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brought from Scripture. The prayer does not prove my point. Consider which Christ taught his Disciples, too the pride, vanity, envy, covet“ forgive us our trespasses,” implies ousness, impatience, anger, lust, that all men bad trespassed. His hatred, revenge, hypocrisy, sloth, charge to his Apostles, “ Co ye and drunkenness, profaneness, falsehood, preach the Gospel to every creature;" fraud, oppression, cruelty, and other God's command, that all men every evil passions and evil habits which where should repent; as well as our disgrace mankind, and some one or Saviour's assurances,
except a more of which are to be found in a man is born again, he cannot see greater or less degree in every man, the kingdom of God," except ye and you will be disposed to say that be converted and become as litile all men indeed “have sinned and children, ye shall not enter the come short of the glory of God.” kingdom of heaven," “ except ye But not to confine our view to repent ye shall all likewise perish,” what passes without, let each of us do of themselves prove that all men turn his eye inward, and see whether need repentance, conversion, re- what he finds there does not strengthgeneration; in other words, that en the doctrine. God bath given us • all have sinned and come short of a law, founded in justice, goodness, the glory of God."
and truth, and requiring us to love But even had the Scriptures been bim with all our hearts, and our silent on this head we should have neighbours, that is, all men, as ourhad cause enough, from what we selves. Now let us inquire how far see around us, to conclude that all we have kept this holy law. Let us men are sinners. God made man
try ourselves by it, our own conat first to be happy. Why then is
Why then is sciences being the judges, and we be not happy? Why those dreadful cannot fail to come to the conclusion, marks of God's displeasure which that we at least have sinned. appear in the disorders of the earth; Have we then, as his subjects, in ihe storms and thunders, the light- yielded to God at all times a cheernings and earthquakes, which visit ful obedience? Have we been ready it, and which overwhelm thousands to adore, worship, and submit to in one common ruin? Whence all him? Have we, as his children, the evils of life? Whence those loved and honoured him, applied to diseases which prey on mankind ? him in our straits, placed our deWhence all the miseries which they pendence on him, acquiesced in his have to endure? Why is there no disposals, and been ready with childcountry which has not been wasted like submission to receive the law by war? Why is there no man who from his mouth? Have we been escapes the stroke of death? To all always in the habit of delighting in this ihere is only one answer, “ All him and his favour, being thankful have sinned.” The state of man in for all his kindness, and zealous for this world, and his history from the his glory; or bave we delighted in cradle to the grave, join with Scrip- things which God has forbidden, lure in proclaiming ibis truth. and been ready to act for other ends | Let us also consider the conduct than to please him? Have we in our of men in all ages, and see what different relations, as husbands and farther support it gives to this doc. wives, parents and children, masters trine, Since the first murder of and servants; as superiors, inferiors, Abel, what dreadful havoc has man or equals, acted lowards others as made of man? Every page of his- we would they should act towarde tory is filled with accounts of slaugh- us? Have we at all times behaved ter and desolation, of folly and vice. to all men with kindness and love? See all the nations of the world, ex. Have we never indulged the thoughts cept the family of Abraham, given of envy, malice, revenge, lust, covetup to stupid idolatry, and say if this ousness, discontent; to say nothing
of the actions to which such disposi- through his not believing the protions lead? Have we always been mises and the threatenings of God; sober, chaste, self-denying, meek, ihe same cause which turns us also 'charitable, never violating truth, aside from his righteous ways. never indulging selfishness, never Thus did sin enter into the world. preferring the world and the things Man, by sinning, necessarily lost of the world to God and conscience? his Maker's image, and of course his Where is the man who will lay his favour and friendship. He became hand on his heart, and, appealing to unholy and unclean. And who can that God who searches it and knows bring a clean thing out of an unthe ground of it, will say, I have clean? Therefore did Adam beget fully performed all these duties, I sons in his own sinful likeness, and have never been guilty of one or therelore, till the present hour, have other of roese sins?
