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These are really marvellous disco. sentation of the Calvinistic system, veries. We had conceived, that the which is equal in exaggeration to Gentiles had not only to be taught any with which we are acquainted; motives to virtue, but, in many imo namely, that it describes the Divine portant instances, the very nature of Being as selecting " for the future virtue, and the rules of moral duty; glories of his throne those who He that they were absolutely ignorant, foresees will, through the course of philosophers as well as the multitude, their eristence upon earth, debase of many fundamental branches of their nature by sensuality, and polChristian morality, for which they lute their souls with vice ;". had not even a name; and that many evidently implying, that in this of the dispositions and actions which sintul stale riey are to live and die. they called virtuous were in truth We are no Calvinists; but we are vicious and odious in the sight of lovers of truth and justice, and we God, and as much requiring forgive. are persuaded that, except amidst ness as their acknowledged sins; the ravings of the Antinomian, not that, so far from merely needing to even the slightest traces of such be warned of the punishment of sin, licentious doctrines are to be found. they wanted also to be taught Every sover-minded Calvinist, if wherein consisted the guilt and tur- indeed it be allowable to imagine pitude of moral evil; and that, in- such a character, would start back stead of having only to acknowledge with indignation and horror from "many unheeded imperfections," the pictures of their tenets, which they had one and all to lament their their adversaries are much 100 freinnumerable sins and omissions in quently in the habit of drawmg. deep humiliation and repentance. We pass on to the ever-fruitful We could enlarge on this important topics of sudden conversion and topic; but our livits remind us that irresistible grace; upon which, as we must proceed to some other points we have often before expressed our which remain to be considered. sentiments at large *, we shall not
Upon the subject of predestina. now long detain our readers. We tion, which is the next in order, we perfectly agree with Dr. Holland gladly follow the example of Dr. and other writers, in saying, that the Holland in being extremely brief. influence of Divine Grace is not In the few lines, however, which he intended to force men, whether they has devoted to it, we are sorry to will or not, into the way of truth say that he has much too easily and holiness ; nor is this the doctrine assumed one ground of acknow- of the Methodists of any class. ledged debate, in asserting, that Doubtless the Holy Spirit operates St. Paul merely intended to refer, in upon the human mind in entire conhis Epistle to the Romans, to the sistency with its rational nature. national election of the Jews and the In fact, one of the main positions of calling of the Gentiles; and not to Calvinists is, that the influence is individuals; and that this is the chiefly exercised upon the will, and sense in which the Apostle's ex- that when this, which they maintain pressions were understood by our is naturally depraved, has received a Reforniers, and intended in the 17th new and holy bias, it co-operates, Article of our church. He has also as Anti-calvinists represent, with manifestly misrepresented, even by the assisting grace of God in every his own quotation of the passage, part of the Christian life. the sentiments of Calvin upon the The Methodists and some others danger of preaching the doctrine of
See our Reviews of the Bishop of Linpredestination and reprobation in a coln's Reiutation and AIr. Scott's Reply, and crude and unguarded manner; and Mant's Bampton Lectures, vols. X., xi., and has suffered himself to give a reprem ali.
hare, doubtless, applied the sudden abused 10 purposes of enthusiasm and conversion of St. Paul 100 indiscri- licentiousness. The conversion of mínately, and orged it in many the thiet upon the cross, like that respects unwarrantably. They have of St. Paul, has been unwarrantably also been often enthusiastic and un- applied, and dangerously relied seriptural in their representations of upon; and the efficacy of faith the doctrine of regeneration, and even to the greatest sinners, and of evil bas doubtless tollowed their the grace of God to convert and errors on these points. But though sanctify the munst unholy, have per. they may have been extravagant haps been occasionably represented in their views, we would by no means in an unscriptural manner. But, assert, that there is no such thing after all, the hopes and promises of in the present day as a compara: the Gospel do extend even to those lively, sudden direction of the mind
cases which with men may appear towards religion, or inclination of Lo be impossible. The dying sioner the heart towards God; much less ought still to be exhorted to look, not would we represent what the Scrip- as Dr. Holland would represent it, tures describe as a real renovation" without any endeavour on his of man's nature, as inseparable part," but with an eye of faith, from baprism.
