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and made its proceedings tally with or comment: manfully have they its principle.

protested against a Society whose The "iables of contents," I ac sole object and standing order it is, knowledge, are a subject on which to distribute only the pure word of the Society may use, in some de- God; for who does not see that what gree, its own discretion; for the is in itself pure must necessarily be copies of the “authorised version" productive of mischief, unless someare, in this respect, far from being thing less pure be united with it? uniform. There is therefore an al- Could we breathe the atmosphere if ternative: such copies may, with it consisted only of oxygen? All the approbation of the two Univer- this being unanswerably true, my sities, be followed as shall be judged only complaint against Mr. Norris by the Society the most unexcep- is, that he has not listed up his warn. tionable.

ing voice against Prayer-books without I submit the whole of this state- notes and Tracts without comments. ment to you, sir, 10 Mr. Aspland, Important and deep discoveries are and to the religious public at large; not, however, made in a moment. and hope that it will be received as Mr. Norris and the vestry bare a sober correction of a misrepresen- seen a great way, and having ac. tation which I by no means suppose knowledged this, I need not, I am to be wilful, but which must strike confident, deprecate their displeaevery reader as calculated to injure sure, although I presume to have a a Society in the advancement of discernment more acute than theirs: which so many thousands of the in fact, I am only a dwarf upon a wisest and the best of men will re- giant's shoulders. joice to expend their noblest powers

Much as I admire the Prayerand their utmost influence.

book-for I will begin with this-I Cannot, by any means, think it ought to be placed in the hands of the vulgar, without some curtailments

and some erplanations, To the Editor of the Christian Obserrer.

I need not observe, what must be I RELY on your candour to admit the obvious to every one, that all the following observations into your objections against Bibles without publication.

An appeal to your note or comment apply equally to candour is necessary, inasmuch as a great part of the Prayer-bookI distinctly avow myself an admirer to the Benedictus --the Dimittis of the sentiments of Dr. Maltby and to the Epistles, the Gospels, and the Mr. Norris, and am very far from Psalms ;--for I believe it would reconcealing that I regard, with won- quire a more acute vision than the der, love, and gratitude, that band Vestry, or Mr. Norris, or even than of devoted confessors who, emerg- I myself possess, to discover any ing from the Vestry-room at Hack- notes or comments on these extracis ney have planted themselves in the from the Scriptures. Not, however, gap between the Church of England to insist upon this, I will proceed and the Bible Society. - You, sir, to the developement of reasons and have found many things to blame in production of facts in confirmation a statement of Mr. Norris which of my sentiments. has lately come under your re

I have said, sir, that the Prayerview:- for my own pirt, I can dis- book requires curtailments and excover only one delect in it, which planations. My reasons are these :is, that his principles are not carried there are passages in it which are apt to their full extent. Most clearly to excite curiosity where no good can have he and his brethren, in vestry be derived, or where none can be assembled, demonstrated the danger derived without notes and of giving away Bibles without notements ; and there are also passages


'Which must be productive of error put the Articles iuto the hands of an in judgment, and contumacy in con unlearned laic, and this too in all the duct, anless they be well guarded obscurity of their literal and gramand explained. Indeed, I may go matical sense, and without one farther, and say, that they are such friendly commentator to light up as to be altnosť always fraught with his beacon amongst the rocks and danger, even in defiance of the whirlpools! Whoever adopts this clearest illustrations and ablest ex- adopts the most effectual method, positions.

