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over, stood


where they were welcomed with a a list of the members of the Univers congratulatory address from one of sity. Dr. Brassey, Provost of the fellows, to which answer was King's, a venerable divine, hearing made by Dr. Watson. The next his name called


and day they passed an interdict against observed, that “ he had attended the two churches of St. Mary, and the summons in common with St. Michael, where thie remains of the rest; but, as, , by the found Bucer and Fagius were deposited. ation of his college, the Bishop

On the third day, which was the of Lincoln was visitor, and he eleventh, as appointed, the doctors. was under a penalty if he sufand masters assembled in great fered strangers to interfere, he numbers at Trinity College, having protested against being understood the University Cross borne before to take part with the commissionthem, a carpet and cushion being ers, unless they could show a paraplaced at the entrance for the visi- mount jurisdiction.” This interrup

The Vice Chancellor then tion greatly displeased the comsprinkled holy water on their Lord- missioners, who replied, that it ships, and would have incensed

was well known no persons were them, but they declined that honour exempt from the authority of the with a show of humility. Then Cardinal. Master Thomas Stokes, public They assembled again the folOrator, addressed them in the lowing morning at King's, and setname of the University, lamenting tled the ceremonies which were to with cousiderable eloquence the be observed; giving notice, that injuries which religion had sus- they expected the head of each tained during the late reign, and house, attended by the fellows, to the ascendancy of the reforming meet them at the gates, with a party in the state, and congratulat- cross, holy water, and incense. ing the university and country on They resolved to begin with King's the blessed change which was tak- College; but when they came to ing place under the auspices of the the gates, the Provost and Fellows, Cardinal Legate of the Holy See. either by accident or design, were

At the conclusion of his orations not ready to receive them. At the Bishop of Chester rose to ex- length Dr. Brassey made his appress the satisfaction of the visitors pearance, with an apology, but at their reception, and their con- added the same protest as before. viction, that the graduates would The Bishop of Chester, his perassist them in the prosecution of sonal enemy, frowned and reddentheir work. The procession mov- ed, observing that his objections ing on to the King's College, a mass had been answered before, and adof the Holy Ghost was performed, monishing him to desist from such during which the postures of the unprofitable altercation. They Italian datary were observed by all heard mass, and examined the present, that they might be in- state of the chapel, and then prostructed in the modes and forms ceeded to the Provost's lodgings, most agreeable to the Romish to swear the head and fellows to a church. They alle proceeded next true report. After this kind of to St. Mary's, where Master Pea- inquisition had continued for two cock preached against heretics, or three days, a convocation was such as Bilney, Latimer, Ridley, held respecting the proceedings &c. Dr. Harvey, produced the against Bucer; when it was deterCardinal's commission, which was mined, that as his doctrine was heread by Master Clarke; and the retical, it was against the canons Vice Chancellor exhibited the that his body should, have Christian citation, with a paper containing burial ; thať no room should be left for such persons to be huried; for: Chester addressed the assembly, in the places where they lay they assuring them that the Commisinfected and polluted the very ele- sioners were ready to proceed meyts. Having come to a similar against the beretics, according to conclusion relative to Fagius, the their desire. He then read the Viee-Chancellor was directed to sentence of condemnation, and superintend their exhumation. At commanded their bodies to be dug a subsequent meeting at St. Mary's, up, and being degraded from holy Dr. Harvey presented a mandate orders, to be dehvered over to the from the Cardinal to this effect, secular power. On February 1st, and the Vice-Chancellor exhibited the Vice-Chancellor went to St. the condemnation of the Univer- Michael's and St. Mary's, and sity, praying that the two heretics swore the persons employed as to might be cited to appear, or any the identity of the skeletons, which other in their name, on the next were enclosed in chests, and borne Monday. A citation was accords to the market-place, where they ingly read and publicly posted. were placed on end, and fastened

On the eighteenth, which was to a post with chains, surrounded named for the day of trial, the of- by faggots, which being set on fire, fenders did not appear, either by some condemned books themselves or their attoroies; thrown in to be consumed with whereupon the Court, willing to them. While this was transacting treat their contumacy with lenity, in the market-place, Dr. Watson issued a second process, and dex preached to the gownsmen against ferred judgment to the 26th, when the reformed doctrines, and shortly the Corporation were warned to be after the interdict was taken off present, that no solemnity might be from the churches, and the Bishop wanting in so important a matter. of Chester bearing the host, and folThe University and Corporation lowed by the masters with lighted having taken their places on that tapers, concluded the ceremonies day at St. Mary's, the Commis- by going to St. Mary's, and praying sioners ascended a platform, and for the Divine blessing, now that the Vice-Chancellor with much God's wrath was appeased, and gravity presenting them a copy of order restored to the services of rethe second citation, the Bishop of higion.