It is true, that the with hearitelt trust and reliance, 10 converts mentioned by Dr. Holland, Him who was lifted up like the the Ethiopian Eunuch, Cornelius, brazen serpent in the wildernes Sergius Paulus, and Lydia, are in- amidst the wounded and the dying stances of those whose hearts were Israelites, and who is “ inighly to gendly and gradually opened, under save,” even “ to the uttermosi,” all the use of means, to receive the truths that, at whatever period, and under of the Gospel; nor did any reasonable whatever circumstances,"conie unto persout ever deny that this is in the “ God by him." Doctor Holland present day the most usual mode in asks, in his nole upon this subject, which the influences of Divine “ Were not then the Foolish Virgins Grace operate upon the mind *. too late?
Were not those persons, But does it follow, that there were too, guilty, who, when presuming none in the apostolic or in later upon our Saviour's having eaten times, who, like the jailor at Philippi, and drunken with them upon earth, were awakened and converted in a they cried Lord, Lord, open unto more sadden and alarming manner;
us,' received their Lord's refusat ? and who, instead of being prepared We answer, Unguestionably the by much previous discipline, were fuolish virgins were too late ; be. arrested by the grace of God in the cause they neglected the oppormidst of their sins, and, like the tunity of being prepared for the pious and excellent Colonel Gar- feast, and souzht for adarission when diner, bave been snatched " as • the door was shut;" that is, in brands from the burning ?" The plainer terms, because they neglected freedom and the power of Divine ihe means of grace, and implored Grace have, we know, been too often salvation when the day of trial was
Undoubtedlly also the other * Dr. Holland labours hard, in a long persons referred to were also guilty, Dole, to prove that St. Matthew and Zacchuus were not unprepared for the call of continued through life the “workers
because they were hypocrites, and Christ. His arguments are by no means eunclusive; but if they were, what is of iniquity.” But does the first ingained by his position ? " The preparations
stance afford any reason why the of the heart in man are from the Lord" labourer who with his whole heart We agree with him, however, in this obser. actually enters the vineyard even vations on the history of the woman of Sa- at the eleventh hour, should lose his tharía, who certainly does not appear by the reward; or the second, why the account of the Evangelist to have been, strictly ungodly, who with a true penitent speaking, converted by our Lord. heart and lively faith, flies for refuge to the hope set before him in but it is difficult to give much credit the Gospel, even though he should for their existence, or at least for have no other means or opportunity tbeir warmth and liveliness, where of manifesting his sincerity, should there is a total and studied neglect or be rejected ? This would be lo contempt of the ordinary modes by circumscribe the power and the which they are distinguished. In a grace of God in Jesus Christ, and similar manner we agree with Dr. to deny to that Almighty Saviour Holland in saying, that the love of one of his distinguishing glories. God, though the highest motive Though the work of sanctification to ubedience, has been by some and the fruits of holiness form the preachers and writers insisted upon most unequivocal criterion of ac- ivo exclusively, to the neglect of ceptance with God, yet let it not the rarious other motives which are be forgotten, that he who truly be- urged upon us in Scripture; and lieveth in the Son of God may have that it is the duty of the clergy 10 the witness of his adoptiov in him- employ every incentive, the proself; and that, deceitful as is the mise of good, and the threatening heart above all things, He who has of evil, the hope of heaven, and access to the work of his own hands the dread of hell, to engage manmay vouchsafe even to the trembling kind to be earnest and diligent in penilent on a death-bed, though we the great work of their salvation. conceive that for the wisest reasons But while we acknowledge this, we ibis may not be a common case, not must at the same time observe, that an arrogant or enthusiastic, but a both in his sermon, and in the noles humble and well-grounded hope of upon this part of it, Dr. Holland forgiveness and salvation.
