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frenzied ardour, in which hope and tion. “I have been so bad," he fear were strongly depicted. exclaimed,

" that God can never “ Alas!" he exclaimed, you forgive me. I have blasphemed have come too late; for I am lost, and dishonoured his holy name a every way lost.” I immediately hundred times, when my heart inperceived that life was ebbing fast; wardly smote me. I have ridiculed and being convinced that nothing and denied his existence, that my short of divine interposition could companions in error might think well retard his fate, I endeavoured to of me: but I never was sincere in console him, by drawing his atten- my wickedness.” His mind became tion to the mercies of God, and so agitated, that all reasoning was the saving mediation of a gracious lost; he was unable to repent, and Redeemer. To which he replied, the thought of death rent his very with asperity and violence, “ If soul. In this perturbed state he you have any friendship left for a languished for about four hours, degraded, self-polluted wretch, from the time of my first seeing torture not his last moments. My him; till, at length, overwhelmed life has been spent in iniquity- by despair, a paroxysm of fever foolishly spent; because it never closed the tragic scene.

The last yielded one hour of solid happiness. words he uttered, that I could disÍ have lived without thinking of tinctly hear, were, “God will not, God; and why should he now cannot forgive- The remainthink of me, unless it be to judge der was lost in a murmuring groan. me-to condemn me? O God! I U my friends, could I convey to shall yo distracted!” A fainting you any idea of the awful feelings fit intervened, and fortunately which ihe death of this wretched broke this mournful chain of re- man produced upon my mind, it flections; but, alas! sensibility would, I think, deter the most too soon returned, and with it thoughtless of you from those pracfresh trains of gloomy desponden- tices which ruin both soul and cy. He stared wildly, and roared body. Would to God that you had out, " I have broken from him, been present! My description may but he is coming again : there not penetrate beyond the ear; but there--death! O save me! save had


witnessed the dreadful orime!” After nearly an hour passed ginal, it would have pierced your in this dreadful state, he again be- very

hearts. came capable of reflecting; but

ARCHIPPUS. every moment added to his degec

Immortal saint ! on whose expiring gaze
Heaven and its glories burst with effluent blaze;
Whose dying eyes, with God's own spirit bright,
Pierced the dull confines of material sight;
And “ full of faith” beheld the Saviour stand,
Eager to meet thee, at thy God's right hand !
First of the “ Noble Army!earliest crown'd
With martyrdom! O may we still be found,
Like thee by “ faith” to antedate the need,
The “ blest inheritance" for saints decreed.
Teach us, O Jesus ! so thy cross to bear,
That our worst foes may claim our latest pray’r;
That like tbis faithful martyr we may join
That god-like hope which closed his cause and thine;
That ere our spirits hail the world of bliss,
They breathe forgiveness for the wrongs of this.

J. S***,


. . To the Editor of the Christian tem is founded, and by which it is Guardian.

distinguished. SIR,

Mr. Irving begins, then, by In your review of Mr. Irving's stating the simple fact, that in this Orations, it appeared to me, that Christian country the great mass of one point of considerable import- the people are iynorant of religion. ance was rather cursorily passed On this point, unfortunately, all over. I can easily believe, that the will be agreed. extent of the subject, and your He next goes on to state the confined limits, might render bre- cause to which this lamentable vity absolutely necessary; but I condition of things is justly attriam still inclined to hope, that you butable. And here he at once will not refuse insertion to a few dissents from the judgment of the remarks, in which I shall merely best and most scriptural divines, endeavour to follow out your own both of former ages and the present observations.

day. They all unite in ascribing The point to which I allude, is the slow progress of religion to the no less than the principle on which weakness of faith, and the feebleMr. Irving's new niethodis

ness of prayer for the effusion of the founded, which constitutes the Holy Spirit, on the part of both great distinction between that gen- ministers and people. They have tleman and the general body of the constantly said, “ Were our clergy evangelical clergy;-and on which more active, more laborious, more he rests his claim for distinction self-denying, more humble, more and superiority. This leading prin- entirely dependent on their Lord ciple has not, as far as I am aware, and Master, and our people more been yet

grappled with;" al- holy, more watchful, and less though, until it is thoroughly un- worldly, the church of Christ would derstood, we can have no correct flourish; but in order to our proidea of the real value of Mr. Ir- gress in these things, the powerful ving's projected improvements. influences of the Comforter, whose

