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died soon after. His fate is held op garded themselves as favoured. no: as an example of Goul's " jns judge merely wish ihose blessed visitationis ment upon the persecutors of his peon of the Holy Spirit of grace and ple.” p. 3:17. At Lancaster, Daniel truih which all true Christians Fleming is told to take heed, lest acknowledge as the only source the hand of the Lord be turned of spiritual light and peace; not against him for having imprisoned merely with those Divine the servants of the Lord: "it was fluences which alone can convince not long after this, ere Fleming's the soul of sin, lead it to Christ, and wife died, and lere him thirteen or renew it in all holy obedience ; but Fourteen motherless children." p. with immediale, palpable, in:elligi. 362. At Southamplon, he tells ble communications of ille will of some Ranters, that the plagues and the Almighty, wholly independent jurly nirnis of God would overtake of any reference 10 Scripture. If chem,” which according viook place, there remain
doubt on this p. 399. “He that was then Mayor subject, the following extracts niust of Cork, being very envious against remove it. truth and friends, had mans friends At page 20, George Fox tells us, in prison; and knowing i was in The Lord God let me see, when I the country, he sent four warrants was brought up into his image in to take ove: therefore, frienris were ri: hleousness and holineus, and into desirous that I migly not ride the paradise of God, the state how zhrough ('ork. But bring at Bandon, Adani was made a living soul, and there appeared 10 me in a vision, also the stature of Christ, the mysa very uply-visaged man,
tery that had been bid froin ages black and dark look. My spirit and generations.” “ 'The Lord God struck al him in the power of Gud, opened to me hy his invisible power, and it seemed to me, that I rode how every man was enlightened by over him wilh my hurse, and my the divine light of Christ.” This horse ser bis foot on the side of his I saw in the pure openings of the sace." p. 407. We are not told light, without the help of any man; what became of this Mayor of Cork. neither did I then know where 10 At Druitwicki, a wicked informer find it in the Scriptures, though afwas coming from the justices with a terwards searching the Scriptures, warrant against a friend, when he I found it." « On a certain time, as fell off sis lorse; and broke his I was walking in the fields, the Lord neck: “the Lord prevented him, said unto me. Thy name is writand cou him oit in his wickedness," ten in the Lamb's book of life, which p. 422. Nor is this power of de. was before the foundation of the nouncing divine jindgment. confined world;' and as the Lord spake it, I to lieorue Fox. We are told, among believed and saw it in the new other instances of ihe sanie kind, of birih.” Then, aller mentioning Susan Frith, a friend of Chester. s me of the min doctrines which field," u was nioved of the he was sent forth into the worlik Lord, to tell him" (the justice), that to preach” by " the Lord God and " if he continued in his persecuting his Son Jesus Christ,” he adds, of the innocent the Lord would exe ! These things I did not see by rut- his plagues upon him. Soon the help of man, nor by the leller, alier which he fell distracted and though they are written in the letter; died." p. 339.
but I saw i hem in the light of the After these quotations, it seems Lord Jesus Christ, and by his samescarcely to require any farther proof, diare Spirit and power, as did the that George Fox, and the primiuve holy nien of God by wbom the boly Quakers, considered theinselves as Scriptures were written. Yet I had the subjects of direct and imme. no slight esteem of the Holy Scrip diate inspiration ; that they re. lures : they were very precious to
me ; for I was in that Spirit by “power of God," aud who, therefore, which they were given forib ; and "Dew like chatl' before him," ".so. what ibae Lord opened in me, I af- dreadful was the power of God in lerwards found was agreeable to him.” (see pp 143, 153, 157, 160, them." p. 21.
