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of arrangement, a moral end and a Millon, a Spenser, a Tasso, a
design, and be censureable for the Camoens; and, if the French must
want of it? Aristotle, indeed, that have their boast, a Fenelon. · Or,
direst foeman to modern genius, if examples less dazzling, if heights
does not, that we are aware of, give of excellence less inaccessible, if
any direct rules for the manage. instances more in point to the pour-
ment of the moral. But we need trayer of lesser actions and “ living
not inform the scholar, that he gives manners” be required ; let us turn
a whole section to his observations even to the drama. Whom do we
on the morals of the poem. And find, in that depariment, inscribed on
whilst in the most direct manner the marbles of an honest fame, but
he censures any overcharged por- the high-principled Æschylus, So-
traiture of vice beyond what the phocles, Euripides, Seneca, of older
circumstances of the case actually times; the Racine, the Corneille, the
require, be adds a most important Shakespeare - perhaps, in some
hint to the poets of the present day, points, it might be said, the theolo-
in advising them to imitate good gical Shakespeare—of later days ?-
painters; who always, he observesWould the lyre direct us to a con-
choose the faireşt forms and most clusion different to that for which
inviting subjects of description. we contend? If so, is it the lyre of

But we are conscious, in making Pindar; or of Callimachus; or of
these observations ou the execution Horace; or of Gray; or of Ossian;
of the poetry in question, we are or of Calidasa? Is it the lyre of
but ineffectually hewing at the the East, or the West, or the South,
branches. We must trace the evil or the North? What stripling
to the root. We must graft there in literature but will answer the
what shall hereafter appear to ado question as it should be answered ?
vantage in the form and fruit of Who but must own the sublimest
the tree.' We must call upon the flights of poetry, of whatever kind,
writer for that which we ever wish to have been made on the wings of
to instil into the reader of poetry, Religion ; and the Muse, in her
a predominant love and heartfelt highest station, to have been most
admiration, in the habits of his own aptly syrubolized by the king of
mind, for the fair and the bevutiful; birds, resting on the sceptre of the
and, above all, for the First Fair, and Father of gods and men? The
the Source of all beauly. We de- true, the most highly-favoured poet
mand of him, what we see in all of nature or of man must be cons
those poets who have stood highest; versant with the Creator of both.
we were going to say, who have He must be a firm believer in those
stood at all, in the permanent, es illimitable attributes of Divinity
teeth and veneration of mankind; which form the only horizon worthy
an unquestioned regard for those of his aspiring mind. His “ eye in
best standards and purest models of fine frenzy rolling," as it “ darts
exellence, whether real or feigned, from heaven to earth, from earth
which their countries have afforded to heaven," must not behold that
them in their respective objects of heaven without a God, that earth
religious faith. It is by a close without a former; it must see them,
adherence, by an enthusiastic devo- each instinct with its appropriate
tion to these lofty standards, that life; and must catch a glance of the
great poets bave been formed. This stupendous relations and mysterious
has been the Icaven, or rather let intercourse existing between a pre-
us call it, the vivifying princi- sent Deity, and this his
ple, with which the hand of plastic
Nature has been able, at an auspicious Himself how wondrous then!

universal frame so wondrous fair,
moment, to mould into being the
arajestic spirits of a Homer, a Virgil, Who, with the spirit of a poet,

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would forsake these boundless fields apply itself to every want and every of light, to wander along the barren feeling of the mind of man. We strand of atheistical research, with find in it at one time that which is none but the wretched Lucretius for of force to direct our judgment, at his guite? Who would forsake the' another to reform our taste, then to Deity of the Universe for that deity guide our conduct, then to heal our. of the Roman, the base philosophy corruptions, and then to sooth our of Epicurus?

sorrows. We find in it a rest for

the foot of the farthest wanderer Forsaking Thee, what shipwreck have we

from happiness, an ark for the dove made Of honour, dignity, and fair renown!

