« PreviousContinue »
adjourn or dissolve it: in the latter case, soon as he shall have signed and sworn to an another must be formed in three months. act stating bis acceplance of the constituijon, Taxes shall be equal, and imposed only by The Count d'Artuis, the brother of the law; the land-tax to be fixed only for a king, who repaired to Paris soon after it was fear; and the budget to be annually pre- taken possession of by the Allies, and was sented at the opening of the session. The received with the most enthusiastic expreslaw shall fix the mode and annount of re sions of joy, has been appointed Lieutenantcruiting for the army. The judges shall be General of France. He has signilied his independent, and hold their situations for brother's willingness 10 accept the basis of life. Trial by jury, and publicity of trial this constitution, implying that there are in criminal mallers, are preserved. The some of its details which require to be moking may pardon. The penalty of con dified. Louis XVIII. biniself left London fiscalion of goods is abolished. The person on the 23d instant for l'aris. of the king is sacred and inviolable ; all his It is now time to turn to Bonaparte. acts are to be signed by a minister, who When he discovered that the allies had shall be responsible for any violation of the adopied the bold policy of advancing at laws which those acts may contain. The once to l'aris, and had already for two or freedom of worship and conscience are three days been pushing forward in that diguaranteed; the ministers of religion are rection, be made an effort to repair the error trcaled and protected alike; and all he had conmitted, by an immediate and Frenchmen are equally admissible to civil rapid pursuit. It was now, however, too and military utrices. The liberty of the late. Exhausted as his troops were by the press is entire, with the exception of offences fatigues they had undergone, deprived of the which may result from its abuse. The supplies he had relied ou receiving from public debt is guaranteed, and the sale of the Paris, but which liad been intercepted, disnational domains maintained. The ancient appointed of his reinforcements, and haJiability resume their titles, and the new rassed by the clouds of cavalry which hung preserve theirs hereditarily: the legion of on the tank and rear of liis armies, he was honour is maintained, with its prerogatives. still more ihan two days' march tiom Paris The senate is to consist of not less than 150, on the day on whicla tiie Allies entered it. and not more than 200 members, whose On hearing of this event, he established his dignity is immoveable and hereditary; the head-quarters at Fontainbleau, intending present senators form part of this number, there to collect and re-organize his force. and continue to enjoy their present endow. He soon found, however, that he could no, ments; the king names the rest, and supplies longer rely on the support of his generals all vacancies. The legislative body shall be or army. He therefore transmitted a pro. chosen immediately by the electoral bodies; position to Paris, offering to abdicate in fixa. and each department shall continue to send vour of his son. This insidious proposal was the same number of deputies as at present : instantly rejected; on which he declared his the deputies shall preserve their pay: the pre- entire renunciation, for himself and his heirs, sent deputies shall contime till replaced by of the throne of France. The moment his an election to take place for the session of military power was biohen, it appeared that 1816. The orinary tribunals existing at he stood alone and unsupported in a coun. present are to be preserved till altered by law. iry, wbere, a lew days before, he had disThe courts of cassation, the courts of appeal, posed at pleasure of the lives and destinies of and the tribunals of the first instance, pro. its inhabitants. pose three candidates for each vacancy of Bonaparte las selected the island of Elba judge; and the king chooses one of the as the place of bis luture residence. Sis three, and names the first presidents and millions of livres annually (250,0001. sierpablic ministers of the courts and tribunals. ling), it is said, are to be allowed for the sup-The military on service and on half-pay or port of himself and his family, including pension, and their widows, preserve their the Empress Maria Louisa, who, it seeins, rank, honours, and pay. Every person may' has separated herself from him. address by petition every constituted ali The revolution which has thus taken place thority. All the existing laws remain till las discovered to the world more of the bile legally repealed; the civil code shall be
ousness of Bonaparte's government, than will called the Code of the French. The present suit the taste of lvis wariu admire:s in Uris constitution shall be submitted to the ac country; of whom, we are sorry to say, ceptance of the French people: Louis Stanis- there have been and still are some among us. laus Xavier shall be proclaimed king us. -Sued was the iyuvrance of public events Christ. Obsery. No 148.
