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and William Peon, and Robert Bar- which he closes with addressing clay, and Thomas Clarkson, and “Friends," as those who “profess Heary Tuke, we still think it our to walk in the way this blessed man duty in the sight of God, not to was sent of God to turn us into.” adopt Friends principles, but to p. xxxi. continue members of the Church After this, we are at some loss to of England.

imagine on what ground our corre3. Our correspondent disapproves spoodeat can object to our referring of our reverting to the period of the to the times of the Commonwealth, Commonwealth for our views of which were the times of this very Quakerism. But surely, this also is George Fox. He intimates, that they somewhat unreasonable. He him- were times of excessive zeal. ļl canself refers us, io bis “ Faith of the not, however, be his intention, that People called Quakers,” to “ the the founder of Quakerisa should be Jouroal of George Fox,” as one comprehended in this censure ; for 4 whose testimony may have the he himself has referred to more weight," " as he was instru. George Fox as a safe guide. Mr. mental in gathering us to be a peo- Clarkson, in his recent work on ple, and is generally considered as Quakerism, goes back to George ibe founder of our society." p. 7. Fox as its founder. Mr. Peon, as we We need not quote the high ealo- have seen, represents him as a divinely gium pronounced on the same in. commissioned person, seat to set up dividual by Mr. Clarkson ; but the kingdom of Christ in the heart; shall content ourselves with referring and both Mr. Penn and Mr. Clark to the testimony of William Penn, son speak of his Journal as contaigwho, in his capacity of editor of “a ing a full view of Quaker principles. Journal, or Historical Account of We, therefore, naturally looked to the Life, Travels, Sufferings, Chris- the Journal of George Fox, io pretian Experiences, and Labour of ference to any other writing, ancient Love, in the Work of the Ministry, or modern, for information on this of that ancient, eminent, and faith. subject; and we feel a full confiful Servant of Jesus Christ, George dence, that no unprejudiced person Fox*," thus writes :

we mean no person who is not It was about that very same himself a Quaker--who will read, time” (the time of the Common. as we have done, this Journal wealth) “ that the eternal, wise, and with care, will thiok, that our Re good God was pleased, in his infi- view of Clarkson's Life of Peon nite love, to honour and visit this is justly chargeable with harshness, benighted and bewildered nation, or with a want of candour and with his glorious day-spring from forbearance towards the Quaker on high; yea, with a most sure and doctrines. certain sound of the word of light 4. In one point, indeed, we appear and life, through the testimony of to have mistaken the fact. No wo. a chosen vessel,” (meaning George men, it seems, - ever went naked Fox), lo an effectual and blessed through the streets; this practice purpose. p. vii. " He was a man having been confined to men. We that God endowed with a clear and believe that we were misinformed in wonderful depth, a discerner of this particular, and that the authoothers' spirits, and very much a mas, rity on which we relied does not jus ter of his own." Then follows a tify our statement. Thus far, there delineation of the character of George fore, we willingly admit that we Fox, as a person sent of God, to set were in error. But up bis kingdom in the hearts of men; spondent blames us for adverting

even to the case of men passing The edition before us is a fulio, print- naked through the streets, as if it ad in 1765.

were unfair to draw our facts from

our

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was

a period when violence and folly halter about his neck, to shew were but too generally prevalent. them that an halter was coming It may be necessary, therefore, to . upon them; " which,” adds George remark, that we should not have. Fox, “ was fulfilled upon some of thought it right to produce such our persecutors, not long after." instances, had not George Fox, the We cannot believe that our intelaccredited founder of the Society, ligent correspondent would ditfer recorded them with approbation as from us in his judgment of such the direct and immediate work of transactions, or of the propriety of the Spirit of God. It was this cir- ascribing them to the immediate cumstance, and this circumstance movement of Divine agency. And alone, which seemed to us to con- yet the book from which these exnect them with Quakerism. “ From tracts are made, is a standard work Warmsworth, I passed,” says George among the Quakers ; and the man Fox, " in the Lord's power, to Bar- who records these things as proceedton Abbey, where I had a great ing from the motions of the Holy meeting; from thence to Thomas Spirit, is held up by them as a diTaylor's, and so to Skipton, where vinely inspired and divinely com