men come into the world with hearts But how greatly aggravated will prone 10 evil and averse from good; 'our guilt appear, when we consider with hearts which are en mily against against whom it is that we have God, and with dispositions wilich are thus sinned. It is the God who contrary to his pure and holy na'created and who preserves us continually: the kind Father who sup- Are further proofs wanting? plies all our wants, and whose mer. Scripture is full of them. cies are renewed to us every inorn- Adam all die." “ The carnal mind," ing. It is the God wne, notwith- or the mind of man by nature, " is standing our sins, still regards us enmily against God, for it is not with an eye of pity, and even now subject to the law of God, neither prays us to turn to him: nay niore, indved can be.” Among whom" who has sent his Son to suttir m our (The children of disobedience) “we stead, to die to redeen us, in atone also had our conversation in times for our sins, and to make our peace. past, and were by nature children And have we not also increase i our of wrath, even as others,” or, as it guilt, by setting at it: wwght his invitae might be translated, as the rest of tions, despising his warnings, rej: ct. mankind; as much as to say, that ing his offers of mercy disregarding all by nature are children of wrath; his calls to repentance, and endeavour- and how can that be, unless by naing to quench the motions of his lure all are corrupt and sinful? Spirit? And yet, notwithstanding all Other proofs might be produced, this, God still spares us, prolong our but I conceive these to be fully suffi. days, and causes loving kindness and cient. Indeed, when we look around mercy still to follow us.
us, and see that we cannot ourselves not, then, added base in ratitude to name a man who sinneth not; and all our other sins?
when we look inward, and consi3. But let us consider the cause der what passes in our own minds; why all have thus sinned. And here there appears little room to object we observe,that ihe cause is that cor- to this doctrine, but abundant cause rupt nature which we have inherited to believe it true. How hard are from Adam, and which, descend. our hearts, how obstinate is our re. ing from bu, our common parent, sisiance to the grace of God, whe. haib infected ihe whole human race. ther he call us by his word and On this point the Scriptures aie ministers, sofien our hearts by the very express.
God created man in continual succession of mercies, or bis own image, in knowledge, righe alarm us by affictive or awful teousness and holiness: but, through visitations ! How do we fortify the subtiliy of the old serpent, the ourselves by pride and unbelief, devil, his miod was drain aside against the whispers of conscience, from the simplicity of dependence the motions of God's Spirit, and the on God. Through unbelief he fell, awful declarations and threatenings
of his word! And even when we for it?" I must answer to this, that begin to be convinced that we mustsin naturally brings a punishment repent, how do we put off the day with it; and that, even supposing no of repentance! How backward are direct curse to be pronounced on it, we to part with our sins! How do we yet it cannot but produce misery as flatter ourselves they are but small, well in another world, as in this, to and that there is no danger! And the soul in which it dwells. But, when we at length give up outward whatever there might be in this ob. sins, how do we continue to indulge jection in other circumstances, and the lusts of the flesh! And what I do not allow there would be any, struggles have those with their car. there can be no weight given to it in nal hearts, whose desires in the our case. For the same Bible wbich main are towards God, and who are makes us acquainted with our dis. in the main following Christ their ease, points out to us also the reRedeemer! Consider, in one word, , medy. We are called upon to rethe means God has used to recover pent and turn to God, to believe in us out of the spare of the devil: Christ, to forsake sin, and follow the pains he has taken in sending holiness, that we may prophets into the world; the mira- punishment of sin. Nay, lest any cles, sufferings, and death of Christ; man should still object, and say that the blood which has been shed as a this was beyond his power, God seal of the truth; the strivings of himself has promised, if we will God's Spirit; the threatenings of but ask him, to give us repentance, God's Law; the gracious promises of faith, the pardon of our sins, his the Gospel; the alarming sermons Spirit to renew and sanctify us, and we have heard; the good books we his grace to fit us for glory. The have read; and all the instructions, objection then can have no weight; warnings, and admonitions we have