which prevailed, that the revolution which the 10th instant the knowledge of those had taken place in Holland in November events had not yet reached Toulouse ; Jast, was not known in Paris when the allies whicre an engagement took place on that day, entered it.-When the Bastile was forced between Lord Wellington and Soult, which by the populace of Paris in 1789, seven ended in the defeat of the latter and the state prisoners were found in it: the number occupation of Toulouse by his lordship found in Bonaparte's state prisons is said to on the 12th, to the great joy of the inha. amount to upwards of 1200.-A number of bitants. The particulars of this battle are Belgian priests, who had, for years, been not yet known, but it appears to have confined in different castles for having re been very sanguinary. We hope that strict fused to say prayers for Napoleon, although inquisition will be made for the persons they had made repeated acts of submission, whose culpable negligence (if not their cri. have been set at liberty._Upwards of 300 minal premeditation) has led to this usestudents belonging to one of the Universi- less effusion of human blood. An event ties in Flanders, and among them 40 clergy of the same melancholy description lias men, had been sent to join the army: an taken place at Bayonne. And at Hamorder has been issued by the Provisional Gue burgli, Davoust appears to be still indulging vernment for their liberation.—A vast num the serocity of his disposition by acts of the ber of children had been forcibly taken from most wanton cruelty.--Means have been their parents by Bonaparte, to be educated taken for effectually sheathing the sword according to his own views in his public along the whole line of the late extensive establishments: the Provisional Government warfare ; and, we trust, we have now heard has ordered that parents should be allowed the last tale of blood which is to afflict Eu• to reclaim their children so circumstanced *. rope for many years. - But it were endless to stale all the particu This brief view of the wonderful occurlars of his tyranny which recent events have rences of the past month, which we have abbrought to light. One of his last acis, while stained from interrupting by any observa. Paris was yet in his power, was to rob the tions of our own, cannot fail to suggest to treasury of all the specie contained in it, Our readers many useful topics of remark. and he afterwards augmenied this fund by the lessons which they are calculated to seizing on the public chests of several of convey to kings and nations are highly in. the departments. The Provisional Govern structive, and we trust will not be lost upon ment have issued orders for the recovery
them. Indeed, they appear to have already of this property
produced their effect on the minds of the It was the policy of Bonaparte to throw allied sovereigns. The singular moderation great obstacles in the way of communica.
which has marked all their proceedings has tion by letters, or even by special messen
been as gratifying as their success has been gers, between one part of France and another, complete. War, as conducted by them, has and between France and the rest of the
wori), not a hustile, but a friendly aspect ; world. Immense masses of letters were
and admits of being compared to those pafound in the Post-office of Paris, which had rental severities which are employed to rebeen accumulating there for years, and
strain the follies and reclaim the wanderings which were immediately forwarded to their of a child. Much, however, as we admire destination. And su trained to the habit
the spirit of moderation by which the allied of stopping the circulation of letters, jour powers have been influenced, in one point nals, &c. were the public lunctionaries of
we cannot but think that they (and here we France, that it was found very difficult at
include Great Britain in the number) were first to convey to the departments a know. induced to make an unjustifiable sacrifice ledge of the recent events in Paris. On of the hopes of Europe, from their eager
uess to bring the war to a close. They would * Mr. Cobbett, who seems anxious tu pre have made peace with Bonaparte! They vent, as far as he can, the return of the would have made peace with him too on world to peace and order, and who seems terms wliich would have left him master particularly ifortified at the failure of all of the destinies of nearly thinty millions bis predictions of the ultimate defeat and of people, and in a situation once more disgrace of ibe allies, and the continued to have put the yoke on their own necks. pre-eminence of Bonaparte, has flagitiously We shudder to think what would at this morepresented this humane order as the sup- ment have been our prospects and the prepression of Bonaparte's institutions for the spects of the world, lad Bonaparte assented education of poor children.
to the terms proposed to him by the allies..
" And in very
And why he did not assent to them can “God's fair world” his “ footstool;" and while only be explained on the same principle of we rejoice, that Providence has here favoured infatuation, which “ turned into foolishness us beyond our hopes or our efforts--has the counsel of another usurper in ancient averted the evil we would have brought on times, and which produced also the same ourselves; suill we contemplate with the uthappy issue, the destruction of the usurper's most satisfaction and gratitude the magnapower, and the restoration of the lawful mo- nimity of that forbearance and clemency narch, by the universal voice of his sub which have been displayed in the conduct jects. The case of Bonaparte, however, as of the allied sovereigns. They bave spared it appears to us, bears a nearer resemblance Bonaparte. They have saved and blessed to that of Pharaoh, than of any other mo France. May we not auticipate from sucha narch ancient or modern.
