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tants. During the bombardment, Sweden and the Russian comman138 houses were burnt: the French ders have also given largely to this prevented the citizens from check object. But if we were called to ing the conflagration, spoiled even select the circumstances which ap. the engines, and pulled down 72 pear to bave been chiefly operative houses more which had remained in in alleviating the miseries of Gerthat part of the town. On the 20th many, we should say it was the of December, when already the bright example of British liberality. convention was concluded, that the The valuable suggestions, also, of town shiuld be surrendered to the the London Committee, combined Prussians on the 6th of January, with the pecuniary aid they have the governor demanded 68,000 dol- afforded, have given a powerful Jars from the town; and when the impulse to the charitable exertions citizens made remonstrances, 30 of of those in all parts of Germany the most respectable were taken by who have any thing left to share night out of their beds, and dragged with their destitute and perishing to the fortress till the last farthing neighbours. Associations are formwas paid. He had paper-money to ing in all quarters for the purpose the amount of 27,000 dollars made, of collecting money, visiting the and compelled the people to take it, poor and the sick in their own though he himself would never take dwellings, and administering relief any part of it in return. None of in the most economical and effectual the requisitions whatever bave been manner; and it has appeared 10 us, paid for. You would no longer that the arrangements they have know Erfurt :-our beautiful cathe- adopted for these purposes ex dral is a stable for horses, and the hibit a degree of prudence and judgchurches are turned into block. 'ment which afford the best pledge to houses. We are quite impover- those who may contribute to this ished."
object, that their bounty will not But what has been done, it will be misapplied. -We have been parbe asked, to alleviate this mass of ticularly struck with the conduct wretchedness? For a full answer to of the ladies of Berlin.
• Besides this question, we must refer to the voluntary contributions," we Reports already mentioned. Suffice told, “ they formed different assoit now to say, that near 70,0001. ciations; some making fine works, have been collected in this country; which they sold for the benefit of almost the whole of which has been the hospitals,-others preparing remitted to different parts of Ger- Jarge quantities of lint and banmany, and placed under the ma- dages, and also the most nourishing nagement of Committees composed soups and food for the convalesof persons distinguished by their cents. Another association, at the active philanthropy as well as ge. bead of which was the Countess of neral respectabiliiy, and who are Winzingerode, assisted by the ladies exerting themselves unweariedly Buescher and Berner, devoted their not only in the careful application whole time to a personal attendance of this bounty, but in raising ad- at the hospitals. They inspected 'ditional funds for the same benevo- the cleaning and fumigatiog the lent purpose. The wealthy Ham- rooms, provided the sick with clean burghers, who have escaped from linen; washing their wounds, giving the bands of Davoust, and taken them the medicines ; and from the refuge in Altona, Bremen, Lubeck, donations they collected, providing
&c. have made great exertions for more suitable nourishment than the the relief of their exiled townsmen, means of the hospitals could afford. and they have been nobly seconded They encouraged those poor suf.by the inhabitants of these towns of ferers who were obliged to undergo every rank. The Crown Prince of amputation, attended them to the
surgery, and after i be operations con- anticipated. This were indeed a veyed them to the rooms they had conduct worthy of our church and themselves fitted up for the recep- nation; and, in the hope of conzion of those whose dangerous situa. tributing to its adoption, we are rion required the most unremitting anxious to press, by a few additional care and attention. Thus, by ubeir considerations, on all our readers, almost vaexampled benevolence but especially on our clerical readers, and unwearied assiduity, have thou. the duty to which we have been sands been preserved to the state pointing their attention. We only who would otherwise have perished, fear lest we should rather weaken but who are now under the banners than strengthen the impressions of the great Blucher, fighting to which the above details must have avenge their own and their coun- already produced. try's wrongs. But not even bere It is an obvious remark, that the did the humanity of those ladies events of the last twenty years have stop, but was even extended to the united us in interest with almost widows and cbildren of those who every civilized nation of the earth; died in the hospitals, for the nost many of which have claims on our distressed of whom they made cole gratitude, and more on our compaslections. The principles upon sion. Whatever difference of opiwhich those ladies act have in. nion may prevail as to political meaduced ber Royal Highness the sures, we all know that the ravages Princess William of Prussia to join of war bave seldom been more disthem, and to assist in visiting and astrous than in the awful struggle to personaliy attending the hospitals.” which we have looked with so much