for if any of us are punished for received ;-consider, I say, all this; our sins, it will be, noi because our and at the same time reflect uot only natures were originally depraved and on what is passing in the world corrupted, but because we would not around us, but on what passes every have them renewed; but because day in our own hearts, and shall we we loved sin so well, as to refuse to not be constrained to allow that we exchange it for Christ and all the bave all sinned, because there is no blessings of his purchase. spiritual health in us, and because 4. And now I come to consider we are by nature children of disobe. the awful effects of our having dience and children of wrath ? thus sinned. On this point, suffice
It may be asked, however, how it to say, that God hath in express can men now be answerable for terms assured us, that the wages of Adam's sin? But the point we have sin is death ; " that the soul which been proving is, not that men are sinneth shall die;" “ that his wrath answerable for Adam's sin, but that is revealed from Heaven against all they have inherited Adam's corrup- unrighteousness of men;" that “intion. And what signify cavils dignation and wrath, tribulation and against facts? It is plain that we anguish await every soul of man that bave inherited Adam's corruption. doeth evil ;" that “ the wicked shall And when we find that diseases of- be punished with everlasting destruc. ten run in the blood, and taint tion from the presence of the Lord, whole families, why should it be so and from the glory of his power." inconceivable, that sin, which so Nor is it only those who have been corrupts and sitiates the whole man, guilty of shocking and atrocious should extend its ruinous influence crimes, that in Scripture are classed to man's offspring?
with sinners, with the wicked and But “if sin be natural to man, how the unrighteous; for it is written, can God blame him, or punish him “ Cursed is every one that con. tiqueth not in all things which are unless we know ourselves ruined written in the book of the law to do and undone without him? No: with them." And again,“Whosoevershall out the knowledge and the convickeep the whole law, and yet offend : tion of sin, we shall go on in impein one point, is guilty of all.” Let' nitency and unbelief, we shall conno man then deceive us with vain., tinue in a state of carnal security, words; let none of us deceive him- dreaming that we are safe, until self; for because of these things, death wake us from our dream, and because of the breaches of his law, convince us, though too late, of our sball the wrath of God come upon guilt and misery. the children of' disobedience.
But see, on the other hand, the If, then, this be indeed man's blessings which flow from an affectstalo by nature; if we are all thus ing knowledge of our sinful and the slaves of sin, enemies to God Jost estate. We shall be disposed by wicked works, and the heirs of to seek for salvation ; and those who deserved and endless wrath; how seek as they ought shall assuredly incumbent is it upon us to cry aloud find it. The knowledge of our disfor mercy! How eagerly should ease will naturally leail us to the we inquire, What must we do to be Physician. Christ, the Physician of sared! And, blessed be God, there souls, waits to be gracious to us. He is a way of escape, which those will blot out the sins of the penitent. who seek shall find. Help is laid He will bind up the broken-hearted. for sinners, on Him who, though He will free those who desire delibone of our bone, is also the mighty verance from the yoke of sin. JusGod, the everlasting Father, and the tified by his blood and righteousPrince of Peace. In him is God ness, we shall be sanctified by his now reconciling sinners to bimself. Spirit: made children of God by Of his mere mercy does be save us, faith in Christ, we shall be freed through faith, through a faith too not from the curse, and sin shall have of ourselves, it is the gift of God. no more dominion over us; “Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ" is shall have peace and joy in believing, the command to sinners, " and thou , and at length receive the end of shalt be saved." Nor is it by our our faith, even the salvation of our works of righteousness, but accordo souls. ing to his mercy, he saves us, by Now to Him who hath loved us, the washing of regeneration, and and washed us from our sips in his senewing of the Holy Ghost, which blood, and who will make all that he sheds abundantly on his children, truly believe in him kings and through Jesus Christ our Saviour, priests unto God and his Father, may that being justified by his grace, we, with all the redeemed, ascribe they may be made heirs according the dominion and glory both now 10 the hope of eternal life.