has evidently fallen into the common The last topic of vindication to error of confounding the principle whicb Dr. Holland refers, is from of love to God and the affection the complaint of lukewarminess in itself as existing in the heart of the addresses of his regular brethren every real Christian, with its practo the Almighty, and their want of tical effects and the proof of its zeal in urging men to their duty, sincerity. The distinction is a most by the highest and strongest motive, important one, and, except in relinamely, the love of God. Here gion, could not be mistaken or overagain, as in the former instances, looked. Doubtless as St. John dethere are some things as to which clares, “this is the love of God, we agree with the reverend author, that we keep his commandments;" and others in which we feel com- that is, this is the only solid and unepelled to differ from him. We ene quivocal proof and test that we really tirely agree with him in thinking, love God. But must not the princi. that many religionists have addressed ple first exist in the heart? Can the the Divine Majesty in terms of irre- evidence of the affection, precede verent familiarity; that the language the affection itselfi " If a man of human atfection and the mys- love me," said our blesssed Lord, tical allusions of the Song of Solo- “ he will keep my commandments," mon have been most improperly “ He that loveth me not, keepeth Transferred to the exercises of devo- not my commandments." We must rion, and the expression of religious first love God before we can obey feeling. But while we condemn the him: we must first love our Saexcess of such practices, let us be viour before we can be his true ware of the contrary extreme of disciples. The ground work of the coldness and insensibility. Much fallacy which we are combating is true devotion, and genuine love of this: many persons hastily seizing God may be disfigured by the en- the notion of obedience being the thusiastic or apparently irreverent proof of love, which it is, form garb, in which ignorance, weak- an inadequate idea of the nature and dess, or bad taste, may array them; extent of that obedience, drawn
perbaps from their own practice, contempt with wbich Dr. Holland or the example of the world around appears to treat such sentiments, them, and then conclude that we have, therefore, no difficulty in this defective obedience is a satis. saying, that “ love is the fulfilling of factory proof of their love to God the law"- that if the love of God and the Redeemer, and that every rule in the heart, it will purify it thing beyond or distinct from it, is from the love of sin, and lead to hypocrisy or enthusiasm. The ab- conscientious and universal obedisurdity of such a mode of arguing is ence; and that the pious author of apparent from considering it with the Night Thoughts, whom reference to human atfectiou. Does Reverend Author calls an anonymous any one believe that love can be Poet, quoted by Mr. Romaine in a outwardly expressed, if it be not passage on which he animadverts, previously rooted in the heart? spoke the language not only of feelDoes the parent, the husband, or the ing, but of iruth and soberness, wife think thus of the affections when, addressing our Divine Lord which they require? Or would they and Master, he exclaimed, be persuaded of the reality and
The grand morality is love of Thee! sincerity and warmth of those af. fections, if, instead of an animated, shall give a more lengthened speci
Before we close this article, we watchful, universal, and persevering men of Dr. Holland's sentiments regard to their wishes and their and style of writing than we have yet happiness, the persons from whom
done. It is taken from the conthey justly expected those proofs of
of his sermon. attachment, were cold, negligent, partial, and wavering in their duty * In the short view," says the Reverend and service? Men understand these Author, " which I have taken of some of things too well to be so deceived. the principal charges brought against the Nor is the difference great when we
regular clergy, it has been far from my refer these observations to the love intention, (it would indeed be a prostitution of God. If it be genuine and lively, of my sacred office) to invent excuses for
any neglect of our ministerial duties. it will undoubtedly prompt to active, enlarged, and steady obedience,
However rarely, I trust, the charge of real and is manifestly counterfeit if it be neglect can be established against individuals
of the order, of those who give occasion deficient in these proofs of its ex
for the reproach I would not willingly beistence. But if the love of God
come the advocate. The holy interests of - and of Christ be not first implanted religion require that its ministers should be
in the heart by the influence of free, if in a licentious world it would be Divine Grace; if it be not the result possible, from even the imputation of of faith in the mercies of redemption, blame. But when the purity of our docand the expression of gratitude to
IRIN FS is impeached, it becomes the duty Him who first loved us--10 Him of every minister of the church, however who died for us and rose again; in
humble bis ability, to stand forward in their vain shall we look for the proofs of vindication.” obedience; of such obedience, at Again: least, as will be to ourselves the “ However circumscribed, or however criterion of acceptance, the com- extended may be the sphere of our dirpanion of hope, and the earnest of ties, we must not expect often to produce salvation* Notwithstanding the sudden and marked effects by our preach
ing. It is our office to sow the good seed It is but justice to Dr. Holland to add, in the hearts of our hearers; God will, in that he has given the right interpretation of his own time, give the increase. And Rom. v. 5, in referring " the love of God," though the completion of our bepes be yet which is there mentioned, to his love to us, at a distance; though in the moral as in the and not as sonje bave erroneously done, to natu ral world, first the blade must be our love to God.