In short, the spirit of charity anxiety and so many apprehensions; seems to be awake, and will doubt. and that the independence of Europe less do much to mitigate the seve- has been achieved, as we doubt not it rity of suffering. But so sweeping has been achieved, by a sacrifice most and extensive has been the desola- painful and tremendous. It is sufficient tion, that without much larger aid to excite the sympathy of good men, from this country, than has yet if a deluge, an earıhquake, or a pesbeen afforded, it is only its partial tilence. bave destroyed the beauty mitigation that can be hoped for. We of the fields, and saddened the hearts have rejoiced, therefore, to perceive of the people. How strong, tben, that the exertions of the German is the appeal wben we know that the Committee in the City, so truly ho- armies which have carried desolanourable to them aụd to the coun- tion through a large portion of the try at large, are about to be aided Continent breathed no common venby another Committee, formed in geance to ourselves; and that the the west end of the town, and nien who now solicit our aid in the supported by the Prince Regent day of their extremity, have borne and other Princes of the Blood, the the whole fury of that storm which, Archbishops and Bishops, and many under other circumstances, would distinguished individuals in both have swept with all its violence over Houses of Parliament; and which, this smiling and peaceful land.therefore, promises to command still Happy is it for us that we see nomore extensive nieans of relief. We thing of the visitations of war!trust, especially, that the example Happy is it for us that the only doof the dignitaries of the church will mestic miseries which we are called influence the great body of the to winess arise from the common clergy ; and that the deep interest visitations of Providence, and the orthey have manifested on the subject dinary vicissitudes of bunian things! will lead to collections in every How different would be the scene, church and chapel in the kingdom, if, like our brethren in Germany, where this suggestion has not been we were compelled to behold thousands of the inhabitants of the vil. abundantly testify, has been expelages and hamlets around u3 strip- rienced and acknowledged by them ped of their possessions, destitute of on former occasions; and we want à home, and their families perish- no better evidence of the feelings ing with hunger! How melancholy which it has excited abroad, than would be our situation, if, instead of the simultaneous and universal imthe cheerful prospects which rise on pulse which again directs the naevery side, we should contemplate cions in the hour of their deep disnothing but an awful and solitary tress to our shores. Where is the waste; the implements of husbandry British bosom which does not beat and domestic use, the gardens, plan- high on observing this immediate tations, and fruit-trees all destroyed ; and general testimony to the land the fields without cattle, the grana. that gave him birth? Where is the ries without corn; the sick and the Christian who does not, with all the wounded destitute of all the aid re- humility of gratitude, thank God for quired 10 assuage their pain, or sup- that diffusion of light and truth, port their languor, without even fuel which is the parent of this extended to mitigate the severity of winter, charity? And to whom, under the and with no hope but from the boun. providence of Heaven, are we inty of others. "We should imagine debted for the blessing? These poor that miseries like these would speak Germans, who are now soliciting with irresistible force to every heart. our bounty, tell of no favours conThousands in this land have been ferred by themselves, and remind raising the shout of triumph : every us of no obligation. But we ought face has beamed with exultation ; never to forget, that if the battle of the night has been lighted up with national liberty and independence the splendour of day, and we have has been fought upon German ground, repeatedly listened to the welcome there also was maintained the more thunder of warlike exultation. But arduous and more important conflict how many are weeping, while we for the Scriptures of inspiration and rejoice! in Saxony alone, the scene for the Protestant cause. In advaneof these triumphs, which have car. ing to that part of the Continent, ried gladness to every cottage in where the fetters of a deadly superGreat Britain, “not less than a mile stition were broken, never to be reJion of persons are reduced to the united, we seem to tread on the conmost abject condition, and are now fines of a sacred soil. While the shedding the bitterest tears of wretch- rest of Europe was buried in the edness and want.” Even without deep stades of papistical delusion; the afflicting details which we have while a tyrannical prince, and an inserted above, this one fact is sure. ignorant and profligate priesthood, ly enough to rouse the feelings and concurred to trample, in this island, the exertions of benevolence : Num- on the consciences of men; to deepen bers, who were lately in ease and the general gloom; and to bury comfort, have now no prospect, with- the light of Divine Truth under a out liberal aid, but to die of hunger. mass of the grossest corruptions ;
