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tory, we shall see the prophecies exactly fulfilled ; and where we · have not history, we have reason to conclude that they were fulfilled,

or will be so. The desolations which have been made, particularly by the Turks, upon the countries surrounding the holy land, the ruins of Babylon, Nineveh, and other great and populous cities in those parts, show that God's counsel shall stand, and that his words shall not fall to the ground.


This chapter refers to the gospel, and the glorious change it should

make in the state of the world.

THE wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them,

1 for the destruction of the enemy ; and the desert shall re2 joice, and blossom as the rose. It shall blossom abundantly, and

rejoice even with joy and singing : the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, [and] the excellency of our God ; that is, spiritual blessings, described under these emblems, 3 shall abound. Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the 4 feeble knees. Say to them (that are] of a fearful heart, Be

strong, fear not ; an address to the apostles and ministers of

Christ : behold, your God will come [with] vengeance, [even] 5 God [with] a recompense ; he will come and save you. Then

the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf

shall be unstopped, which was literally done by Christ and his 6 apostles. Then shall the lame (man) leap as an hart, and the the tongue of the dumb sing : for in the wilderness shall waters 7 break out, and streams in the desert. And the parched ground

shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs, of water : in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, (shall be] grass with reeds and rushes ; sandy places shall become good pastures ; re. ferring to the influence of Christ's doctrine and spirit upon the world, and especially to the change that should take place in the B'geniile nations. And an highway, or causeray, shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called, The way of holiness ; the unclean shall not pass over it ; but it [shall be) for those ; or, God shall be with them, shall be their guide and companion in the way ;

therefore, the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err (there. 9 in.] No lion shall be there, nor (any) ravenous beast shall go

up thereon, it shall not be found there ; all their spiritual ene

mies shall be vanquished ; but the redeemed shall walk (there :) 10 And the ransonied of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion

with songs, all shall terminate in heaven, and everlasting joy upon their heads ; as garlands of flowers were worn at feasts, so shall they wear a crown of glory : they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.


1. Í ET us rejoice in the happiness of Christ's kingdom, and the

I glory of the gospel. It has the brightest glories of the Mosaick dispensation, and some which are unspeakably greater and nobler. The miracles of Christ confirmed his doctrine, and were emblems of the effects of it upon the mind ; the eyes of the understanding were enlightened, ignorant heathens were brought to know God, and Christ, and religion ; obstinate wills were subdued ; idolatry, slavery, polygamy, and other vices and miseries were banished, as far as that prevailed, and the spiritual enemies of men conquered. The glorious change it made in the state of the moral world is but imperfectly represented by these figures ; but they ought to excite our thankfulness that we are favoured with this glorious dispensation, and that it hath already contributed so much to the happiness of mankind.

2. The view here given us of the way of religion, should engage us to walk in it. It is the way of holiness; of universal rectitude, purity, and goodness ; a safe, plain, and pleasant way; there is no difficulty in finding it, no danger in walking in it. We meet there with the best company, and have God for our guardian and guide, our companion and friend. In this way then let us walk, and pro. ceed therein with vigour and cheerfulness ; strengthen our own and others' feeble knees, and encourage one anothers hearts. This delightful road will at length bring us to the heavenly Zion, where sorrow and sighing, where sin, corruptions, and enemies shall be no, more ; but upon our heads shall be everlasting joy, and in our mouths everlasting songs.

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N OW it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Heze

TV kiah, (that) Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against 2 all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them. And ibe king

of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king

Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of 3 the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field. Then came

forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah's son, which was over the house,

and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph's son, the recorder, 4 And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus

saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence [is] 5 this wherein thou trustest? I say, (sayest thou] (but (they are

but] vain words) [I have) counsel and strength for war : now on 6 whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? Lo, thou

trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if

• These two chapters are the same as 2 Kings xviii. 13, to the end of chen xix, and the reader is referied to the exposition and reflections upon this place

a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so [is] Pha- . 7 raoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him. But if thou say to me, We trust in the LORD our God : [is it] not he whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to

Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar? 8 Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king

of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be 9 able on thy part to set riders upon them. How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's

servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horse10 men ? And am I now come up without the Lord against this

land to destroy it? the Lord said unto me, Go up against this 11 land, and destroy it. Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah

unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language ; for we understand [it :) and speak not to us

in the Jews' language, in the ears of the people that (are] on the 12 wall. But Rabshakh said, Hath my master sent me to thy mas

ter and to thee to speak these words ? (hath he]not [sent me]

to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own 13 dung, and drink their own piss with you ? Then Rabshakeh stood

and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and said, Hear 14 ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria. Thus saith

the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you : for he shall not be able 15 to deliver you. Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the

LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us: this city shall 16 not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria. Hearken

not to Hezekiah : for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make (an agreement] with me (by) a present, and come out to me: and

eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and 17 drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern; Until I come

and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn 18 and wine, a land of bread and vineyards.- (Beware] lest Heze

kiah persuade you, saying, The Lord will deliver us. Hath any

of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of 19 the king of Assyria? Where [are] the gods of Hamath and

Arphad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim ? and have they 20. delivered Samaria out of my hand ? Who Care they] among all

the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my

hand, that the Lord should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand ? 21 But they held their peace, and answered him not a word : for 22 the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not. Then

came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with (their) clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh. 1 Chap. XXXVII. And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah

heard [it,] that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with 2 sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. And he sent

Eliakim, who (was) over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah

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¢ the prophet the son of Amoz. And they said unto him, Thus

saith Hezekiah, This day [is] a day of trouble, and of rebuke,

and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and
4 [there is not strength to bring forth. It may be the LORD thy

God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assy-
ria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will

reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard : where-
5 fore lift up (thy) prayer for the remnant that is left. So the
6 servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. And Isaiah said

unto them, Thus shall ye say unto your master, Thus saith the
LORD, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, where-

with the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.
7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumor,

and return to his own land ; and I will cause him to fall by the

sword in his own land.
8 So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria war-

ring against Libnah : for he had heard that he was departed
9 from Lachish. And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of

Ethiopia, He is come forth to make war with thee. And when * Jo he heard [it,] he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, Thus

shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy

God, in whom thou trustest, deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem
Il shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria. Behold,

thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands
12 by destroying them utterly ; and shalt thou be delivered ? Have

the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have

destroyed, [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children
13 of Eden which (were] in Telassar? Where [is] the king of

· Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of
14 Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? And Hezekiah received the let-

ter from the hand of the messengers, and read it : and Heze

kiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before • 15 16 the LORD. And Hezekiah prayed unto the Lord, saying, O

LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest (between the cheru

bims, thou (art] the God, (even] thou alone, of all the kingdoms 17 of the earth : thou hast made heaven and earth. Incline thine

ear, O LORD, and hear; open thine eyes, O Lord, and see : and

hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach : 18 the living God. Of a truth, Lord the kings of Assyria have

19 laid waste all the nations, and their countries, And have cast

their gods into the fire : for they were) no gods, but the work

of men's hands, wood and stone : therefore they have destroyed
20 them. Now therefore, O Lord our God, save us from his hand,

that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou (art) the
* LORD, [even] thou only.
21. Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying,

Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed
22 to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria : This [is] the word

which the Lord hath spoken concerning him ; The virgin, the
daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, [and] laughed thee to

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