Oft as I scan the lettered page
And read the lives of holy men,

I find that each departed age
Could boast of Martyrs in its train.

Ah, such was Hooper ! bright he shone
Amidst the darken'd' age pass’d by;

Angels shall make his virtues known,
His fame shall echo through tbe sky.

No bribe could lure his feet away
From duty's path, from virtue's sphere;

Demons in all their dread array
Could not impede bis grand career.

Truth's beauteous halo sweetly shin'd
Around his consecrated brow,

Religion sooth'd bis noble mind,
And strew'd with flowers his path below.

True like the magnet to the pole,
'Midst superstition's gloomy reign,

Love burnt within his saintly soul,
Nor were bis dying accents vain.

Like day's majestic orb on high,
A sacred radiance round he spread,

Pour'd rapture on the weeping eye,
And preach'd deliverance to the dead.

The citadel of sin he storm’d,
And brought the captive home to God;

With mercy's voice he sweetly charm’d,
Descending through a Saviour's blood.

Through various ills his feet were led;
But He who guards his ransom'd sheep,

Consol'd him when his joys were fled,
And sav'd him from the threat’ning deep*.

In foreign lands and distant climes,
When like a pilgrim forc'd to roam,

A vista brighten'd through those times
And promis'd halcyon days to come.

Britannia's isle lay near his breast,
And moved his seraph-kindling zeal;

Nor could his burning ardour rest,
Till here again he sought her weal.

He priz'd the oracles of God;
Held dear that truth in mercy given:

He died to seal it with his blood,
And through the flames he soard to heaven t.

England reveres thy hallowed name,
Star of the Church of Christ below;

Thy faith, thy fortitude, and fame,
Shall live when planets cease to glow.

The annals of revolving years
Thy noble virtues shall make known;

And as the sun lights up the spheres,
The church her martyr'd son shall own.

And when the Saviour from on high
Shall come the guilty to condemn,

Thou shalt amidst the tuneful sky

Wave thy soft wings, new anthems hymn. Hadley, October 1824.

M. S


* Alluding to his perilous voyage, wben in the habit of a mariner be escaped to Ireland, from thence to the Netherlands and Switzerland.

† The good Bishop's motto was _“ Per ignes ad Cælum."

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SOCIETY To the Editor of the Christian neglected in the principality. Mr. Guardian.

Jones was a man of great strength IF tracing the progress of a of mind, decision of character, mighty stream be at all interesting unbending rectitude, and fervent to the philosophical inquirer into piety, and displayed in all its purity the phænomena of nature; to the doctrine of the Cross." The ascertain the origin of that most energy of his character, the earsplendid institution the British and nestness of his address, added to Foreign Bible Society, will be a the peculiar enunciation of the no less pleasing investigation to Welch language, attracted the atthe Christian philanthropist. tention of his parishioners, and