Most earnestly do we hope that we then it was that those rays of Heamay never again be called to dwell ven, which were destined to pierce on such a tale of horrors. And yet through that night of ignorance and the task is not wholly unattended vice, shot up in the plains of Saxwith gratifying reflections. To ony. Who can forget that the counwhom have these miserable men try, which is now like a desolate looked for succour in their amiction ? wilderness, was the country of Fre: They turned to the land where the derick the Wise, that great friend narrative of distress has seldom been and patron of the Reformation; and related in vain. The generosity of that Luther, the champion of Truth this island, as our own pages will under the protection of this good prince, sounded from that land the any to contribute beyond their power sacred trumpet which arrested the (though such was the conduct of attention of Europe, and made Ba- some in former times), but we call bylon, the Mother of Abominations, upon them to give liberally out of turn pale upon her ibrone, and trem- the abundance which they possess. ble in all her palaces! It was in Let us not lose the prayers of the Saxony that he planted his foot, destitute, and the blessings of those while, with one hand, he shook the that are ready to perish. Many are towers of degenerate Rome, and, the supplications, which, by reason with the other, unfolded to the long- of the liberality of this country, has ing eyes of mankind the Revelation been offered for our peace and secu. of God. It was at the call
of Lue rity, even in lands professedly hos. ther and his associates that England Lile. And who can tell how largely arose from the dust. It was at the we are indebted even to that inter. holy flame, which was kindled by cession for the national prosperity them, that our martyrs and confes which we now enjoy? Lei the same sors lighted their lamps. It was on incense still ascend. Let the same the foundation which they laid that sacrifice still be offered. And let the glorious temple of ou National our petitions rise up to the God and Church has been built up and estab. Father of us all, mingled and united Jished ; and while that consecrated with ibeirs, whose sorrows we have flame shall burn upon our altars, and alleviated, and whose hearts we have the song of Zion shall ascend from caused to sing for joy. our courts, and mix with the melodies of Heaven, let the blessings of a grateful people be poured, not in To the Editor of the Christian Observer: words, but in deeds, and in full mea. sure upon those who preserved, for the learned and truly pious Mr. our benefit, the hallowed fire, and Penn has recently published an ex. taught us to join in the everlasting position of Ezekiel's prophecy, restrain.
lative to Gog of the land of Magog: And let us esteem it as a cause in which he supposes Gog to be of thankfulness to God, that he has Buonaparte, and the land of Magog given us the opportunity of making that large portion of western Eusome return for these incalculable rope which, until lately, constituted blessings which Germany conferred the French Empire. T'he ground of on us in the day of our necessity. If the opinion is this:--from her, as an instrument, we have Western Europe was originally received the Breadthat cometh down peopled by the Celts or Gauls, who from Heaven, shall we refuse her were the descendants of Gomer: but, the meat wbich perisheth? If she at a subsequent period, it was conbave instructed us how to obtain the quered and occupied by the Scy. garments of salvation, and to enter thians or Goths, who were the deinto the building of God when the scendants of Magog. Hence, what bouse of this our tabernacle shall be was once the land of Gomer, became dissolved, shall we now leave her the land of Magog; yet the remains shivering and destitute? If we have of Gomer and Togariah were minreaped her spiritual things, is it gled with Magog in the country: much to dispense to her the things and accordingly the Prophet deof this life? We ask not that those scribes Gog as being at the head of who are in want should become rich an army composed of Gomer and through our poverty, (though we Togarmah, as well as of Magogi read of One who was rich, who, for though, from the decided predomiour sakes, became poor), but thatnance of the last, the whole empire they should be rescued from misery is accurately denominated the land of by our kindness. We solicit not Magog.