not only to injure persons' minds What can be more likely to ex. but to set likewise the people of this cite a vain and restless curiosity kingdom against the parochial clerthan the Calendar ? Reasoning, a gy.-Let me corroborate this reapriori, and arguing abstractedly, soning by a fact. A few Sundays might we not expect that inquisitive ago I preached, as I am in the habit people would pore over that part of of doing, that we are justified by the book which unfortunately stands faith and works conjointly, &c. 'I first, and therefore is most likely to look a great deal of pains to shew solicit and arrest attention? And, that in this way St. Paul and St. sir, what is the fact? The mischief James are to be reconciled. The day arising from the Calendar has been after, an elderly man, who bad forbut 100 visible in the parish where I merly kept a school, one of the reside. I have known a countryman must orderly and exemplary, I must whose bead was puzzled for some allow, of my parishioners, waited monils to discover who Giles abbot upon me, and after some conversaand confessor could be,&c., and have tion upon the sermon of the preceding had the peace of several young wo

day, referred me, very respectfully, men much disturbed, because so cannot but say, 10 the Article on litle was said of Valentine and Justification. Happily I bad by me Penedict. Several of the better that excellent comment of the educated people have laid their beads Bishop of Lincoln's, in which he together in solemn consultation to unanswerably shews that to be jusascertain who O Sapientia could tified by faith only,” means not be. Farmers have been heard grum- by faith only, but by faith and bling that such a saint as St. Swithin works together, and that the latter should be put amongst so many

have an equal share in the matter of good men; for that he ihust have justification with the former, and been a bad man, baving destroyed desired the elderly gentleman to so many good crops by his past read this, which he did, and I could crimes or present interference. But perceive that a salutary impression what is worst of all, I am credibly was made on his mind. But yết informed, that no old woman ever

I overheard him thinking aloud as thinks of putting into the lottery till he was going down stairs, and sayshe has first scarched for the Golden ing, “ But I do not exactly see how Number.

"faith only'can mean faith and works Such are the perils which sur together;" so that I cannot dissemble round an unwary reader in the my apprehensions for this old genbeginning of the book. They are tleman; and should be be brought, nothing, however, compared with as possibly he may (for, as I have Those which beset him towards the hinted before, he was end. You will instantly perceive, schoolmaster), 10 take the Article in sir, that I allude to the Articles, its lieral and grammatical sense', which, allow me to observe, not what must be think ví nie his lawful only in the case of the illiterate, but minister? in every instance, are more fit for I could enlarge upon this subject, sacerdoial use than laical lucubra- sir, without any limit; but enough tion. But who, in his senses, would I hope has been said to denionstrate



the danger of an indiscriminate dis- tract had been given him. After tribution of Prayer-books in the state excusing myself with many proin which they are now distributed. testations, I at length succeeded in

It is not, however, Prayer-books convincing my mistaken parishioner alope that are pernicious without a that I had not written the tract in comment; Tracts, in their simple question, but nothing could perform, have their peril also. Rea- suade him that I did not, at all soning from analogy, one should events, send up his character to the immediately arrive at this infer- composer of the tract in London; ence; but, as I have occupied so and to this day, sir, the man is perlarge a space in your publication, I suaded that I have libellęd bim, and will rapidly pass from the conclusions that my veracity is no better than of demonstration to the experience my charity. derived from facts. A single plain

Únder all these circumstances, Imust statement will suffice to evince all I urge you,sir—or at least, throughyou, contend for.

Mr. Norris and the Vestry at HackObserving, in the course of last ney-to take this subject into their summer, that a person who used to immediate consideration. It appears be constantly at church failed for to me that, instead of the Articles some weeks in his attendance there, I being affixed to the Prayer-book, called upon him to inquire the cause the Clavis Calendaria should be of his absence. His answer was, prefixed, together with some other “I should have come as usual, if you useful comments; and that no tract had not written that book against should be given away without mar. me.” My surprize was great, and ginal notes, and an intimation every I asked to see the book but it was now and then to this effect: Jost: bowever, on his describing it, " Pray observe, reader, you are not I found it to be a Tract. I in intended here.' Mr. Norris will, quired, as may be supposed, into I am sure, agree with me, that the contents of this tract; and all curiosity concerning the Calendar I could collect was, that this man either should not be excited, or that had found his own character so accu- it should be fully satisfied; and that rately delineated in it, that he con- it is highly detrimental to the wel. cluded tbat I, ibe minister of the fare of the Establishment to haye parish, must necessarily have been parish priests suspected aod accused the author of it. With many as of being heterodox preachers or surances, I averred my innocence of prevaricating libellers. ibe charge, and even ignorance of I remain, sir, yours, &c. the tract in question, or that any