men, when they shall return in triumph to deed, for this cause have I raised thee up, their own dominions, that the benign arts of for to sbew in thee my power; and that my peace will be cultivated by them no less name may be declared throughout all the sedulously and successfully than those of war earth." And, surely, if the elevation and have been; and that their efforts will be fall of Pharaoh were expressly intended to employed in the improvement of their sub. magnify the Divine Power, and to produce jects, and in the cominunication of the saine beneficial impressions on the hearts of those blessings to them, which they have been who witnessed them, it is impossible to deny made the honoured instruments of restoring that the career of Bonaparte,mihe “ solar to other nations heigbe” to which he lias been raised, the What abundant cause have we to bless “ starless night" in which he has set *,-is, God, not only for this signal revolution, but if possible, still more pregnant with impor- for the manner in which it has been effected! tant instruction. Nor does the resemblance With the exception of the unhappy events of the two cases nold merely in their outline. at Toulouse and Bayonne, the very thought From the declaration of the allied sovereigns, of which, under all the circumstances, is issued after the rupture of the perilous negocia- sickening to the heart, there has been (as we tions at Chatillon (fær more full of danger, in have already remarked every thing to rejoice our view, than the fiercest storm of war), it at and nothing to lainent. It was justly appears that Bonaparte had, in the hour of feared, even after Paris bad fallen, that defeat, manifested a willingness to accept the streams of blood would have flowed in France, terms that were offered to him; but meeting before the delighted eye could survey her unexpectedly with some considerable suc. fields, as now, rescued from the scourge of dess, all bis proud hopes revived: “ his war, and resting under the shade of her anheart was hardened :" he would no longer cient kings. But the voice of Him whe listen to any compromise. In less than a speaks and all is calnu," has been heard fortnight, tlris man, who made the world to even amid the tumult of conflicting nations; tremble, with whom the utmost hope of and the cries of terror, agung, and death Europe in arms aspired only to what might (those never failing attendants on the marche be deemed an honourable accommodation, of foreign invasion and civil strife) have been becomes as abject as lie had been proud; changed, as in a moment, into strains of joy and accepts life, and an iguoble subsistence, and melody. To take only one exampleon the terms of a miserable exile to a petty think of the hopeless caplive, piuing under the island. So may the oppressor cease through- prospect of added years of exile and wretchout the universe !
edness, and who finds bimself at once restorBut while we cannot commend the policy ed to his home and happiness! Think on the which would have permitted Bonaparte to greetings which will bail the return of 350,000 retain his guilty dominion, and would have individuals, who are now confined in the prigiven him (so gratuitously, as it baås ap sons of England and France and Russia! peared to us) another opportunity of making In short, to whatever side we direct our
view, instead of the ghastly forms of desoOde to Bonaparte, by Lord Byron. lation and death, we meet only with sights After the remarks we have taken the liberty of pleasantness and pence. of making in the present Number, on the Shall we be excused, if, amid all this prowant of a moral in the Corsair of Lord By- fusion of joy, we should venture to sound a ron, we shall be excused, we trust, if we note which may appear somewhat discordant? seize this opportuvity of briefly expressing Our eye involuntarily turns from these visions the unfeigned pleasure we have derived of delight, which we have been contemplatfrom tbis spirited and seasonable effusion of ing, to the plains of Africa and the plantahis lordship's genius.
