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“ God and his Spirit hath sent me:" in the Book of Job it is written, “by his Spirit he hath garnished the Heavens:" In the fourth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles this Prayer is recorded, “ Lord, thou art God, which hast made Heaven and Earth, and the Sea, and all that in them is : who by the Mouth of thy Servant David hast said, why did the Heathen rage, and the People imagine vain things ?” and no difference here appeareth between the Father and the Prophetic Spirit. St. Paul says, “ What man knowcth the things of man, save the Spirit of man that is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.” Man and his Spirit are not two but one: God and his Spirit are likewise one. We do not learn from the Bible that there are three Persons in the Godhead, nor did the Apostles teach the Doctrine. St. Peter merely said unto those that were convinced of the truth of Christianity ; “ repent, and be baptized every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of Sins, and ye shall receive the Gift of the Holy Ghost.” St. Paul-questions the Disciples at Ephesus in these Words, “ have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed ? and they said unto him, we have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.” And he said unto them, “unto what then were ye baptized ? and they said, unto John's Bap
Then said Paul, “ John verily baptized with the Baptism of Repentance, saying unto the People that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost caine on them.” It is reinarkable that nothing concerning a Trinity of Persons is mentioned in this
place, although the story is related so circumstantially; enoreover the Doctrine could not have been known to the Jews, otherwise John the Baptist would have taught it, and then it could not have been unknown to these Disciples, who had not so much as heard, whether there be any Holy Ghost. In his Epistle to the Romans St. Paul saith: “if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.” Having thus examined the Scripture, Iam inclined to believe that there is no real difference between the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost in the Divine Nature; but that the three names of God allude to the three great powers and dipensations of the Father, in his Creation, Redemption, and Sanctification of Mankind: and that we are baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, that we may thereby acknowledge the three glorious and gracious manifestations of the Power and Mercy of the Father, in these his three stupendous and marvellous Works. It is not at all clear that Moses was instructed in the Doctrine of the Trinity, when he heard God saying unto him, “ I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob,” for St. Peter in the Acts of the Apostles quotes this passage, and calls that God, the God of their Fathers; and the term used for God is in the singular number: nor is it by any means certain that Isaiah, who saw Christ's Glory, and spake of him, when he heard the Seraphim crying “ Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord of Hosts,” believed in the Trinity. Both these inspired writers always inculcate the Unity of the God. head, and assert that there is but one God, nor can I believe that they entertained such a notion, as a Trinity
of Persons in the Divine Nature, but believed the promises of the Heavenly Father, their Creator, Redeemer, and Sanctifier. In the twelfth Chapter of St. Mark's Gospel, which I would seriously recommend to the perusal of all, who enter upon this question, our Saviour himself teaches us, “Hear, O Israel; the Lord our God is one Lord.” And the Scribe in a few verses after answers him: “Well, Master, thou hast said the truth : for there is one God, and there is none other but he: and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, “ thou art not far from the Kingdom of God.” I do not think that the Jews understood the Plural name of God in their Scriptures as conveying the idea of three Persons in one Godhead, since we find the corresponding word in the Septuagint, and, what is more to our purpose, in the New Testament, in the singular number. If any particular meaning was intended to be conveyed by it, it is more probable, that there was an allusion to the Father's three gracious Manifestations of bis Mercy to mankind, or else it included in the work of the Creation the Father, and the Word, in whose image man is created. When we reflect that the Gospel is an improvement upon the law, that the New Testament is explanatory of all things, which were obscurely shadowed in the Old Testament, and that our Saviour came to teach a perfect religion, we must conclude that the Doctrine of the Trinity is incorrect, since neither the translation 'of the Hebrew plural noun, nor the preaching of our blessed Saviour, nor the general Doctrine of the New Testament are in its Favour. The Doctrine of the Trinity cannot, I believe, be reconciled to the Jewish opinions of the Deity, and the Pro, cession of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son divides the Eastern and Western Churches ; it may therefore be of importance to inquire into these Subjects, and ascertain on what foundation they rest. If they are not the Doctrines of the Bible, their removal from the Creeds of Christians may facilitate the Union of the Greek and Latin Churches, and encourage the Jews to turn their Eyes to the Gospel of the Messiah, and so hasten that glorious and long wished for period, when we shall be all one Fold under one Shepherd, Jesus Christ our Blessed Lord and Saviour, and with one heart and mouth glorify our Father, which is in Heaven.
St. Peter when he was sent to Cornelius by the Holy Ghost, inforined his hearers, that “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with Power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the Devil ; for God was with him;" and St, Paul has written, “ God was manifest in the Flesh ;' but they do not inform us that the Divinity of the Son is distinct from the Divinity of the Father. Indeed we rather infer the contrary from the exclamation of Jesus on the Cross, “ my God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” and his assertion after his resurrection, “I ascend unto my Father and your Father, and unto my God and your God.”. We conclude that the Spirit of the Father was in our Lord Jesus Christ, for he himself, in St. John's Gospel, attributed all his power and mighty works to the Father, “ I can of mine ownself do nothing; and, the Father which dwelleth in me, he doeth
the works. He sanctified not himself to be made an High Priest, but God even the Father of our Lord Jesus hath made him Lord and Christ. The fulness of the Godhead the Spirit of the Father without measure was given him, who sitteth at the right hand of the one great and Almighty God, and who will appear again to judge the World in the Glory of the Father. Our Saviour is God himself, Emmanuel, God manifest in the Flesh : Man full of Grace and Truth, who is the Word, who is one with God, who in the Beginning was with God, and is God. The Spirit of the Father was given in portions to Moses and the seventy Elders, to Joshua, to Elijah and Elisha, and was poured out on the Disciples of Christ, and is given by God to them that ask him ; but on our Saviour rested all the fulness of the Spirit.”
In the Scriptures of the New Testament we read that “ Christ our Mediator is the Beginning of the Creation of God, the First-born of every Creature, that in all things he might have the pre-eminence, for the works were finished before the foundation of the World.” To this glorious being was delegated by the Father the Power of the Creation; “ all things were made by him and for him, and he is before all things, and by him all things consist : without him was not any thing madeʼthat was made; and by him God made the Worlds." He was in the Beginning in the Bosom of his Father, and it appears not unreasonable to affirm, that through his glorious presence the Deity was revealed to Moses and the Prophets under the Old World, from the Creation to the conclusion of Prophecy by Malachi. 6. In the fulness of time this glorious King of Israel our Saviour, in whose Flesh God was manifest, being in the Form of God thought it not