From the period of the Reforma- his church was soon crowded with tion to the reign of Charles I. re- respectful and attentive hearers; ligion in this country seemed but while the vehemence of his manner as a great luminary just rising raised a flame among the descendabove the horizon, and which soon ants of the ancient Britons, that I again became obscured by the hažy trust is never to be extinguished. atmosphere of the Rebellion. The Among the hearers of Mr. Jones, Restoration, however, did little in and one of those who received the promoting its cheering influence. truth in the love of it, was a Mrs. Indeed, so deeply was the human Bevan, residing at the neighbourmind, during preceding ages, fet- ing village of Laugharne; a short tered with the superstition and im- distance in comparison to many, moralities of the Popish Creed, who were known to have come at that it required some time to eman- least forty miles to hear this man of cipate itself; and though a revolu- God, who has been emphatically tion in a government may be ef- called the Welch Apostle. No fected by the vigorous exertions of a sooner was Mrs. Bevan's mind few distinguished characters, much enlightened by the Divine Spirit, more was necessary to diffuse the to see the importance of true reinfluence of religion among a rude ligion, than she beheld and lapopulation, that had for ages been mented the awful state of deprataught nothing but the degrading vity and ignorance that prevailed dogmas of that misguided church. around her: and was led to conFrom that time to 1720 the country sult with her révered instructor, in general, but the Principality of as to the most probable and efWales in particular, was, as it fectual means of removing the respects religion, in a most deplor- moral darkness that prevailed over able condition. Many of the clergy the land. They mourned over a were secular in their habits and ruined world, and made the conpursuits, legal in their views of dition of their neighbours and felChristianity, and living without God low-countrymen the subject of in the world. Profaneness and earnest solicitude at a throne of immorality, like a mighty flood, grace; but to remove their fetbore all away with ruinous impe- ters, or make them sensible of tuosity. The Sabbath was awfully their slavery, seemed almost beprofaned;' and true religion was yond their hope. Not intimidated; very generally opposed and con- however, by appearances, and sentemned, when the Rev. M. Jones, sible how important a duty it is to of Llandowen, in Carmarthenshire, occupy with the talents a kind was, through divine mercy, raised Providence hath entrusted to our up to preach that Gospel which care, they were determined not to had been hitherto su grievously Jay up theirs in a napkin, but at


least to do all they could. They afford gratuitous instruction in conceived the establishment of reading, writing, and the first prinschools would do something to- ciples of Christianity, to the chilwards removing the ignorance of dren of the poor throughout the the lower classes, scarcely one of principality. Seldom hias a bequest whom bad at that time received the been better applied. Mr. Jones, first rudiments of instruction, and before his death, had the satisfacprepare the way for the reception tion of seeing nearly nine thousand of that seed that would spring up Welch children, who were before into everlasting life. But here entirely ignorant, receiving daily was presented to their view, instruction ; and by the proper

and world lying in the wicked one, judicious management of the funds, scarcely a cultivated spot amidst they have since that period very the ocean of sand to cheer the sight, materially increased. To be taught and well might the spirit faint under to read the Bible was the great the solemn and appalling con- object the founders had in view, templation. Inspired, however, conscious that that alone was able with zeal for the honour of their to make them wise unto salvation. crucified Redeemer, and love for The immediate consequence was, the souls of their fellow-creatures, that this book became scarce in they were determined not to leave proportion as these schools exundone the little they had in their tended themselves, till at last, the power. Schools were considered difficulty of getting a Welch Bible as the first measure to be adopted; became so great, as to oblige the trusbut their limited means of support- tees to make application to the Soing them, precluded the hope of ciety for the Promoting of Christian their ever being extensively useful; Knowledge for an additional supwhen an original idea suggested ply, and, eventually, for a fresh ediitself, of making their schools, after tion. This was partly promised; one years continuance, circulate but the expense proving too great throughout the different parishes of it was delayed, till the pressing the principality. These institutions wants of the principality induced were supported exclusively by the the Rev. Mr. Charles, of Bala, in munificent liberality of Mrs. Be- Merionethshire, one of the trustees van, while she left their superin- of these schools, to enter into cortendance and direction to the pru- respondence with the late Rev. dence and discretion of her reve- Mr. Scott on the subject; but this rend friend. They soon became well not succeeding, to the desired attended; and, as they were known extent, Mr. Charles was obliged to remain but one year in each to visit the metropolis, and make parish, every one was desirous of those efforts, and consult with the sending their children;

ministers of various denominaability to read a privi- tions on this interesting subject, lege hitherto confined to their

which at length issued in the formmasters and superiors. Mrs. Be- ation of the British and Foreign van, in letters which are still in Bible Society. Thus arose this existence, requested Mr. Jones to noble stream, whose waters have apply the whole of her extensive been for the healing of the nations, property, reserving only a small and whose triumphant progress portion for her own support, to will

, we trust, never be arrested, this benevolent object; and at her till that period shall arrive when death, she bequeathed ten thousand it will be no longer necessary to pounds to trustees, to be per- say, « know the Lord; but when petually devoted for the support of all shall kvow him from the least to pious individuals, members of the the greatest." Church of England; who were to

II. B.




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