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طلبيده گفتگو کرد ( انتم تزرعونه أم نحن الزارعون ) و عبدالرحيم خان که تسلطش در احساب کم از عبيد الله زیاد نیست ساکنان شهر را جمع نموده اوامر و نواحي و مواعظ و مسائل يقيني تلقين نمود که ( اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم ) در اینصورت به محض اینکه قلعه ازان او باشد چه میشود مگر اینقدر که بعضی بیخبران را شکي در خاطر باشد علاج اینکه هرکس بپرسد لمن الملك اليوم باید گفت لله الواحد القهار دیگر حقایق لشکر نصرت پیکر الان كما كان *

.العامل b

)
Parse the word)
,and parse it , نهمت c

)
State the derivation of)

(6) .

) , 6. Write in Persian a short account of Lime woods, giving the date of his birth and death.

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HISTORY,

FIRST PASS PAPER.

Paper set by–J. N. DASGUPTA, Esq., B.A. (Oxon).

Examiner-C. H. BROWNING, Esq., M.A.

The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

History of England. 1. Say what you know of King Alfred, with special reference to his 10 policy towards the Danish invaders and to his work as a law.giver, a writer, and an educator.

2. Give some account of the measures adopted by William I to 12 strengthen his position in England after the battle of Senlac. What was the attitude of William II towards feudalism ?

3. Remark on the career of Thomas Cromwell, and indicate the results 12 of the policy he pursued.

4. Explain the constitutional significance of the Petition of Rights, 15 and summarize its more important provisions. Briefly trace the history of the court of Star Chamber, remarking on its origin and the nature of its jurisdiction.

5. Indicate the constitutional importance of the following resolution, 15 and explain the circumstances under which it was passed :—That the in. fluence of the crown has increased, is increasing, and ought to be dimi. nished.' What were the causes of distress in England during the latter part of the reign of George III ?

Either, The History of India.

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6. Give some account of the invasion of India by Nadir Shah, and remark on the political condition of the country at the time of the invasion,

7. Review the administration of Lord Amherst with special reference to his policy towards Burma and Bharatpoor.

8. Write a short note on the Orissa famine of 1866. Say what you know of the first three Finance ministers of India, and of the measures associated with their names. What were the results of the labours of the Carrency Commission of 1866 ?

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Or, The History of Greece.

6. Say what you know of the social and political organization of the 12 early Greeks as we find it reflected in the Homeric lays. Remark on the benefits derived by Hellas from her intercourse with the Phoenicians.

7. Give an estimate of the character and statesmanship of Alcibia. 12 des. Was the Sicilian expedition expedient from a purely political point of view ?

8. Illustrate the statement that the main feature of Greek history for 12 the first thirty years after Aegospotami is Sparta's pursuit of a policy of aggrandizement beyond the Peloponnesus. How far was Sparta fitted by her institutions to play the part of an imperial city ?

HISTORY.

Second Pass PAPER.

Paper set by-M. PROTHERO, Esq., M.A.

Examiner-BABU BINAYENDRANATH Sen, M.A.

All questions carry equal marks.

Political Economy.

1. Show the effect of converting Circulating into Fixed Capital

(a) upon the Labourers as a body ;

(b) upon particular classes of Labourers. 2. Describe the result of the Australian gold discoveries in Australia itself, and in the countries to which the gold was exported.

3. The rate of Profit varies inversely as the cost of Labour.' Why is this, and upon what does the Cost of Labour depend ?

4. What is the effect of International Trade upon the price of the imported commodity in the importing country, and upon the price of the exported commodity in the exporting country? How is the trade affected by an increase of the demand in the importing country? If the cost of the commodity exported becomes cheaper in the exporting conntry, on acconnt of an improvement in production, will the importing country share in the benefit ?

5. Explain the system of the Foreign Exchanges, and what is meant by a Favourable or Unfavourable Exchange. How does au Unfavourable Ex. change exert a direct tendency to correct itself ?

6. Examine the effect of Credit in producing sudden flactuations in the demand and sapply of a commodity. What are the chief instrnments of credit, and which of them exerts the most influence on Prices, and why?

Either, MEADOWs Taylor's Student's Manual of the History of India, ELPHIN. STONE's History of India, and Amir Al's Short History of the Saracens.

7. Enomerate Akbar's Fifteen Subahs and give an outline of the constitation of their government, mentioning the improvements introduced by Akbar. To what extent were the limits of the Mogul Empire enlarged by A kbar's successors ?

8. When and where did the French first settle in India ? Describe the circumstances ander which Dapleix first endeavoured to establish the French power in India, and the policy he pursued towards the Native States.

9. What were the causes and results of the Third Mahratta War ?

10. Trace the descent Abdallah-as-Saffah. By what steps did he overthrow the Ommegades, and why is the rise to power of his family an epoch in the history of the Caliphs ?

Or, History of Rome. 7. 'When a change in the laws was to be made, the people voted in such a way as gave the chief voice to numbers ; when the higher magistrates were to be elected, the people voted in such a way as to give the prepon. derance to men of property. Explain this.

8. What were the causes of the Second Macedonian War ? Describe the military operations down to the battle of Cynoscephalae, and the settlement of Greece promulgated at the Isthmian Games, 196 B.C.

