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Friends deem indisprnsably neces- renewing our hearts in holiness after sary to salvation, conıradicied either the image of God. Scripture or sound and right reason; Bui, asks our correspondent, How but that he maintained, " that the can all this be, and we not be coninward rerelarious of the Spirit are scious of the Spirit's operation? not to be subjected to the testimony We answer, that as we ascribe evil of Scripture, as to a touchstone." thoughts to Satan's suggestions, beThis is the identical proposition, ing taught by Scripture so to do, against which our objection was die although we are not sensibly conrected, and which appears 10 us not scious of those suggestions; so do we only untrue, but pregnant with mis. Ascribe all good to the energies of chief; and those who have followed the Holy Spirit of God, which, alus through the preceding part of though we cannot directly trace this Review will not think, lhat either them in operation, we perceive and speculatively, or practically, it will acknowledge in their effects. He prove a sufficient protection against who made the mind of man at first, the delusions which such a doctrine and endowed it with thought, conjs calculated to produce, to say, that sciousness, volition, understanding. it is “a certain maxim that what memory, taste, judgment, without over any do pretending to the Spi our being able to comprehend how rit, that is contrary 10 the Scrip- these wonderful faculties are protures, be accounted and reckoned a duced or strengthened; can and does delusion of the devil.”
renew and sanctity all these faculreadily believe, that neither the man ties, and give thein a divine and who cried, Woe, wo«, in so extraor. heavenly direction, without the nedinary a manner, to ihe bloody city cessity of distinct and immediate of Lichfield; nor the other man who communications: the means which went for three years naked through he employs are not less efficathe strexts, could be formally convict. cious and admirable because they ed of disobeying the precepty, or de are objects of our faith, and not nying the truins, of Scripture. But of our feeling; and because they will that prove that they were not are only known by the unspeakable under a delusion?
blessings they impart. True Chris. We have no objection to admit tians are conscious, indeed, of espe. that the Holy Spirit is superior to riencing in their hearts a growing the Scriptures, and that it is His fear and love of God and haired of power and influence on the heart sin: they are conscious of the feelwhich give them all their elficacy; ings of peace and joy in believing but it surely does not follow from the promises of the Gospel : shey this admission that ihey “ are not to are conscious of the desire and de. be esteemed the principal ground to light of communion with God by us of all truih and knowledge, as prayer. Nevertheless, that all these well as the adequale primary rule of holy feelings are the work of the faith and manners." This Barclay Spirit of Godon the heart, in answer denies, (Apology, p. 67), affirming to their gracious breathings after his that the Scriptures are only a se. presence and influence, is a matter condary rule. We, on the contrary, not of consciousness but of faith. hold, ihat they are to us the pric They believe it, because God in his mary and not the secondary rule; word has told them so, and their and yet that they are a dead and in- whole conduct is influenced by that operative leiter, except as the Holy belief. Spirit applies them to the heari, The paper of our correspondent convincing us, by his influence and which we declined inserting, was teaching, of sin, of righteousness, and a string of quotations from a variety of a judgment to come ; directing our of authors, to shew that all good was view to our crucified Redeemer; and wrought in the heart by the Spirit's
influence. This proposition, however, “ The meetings of ministers have we not only did not deny, but we stre. a right, as they see meet in the nuously maintained. Quakers also wisdom of truth, to advise, exhort, strenuously maintain it; but they and rebuke any of their members, maintain it, as we conceive, with or any one who may travel in the adjuncts which are unscriptural, and work of the ministry, as occasion which are also full of danger be- may require, without being accause leading to enthusiasm. countable for the same, to
Our correspondent could, perhaps, monthly or quarterly meeting." have informed us whether in point p. 105. of fact, any persons do actually mi Is not this process, in point of fact, nister in Quaker congregations who what we called it in our Number for are ignorant of leviers. We were September. (p. 602), "substantially fully aware that in tieory such were a buman ordination?” admissible to the ministry. We We fully agree with our corresspoke of the practice.