200, 201, 205, &c.). In short, he * Moreover, when the Lord sent maintains, that ** friends had the me into the world, he forbad me same power and spirit ihat the apo
put off' my hat' 10 any, high or stles had a.id were in," and that "in low; and I was required to there and that power and spirit the Lord gave thou all men and women, without us dominiou overall,” p. 331. Aud any respect to rich or poor, great he instructs trends nust 10 let "the of small. And as I travelled up sons and daughiers, nor the handand downl, I was not 10 bid peo- maids, be stepped in their prophesy. ple good morrow, or good evening, ings, nor the young men in their useither might I bow or scrape will visions, por the oli me in their my leg to any one. This made the dreams, bui let the Loru be gloritieu sects and professions rage. But the in all.” p. 2+!. Lord's power carried me over all.” le shall content ourselves with p.22.
two more extracts under this head. “ As I went towards Nottingham, “ As I was in bed at Bristol, the on a first day in the morning with
word of the Lord caine to me, that friends to a meeting there, when ! I must go back !o London. Next canje on the top of a hill in siyht of murning Alexander Parker and se the lown, I espied the great steeple. veral oihers came wo me. I asked house; and the Lord said unto me, them, What they felt? They asked * Thou must go cry against yonder me, What was upon me? I told them, great idol, and against the worship. I felt I must return to London. They pers therein."" p. 21.
said, the same was upon them. So But on the subject of steeple we gave up to return to London ; houses, there appears to have been for which way the Lord moved and a pretly general commission given led us, thither
we went in his power.” friends ;" for we learui, page p.
395, 211, that about this time (1957), “ After this meeting in Gloucesfriends that were moved of ine tershire, we travelled till we came Loril to go to the sleeple-houses and to Bristol; where I met with Marmarkets, 10 reprove sin, and wara garet Fell, who was come to visit people of the day of the Lord, sufo her daughter Yeomans. I had seen fered much hardship from rade from the Lord a considerable time people, and also from the magis. before, that I should take Margaret trates.” And in a letter to a friends," Fell to be my wife; and when I written by George Fox himself, in first mentioned it to her, sbe felt the 1054, he admonishes them thun; answer of life from God thereunto. . When any shall be moved 10 But though the Lord had opened go to speak in a stecple-nouse or this thing to me, yet I had not remarket, turn into that which nuves, ceived a command from him for the and be obedient to it; that that accomplishing of it then. Where. which would not go may be kept fore, I let the thing rest and went dowa: for that which woukli uot go on in the work and service of the will be apie to get up." p. 271. Lord, according as he led me ; tra.
* The Quakers," we are frequently velling in this nation, and through told, " dwell in the eternal power of Ireland. But now being at Briswi, Good." Fox often speaks of himself and finding Margaret Fell there, it as passing on
" in the dreadful opened in me from the Lord, that power of God;" of friends, as the thing should be accomplished.” "dwelling in the power of God," p. 412. Bad of those who resisted this It may be objected, however
that these notions on the subject of such passages as these : " If any divine communications, are confined man have not the Spirit of Christ, toGeorge Fox, and perhaps a fewother he is none of his.” * No man can individuals of that day of " excessive say that Jesus is the Lord but by zeal." But this is not the case. the Holy Ghost.” But to assume They are embraced without reserve that these and such like texts affirm by William Penn, who in bis Pre- the necessity of direct and immediate face to ibis very work, bears his un. revelation, is begging the whole equivocal testimony to their truth question. We
as eager as and genuineness. Nay, in the Mi- Barclay could be, to maintain the nutes and Adviees of the Yearly absolute, the indispensable, necessity Meetings of Friends” published in of the Holy Spirit's agency in every 1802, aud published expressly for part of the Christian's progress from the regulation of the Society at large, darkness to light. Wiin our Church ministers are exhorted (p. 90) “ to we do most unequivocally believe, minister the word faithfully, as it is that it is from God, and from God manifested and revealed to them." alone, that " alt. hely desires, all In the same work we find various good counsels, and all just works do olher passages to the same effect; proceed;"- that it is only by