9. Give the provisions of the Licinian Rogations, the Lex Cannleia, the Lex Hortensia, the Lex Papiria-Plautia, and the Lex Gabinia.

10. Write biographies of_Marius, Lucullos, Sertorius, Cicero, and Mar. cus Antoning.

HISTORY.

FrRST HONOOR PAPER.

Paper set byJ. N. DASGUPTA, Esq., B.A. (Oxon).

Examiner.-C. H. BROWNING, Esq., M.A.

The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

History of England.

1. Give an estimate of the character and political aims of Honry 19 II, remarking incidentally on the problems he had to solve and the anccess he attained.

2. Trace the growth of the principle of Ministerial responsibility in 15 England, commenting in this connexion on the importance of the impeachment of the Dnke of Buckingham (1626) and the execntion of Strafford. Why has impeachment now fallen into disuse ?

3. Explain the nature of the measures adopted by the Tudor and the 14 Btuart sovereigns to arrogate legislative power to themselves.

... Comment on the results of the foreign policy of Oliver Cromwell, 14 and discuss Green's statement that 'no part of his policy is more characteristic of Cromwell's mind, whether in its strength or in its weakness, than his management of foreign affairs.'

5. Explain the circumstances which led to the formation of the 14 coalition ministry of Fox and North, and remark on the constitational importance of the series of events which led to its fall.

The English Constitution. 6. State the arguments for and against the English practice of

10 changing the heads of all the departments upon a change of ininistry.

7. How far is it desirable and practicable to make the assent of the 10 Houses of Parliament necessary to the validity of a treaty ?

8. What are the characteristic merits of the English House of Lords, and what are the defects which weaken and hamper it ?

HISTORY.

SECOND HONOUR PAPER.

Paper set by J. N. DASGUPTA, Esq., B.A. (Oxon).

Examiner-Babu BINAYENDRANATH Sen, M.A.

The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

Political Economy.

1. Explain the nature and examine the efficacy of some of the popu- 12 lar remedies for low wages. What do you consider to be the most effective means of improving the condition of the labouring population in the present state of the industrial world ? How do you account for the fact that women's wages are generally lower than those of men ?

2. What is meant by natural price? Determine the laws which regu- 12 late the price of (a) an autograph of the late Mr. Gladstone, (b) coal, (c) cotton yarn;

3. State and comment on Adam Smith's canons of taxation. How 12 far are we justified in saying that the first of these canons is partly ethical and that the second has chiefly a constitutional significance ?

4. Discuss the probable economic effects of a heavy tax on coal, and 12 ascertain in the light of Fawcett's remarks the ultimate incidence of an export duty on Indian cotton exported to Great Britain. .. Wþat, according to Marshall

, are the qualities required in an ideal 13 manufacturer, and what classes of people have the best opportunities of developing business ability and of turning that ability to fall account? What are the elements of which the supply price of business ability in command of capital may be said to be composed ?

6. State after Marshall the law of increasing return, and discuss the statement that while the part which nature plays conforms to the law of

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diininishing return, the part which man plays conforms to the law of increasing return.

7. Give examples of joint demand. Indicate the condition under which a check to the supply of a factor of production may cause a con. siderable rise its price.

8. Distinguish between real wages and nominal wages. Discuss the 13 statement that the attractiveness of a trade depends not on the money earnings but its nett advantages, and indicate the directions in which this statement requires limitation or qualification. What does Marshall mean by the standard of life, and how far are we justified in saying that wages are raised by a rise in the standard of comfort ?

HISTORY.

THIRD HONOUR PAPER.

Paper set by-M. PROTHERO, Esq., M.A.

Examiner-C. H. BROWNING, Esq., M.A.

All questions carry equal marks.

Greek and Roman History.

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assume

1. In what places in Greece have relics of Mycenaean civilization been found ? Of what nature are these relics, and how can their relative dates be determined ? What traces are there of intercourse with any other country ?

2. The two engines of the democratic development (at Athens) were Lot and pay.' Explain this, and state how the operation of the Lot was at first modified. What other reforms contributed to the same result.

3. How did 'the goat song of the days of Pisistratus grow into the tragedy of Aeschylas'? What attitude was taken ap by Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, respectively, towards the national religion? How could it be said that, tragic poetry owed its death to Euripides and the Socratic spirit ?

4. Compare the attitude of the individual towar ds the State of Athens with that adopted by the Spartans. How did the Athenian State the character of a commercial society'?

5. What is known of the affinities and civilization of the Etruscans ? What share did they take in the general movement against Hellenism, which was contemporary with the Persian invasion of Greece ?:

6 Mention the chief wars by which Roman authority was extended over Italy. Show that the application of the name Italy was different at different epochs.

7. Sketch the history and powers of the offices of Praetor and Censor.

8. "The Roman people consisted of those who possessed the full civil rights included in the word Civitas.' Distinguish the rights of those possessing the Civitas, from those possessing the Latinitas, and the rights of the inhabitants of fuederatae civitates. What concessions were made to the Italians after the Social War, and what dispute arose as to the method to be followed in making them ?

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