pondent, that this is not a time when On the subject of worship, we the hostility of different sects should have only to observe, that we our be excited against each other. But selves are at sume loss to conceive surely he does not believe, that it is why the man who lives under the necessary, in order to avoid hostihabitual influence of the love of lity, to merge all our differences of God-and unless he ihus lives, he is sentiment. He himself professes to not a vue Christian-needs to wait love the Church of England, and for some further Divine intimations many of its members, and we fully as to the fit time of communion with believe him. Now, to say nothing God and Christ; or how he should deem of George Fos's Journal, or the Miita borden to join in vocal aspirations nutes and Advices of the Yearly · for fresh measures of light and grace, Meeting, what, we would ask, has or in vocal ascriptions of praise to been Mr. Tuke's conduct? Has he not him “ who bath loved us, and re- considered it as his duty publicly deemed us with his own blood, and to reprehend several of the practices hath made us kings and priests unto of the Church of England, which he God.”
conceives to be unchristian and suRespecting the office of Elders, we perstitious? See his “ Principles," drewoorinformation from the Extracts pp. 122, 123, 128, &c.; a work, one of Minules published by the authority of the objects of which is, “ to conof the Yearly Meeting. These Exiracis vey information to persons who are recommend to the Society, 10 “ Jay not of his own religious persuasion," havis suddenly on no man, and that p. 186. Nor do we blame him for the approved ministers and elders ihis proceeding. He is perfectly in tbe several nionthly meetings, at liberty to slate his own opinions would tenderly advise those who on subjects which he deems importcome forth in public testimony, to ant; and also to expose whai he wait patiently under a deep consi- conceives to be the errors of other deration of their state of infancy and sects, provided it be done (and we childhood; and when their fruits af- freely admit that Mr. Tuke' has afford sudicieni evidence of their qua- forded no room for reprehension on lifications for so important a service, this ground) with calmness and muthat such young ministers be report. deration. But then we claim the ed to their monthly or quarterly mect same indulgence; we claim the same ings, which, upon solid and deliberate privilege of freely stating our senconsideration, may, as in the wis- liments on the published opinions dom of truth, shall deem meet, re- and practices of other religionists, commend to the neelings of ministers without becoming liable thereby to andjelders, in order to their becoming a charge of hostility, and much less members of these meetings." p. 90. to a charge of wishing to “traduce
and misrepresent” them; of being in the hearts of all, whether Quakers illiberal, uncharitable, and unjust. or not, who are actuated by love to God
It is this charge which has in- and man,—who are really renewduced us to enter so largely into ed in holiness after the Divine image. tbe present inquiry. We have been And when to the effect of these anxious to shew that there exists doctrines, on those among the Quano ground for such an imputation kers who feel their truth and act on our motives; that, on the contra. under their influence--and the numry, whatever petty errors may have ber, we hope, is considerable-is sucrept into our former Review, it was peradded the operation of their admimarked rather by the characters of rable system of discipline, comgood will, moderation, and forbear. mencing with earliest life, and exance, than by those of enmity, ex- lending itself universally over all aggeration, and uncharitableness. the members of the body, we may Having, however, been reluctantly at once perceive how the tendency compelled to enter so much at of some parts of their system to cerarge into our own vindication, we tain evils is counteracted. But it is no are anxious that what we have light remark-and with pressing it said may bave a farther use. We upon the mature consideration of ihe are anxious that it may lead our more spiritual and intelligent part of “ friends," for so we must call them, the Quaker body, we close this asto weigh well the momentous sub- ticle--that as we believe the undue jects we have brought before them; extent to which certain dogmas and in particular to consider, whether are carried in the creeds of Geneva the cause of sound scriptural religion and Scotland, have been a main is not more impeded ihan promoted cause of the scepticism and religious by the sanction given by their indifference which prevail among highly respectable body to some of the reasoning part of the community the views and practices which are in those countries; and as we believe developed, for example, in the Jour. the gross absurdity of the Romish nal of George Fox; and whether, as ritual to have been the parent of they have themselves practically re- the recent infidelity of the Continounced some of the most objec. nent; so we believe, that if relitionable features in his system, it gious coldness and formality have would not be the part of true wisdom, been found to prevail in Quaker to suffer them to sink into oblivion, congregations, this effect is chiefly to and not even to exhibit them either be ascribed to the revolting nature historically or speculatively to the of some of those parts of their sysworld. There will still remain the tem to woich we have taken the lio solid, substantial, influential parts berty to advert. Persons who do not of their creed,-a belief in our Lord carefully discriminate between what Jesus Christ, as the only Saviour of is scripiural and what is visionary, the world, and in the indispensable in any particular scheme of religion, necessity of the Holy Spirit's influ- are too apt, when shocked by the ence to our renovation in the Divine irrationality of one part of it, to disimage;~a belief, also, in a judgment burthen themselves of the whole. to come, and in our absolute obligation, if we would stand before God in that judgment, to endeavour to An Address, delivered before the regulate our whole lemper and con Church Missionary Society for doct, our inward and our outward Africa and the Eust, to the Rev. man, according to the precepts, the
Messrs, Greenwood and Norton, of example, the spirit of our Divine the Established Church of England, Master and his Apostles. These proceeding as Missionaries to the are the grand doctrines which, we Island of Ceylon; and to the Rev. have no doubt, operate effectually Messrs. Schneure und Rhenius, of Cudist. OBSERV. No. 146.