" the and among them the following, inspiration of His Holy Spirit,” the which, it will be admitted, confirins thoughts of the heart can be cleansed, the view we have given of this sub- or we enabled "perfectly to love him, ject, while it icuches also upon ano- and worthily to magnify bis holy ther peculiarity of Quakerism. name-;" and that it is only by "the
“ Our testimony against rithes and working of the Spirit of Christ," that forced maintenance in this Gospel- « the works of the flesh and our day, being received from Christ, our earthly members are mortified,” and Head and High Priest, is not of our our “minds drawn up to high and own making or imposing, nor from heavenly things.” But surely neithe tradition of men ; but what we ther the cordial belief and acknowhare from him by whose divine power ledgment of these essential truths, we were raised up to be a people, and nor the persuasion we feel that those by which we have been presersed only are true Christians who receive to this day, knowing that his mini- them and live under their influstry and Gospel are free, according ence, can be regarded as binding us to his own express command, · Freely to subscoibe to the Quaker doctrine ye have received, freely give."" on this subject. They do not bind us
Equally unambiguoas is the testic to admit the reality of any immemony of Robert Barclay, who in his diate and inward revelation which “ Apology” conlends strenuously, may be alleged, whether it ree that inward and immediate revela. spects truths already known througa tion is the only sure and certain way the medium of the Scriptures; of to attain the true and saving know. such new topics as the duty of Jedge of God," p. 26; and that preaching against steeple-houses and “the inward and immediate revela tithes, of keeping on the bat in tion of God's Spint, speaking in, and courts of justice, or of substituting uoto, the saints, was by them be- thou for you and second day for lieved - as the ground and founda- Monday in common. parlance : still -tion of their hope in God and life less do i hey bind us in consistency to eternal.” And “the same continue maintain, on the one hand, that we eth to be the object of saints' faith must wait for an inward sensible, nuto this day." p. 37.
movement of the Holy Spirit, before It is trae that Barclay, in con- we do what the Scriptures tell us. tending for this doctrine of imme- we ought to do, and what, througe diate revelation, makes his appeal to his holy influences, we have a will
, Scripture, and cites ia abundance to performior, on the other, the
we should be justified, by the appre. of the Quakers be recorded in massy. hension of such a movement, in say- folios, backed by all the weight ing or doing any thing, not com- which that most respectable society manded in Scripiure, which should 'can give them? violate the received maxims of pru Our correspondent's heaviest dence and decorum, or should run charge against us respects our hava counter to our sober judgment of ing allirunell, when speaking of “ the what was expedient to be said or light of Christ within,” that some, done. We believe, indeed, that in their zeal for the bidden Christ, every good thought, as well as every actually denied the outward Christ, good word and work, "cometh down &c. Now, we certainly did not from the Father of lights," and that, mean lo affirm, that in any acknow, without him, " nothing is strong, ledged writings of the Quakers, such nothing is holy;" but yet we be- sentiments were to be traced. On lieve that no internal movement, the contrary, our examination of which we may fancy that we feel, Barclay's fifteen propositio:s, and however powerful that movement particularly of the 4th, 5th, and may be, would justify us, for in- Oth, furnishes of itself a reply to stance, in going naked through the such a surmise. What we did mean streets of this metropolis, for a sign to say, was, that the unguarded, untothe people; in suífering ourselves and, in our view, unscriptural mana to be imprisoned, rather than layner in which “ the light within”. aside our hats in a court of justice; was often insisted upon by the founør in submitting to distraint, rather ders of Quakerism, had led occathan pay tithes on land which we sionally to gross errors in their fole had purchased with the previous lowers. “ I was commanded," says knowledge that it was subject to George Fox, "10 turn people to tithes.
that inward light, spirit, and grace, Our correspondent observes, that by which all mighi koow their salif a comparative estimate were to vation and their way to God." p. 21. be formed of the conduct of different - I directed the people “ to the spireligious denominations, during the rit and grace of God in themselves, reigns of Charles the First and Se- and to the light of Jesus in their own cond, he should have little reluct- hearts.". See pp. 57, 62, 72, 74, ance in taking the part of the 129, 161, 207, &c. &c.