tions of the Western World. Surely it cannot
be, that all these great events, which have give one more proof of their reverence for given to Europe the promise of lasting repose God and their love' to man, by pronouncing and independence; that all this enginery of an irreversible sentence of extinction on happiness, all these joys which swell the the traffic in slaves, and by mutually erbosom, and all those exultations which rend gaging to carry that sentence into full the skies; should be the barbingers of misery execution. If this is not done, a new and to any other quarter of the globe. Surely more extensive slave trade will speedily it cannot be, that the nations who have 80' cominence. The miseries of Europe bave nobly fought ibe battle of the civilized granted some respite to Africa ; but, without world,--that those distinguished men, who the universal abolition of the slave trade, the have guided and controulcd their gallant bright day of happiness which has begun to efforts, and who have shed even round the dawn on Europe will only prepare tensoldt brow of war something of the mild radiance wretchedness for the African race. Now, also, of peace ;- it cannot be, that they should no interests would be compromised by such turn a deaf ear to the groans of soffering hu- a measure, except in the case, perhaps, . manity in other regions; that they should of Portugal. The glorious work might be permit the very achievements by which they accomplished without the merit or the pain have broken the chains of Europe, to have of a sacrifice. But, whatever may be effected the effect of winding only a heavier chain at the congress of nations, of this, at least, we around the wretched inhabit ants of Africa, assure ourselves, that our own Government and sinking them deeper in barbarism and knows too well what is due to public opinion, blood. And yet we cannot help giving and to the almost unanimous representations way to some fearful forebodings on this of the legislature on this great question, subject. We have as yet caught no to consent to relinquish a single colony we sound which would indicate that, either in now hold, but on the express condition that France or Holland, in Spain or Portugal, the abolition of the slave trade shall be an the sense of their past sufferings, or grati- irreversible law of the state to which it is tude for their recent sescue, had excited one restored. It would, indeed, be a monstrous feeling of commiseration for Africa, or return for the accumulation of mercies which prompted one wish for the termination of her Europe has been receiving at the hands of more aggravated wrongs. We trust, how. God, if they were only to be the signal for ever, that our forebodings will prove ground renewing, in Africa, the career of pillage, less; and that the same gracious and benefi- desolation, and blood, which her own procent Being, who has of late afforded such tracted sufferings had so providentially convisible manifestations of his power over the tributed to suspeird. We are most anxious to minds of his creatures; who has taught cherish brighter hopes; and, with the utmost conquerors, even in the moment of eamestness, we call upon all whom our voice victory, and with the means of vengeance can influence, to employ their unceasing in their hands, to stay the tide of carnage, prayers and their persevering efforts to preand to indulge in the luxury of doing good; vent the cruel disappointment which would and who has united the hearts of the mingled attend the failure of ibose hopes at this cri. myriads of Europe in the same great cause tical moment. as the beart of one man; will lead the con Our limits prevent our enlarging on this gregated rulers of the earth to erect one and soine other topics. We must therefore trophy more to hunuanity and justice ; to defer them.
Since the above remarks were sent to press, announced. The official details of the battles the formal cessation of hostilities between of Toulouse and Bayonne have also been re. Great Britain and France has been officially ceived. The loss has been sercre.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
ERRATA. Present No. p. 205, col. 1. l. 5 from bottom, after sterling, insert a semicolon. p. 209, col. 2. l. 4, for circumstances which appear, read circum:tance which
attempt to convert the natives of
ludia to Christianity. Nour Volumes for 1810 and 1811
• To pleas of insuperable difficul. we gave a very copious view. ty,” observes the pious Editor, of of the progress of the Protestant danger, and alas! (for it is so saiu) Missions on the coast of Coroman., of inexpedience, it is time to oppose del, from their commencenient in the documents of plain facts, and 1706 10 the close of the year 1710.' the long course of experiment, purA work has recently appeared which sued with unremitting efforts, and enables us to continue this account followed by none of the disastrous for the chief part of the time which, consequences which are has intervened between that period anxiously predicted. Facts and exand the present day. The work periments they are which have a is entitled, “ An. Abstract of the tract of years beyond the customary Annual Reports and Correspondence life of man, lovouch for them as of the Society for promoting Chris- practicable, safe, and full of subtian Knowledge, from the Com- stantial benefit; and all this under mencement of its Connexion with weak encouragements, it must be the East lodia Missions, A. D. 1709, owned, witb limited and languich 10. the present Day; together with patronage, and with deficient means. the Charges delivered to the Mis. It is in order to produce this evidence sionaries at different Periods, on, of fact, and these plain lessons of their Departure for their several experience, that the following AbMissions : published by Direction of stract has been formed and put forth; the Board of the Society for pro• by which it will appear that the moting Christian Knowledge.” The Society for promoting Christian Editor of this work we understand Knowledge, for above a century, to be the Rev. Archdeacon, Potto has supplied its succours, when its It was projected the time that the means were least abundant, for the great question of affording legal propagation and support of the facilities to those who might be ac, cause and interests of Christian tuated by the desire to propagate the truth, of religious knowledge, and faith of Christ in India was before of conversion in the eastern world. the legislature. li appeared too They who shall think fit to late to co-operate, as it would have peruse the following statements will done, in producing the wise decision find indubitable proofs, ihat, whilst which was adopted. I will serve, many are debating concerning what however, to demonstrate ibe wisdom is practicable or desirable, possible of that decision, and perhaps 10 or safe, the work has, in one way at obviate the prejudices of many well. least, been reduced to practice, is meaning men, who were led, by the found and acknowledged to be most. ill-founded alarms of persons preiend beneficial, and has, for more than an ing to local knowledge, to regard hundred of years, been carried on with considerable jealousy aby without risque or inconvenience.
Christ. OBSERV. No. 149.