The volume in question contains, it is to impress and to convince, first, a charge against the whole and who alone can revive the dying Christian ministry of this country, graces of his church, is absolutely of error, and of deficiency in their essential; and therefore constant, mode of preaching the Gospel. It urgent prayer for a larger measure next proceeds to state the correc- of his gracious influence, is to be tive necessary for the removal of especially resorted to.” this extensive evil, in the adoption But Mr. Irving holds a different new method,"

kind of language. He asserts, hicles," &c. &c. by which the truth that " the chief obstacle to the is to be “conveyed into the minds' progress of divine truth over the of the people." And, lastly, it fur- minds of men, is the want of its nishes an elaborate specimen of being properly presented to them ;' this remedy, in the shape of thir- that the real want is, that of “ teen sermons, written after a new sedulous and skilful ministry.” fashion, and called by new names. Consequently his proposed Now let us consider this matter new methods” of preaching are closely, following the author step calculated to supply this particular by step, and endeavouring to dis- deficiency. The remedy is adapted cover, as we proceed, what is the to the disease. He would have real principle upoir which his sys- the ministers of the Gospel “make

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themselves adept in all the va- mighty," That no flesh should rious studies and pursuits” of men; glory in his presence. so that they might be able, “ steal- I wish not to judge Mr. Irving, thily and skilfullyto admonish whose views are, I trust, more them. He would have them “ dis- scriptural than the expressions cover new vehicles for conveying I have quoted would seem to the truth” into the mind —"poetical, betoken. But of his volume, to historical, scientific, political, and which only I wish to apply my resentimental vehicles."

marks, I must ask, whether even them to " fight and overthrow” the most inattentive reader can fail their rivals, the sentimentalists and to observe the difference, or rather politicians,

" with

their the opposition, between the Apoweapons, by addressing their dis- stle's principle and that of the ciples on that side on which their “ Orations, &c.” ear is open;" that thus religion may The language of the inspired be “ established before the world preacher is that of one thoroughly in the highest and most honourable aware of the obduracy of the huż place."

man heart, and perfectly free from Now to all this it is advisable, the least expectation of effecting a nay it is necessary towards a right change by any skill, or talent, or judgment, to compare the language eloquence of his own. He feels of St. Paul, the most divinely the whole work to be of God, to taught, and the most eminently depend upon him alone, and to be successful preacher that ever pro- far beyond the reach of human claimed the Gospel; and who, as power or human persuasion. And Cecil remarks, appears to have he not only ascribes the whole been raised up peculiarly to be an agency and the whole glory to example of the (really) wisest way God; but he plainly asserts, of exhibiting the Gospel.

as we have just seen, that the AlNow the language of St. Paulmighty has purposely chosen such is universally, and not merely in means for bringing about his grathe passage you have already cious purposes, as will tend to quoted, of a different cast to that show forth his own glory the more of the Caledonian divine. He de- clearly, by the impossibility of their clares, that Christ sent him to assuming any part of the honour preach the Gospel, “ not with wis- of man's salvation to themselves. dom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none ef. God hath chosen the foolish

things of the world, to confound fect.” He says, “ It is written, I the wise, and the weak things to will destroy the wisdom of the wise, confound the mighty-that no flesh and bring to nothing the under- should glory in his presence.” We standing of the prudent. The know this plan to be the most adJews,” he continues, “ require a mirable, because God has chosen sign, and the Greeks seek after it; and we can understand in some wisdom, but we" (not addressing measure its fitness for the condition them on the side on which their ears of mankind, by observing the conwere open)“ preach Christ cruci- stant tendency of men, and even of fied; to the Jews a stumbling Christian men, to pride, self-apblock; and to the Greeks, foolish- plause, and self-reliance, and the ness." And then he assigns the perpetual advantage taken of this

“ But God hath chosen propensity by the enemy of souls. the foolish things of this world to You have preached admirably toconfound the wise, and the weak day,” said a hearer to a latè exthings of the world to confound the cellent minister. "de Satan has

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just been telling me," was the re- “ skill” of man would be of the ply. And we see this principle least effect. every where apparent in the history I have said, that the difference of Christianity; especially where- between the language of the Apoever it has made any real progress. stle and that of Mr. I. is very apTwelve fishermen, following in the parent. Surely, too much is given train of the houseless Son of Man, by the latter, to human “ skill” first proclaimed the Gospel to man. and “ adeptness;" and too little The great Apostle of the Gentiles said of that “ demonstration of the acknowledges his own “rudeness Spirit,” to which alone, in contraof speech,” and that his “ bodily distinction to “ the enticing words presence was weak, and his speech of man's wisdom,” St. Paul contemptible.” So, again, it was ascribed all his success. Too much not the courtly, refined, and skilful of “ political vehicles," and "senErasmus, but the unpolished and timental vehicles,” and “

weapons despised Martin Luther, that was gathered out of every region;" and strengthened from on high to work too little of that uplifting of Christ, out the Reformation. Every where, which alone can “ draw all men and at all times, we may discern unto him.” that God will not give his glory to Mr. Irving wishes to place the another; and that no man, how- subject of a future judgment, “on ever high his abilities, or warm his the foundation of divine revelation, zeal, can assume to himself the of human understanding, and of the work and the honour which belongs common good.” He rejoices, that to his Master, without speedily “ this age requireth religious truth finding his usefulness vanish and to be justified, like other truth, by his strength sink into

sink into perfect showing its benefits to the mind itweakness.

