possible fantastic form. Our mules length even these were no lunger seen. No- began slowly to ascend. The path is rocky, thing met the eye but barren wastes, or dark and winds round the mountain. How is forests, which seemed of an almost intermina- describe the terrors of the asceni I know net. ble lengils, and which were nearly imper- Sometimes it was only a narrow ledge. vious to the light. We saw during the scarcely affording fuoting for our mules, and morning many herds of wild deer, with overhanging dizzy precipices below: at hares and foxes in great numbers; and not others, the rocks, jutting out above, overhung anfrequently, we were alarmed at the huwl till they formed a complete arch over ing of wolves. Gradually the furests be. our heads, and rendereil the path so dark came hilly, then rocky. Our attention was that we could scarcely see to pick our way. solely taken up wiidi the romantic beauty Frequently boge fragments of rock fell with of the scenery, when the forest suddenly a treniendous crasha from above, always opened, and we saw before us what is pro. threatening instant destruction, and occasione perly the entrance to the desent of the ally wholly blocking up the road. We were Grande Chartreuse. Inagine a gloomy then obliged to use touls, which we brought forest abruptly terminated by immense on purpose, to make fresh stepping places, mnountains; the tops covered with snow, Once we had to pass over & narrow pine and the sides presenting a bare front of plank, which shook at every step; this was naked rock and beetling brows, undiversified placed by way of bridge over a yawning by the least symptom of vegetation, The chasm, which every moment threatened desert of the Chartreuse is wholly inaccessible to ingulph the traveller in its marble jaws. but by one exceedingly narrow defile. We often passed close by the side of abysses This pass, which is only a few feet wide, 80 profound as to be totally lost in darkness ; is indeed truly tremendous. It winds be- whilst the awful roaring of the waters, struga tween stupendous granite rocks, which gling in their cavities, shook the very rocks overbang above ; and appear ready every on which we trod. We laid the bride on moment lu fall with a dreadful crash, aud our mules' necks in silence; lifting up our orerwhelm the awe struck traveller. In- learts to that great and inscrutable Being, deed, the crags above project so far beyond who has created so many wonders, and the perpendicular that they appear literally whose eternal Godhead and almighly Power suspended without support. They cast such are thus awfully and clearly written, even an awful gloom on the path, that our horses from the creation of the world, in the things as well as ourselves seemed impressed with which he has made. As we ascended still fear, and ready to start back at the strange- higher, we were every now and then disturbed ness of the scene, and the sullen hollow by the hoarse screams of the eagles (the echo of every footfall. At the farther end only tenants of these deserts), who started