à general meeting of men, missioned teacher. Surely, then, we friends out of many counties, con were not to blame in adverting to cerning the affairs of the church. such circumstances, if it were only A FRIEND went naked through the for the purpose of inducing our town, declaring truth, and was much “ friends," and we call them so beaten." p. 300. Again :

“ Many

without affectation, to reconsider ways were professors warned by this matter in all its bearings. word, by writing, and by signs; And here, let it not be said that but they would believe none till such cases prove only the abuse of it was too late. William Sympson the Quaker doctrine of the teachwas MOVED OF THE LORD, to go at ings of the Spirit, as our corresponseveral times for three years, naked dent would intimate. They are the and barefooted before them, as a sign statements and sentiments of their to them, in markets, courls, towns, own founder, accredited not only bý cities, to priests' houses, and to great William Penn, but by the whole men's houses; telling them, so Quaker body, who sanction and reshould they be stripped naked, as commend the publication of them. he was stripped naked. And some Nor are the instances of delusion times he was moved to put on sack we have already adduced by any cloth, and to besmear his face, and means solitary instances—mere exto tell them so would the Lord God ceptions from the general sobriety of besmear their religion, as he was be- George Fox's character. They are smeared. Great sutferings did that in unison with almost every page of poor man undergo, some whippings his voluminous work. We feel it with horse-whips and cart-whips, incumbent on us to verify this as on his bare body, grievous stoning sertion by a few extracts. and imprisonment in three years' At p. 16, George Fox, speaking of time, before the king came in, that himself, tells us: “ Now was I come they might have taken warning; up in spirit, through the flaming but they would not, and rewarded sword into the Paradise of God. All his love with cruel usage.” p. 323. things were new, and all the crea.

Another “ friend” is mentioned, tion gave another smell unto me in the same page, to have been than before, beyond what words moved of the Lord to go into Car can utter. I knew nothing but Jisle steeple-house, with a white pureness, innocency, and righteouse sheet about him, to shew the prese ness, being renewed up into the byterians, &c., that the surplice was image of God by Christ Jesus, so coming up again; and he put an that I was come up to the state of

""!

Adam, which he was in before he clear, I went out of the town in fell. The creation was opened to peace, and, returning to the shepme, and it was shewed me how all herds, gave them soine money, and things bad their names given them, took my shoes of them again. But according to their nature and virtue. the fire of the Lord was so in my I was at a stand in my mind, whether feet, and all over me, that I did not 1 should practise PHYSICK for the good matter to put on my shoes again, of mankind, seeing the nature and dirt and was at a stand whether I should Tues of the credtures were so opened to or no, till I felt freedom from the me by the Lord." He finally fixed on Lord so to do: then, after I had DIVINITY as bis department of ser- washed my feet, I put on my shoes 'vice.

again. After this a deep conside" As I was walking with several ration came upon me, for what reaEriends, I lifted up my head, and son I should be sent to cry against saw three steeple-house spires, and that city, and call it the bloody they struck at my life. I asked city! For though the parliament them what place that was? They had the minster one while, and the said, Lichfield. Immediately the