who has the longest fluttered in

despair orer the waves of this trou.! In all our remarks on this inte. blesome world. We find in it that resting subject, we feel ourselves which responds to the deepest and elevated by remembering that we the darkest tones that ever vibrated are Christians: and that, as such, from the human heart. We have we possess, in our own religion, a found in it that which answers to source of the sublime and The beau- the feelings of our own. Perhaps tiful infinitely beyond all others, we are on this account unfair, be. and such as Truth alone can offer. cause interested, witnesses. Those We pity that man, even were pre- who have not joined issue in the sent feelings only to be consulted, trial perhaps mistrust us; and the that cannot lay his band upon his poet especially, though credulous heart, and with the same constancy, in fiction, is more than ordinarily the same honest exultation as that suspicious of the cold gloominess of Roman Soldier going to execution truth. Testimony, then, we must for his profession, declare, “ I am a again adduce; and as we have seen Christian." And where is the foun- the testimony of foes, we will now dation of the Christian's hope, wbere adduce that of a friend; a friend, is the depositary of his treasure, the however, to which even a poet shall rich and inexhaustible fountain of not object--the unrivalled Milton. his pleasures and sublimest emotions “ His favourite book was the book of to be found: We answer in one God. To Milton, when a child, word--in the pages of his Bible. Revelation opened not her richest We must not be deterred by the stores in vain. To devotional suba smile of superficial ignorance, the jects his infant strains were dedionly class, even of foes, who “ see caled, and never did his barp forno beauty" in that Sacred Vo- ger’ to acknowledge the aids which lume, from giving an opinion of its he derived from the muse of Sacred contents. " Our Rock is not as Inspiration." Such is the noble testheir rock, even our enemies them. timony borne to Milion as a Chrisa selves being judges." We could tian poet, by his learned and accuforce into our service the testimony rate editor, Mr. Todd : and the ele. of the heathen Longinus, and even of gance with which it is given, is only the impious Voltaire. But we reject surpassed by that of a similar testisuch a questionable appeal. Our mony given by the poet himself to appeal takes a deeper stretch, to the his own feelings on the subject, in hidden sources of human intelli the famous passage occurring in his gence, and to the firm, indestructi. “ Reason of Church Government." ble, and unalterable properties of He there looks forward with a sort of our common nature, as exemplified prophetic inspiration to those places in daily experience; and there we of • hardest hope and highest atestablish our proof of the exquisite tempting with which his mighty and inestimable value of the Book mind was then teeming. After enuof Inspiration. We see in it, that' merating all the grandest models of which is calculated by turns to antiquity, he proceeds : " But those

frequent songs throughont the Law to add the feeble alliance of our comand Prophets, beyond all these, not ment to this sublime effusion of the in their divine argument alone, but prince of poets. What' a 'contrast in the very crilical art of composi-, this to those strains which “flow at tion, may be easily made appear, waste from the pen of some vulgar over all the kinds of lyric poesy, 1o. amorist, or the trencher fury of a be incomparable. These abilities, rhyming parasite!” With what a wheresoever they be found, are the charm does this“ divine philosophy" inspired gifi of God, rarely bestow.. burst upon the mind, after the lowed; but yet to some (though most born minstrelsy too frequent in these abuse) in every nation, and are of degenerate days! How" musical, as power, besides the office of a pul. is Apollo's lute," and lovely, as a pit, lo inbreed and cherish in a seraph's face, after the “ harsh and great people, the seeds of virtue and crabbed" exhibitions of our modern: public civility ; to allay the pertur. modish masters ! We reveri, with bations of the mind, and set the af. ineffable delight and all the feelings fections in a right tune ; to celebrate of youthful enthusiasm, to the moin glorious and lofty hymus, the ral Lycidases, Comuses, Sampsons, throne and equipage of God's Al-, of elder times; and we find a refuge mightiness, and what he works, and in the yet-unrified stores of more what he suffer's to be wrought with than one Christian poet of the past high providence in his church ; lo age, glorying in his religion, from sing victorious agonies of martyrs the shallow morals, unsettled faith, and saints, the deeds and triumphs and unholy inspiration of the preof just and pious nations doing va sent race.

We speak with every Jiantly, through faith, against the desire to make all fair exceptions. enemies of Christ; to deplore the ge. Were we to mention one exception neral relapses of kingdoms and states in particular, as giving some rising from justice and God's true worship. promise of the “mens divinior" in Lastly, whatsoever in religion is holy future, and, we trust, meditated and sublime, in virtue amiable or lays, our readers, perbaps, will angrave; whatsoever hath passion or ticipate an allusion to the name of admiration in all the changes of that Southey. But till a brighter dawa which is called fortune from with- shall diffuse itself over our vet darkout, or the wily subtleties and ened sky; till the Sun of righteous. fluxes of man's thoughts from with- ness shall arise with a more unquesin;-all these things lo paint out tioned influence and more“ “healing and describe, teaching over the ray," in our poetical hemisphere; whole book of sanctity and virtue, in plainer words, till Christians through all the instances of exam shall begin to talk as Christians; or, ple, with such deligbi, to those es at least, “ tell us plainly whether pecially of soft and delicious tem- they believe in Christ or no;" we per, who will not look so much upon feel a duty incumbent upon us to Truth herself except they see ber retire and invite as many of our elegantly dressed : ibat whereas the readers as will retire with us, to a paths of honesty and good life ap- more favoured clime and happier pear now 'rugged and difficult, poetical soil. Whilst to Christians though they be indeed easy and pleasant, they will then appear to the surly genius of his own mind, they

if they owed their birth, in a degree, also to all men both easy and pleasant, afford, at least, Ibis additional instruction to though ihey were rugged and diffi- the poet, that no temperament of mind, cult indeed*.” Why should we wish however baughty or untamed, need be