Ψοφοδεης. ,


A Dissertation on the Seals and consider ourselves as giving some

Trumpets of the Apocalypse, and pledge of our high respect for its the Prophetical Period of Twelve author. Prophecy is that departHundred and Sirty Years. By ment of sacred literature in which we William CuninçuAME, Esq. Au- are never willing to notice, because we thor of Remarks on David Levi's can never tolerate or excuse, an inDissertations on the Prophecies competent attempt. Some walks in relative to the Messiah. London: divinity are open, are pecessary, to

Haichard. 1813.8vo.pp.372.103.6d. all; and in large pastures, we exIn entering upon the consideration pect to meet with the young, the of any treatise on prophecy, we lame, and the sick. Buithe fold of

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prophetic interpretation we consi. profound, as perhaps delicate, must,
der as amongst ihe remoter, the less in these respects, separate the legi-
essential, and certainly the most timate from the spurious interpreter
rough and difficult, points of access. of prophecy. The former (may we
We consider it the province of lei. say it?) whilst he seeks in humility
sure, of learning, and of that rarest a ray of that Divine illumination
of all possessions, a just conscious- which first gave birth to his subject,
ness of ability for the undertaking; should approximate as nearly to the
and, therefore, in the very outset of character of the prophet he illus-
our inquiries, we lay down for those trates, as the ordinary gifts of the
who are found upon it, the se- Spirit can approach to the extraor-
vere law of a neighbouring de- dinary; and where bis disgraced
partment " Mediocribus esse rival exhibits pretension without ia-
poetis non Di, non homines, non spiration, he must, in the mitigated
concessere columnæ.” — In fact, sense of ordinary grace, exhibit the
what has bren said with some features of inspiration without its
truth of the historian, that he pretension.
should mainly possess every qualifi Should Mr. Canioghame so far
cation necessary for all depariments respect our judgment of his work
of literary composition, may afford as to have proceeded with us to this
some analogy as to our requirements point, and w have weighed the full
of the mystic historian at once of import of our demands upon him,
past and future ages. We expect to as an expositor of prophecy, we may
find the varied stores of biblical crin expect him to proceed at least an-
ticism, of historical research, of mo- other sentence, and to look forward
ral disquisition, and of devout me. with some degree of anxiety to the
ditation, poured in rich profusion at final decision to be pronounced
his feet. We must view, in his upon bim, according to these prin-
mind, the rare union of strong in- ciples. If, however, we are at li.
vention with accurate discriminating berty to read an author in his work,
powers. He must have a well- which, to his advantage we presume
balanced mind for weighing the un- a critic may, we apprehend such an
certain results of moral evidence. anxiety, on the part of Mr. Cu-
He must possess an imagination at ninghame, will be immediately en-
once strong and unbiassed ; seizing countered and checked by a feeling
on the great, because it is great, yet of a very opposite and paramount
not neglecting the least; above all, nature, and with St. Paul himself,
not mistaking nearness for vastness; under the lash of criticism, we
.but able, like the telescope, accord- should, perhaps, hear him exclaim,
ing as it is turned, either to reduce " With me it is a very small thing,
distant objects to the scale of present, that I should be judged of you, or of
or present to the scale of distant ob- man's judgment; yea, I judge not
jecis. The interpreter of prophecy, mine ownself.” Without assuming,
we desire also, like the orator of then, the superfluous office of in-
Cicero, to find a good man. Not forming Mr. Cuninghame how
only must be have the most entire many of the above-mentioned qua-
belief of those “ words, which shall lifications for his undertaking he
be fulfilled in their season,” but in may, in our estimation, either pos-
order to prosecute his inquiries with sess or want, we shall proceed to
successful ardour, he must have felt inform our readers of what every
the interval value of that religion of page they read, in this able treatise,
which prophecy constitutes one of will not fail to convince them, that
the main external evidences. His its author shews very clear marks of
must be zeal without vanity; an a sound understanding, an elevated
ardour without enthusiasm ; subli- 'mind, and a deeply devotional spi-
mity without bombast. A line as rit; that he has long considered his

