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adjourn or dissolve it: in the latter case, soon as he shall have signed and sworn to an another must be formed in three months. act stating his acceptance of the constituiiun, Taxes shall be equal, and imposed only by The Count d'Artois, the brother of the Jaw;, the land-tax to be fixed only for a king, who repaired to Paris soon after it was year; and the budget to be annually pre- laken possession of by the Allies, and was sented at the opening of the session. The received with the most enthusiastic expreslaw shall fix the mode and amount of re- sions of joy, has been appointed Lieutenantcruiting for the army. The judges shall be General of France. He bas signified bis independent, and hold their situations for brother's willingness to accept the basis of life. Trial by jury, and publicity of trial this constitution, implying that there are in criminal matters, are preserved. The some of its details which require to be moking may pardon. The penalty of con- dified. Louis XVIII. bimuself left London tiscation of goods is abolished. The person on the 23d instant for Paris. of the king is sacred and inviolable; all his It is now time to turn to Bonaparte. acts are to be signed by a minister, who When he discovered that the allies bad shall be responsible for any violation of the adopied the bold policy of advancing at laws which those acts may contain. The once to l'aris, and had already for two or freedom of wurship and conscience are three days been pushing forward in that diguaranteed; the ministers of religion are rection, he made an effort to repair the error trcaled and protected alike; and all he had conmitted, by an immediate and Frenchmen are equally admissible to civil rapid pursuit. It was now, however, too and military offices. The liberty of the late. Exhausted as his troops were by the press is entire, with the exception of offences fatigues they had undergone, deprived of the which may result from its abuse. The supplies he had relied ou receiving from public debt is guaranteed, and the sale of the Paris, but which had been intercepted, disnational domains maintained. The ancient appointed of his reinforcements, and haJobility resume their titles, and the new rassed by the clouds of cavalry which hung preserve theirs lrereditarily: the legion of on the flank and rear of liis armies, he was bonour is maintained, with its prerogatives. still more ibian two days' march liom Paris The senate is to consist ot' not less ihu 150), on the day on which the Allies entered it. and not more than 200 members, whose On beasing of this event, he established bis dignity is immoveable and hereditary; the head-quarters at Fontainbleau, intending present senators form part of this nomber, there to collect and re-organize his fuice. and continue to enjoy their present endow. He soon found, however, that he could no, ments; the king names the rest, and supplies longer rely on the support of his generals all vacancies. The legislative body shall be or army. He therefore transmitted a prochosen immediately by the electoral bodies; position to Paris, offering to abdicate in fau. and each department shall continue to send vour of his son, This insidious proposal was the same number of deputies as at presenı : instantly rejected; on which he declared his the deputies shall preserve their pay: the pre- emire renunciation, tor himsell and his heirs, sent deputies shall contime till replaced by of the throne of France. The moment bis an election to take place for the session of military power was broken, it appeared that 1816. The ordinary tribunals existing at he stood alone anii unsupported in a counpresent are to be preserved till altered by law. ry, where, a few days before, liv had disThe courts of cassation, the courts of appeal, pised at pleasure of the lives and destinies of and the tribunals of tbe first instance, pro. its inhabitants. pose three candidates for each vacancy of Bonaparte has selected the island of Elba judge; and the king chooses one of the
as the place of bis future residence. Sis three, and names the first presidents and millivns of livres annually (250,000l. sterpablic ministers of the courts and tribunals. ling), it is said, are to be allowed for the sup-. The military on service and on liali.pay or port of himself and his family, including pension, and their widows, preserve their the Empress Maria Louisa, whu, it seems, rank, honours, and pay. Every person may has separated herself from him. address by petition every constituted ali- The revolution which has thus taken place thority. All the existin laws remain till has discovered to the world more of the filelegally repealed; the civil code shall be
ousness of Bonaparie's government, than will called the Code of the French. The present suit the taste of his warw admirers in tris constitution shall be submitted to the ac- country; of whom, we are sorry 10 ay, ceptance of the French people: Louis Stanis- there have been and still are some among us. laus Xavier shall be proclaimed king as --Such was the ignorance of public events Christ. O13sery. No 148.