* We by no means send our young suffered to interfere with the business of the poets to Milton's prose works on Church, muse, or will tinge with gall the pen of a Government. His mischievous lectures of a true poet, when be takes it up for the political nature belonged to the times; and, improvement and refreshment of mankind.


the fortunate isles” of divine poesy ver the models of Scripture to he have more than any imaginary ex most dear ;-if, with the poet of Paistence, we must warn them that radise, we should find him rumilife is too short to be spent in visit- nating over some Divine song: ing rude and barbarous shores, in “choosing long and beginning late, search of accidental beauties and drawing deep from the stores of Dithose “strange plants” which are vine learning, having no end before always barren and often poisonous, him “ but the service of God and We feel a salisfaction, we trust of truth, and perhaps that lastiog fame no parrow or selfish kind, in contem- and perpecoity of praise which God plating the ground still left to us and good men have consented shall when every thing not moral in its be the reward of those whose pubtendency, not calculated to improve lished labours advance the good of the manners, exalt the mind, and mankind*;"_bow should we then purify the heart, shall have been rejoice to meet our renovated friend! marked off from the range of our With what unmixed satisfaction more retired hours. And if in those should we present him to our readmore select, those more sacred and ers, not, as now, a negative, but a elevated plains, the “locos lætos et positive, example and instructor in amæga vireta,” where breathes a good! We should go rejoicing with parer air, and shines a brighter a more than usual lightness on our beam, it should even be our happi- way, illuminated by the rays, and ness to meet with the poble author directed by the judgment, of our whose works we have been canvass- doubly noble poet. We should view ing, we assure him, with no on. him as some winged intelligence, friendly feeling;- if we should find moulting his feathers and “ renew. him, with a sympathetic genius, the ing his mighty youth;” we should melancholy Collins, bearing the sa bail him as a phenix of these later cred treasure, the records of Eternal days, rising from the ruins of a Truth near to his heart, and a wisely 100 hasty and ill-directed imaginadeeming the book of God the best;" tion, and with his eye fixed right if we should find bim framed anew onward on the Fountain of ethereal upon the first of models, and se light, soaring to those regions, where, dately emulating those brightest with kindredspirits, hewould at length mortal examples to whom, in com be lost in visions of eternal day, mon with himself, he would disco.

* Milton's Areopagitica.


&c. &c.


Sermons, in 2 vols. 8vo by the late Rev. John Ix the Press: Tactica, or the System of the Venn, Rector of Clapham. Wars of the Grecians; by Count Dillon ;-- Preparing for Publication: A cheap Com. Mr. Nichols' Continuation of bis Literary mentary on the New Testament, price only Anecdotes, to 1800 ;--A Description of the 28. 6d. by the Rev. T. D. Fosbrooke, M. A. Collection of Marbles in the British Museum; F.A.S.;-History of the Island of Guernsey, -Elements of political Science by Mr. John by Mr. W. Berry ;-An Essay on the DisCraig, in 3 vols. ;-Tracts statistical and hise eases of the Chest, by Dr. Badham. torical on India, by Dr. B. Heyne ;--1813, Proposals have been issued for printing by A Poem by Mrs. Grant;-Letters iron Edin. Subscription, in 2 vols. 8vo. price 17.1s. (fine burgh, giving an Account of the State of copies, 11. 11s. 6d.) the History of the Oria Society, Manners, &c;—The History of Fic- gin, Progress, and present State of the British Lion, by John Dunlop, in 3 rols. ;-- Abd and Foreign Bible Society; by the Rev.

John Owen, M. A. Rector of Paglesham,; ing. Its objects are-precision and speed. and gratuitous Secretary of the Society; , It performs by its own action the several

parts of furnishing, distributing, and comIn the Exhibition of Paintings in Watermunicating the ink, and giving the pressure. Colours, now open in Spring Gardens, the At its ordinary rate sixteen slicets a minute Members of the University of Oxford may are discharged by it, and indeed its velocity be gratified with a Series of Drawings repre- is only limited by the power of placing and senting the Interior of many of the Colleges, removing tle sheet. The machine has been painted in a highly finished style by Pugin and exhibited to the Syndics of the Press at Mackenzie; and a large Drawing, represent- Cambridge, and has been examined by the ing the splendid Ceremonies of their Alma principal members of that Universily.; and' Mater, by Uwins,

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Kibworth, Jan. 13; by the Rer. James Beay Life in Christ for every Willing Soul: resford, M. A. 1s, 6d. three Sermons, preacher at the Corn Nar A Sermon preached in the Parish Church het Chapel, Sunderland; by Samuel Turner, of Morilake, in Surrey, Jan 13; by Edw.' Author of a Mite for the Treasury, Arini., Owen, B. A. 1s. 6d. mies in the Oven, &c.

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A Sermon preached at the Church of A New Analysis of Chronology, in whi*

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