Immediately the king another, and much blood bad word of the Lord came to me, that been shed in the town during the I must go thither. Being come to wars between them, yet that was the house we were going to, I no more than had befallen many wished friends to walk into the other places. But afterwards I house, saying nothing to them whi came to understand, that in the emther I was to go. As soon as they peror Dioclesian's time a thousand were gone 'I stept away, and went by Christians were martyred in Lichmy eye over hedge and ditch till field. So I was to go, without my came within a mile of Lichfield, shoes, through the channel of their where, in a great field, shepherds blood, and into the pool of their were keeping their sheep. Then blood in the market-place, that I was I commanded by the Lord to "might raise up the memorial of the pull off my shoes. Istood still, for blood of those martyrs, which had it was winter, and the word of the been shed above a thousand years Lord was like a fire in me. So I before, and lay cold in their streets. put off my shoes, and left them with So the sense of this blood was upot the shepherds; and the poor shep- me, and I obeyed the word of the herds trembled, and were astonish- Lord. Ancient records testify how ed. Then I walked on about a mile; many of the Christian Britons sufand as soon as I was got within the fered there. Much I could write of city, the word of the Lord came to the sense I had of the blood of the me again, saying, Cry, 'Woe to the martyrs, that hath been shed in this bloody city of Lichfield !' So I went nation for the name of Christ, both up and down the streets, crying under the Ten Persecutions and since; with a loud voice, Woe to the but I leave it to the Lord, and to bloody city of Lichfield! It being a his book, out of which all shall be market-day, I went into the market. judged; for his book is a most cera place, and to and fro in the several lain record, and his Spirit a true reparts of it, and made stands, crying corder.” Fox's Journal, pp. 48, 49. as before, Woe to the bloody city « In the afternoon I went to anoof Lichfield! And no one laid hands ther steeple-house, about three miles on me. As I went thus crying off, where preached a great highthrough the streets, there seemed priest, called a doctor, one of them to me to be a channel of blood whom Justice Hotham would have running down the streets, and the sent for, to have spoken with me. market place appeared like a pool I went into the steeple-house, and of blood. When I had declared staid till the priest had done. The what was opon me, and felt myself words which he took for his text

were these : : Ho, every one that clamation; wherein I told him :

If thirsleth, come ye to the waters; he had come to own God's truth, he and he that hath no money, come should have bad rain; and that ye, buy and eat; yea come, buy wine drought was to them a sign of their and milk without money and with- barrenness, and want of the water of out price.' Then was I moved of the life.' " Ib. p. 231. Lord God to say to him,'Come down, “ The same day (1658), taking chou deceiver; dost thou bid people boal, I went to Kingston, and from come freely, and take of the water thence to Hampton Court, to speak of life freely, and yet thou takest with the Protector about the sufthree hundred pounds a year offerings of friends. I met him riding them for preaching the Scriptures to into llampton Court park; and bethemi Mayst thou not blush for fore I came to him, as be rode at shame! Did the prophet Isaiah and the head of his life-guard, I saw ang Christ do so, who spake the words, felt a waft (or apparition) of death and gave them forih freely? Did go forth against him; and when I not Christ say to his ministers, came to him, he looked like a dead whom be sent to preach, Freely nian." Ib. p. 282. The issue was, ye have received, freely give ?' The the Protector soon died. priest, like a man amazed, hasted “ About this time (1688), great away.” Fox's Journal, p.51. exercise and weights came upon

“ After some time I went to a me (as had usually done before meeting at Arnside, where Richard great revolutions and changes of Myer was, who had been long government), and my strength deJame of one of his arms. I was parted from me; so that I reeled, moved of the Lord to say unto him and was ready to fall as I went amongst all the people, Stand up along the streets ; and at length I upon thy legs,' for he was sitting could not go abroad at all, I was so down; and be stood up, and stretch- weak for a pretty while; till I felt ed out his arm that had been lame the power of the Lord to spring over a long time, and said, “Be it known all, and had received an assurance unto you, all people, that this day I from him, that he would preserve am bealed.' Yet his parents could his faithful people to himself ibrough hardly believe it; but after the all." Ib. p. 636. meeting was done, had him aside, George Fox has also told us (p. took off' his doublet, and then saw it 325), " that when the Quakers were was true. He came soon after to persecuted in New England, and put Swartbmore meeting, and there de- to death, he was in prison at Lancasclared how the Lord had healed ter, and had a perfect sense of their him. Yet after this the Lord com- sufferings, as ihough it had been manded him to go to York with a himself, and as though the haller message from him; which he dig.

had been put about his own neck, obeyed, and the Lord struck him although he had not at that tinje again, so that he died about three heard of it." But in truth, few quarters of a year after." Ib. p. 95. great or interesting occurrences