which prevailed, that the revolution which the 10th instant the knowledge of those had taken place in Holland in November events had not yet reached Toulouse ; last, was not known in Paris when the allies where an engagement took place on that day, entered it. When the Bastile was forced between Lord Wellington and Soult, which by the populace of Paris in 1789, seven ended in the defeat of the latter and the state prisoners were found in it: the number occupation of Toulouse by his lordship found in Bonaparte's state prisons is said to on the 12th, to the great joy of the inha. amount to upwards of 1200.-A number of bitants. The particulars of this battle are Belgian priests, who had, for years, been not yet known, but it appears to have confined in different castles for having re- been very sanguinary. We hope that strict fused to say prayers for Napoleon, although inquisition will be made for the persons they had made repeated acts of submission, whose culpable negligence (if not their cri. have been set at liberty._Upwards of 300 minal premeditation) has led to this use. students belonging to one of the Universi- less effusion of human blood. An event ties in Flariders, and among them 40' clergy of the same melancholy description lias men, had been sent to join the army: an taken place at Bayonne. And at Ham. order has been issued by the Provisional Gue burglı, Davoust appears to be still indulging vernment for their liberation.--A vast num- the ferocity of his disposition by acts of the ber of children had been forcibly taken from most wanton cruelty.--Means have been their parents by Bonaparte, to be educated taken for effectually sheathing the sword according to his own views in his public along the whole line of the late extensive establishments: the Provisional Government warfare ; and, we trust, we hare now heard has ordered that parents should be allowed the last tale of blood which is to aflict Eu. to reclaim their children so circumstanced * rope for many years. But it were endless to stale all the particu
This brief view of the wonderful occurJars of his tyranny which recent events have rences of the past month, which we have abbrought to light. One of his last acts, while stained from interrupting by any observa. Paris was yet in his power, was to rob the tions of our own, cannot fail to suggest to treasury of all the specie contained in it, Our readers many useful topics of remark. and he afterwards augmented this fund by the lessons which they are calculated to seizing on the public chests of several of convey to kings and nations are highly in. the departments. The Provisional Govern- structive, and we trust will not be lost upon ment have issued orders for the recovery
them. Indeed, they appear to have already of this property
produced their effect on the minds of the It was the policy of Bonaparte to throw
allied sovereigns. The singular moderation great obstacles in the way of communica.
which has marked all their proceedings has tion by letters, or even by special messen
been as gratifying as their success has been gers, between one part of France and another, complete. War, as conducted by them, has and between France and the rest of the
worn, not a hustile, but a friendly aspect; world. Immense masses of letters were
and admits of being compared to those pafound in the Post-office of Paris, which had
rental severities which are employed to rebeen accumulating there for years, and
strain the follies and reclaim the wanderings which were immediately forwarded to their
of a child. Much, however, as we admire destination. And su trained to tlie habit
the spirit of moderation by which the allied of stopping the circulation of letters, jour. powers have been influenced, in one point nals, &c. were the public functionaries of
we cannot but think that they (and here we France, that it was found very difficult at
include Great Britain in the number) were first to convey to the departments a know. induced to make an unjustifiable sacrifice ledge of the recent events in Puris. On of the hopes of Europe, from their eager
uess to bring the war to a close. They would * Mr. Cobbett, who seems anxious tu pre- have made peace with Bonaparte! They vent, as far as he can, the return of the would have made peace with him too on world to peace and order, and who seems terms which would have left him master particularly cortified at the failure of all of the destinies of nearly thirty millions bis predictions of the ultimate defeat and of people, and in a situation once more disgrace of tbe allies, and the continued to have put the yoke on their own necks. pre-eminence of Bonaparte, has fagitiously We shudder to think what would at this morepresented this humane order as the sup- ment have been our prospects and the propression of Bonaparte's institutions for the spects of the world, had Bonaparte assented education of poor children.
to the terms proposed to him by the allies, And why he did not assent to them can “God's fair world” his " footstool;" and while only be explained on the same principle of we rejoice, that Providence has here favoured infatuation, which “ turned into foolishness us beyond our hopes or our efforts--has the counsel of another usurper in ancient averted the evil we would have brought on times, and which produced also the same ourselves; still we contemplate with the uthappy issue, the destruction of the usurper's most satisfaction and gratitude the magna power, and the restoration of the lawful mo- ninity of that forbearance and clemency narch, by the universal voice of his sub- which have been displayed in the conduct jects. The case of Bonaparte, however, as of the allied sovereigns. They have spared it appears to us, bears a nearer resemblance Bonaparte. They have saved and blessed to that of Pharaoh, than of any other mo- France. May we not auticipate from such narch ancient or modern.