subject; has made himself per to the public. I was for some years engaged fectly acquainted with the thoughts in a controversy with Mr. Faber, carried on of other men upon it; and whilst brough the medium of a respectable perihe has, with great candour, adopted odical work, upon the subject of the comall that his judgment could approve,

mencement and end of the twelve huodred and fairly owned all he has adopted,

and sixty years, and so ne other points con

nected with the study of prophecy. Since has thoroughly cleared himself from

the cluse of the above controversy, I have the imputation of plagiarism, by the frequently been advised to republish my exercise of

strong and original in papers in a separate volu ne. But to this it ventive powers.

seemed to me that there were strong objecThe period of prophecy chosen tions, as it would be impossible for any by Mr. Cuninghame' for elucida- reader to understand what I had writteni, tion, is that part which is contained without seeing likewise the papers of my rein the Apocalypse, down to the spectable opponent. Being sensible, howconclusion of the eventful and in

ever, of the great practical importance of creasingly-interesting period of the the inquiry into the true era of the above 1260 prophetic days. The last before the public the substance of wliat i

prophetical period, I was desįrons of laying mentioned portion of prophetic time had written on the subject.” p. iii. is that to which he seems most particularly to have directed his arien

The sentence which follows con

tains a reference to our own humble tion. And as we may be supposed, from the luminous and highly in- work by name, as having influenced

Mr. C. by a remark in our Review portant discussion with which our pages have already been graced of Archdeacon Woodhouse *, to upon this subject, to have gained all give a continued comment on the the information which our editorial

whole book of tbe Apocalypse, radignity would allow us to confess we

ther than interpretations of detached possessed not before upon it, we

parts; the former, we had observed, shall be reasonably expected to make being a much surer and fairer road

to some references to that discussion on

ith than the latter. the present occasion, and to asso

Thus produced, this valuable pubciate, in some peculiar manner, our lication presents us in the Preface with remarks on Mr. Cuninghame with

some strong animadversions on a late the respected name and works of work, entitled," A Christian's Survey Mr. Faber. Indeed, our office in of all the primary Events and Periods reviewing this volume may be con

of the World, from the Commencesidered as somewhat of a new and

ment of History to the Conclusion delicale kind; and we are not quite

of Prophecy' The author, whose certain how far we are permitted, by work is evidently " the production of the ordinary rules of etiquette, to

a highly cultivated mind," attempts claim acquaintance botb 'with its in it to strike at what Mr. Cuningcontents and with its author, on the hame conceives to be the root and score of an old epistolary friend. first principle of all exposition of ship, though conducted without any the prophecies, by two positions : acknowledged personal connection.

“ 1. That the little horn of Daniel's Instead of settling this mal by the fourth beast does not represent the now antiquated laws of " tre age of papal power, but is a symbol of the chivalry,” we shall take the shorter present French Empire. 2. That method of modern expediency, and there is no such period as the sup, save our own and our reader's time, posed one of 1260 years, revealed by quoting from Mr. Cuninghame in the Scriptores." We do not himself the following account of his

mean to trouble our readers in the own work, contained in the opening outset with a discussion, to which of his Preface

some reference may be made in a “ The following are the circumstances * Christian Observer, vol. V., for 186 bich gave i ise to the volume now subruitled p. 557. Cruist. Opserv, No. 147.


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