" When Oliver Cromwell set took place, of which George. Fox forth a proclamation for a fast did not receive, according to his throughout the nation for rain, in own statement, Divine premonia very great drought, it was ob- tions. The death of Cromwell, the served, that as far as truth had restoration of Charles II., the puspread in the North, there were nishment of the Judges of Charles I., pleasant showers and raiô enough; the fire in London, the war with yet the South, in many places, was Holland, had all been previously almost spoiled for, want of rain. revealed to bim. We have met, At that time I was moved to write however, but with one prophecy an answer to the Protector's pro which is left to be verified by sub

requent events; the rest appearing upon ” him, and have his " back to have been fulfilled before their bowed down always.” It is added, promulgation. It is the following:- " this justice Sawrey was afterwards

"This was the last meeting I had drowned.” p. 83. in Scotland. The truth and the The letter to priest Larnpitt bepower of God was set over that na- gins ehus: “ The word of the Lord tion, and many, by the power and to thee, O Lampilt.” The letter is Spirit of God, were turned to the filled with vehement reproaches, and Lord Jesus Christ, their Saviour and Ihreatenings of eternal condemna"Teacher, whose blood was shed for tion, unless he repent. He writes them; and there is since a great in at the same time, The word of the crease, and great there will be in Lord God 10 all the people that follow Scotlund, though the time may be priest Lampitt, who is a blind guide," far distant at present. For when and denounces a woe generally upon first I set my horse's feet upon them. To one of them in particular, Scouish ground, I felt the seed of of the name of Adam Sands, "a very Gorl to sparkle about me, like innu wicked and false man, and wborn merable sparks of fire. Not but he addresses Adam Sands, thou that there is abundance of thick, child of the devil, thou enemy of cloddy earth of hypocrisy and false- all righteousness,” he declares “the ness atop, and a briary, brambly Lord will strike thee down ;" " the natyre, which is to be burned up plagues of God are due to thee;" with God's word, and plowed up apd at the close of the letter, we are with his spiritual plough, before categorically informed, " This Adam God's seed brings forth heavenly Sands died miserably.” p. 91. and spiritual fruit to his glory. But In one ofthese letters, is this extrathe husbandman is to wait in pa ordinary passage:

- The Lord made tience.” Fox's Journal, p. 263. one to go naked among you, a figure

The accomplishment of this pre of your nakedness, and as a sign diction is still future: we believe amongst you before your destruction there are at this day very few cometh;” (p. 91); but we are not told Quakers in Scotland.

to what sex this person belonged. But the revelations of future It would be endless to mention all events whick George Fox repre

the instances of divine judgment exsents himself to have received, do ecuted on the opposers of Quakernot respect national revolutions ex ism. One man, who played pranks. clusively, whether political or mio at a meeting of Friends at Dorchestal: they still more frequently have ter, and lolied out his tongue at “a a reference to the cases of particu- friend” who was speaking, as he left lar individuals, by whom he or bis the meeting, came in the way of a frieads were opposed, and against bull, which struck his hora under whom he was instructed, by divine the man's chin, and thrust his tongue inspiration, to denounce judgments. out of his mouth, and swung him A justice Sawrey and a priest

about on his horn in a remarkable Lampitt are stated to have raised manner. p. 293. A Mrs. Presion, persecutions against Friends; and abused him at Lancaster: but "the they certainly appear, from Mr. Lord God cut her off, and she died in Fox's Journal, lo have conducted a miserable condition." p. 303. Jo themselves in a nust unjustifiable Wiltshire, the estates of some opmanner. Mr. Fox writes a letter posers wasted away; and of one Jolin to each. lle tells the Justice, Line " the flesh rotied away." p. among many other things, that God 345. In Cornwall, one Colonel Ro. has shortened his days, and that he binson, a very wicked man and acroet should be " goawed and burned one persecutor of Friends, when going day," and should " feel the flame, what he called, “ a fanatic tuming, and have the plagues of God poured was dreadfully gored by a bull, and Curtst. OBSERY. No. 140.

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