• And in very
men, when they shall return in triumph to deed, for this cause bave I raised thee up, their own dominions, that the benign arts of for to shew in thee my power; and that my peace will be cultivated by them no less name may be declared throughout all the sedulously and successfully than those of war earth." And, surely, if the elevation and have been; and thal their efforts will be fall of Pharaoh were expressly intended to employed in the improvement of their sub, magnify the Divine Power, and to produce jects, and in the conuinunication of the same beneficial impressions on the hearts of those blessings to them, which they have been who witnessed them, it is impossible to deny made the honoured instruments of restoring that the career of Bonaparte,mihe “ solar to other nations? height” to which he lias been raised, the What abundant cause have we to bless “ starless night” in which he has set*,-is, God, not only for this signal revolution, but if possible, still more pregnant with impor. for the manner in which it has been effected! tant instruction. Nor does the resemblance With the exception of the unhappy events of the two cases nold merely in their outline. at Toulouse and Bayonne, the very thought From the declaration of the allied sovereigns, of which, under all the circumstances, is issued after the rupture of the perilous negocia- sickening to the heart, there bas been (as we tions at Chatillon (far more full of danger, in have already remarked every thing to rejoice our view, than the fiercest storm of war), it at and nothing to lament. It was justly appears that Bonaparte had, in the hour of feared, even after Paris had fallen, that defeat, manifested a willingness to accept the streams of blood would have flowed in France, terms that were offered to him; but meeting before the delighted eye could survey her unexpectedly with some considerable suc- fields, as now, rescued from the scourge of eess, all his proud bopes revived: “ his war, and resting under the shade of her anheart was hardened :" he would no longer cient kings.
But the voice of Him who listen to any compromise. In less than a speaks and all is calm," lias been heard fortnight, this man, who made the world to even amid the tumult of conflictiug nations; tremble, with whom the utmost hope of and tbe cries of terror, aguny, and death Europe in arms aspired only to what might (those never-failing attendants on the march be deemed an honourable accommodation, of foreign invasion and civil strife) have been becomes as abject as lie had been proud; changed, as in a moinent, into strains of joy and accepts life, and an ignoble subsistence, and melody. To take only one example on the terms of a miserable exile to a petty
think of the hopeless captive, piving under the island. So may the oppressor cease througha prospect of added years of exile and wretche out the universe !
edness, and who finds himself at once restorBut while we cannot commend the policy ed to his home and happiness! Think on the which would have permitted Bonaparte to
greetings wliich will hail the return of 350,000 retain his guilty dominion, and would have individuals, who are now confined in the prigiven him (so gratuitously, as it has ap- sons of England and France and Russia! peared to us) another opportunity of making
In short, to whatever side we direct our
view, instead of the ghastly forms of deso. Ode to Bonaparte, by Lord Byron. lation and death, we meet only with sights After the remarks we have taken the liberty of pleasantness and peace. of making in the present Number, on the Shall we be excused, if, amid all this prowant of a moral in the Corsair of Lord By- fusion of joy, we should venture to sound a Ton, we shall be excused, we trust, if we note which may appear somewhat discordant? seize this opportunity of briefly expressing Our eye involuntarily turns from these visions the unfeigned pleasure we have derived of delight, which we have been contemplatfrom this spirited and seasonable effusion of ing, to the plains of Africa and the plantahis lordship’s genius.