self, and to society at large." ” I would not wish to apply this Now this language sounds too language, in its full extent, to the much as if the preacher thought writer whose system I am exa- that by this “ method” of mining; but I will acknowledge, which he speaks, he could reason that I look with doubt and hesita- the world into Christianity; forgettion upon every person who steps ting that “ the natural man reforward as a reviver of zeal, and ceiveth not the things of the Spirit an improver of practice, except I of God, neither can he know them, find him beginning with the first because they are spiritually disprinciple of a closer adherence to cerned.I will not suppose, that the word of God, and a more per- Mr. Irving really imagines that fect reliance on His Spirit and either he, or all the divines on power. If the preaching and the earth, could ever convert a soul practice of Christianity deterio- by the more power of eloquence or rates, as in such a world as this argument. Why, then, does he it is always liable to do, it must be appear to rely so much on

“ skill” by a departure from scriptural and “new methods,” and so little views, and a decline in faith and upon the preaching of Christ crucihumility. One, therefore, who fied-which is felt by all who are would raise the tone of religious saved, to be “the power of God, feeling amongst ministers and and the wisdom of God.” people, should begin by exhorting “We preach Christ crucified," to a more constant use of the sword says the Apostle. In these latter of the Spirit, to a more implicit, days, when we attach no other surrendering faith, and a deeper idea to crucifixion than that it humility. If these methods, which was the death the Saviour suffered, God has prescribed, could fail, no the force and point of this expres



sion is lost. If properly considered, feels the truth of what I have now it signifies, “ We preach the wor- brought forward, as deeply as myship of Him whom men consider self. And if so, I shall hope to an executed malefactor; of whom see him embrace the earliest opporthe multitude have no other idea tunity which may offer itself, of than that of contemptuous abhor- giving proof of the simplicity and

We hold up to the sincerity of his reliance on the diobject which the law teaches him vine teaching and the divine asto look upon as accursed; we hold sistance. But if, on the contrary, up to the reasoning Greek an object he is really looking for success in which he considers mere folly, or the ministry from his own “new” even madness; and we are confi- and superior

66 methods” of addent, that by these means, so op- dressing the people, then he will posite to what 'man's wisdom' speedily be added to the number of teacheth, God will eventually sub- those who have already proved, due all things unto himself; and that “ the weakness of God is the rather by these means, in or- stronger than men, and the foolishder that the work should be plainly ness of God is wiser than men.” his, and that no flesh should giory Hoping better things, in his presence."

I remain, Sir, yours, &c. I trust that Mr. Irving really

R. Y.


On the 29th of December last, sion. A subscription was immedied the Rev. Thomas Cotterill, diately set on foot for their benefit ; M. A. Minister of St. Paul's and it has been supported with a church, Sheffield.

cheerfulness and a munificence The deep sympathy and concern which at once do honour to him and which have been excited by the to his numerous friends. illness and death of the lamented It is a legitimate and perhaps a subject of this Memoir, prove, be- profitable subject of inquiry, what yond doubt, the high estimation in were the causes that contributed which he was held. During his to produce so strong an impression fatal sickness, one object seemed in Mr. Cotterill's favour, upon the to absorb the attention, one feeling minds of all with whom he was to animate the hearts of the exten- connected, by friendship, by kinsive population of Sheffield and its dred, or by pastoral relation? The neighbourhood. The sad tidings writer of this article knew him intiof his departure were received with mately for inany years; and, notunfeigned sorrow; and the affec- withstanding the partialities which tion, respect, and honour, with so long, and close, and uninterwhich his remains were followed to rupted a friendship could not fail the tomb, were such as are very to produce, he will endeavour to rarely witnessed. Nor was this give a plain and faithful, though grief the inere impulse of the mo- very imperfect answer to the proment, producing no other effects posed inquiry. than the exaggerated expressions A principle of consistent, active, of fond attachment. Mr. Cotterill and growing piety, lay at the had left behind him a widow and foundation of that esteem with five children; for whose temporal which the deceased was regarded, wants it had never been in his and was the main and masterpower, consistently with his higher spring of the interest which his duties, to make a suitable proyi- presence invariably drew forth.

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