and eyer. : Amen. To conclude: let no man imagine that the knowledge of our lost estata is a point of no moment. Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise To the Editor of the Christian Observer. perish.” But how can we repent, I much incline to think, that if Pro unless we know and feel ourselves KOCHUS (with 'whose paper your sinners? Unless we are made to Number for January begins) could feel our need of salvation, how shall meet with a publication of 1654, we regard Christ as our Saviour ? entitled, A Rejoinder to Mr. Drake: “ Unless ye believe that I am he," by 'John Humfrey, A. M. Minithat is, the Christ, the Saviour, "ye ster of Frome, Somersetshire; it shall die in your sins.” But how might very much relieve his mind can we believe in him as our Saviour, on one part of the subject on wbich CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 147.
he complains, and perhaps fully Thus superstition may seem to run convince him, that neither any mi- 'here in a channel directly contrary nister or spiritual society has any to that in the parish of Parochus. right from Scripture to exercise a The office for the Communion of power to separate the worthy from the Sick supposes that people ought unworthy communicants,' viz. while diligently to altend the Sacrament they are actual members of the visic in their nealth, and that' then they ble church; except by loudly call- need not be disquiered for the want ing on all, with St. Paul, to erámine of it in time of sickness. As Parothemselvesi' &c. It is somewhat 'chu's observes of several eminent remarkable, that Mr. Humfrey Chiristians by name, I have also *** was one of the 'ejected 'Barthoło known many pious persons, who, næans after the Restoration"; but' having been regular communicants he did not quit the Established in health, expressed' no anxiety to Church through any scruples res- communicate on their dying beds ; pecting mite communion, as it is well knowing, according to the called. Ever since I'- read the said 'Rubrick, that while they truly repented Rejoinder, I have not felt a wish 16 of their sins, and stedfastly believed possess such a power 'as Parochưs that Jesus Christ 'shed his blood for seems to covet; nay, I am glad to their redemption, earnestly rememhave it not, as it would be of no bering the benefits they have thereby, service, and I can conduct myself and giving him hearty thanks' therefull as well without it.
fore, they did eat and drink the body The existing state of things may and blood of Christ profilably to their be rather different in that part of souls" healtli, although they did not England where Parochus resides. then receite the Sacrament with their I have been in my present situation mouths. betwixt 30 and 40 years. I have
I do not know that, in my large verly often, all along, spoken with and populous district, 'iħe opus opethe utmost plainness and fidelity on ratum of communicating on a deaththe subject of the Sacrament, in my bed is at all considered as a passport public ministrations. From the first to Heaven: I generally have some I was never much disturbed with or other, 'to whory 1 occasionally those persons intruding themselves administer the Sacrament at home, to the Lord's table, whose absence who 'have been communicants bea 1 should rather have preferred. I fore, and are disabled from attend. do not know that there are any ing be church, by sickness, old amongst my present set of monthly age, or other infirmities. But it is communicants whom I would wish not very often' that I have been to be kept away; and I 'verily be asked to administer it to persons on Dieve, that upon the whole, their death-beds, though I am much in the characters are at least as examplary, habit of visiting the sick. In some as those of any set of Church Memi- such cases, I have declined doing bers (as they are called) amongst it; and then and jo' other cases any of those parties who separate when I have complied, I have in a from the Established Church on pren 'structed and solemnly admonished tence of grealer purity. My chief the parties, that it would cause for complaint is, that there them" nothing, unless they were is a considerable number of per deeply humbled for the fins sons in my congregation who I found the remembrance grievous think ought to aitend' tbe Lord's renounced all dependence on 'their table, but by all my endeavours, own righteousness, "arid' trusted only both in public and private, cannot in the merit of Christ's death and be prevailed with to do
so, nor to 'passion, whereof ihé Sacrament is lay aside their mistaken' fears of a solemon and thankful tenem. eating and drinking univorthily. 'brance, &c.; that if endued by grace