the German Lutheran Church, pro- sometimes commensurate with a inan's zea ceeding as Missionaries to the Coast for his object, which leads hiun to practise of Coromandel, on Friday, January pious fraud, to deceive for God's sake, and 7, 1814, at the Freemason's Halt, to do partial evil under the hope and plea Great Queen Street, London. By keep at a remote distance from such a tempo
that great good may come.
If you would the Rev. Claudius BUCHANAN, tation, avoid ainplification and embellishD.D. London: Seeley and Hatch
nient in what makes for the credit and ho. ard, 1814. 8vo. pp. 67.
nour of your personal labours, or of those of With vnseigned satisfaction do we your fellow.missionaries. Like great geneturn 10 this early proof of the bene- rals who recount their victories in few
fits resulting from the late solemn words, let a modesty of description characlegislative recognition of the com- terise your spiritual trophies. Though there mon interest, possessed by our in- be no one sentence in your page which is dian fellow-subjects, in the grand tenor of the whule give an impression which
literally untrue, yet if the complexion and charter of man's salvation. Ils in- is false, an error is connuitted." pp. 30, 31. fluence has been felt even prospec
“ Let us inquire for a moment, what it is tively; and several months before
to deny Christ; for whciber you hold a the act of Parliament is in force, the Living in the Church at hone, or a Mission Court of Directors of the East India Living abroad, you may equally deny Him. Company, with a degree of libera “ A minister of Christ denies Christ, Jity which reflects the highest credit when, instead of labouring in liis service, upon them, bave granted, without and endeavouring to win souls, he hides his any hesitation, the requisite licence talent in a napkin, and lives in a state of to these Messengers of the Churches decorous indolence; only appearing occaof Christ. Before they should prossionally in his sacred character
, and then ceed to their destination, Dr. Bu only to serve his own reputation.
« A minister of Christ denies Christ, wlien, chanan was judiciously selected to while be preaches to the people, though it be address them, in the name of the So- with splendid eloquence and apparent zeal, ciety which sent them forth, on the he so preaches that the offence of the Cross means of doly discharging their sa ceases; and the world (which is at eninity cred office.
with God) is not at all disposed to be at enThis Address forms, as might be mity with him, or to reproach him for the expected, a most valuable acces doctrine which he maintains. sion to the missionary library. Its
“ A minister of Christ denies Christ, substance ought to be engraven on
when he courts the society and is fiattered the heart of every candidate for by the applause of men who have no sespect
for the nanie or religion of Christ; when be missionary honours. It is not, how
preters science and talents, to purity of ever, our intention to enter at any heart, God's law, and eternal truth ; and, length on the consideration of this instead of being transformed in the spirit important charge. The space occu
of his mind,' carries about with him these pied by the preceding Review will words, written in legible characters, 'I am not admit of ihis. Our object rather conformed to the world.' is lo apprize our readers of ils exist. *"Alany ministers, who have thus denied, ence, and to recommend it to their and bave beeu thus ashamed of, Christ for perusal. They will find in this, as many years, have at length denied them. in the former productions of the same selves, and been ashamed of themselves; and indefatigable writer, much curious bave repented, with tears, and made a 'good information), much sound Christian confession, and magnified their Saviour be
fore the world. counsel, and much to gratify a pious taste. We must content ourselves
My brethren, you may preach to the
Ilindoos, and say, Repent, and be conwith laying before them twoextracts, verted; while, at the same time, indolence, which will serve to verify a part, at or avarice, or sensual passion, seizes your own least, of this commendation.