tions of the Western World. Surely it cannot
be, that all these great events, which have give one more proof of their reverence for given to Europe the promise of lasting repose God and their love' to man, by pronouncing and independence; that all this enginery of an irreversible sentence of extinction on happiness, all these joys which swell the the traffic in slaves, and by mutually enbosom, and all those exultations which rend gaging to carry that sentence into full the skies; should be the harbingers of misery execution. If this is not done, a new and to any other quarter of the globe. Surely more extensive slave trade will speedily it cannot be, that the nations who have so cominence. The miseries of Europe bave nobly fought ibe battle of the civilized granted some respite to Africa ; but, without world, that those distinguished men, who the universal abolition of the slave trade, the have guided and controuled their gallant bright day of happiness which has begun to efforts, and who have shed even round the dawn on Europe will only prepare tenfold brow of war something of the mild radiance wretchedness for ibe :Ifrican race. Now, also, of peace ;-it cannot be, that they should no interests would be compromised by such turn a deaf ear to the groans of soffering hu- a measure, except in the case, perhaps, . manity in other regions; that they should of Portugal. The glorious work might be permit the very achievements by which they accomplished without the merit or the pain have broken the chains of Europe, to have of a sacrifice. But, whatever may be effected the effect of winding only a heavier chain at the congress of nations, of this, at least, we around the wretched inhabit ants of Africa, assure ourselves, that our own Government and sinking them deeper in barbarism and knows too well what is due to public opinion, blood. And yet we cannot help giving and to the almost unanimous representation way to some fearful forebodings on this of the legislature on this great question, subject. We have as yet caught no 10 consent to relinquish a single colony we sound which would indicate that, either in now hold, but on the express condition that France or Holland, in Spain or Portugal, the abolition of the slave trade shall be an the sense of their past sufferings, or grati- irreversible law of the state to which it is tude for their recent rescue, had excited one restored. It would, indeed, be a monstrous feeling of commiseration for Africa, or return for the accumulation of mercies which prompted one wish for the termination of her Europe has been receiving at the hands of more aggravated wrongs. We trust, how. God, if they were only to be the signal for ever, that our forebodings will prove ground renewing, in Africa, the career of pillage, less; and that the same gracious and benefi- desolation, and blood, which her own procent Being, who has of late afforded such tracted sufferings had so providentially convisible manifestations of his power over the tributed to suspeird. We are most anxious to minds of his creatutes ; who has taught cherish brighter hopes; and, with the utmost conquerors, in the moment of earnestuess, we call upon all whom our voice victory, and with the means of vengeance can influence, to employ their unceasing in their hands, to stay the tide of carnage, prayers and their persevering efforts to preand to indulge in the luxury of doing good; vent the cruel disappointment which would and who has united the hearts of the mingled attend the failure of ibose hopes at this crimyriads of Europe in the same great cause tical moment. as the heart of one man; will lead the con- Our limits prevent our enlarging on this gregated rulers of the earth to erect one and soine other topics. We must therefore trophy more to hunianity and justice ; to defer them.
Since the above remarks were sent to press, announced. The official details of the battles the formal cessation of hostilities between of Toulouse and Bayonne have also been re. Great Britain and France has been officially ceived. The loss has been severe.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
ERRATA. Present No. p. 205, col. 1. I. 5 from botton, after sterling, insert a semicolon. p. 209, col. 2. l. 4, for circumstances which appear, read circum:tance which
attempt to convert the natives of
India to Christianity. Nour Volumes for 1810 and 181 "To pleas of insuperable difficul.
we gave a very copious view ty,” observes the pious Editor, “of of the progress of the Protestant danger, and alas! (for it is so saiu) Missions on the coast of Coroman- of inexpedience, it is time to oppose del, from their commencenient in the documents of plain facts, and 1706 to the close of the year 1710. the long course of experiment, purA work has recently appeared which sued with unremitting efforts, and enables us to continue this account followed by none of the disastrous for the chief part of the time wbich, consequences which are has intervened between that period anxiously predicted. Facts and exand the present day. The work perimenis they are which have a is entitled, .“ An Abstract of the tract of years beyond the customary Annual Reports and Correspondence life of man, lo vouch for them as of the Society for promoting Chris- practicable, safe, and full of subtian Knowledge, from the Com- stantial benefit; and all this under mencement of its Connexion with, weak encouragements, it must be the East lodia Missions, A. D. 1709, owned, wiib limited and languid 10 the present Day; together with patronage, and with deficient means, the Charges delivered to the Mise it is in order to produce this evidence sioparies at different Periods, on of fact, and these plain lessons of ibeir Departure for their several experience, that the following AbMissions : published by Direction of stract has been formed and pur forth; che, Board of the Society for pro- by which it will appear that the moting Christian Knowledge.” The Society for promoting Christian Editor of this work we understand Knowledge, for above a century, to be the Rev. Archdeacon, Pout. has supplied its succours, when its It was projected at the time that the
means were least abundant, for the great question of affording , legal propagation and support of the facilities to those who might be ac, cause and interests of Christian tuated by the desire to propagaie the truth, of religious knowledge, and faith of Christ in India was before of conversion in the eastern world. the legislature. It appeared too “ They who shall think it to late to co-operate, as it would have peruse the following statements will done, in producing the wise decision find indubitable proofs, ibat whilst which was adopted. I will serve, many are debating concerning what however, to demonstrate the wisdom is practicable or desirable, possible of that decision, and perhaps 10 or safe, the work has, in one way at obviate the prejudices of many well. least, been reduced to practice, is meaning men, who were led, by the found and acknowledged to be most. ill-founded alarms of persons preiende beneficial, and has, for more than an ing to local knowledge, to regard bundred of years, been carried on with considerable jealousy any without risque or inconvenience. Christ. Observ. No: 149.