bronght forth, then the car , and after 1 La Christ, Opsery. No. 147,
the full corn in the ear; and though it may most readily discard the expectanot be granted to those who sow the seed, tion of sudden effects from their to see the liarvest in its full perfection, let preaching, if by that term any thing us not be weiry in well doing, for in due
unsound and enthusiastic be inseason we shall reap if we jaint not, if noi in
tended; but we deprecate the disthis world, certainly in the world to come.”
" Above all things, we must not handle mission of hope, as to the marked the word of God deceitfully; but by mani.
success of their labours. We fear festa!ion of the truth, commend ourselves to
that such a mode of speaking is enery man's conscience in the sight of God. calculated to render those who We must beware of beguiling our hearers perceive but little or no effect from with enticing words, lest we beguile them their ministry contented with that and ourselves of our everlasting reward. negative and unprofitable result of While we forbear to make the heart of the their instructions, The metaphor righteous sad, whom the Lord hath not adopted by Dr. Holland of the seed made sall, we are equally enjoined not to
sown in the natural world is doubtsay peace where there is no peace; and there is no peace, saith the Lord, unto the
less scriptural and appropriate wicked. We must not foster that spiritual
But does the husbandman look for pride which, not inore for his own honour
no marked etfects of his labours? than for our profit, God himself resisteth.
Is he contented that the seed should We must cherish that simplicity of mind, always remain buried in the ground? that humility of heart, which is the first “ Is he not anxious to behold first lesson of Christianity, and to which God the blade, then the ear, then the givetli grace. We must urge our hearers, full corn in the ear?” And if no in the earnest language of the holy Apostle, symptoms of vegetation should apwhom I have so often had occasion to
pear, or no prospect of harvest quote, to be stedfast, unmoreable, always should gladden his beart, would he abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as they know that their labour is not
not conclude either that the seed in vain in the Lord."
had not been “good,” or that the
soil was barren? It is true that the It can scarcely be necessary for spiritual husbandınan cannot expect us to observe, that in many of the to see the harvest in its full perfecsentiments expressed in the preced- tion in the present world, but be ing passages, we most cordially may and ought to expect to witness
The anxiety, which the its first fruits. And though we are author evidently feels, that the great well aware, that success is not inbody of the clergy may be faithful variably the criterion of excellence and diligent in the discharge of in the labourer, it is a part of his their sacred duties, is higlily lauda- character to look for it, and to be ble; nor do we materially differ satisfied with nothing short of il; from himn in his representation of and in general we believe it will be the nature and conditions of the found, ihat some striking, marked, Christian life. There are, however, and valuable effects do follow the two points on which we must offer exertions of every faithful minister a few concluding remarks.
of the Gospel. We think, in the first place, that Our second and last remark upon when Dr. Holland suggests to his this sermon respects the general brethren, that they must not ex- design of the whole. Il professes pect often to produce “ marked" to be a vindication of the reguas well as “sudden” effects by their lar, that is, as we presume Dr. preaching, though he may possibly Holland would be understood, the mean by the former of those ex. great majority of the clergy, in pressions something similar to the opposition to the supposed smaller latter, the observation has a tenden- number of those who are termed cy rather to discourage than lo ani. evangelical. The Reverend Autbor male ministerial exertions. We will trusts that the charge of real nego