souls, and you are quite indifferent about “ Let erery page which you write be their repentance or conversion, except as it consecrated ng sacred truth. Beware of that adds to your own interest, or the fame of powerful self-deception, whose operation is your mission,
« Some, who have precedled you, and liave after death God was pleased to honour their been solemnly designated to the sacred faithfuluess. The East-India Company work, have fallen away. They declined erected a njonument, as a testimony of their from sound doctrine, or they were seduced reverence for the apostolic Swartz, and enfrom pureness of living; and, instead of do- graved on it a record of liis labours ; and 10 ing the work of an Evangelist, they have their late Senior Chaplain, Mr. Brown, they lived an useless burthen on the society have rendered a tribute of respect yet more which supported them.
manificent, by providing for his numerous “ I mention these things to warn you.
family. I have more pleasure in directing your view “ I have thought that this short record of to other servants of Christ, whose bright these good men would find a proper place in example has illumined the East,--who have
an Address to young Ministers who are in been patterns of faith, diligence, prudence,
your circumstances. • Be ye also followers and fortiturle. From the ministers of the
of them, who, through faith and patience, two churches to which you respectively be- liave inherited the promises." long, I shall select two illustrious characters, who have left a great example for them that
In an Appendix, Dr. Buchanan follow. I mean the venerable Swartz, of the has favoured us with some notices Lutheran Church; and the late Rev. David of the last hours of the Rev. David Brown, of the Church of England. These Brown, which serve to illustrate his men did not deny Christ. They did not love heavenly-mindedness, and his defather or nother more than Christ. They votion to his Master's will. It ought took up their cross and followed Christ. If to be known of this eminent servant you knew, as well as I do, the conflicts which of Christ, that although, as Senior they were called upon to sustain in the East, you would see how fitly the words of Chaplain of the Company, his proour Lord might be applied to them :-· Be
per church was that of the PresiFold, I send you foriu as lambs among
dency; he was nevertheless so wolves. But, beware of men.' If you knew, anxious 10 fulfil, as far as was in again, the conjoined wisdom and innocence his power, the duties of a Missionary, wbieh they manifested in these conflicis, you that he instituted public worship would acknowledge that they studied 10 gratuitously, for the native Chrisobey our Lord's admonition ; * Be ye wise cians and lower orders of the peoas serpents, and liarmless as doves.' The ple generally, at the mission church, character of both was marked by an extra which is private property. On a ordinary liberality of sentiment in regard to
narble in the chancel of this church the differences in religious profession; a liberality which others, in a confined sphere
is the following inscription :-" To could not well understand. In a word,
The Poor THE GOSPEL WAS PREACHED • they endured unto the end ;' and both of
IN THIS CHURCII BY THE Rey, David them were enabled to glorifs God in their Brown, DURING A PERIOD OF TWENO deaths, by the manifestation of a joyful TY-FIVE YEARS. hope in the view of their dissolution. And
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
a Hebrew and Arabic comparative VocabuIn the press : An edition of Swist's Works, lary, and the Book of Job in Hebrew, with with additions, in 19 vols. 8vo., by W. Miss Smith's Translation, by the Bishop of Scott, Esq.;-An edition of Gray's Poenis, St. David's;--the third Volume ofile Dooms, iu 2 vols. 850., by Mr. Maubias ;-Inscrip- day-Book, containing the Counties of Leie tions, triumphal and sepulclıral, recording the çester, Warwick, Stafford, Salop, and Chesacts of the British Army in the Peninsula, by ter, and part of North Wales, by the Rev. R. Southey, Esq. ;-Praxis of the He W. Bawdwen ;-A literary History of the brew, Samaritan, and Syriac Alphabets, with Middle Ages, by the Rev Joseph Berringion;