Now, it is obvious that this whole ter, he knew not any nation more superstructure rests on the position, northerly than the Scythians: for, that the Scythians, or Goths, are the when he wrote, the civilized world descendants of Magog; for, if they was scarcely acquainted with the be not the descendants of that Pas very existepce of the great Sclavotriarch, then, of course, Western pic or Tartar house. Hence he proEurope, or the late French Empire, nounced the Scythians to be Magocannot be the land of Magog; and gians; adding, that by the Greeks if Western Europe be noi the land ihey were denominated Scythians. of Magog, then Bonaparte cannot The turn of his expression may pera be the Gog who is described as the haps be thought to imply, that this sovereign of that land.
people were by themselves called Hence we may reasonably expect Magogini, , though styled Scythians that the position, that the Scythians by the Greeks. It, however, this or Goths are the descendants of Ma- be his intended assertion, I can find gog, should be established by most no evidence for the iruth of it. We incontrovertible evidence; because, are plainly told by Syncellus, that, without such establishment, the whole when the Scythians became better superstructure is plainly built on the known to the Greeks and Romans, sand.
it was found ihat they caller themBut, when I looked for demonstra- selves, in their native dialect, not tion of this vital position, I found Magogim, but Goths: and I tbink it myself completely disappointed. No. clear enough, that Scytha, or Scuth, thing is adduced to prove the Mago. was but a faulty way of pronouncing
gian descent of the Scythians, ex- Cuth, or (Goth. Σκυθαι, και Γοτθοι cept a mere random assertion of Jo- λεγομενοι επιχωριως. sephus, which can be rated no higher As the prophecy of Gog, accord. than as the conjecture of that histo- ing to the view which Mr. Penn rian: a conjecture, which must be has taken of it, is of the last importthoroughly discussed before it can ance to the Christian world, I should be admitted to be true. Yet, upon feel myself greatly obliged to him, this conjecture, unsupported by a sin- if, through the medium of your gle corroborative fact, does Mr. Penn publication, or through any other rear a most stupendous superstruc- channel most agreeable to him, he ture. Wishing for further informa- would prove the descent of the tion, I turned to Bochart and Wells, Scythians from Magog: for, without but still without any emolument. such proof, I must consider the They both, indeed, pronounce the whole of his exposition as gratuitous. Scythians the descendants of Ma- I will likewise thank Mr. Penn 10 gog: but this they assert on the sole inform us, on what grounds he authority of the conjecture of Jose- asserts the Scythians to have been phus, - which has been echoed by originally a nation of Europe, which Eustathius, and various other writers, thence partially emigrated into boib ancient and modern.
Asia, rather than the reverse; nameThus it appears, so far as I have ly, that the Scythians were originally been able to collect, that the Ma. à nation of Asia, which thence gogian descent of the Scythians rests partially emigrated into Europe. solely upon the conjecture of Jose. When we attempt 10 expound a phus: and for this conjecture it is prophecy relative to nations, it is not very difficult to account. Un absolutely necessary that the geneaderstanding the prophecy of Gog, logy of those nations should be first in the manner in which it has always clearly ascertained. I am greatly been understood, previous to the in- inclined to suspect, though very terpretation of Mr. Penn, he not un. possibly I may be quite in the naturally looked for Magog to the wrong, that the children of Magog north of Judea ; but, in that quare never
set foot within the Christ. Orsery. No. 148.