« Take Quakers. We are nearly inclined heed to the light within you, which is to the same judgment. We cer- the light of Christ.” That which tainly think their conduct much less calls your minds out of the earth, exceptionable than that of many turns them towards God, where the olbers; than that, for instance, of pure Babe is born of the virgin, and the Ranters, Muggletonians, Fifth- the Babe's food is known)," &c. Monarchy Men, &c.; or even of those " Therefore all friends, the seed of Presbyterians and Episcopalians God, mind, and dwell in, to reign who persecuted the Quakers. But over the unjust; and the power of who now stands up to defend the the Lord dwell in, to keep you clear Ranters, Muggletonians, or Fifth Mo- in your understandings, that the seed Darchy Men? Who now attempts of God may reign in you.all; the to extenuate the persecuting spirit seed of God, which is but one in all, manifested towards the Quakers, ein is Christ, in the male and female, ther in England or America ? Who which the promise is to." - now vindicates the hypocrisy and 246. cant of the Long Parliament, or the To the same effect William Peon, profligacy exhibited, during the ia his Preface to George Fox's Joursame period, by many of the stick- pal, informs us, that in order to find bers for high church? Why, then, “the right way to peace with God," should the ancient extravagancies people were direcued to the light
of Jesus Chrise within them, as the have been enhanced hy such passeed and leaven of the kingdom of sages as represent redemption and God."
The testimony of regrneration as synonimous, (see friends, be adds, was to the prin- Preface to Journal of George Fox, ciple of God in man, the precious p. xi.); an error, as we must take pearl and leaven of the kingilom, as leave to call it, to which in huis work, the only blessed means appointed entitled Principles," "&c. Mr. of God to quicken, convince, and Tuke gives his respectable sancsanctify man. p. ix.
“ Their main tion, by describing " Christian Redistinguishing point or principle was demprion,” (p. 18+), to signify the the light of Christ within, as God's being born again. When we ste gift for man's salvation." p.x. Again: such pious and escellent men, pos“ The glory of this day, and foun- sessing, as they do, a more than dation of the hope that has not made ordinary acuteness of intellect, us ashamed since we were a people, thus confound things so essentially you know is that blessed principle distinct in themselves, as the work of light and life of Christ, which of redemption effected by Christ og we profess, and direct all people in the cross, and the work of regeneas the great instrument and agent of ration ettected in the heart of the man's conversion to God. It was believer by the Holy Spirit, shall by this we were first touched, and we wonder if some men of weak effectually enlightened, as to our in- minds should go far beyond their ward state, which put us upon the intentions, and should resolve whatconsideration of our latter enit, caus. ever in Christianity is of an oute ing us to set the Lord before our ward and corporeal kind, into someeyes, and to number our days, that thing inward and spiritual? This, we might apply our hearts to wis- we admit, is an abuse of Quaker dom. In that day we judged not principles, but an abuse to which after the sight of the eye, or after they too easily and naturally lead. the hearing of the ear, but accord We are very ready to admit, that ing to the light and sense this bless on the subject of our Lord's divi. ed principle gave us; we judged nity, the faith of the Quakers in and acted in reference to things and general, and of our excellent core persons, ourselves and others, yea, respondent in particular, is orthotowards God our Maker; for being dox ; yet we think it still true, that quickened by it in our inward mali, there is frequently much ambiguity we could easily discern the diffe- in the writings of Qualiers on this rence of things, and feel what was grand point of Christian doctrine, right, and what was wrong, and what although we do not recollect to was fit, and what not, both in refe. met with any passage which rence to religion and civil concerns." will not bear a favourable construc• In the feeling of the motions of tion. this principle, we drew near to the Our correspondent accuses us Lord, and waited to be prepared by of unfairness in our citations from it, that we might feel those draw. Barclay, respecting the inferiority ings and movings, before we ap- of the Scriptures to the Spirit which proached the Lord in prayer, or gave them forth. We ought, he opened our mouths in ministry.” pp. ihinks, to have produced the farther xxxi, xxxii.
extract which he has presented to The Extracts from the Minutes But we, for our parts, cannot and Advices of the Yearly Meeling, perceive that that extract, when speak in many places the same lao- produced, impeaches in the slightguage; and the effect of these mudes est degree our statenient of Barclay's of expression, in leading men to principles. We did not suy, ttiat forma contracted and somewhat Barclay argued or allowed that the distorted view of the Gospel, must Divine inward revelatious which