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and of the lengths they are capable of going, when we see them thronging to such meetings, and even paying large sums for admission (as was the case in several instances), in order by force and clamour, and even by violence directed against females, to frustrate the wishes of the Protestant inhabitants.
We are indebted, further, to one of these collisions, for the most concise, succinct and expressive statements of the real views and apprehensions of the Popish Priests that has ever been elicited. Mr. Sheehan, at,the Waterford Meeting, in opposing the Resolutions drawn up by Mr. Gordon and the Hon. Baptist Noel, offered the three following to the Chairman, as an amendment.
Resolved, 1. That it appears to this Meeting, from the exposition made this day by the Hon. Baptist Noel and Capt. Gordon of the Royal Navy, that the free and indiscriminate circulation of the Bible, without note or comment, amongst our poor, constitutes the basis of the education sanctioned and promoted by the London Hibernian Society.
2. That we consider such a system of education contrary to the sacred Scriptures, prejudicial to the interests of true reli gion, and subversive of all order in civil Society (!!!)
3. That, as good and sincere Christians, and as loyal subjects, we will resist with all our might the establishment of such a system amongst us; because we are convinced that it would substitute eventually scepticism and infidelity in place of Christianity, and anarchy and confusion in place of order and good government." (!!!)
Admirable logic! The diffusion of God's own word among the people is to produce nothing but infidelity, anarchy, and confusion!
This system is "contrary to the Sacred Scriptures," we are told. In what part of the Bible is it that the use of the Bible is forbidden? We know not; but abundance of passages present themselves in which the constant use of God's word is commanded to all. "The entrance of thy words giveth light, it giveth understanding to the simple". "Search the Scriptures” "Whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, might have hope"-" Take the
THE determined opposition of the Popish Priests to this valuable Institution, is producing, we understand, results of a widely opposite nature. In some instances the children are removed almost entirely from the Society's schools; in others, a spirit
sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God"-"The Holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ Jesus""All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness."-But it is unnecessary to proceed. The Papists understand as well as ourselves the real state of the case. They dare not allow their followers the Bible, because they know that they stand convicted at the bar of inspiration, of corrupting the truths of God by their human inventions and vain traditions. But the Bible will be given to the Irish, whether they consent or whether they oppose, and the natural results must follow.
The ignorance displayed in these contests would be quite amusing, were not the interests which are sacrificed to it so miomentous. The principal Dublin paper in the Romish interest, talks of "the alliance which has been established between the Church of England, the Baptists, the Anabaptists, the Antimonians! the Armenians! &c.
Since writing the above, we have received intelligence of another disturbance at Loughrea; where, on the 19th of October, a meeting of the County of Galway Auxiliary Bible Society was held. The Archbishop of Tuam had consented to take the chair. On the arrival of His Grace and the Committee at the place of Meeting, it was found to have been taken possession of by Papists, who, armed with bludgeons, thronged every avenue. It was with difficulty that the Archbishop at last reached the chair, and on putting the first resolution an outcry of opposition was raised, which was continued so as to prevent any business from proceeding. The tumult at last reached such a pitch, that the military were called in for the protection of the lives of the promoters of the Meeting.
It will be recollected, that the Archbishop of Tuam was the most active friend which the perishing Irish possessed, when suffering from the famine of 1822. At that period, the poor, followed him with blessings and assurances of devotion to his person. Now, at the bidding of their priests, they are ready to threaten his life, rather than allow the Bible to be distributed among them.
of opposition to the Priests is excited; and in all, the attention of both Protestants and Papists, priests and people, is so excited to the subject of scriptural education, that we can have no doubt of its final success; though great exertions and considerable
and asked me, why did I let my children use those books? I told the priest they could not learn without books.' I also told him he promised the scholars books, and that he neglected doing so. The priest said, "I see there is no use in advising you to have nothing to do with the Free Schools and these books.' M.'s wife answered, You are always persecuting us; but we will not allow you in future to make mention of our names: my brother-in-law is a Protestant, his children are well educated; and mine are not, because they are Catholics. Now, Sir,' says she, 'I give you warning; the first time you threaten us again, inside of your chapel door, you will never see me or any of my family' again, and you will see others follow the same example.' The priest went to the schoolhouse and did not say a word.
pecuniary aid will be indispensably ne
We have been favoured with the following extracts of correspondence.
"Sept. 14, 1824. The titular Bishop of Kildare has directed his clergy to withdraw all Roman Catholic pupils from every 'school in which the Scriptures are required to be read. Above a hundred Roman Catholic pupils, including boys and girls, were withdrawn from the school last week. Yesterday only six attended. How is the master to act with respect to the reading of the Scriptures ?"
"Aug. 29.-She said, the priest called here the other day to inspect his own school. He came unexpectedly; as soon as he went into the school-house, he first looked at the books, and found them all Society books (i. e. the Hibernian Society). He threatened to horsewhip the schoolmaster for admitting any of those books into the school. Says the master, When I opened school here you promised me books which you did not (send).' The priest asked, who they were who used those books? The master mentioned my name. The priest came in a great passion,
THE following important communication deserves the serious attention and liberal support of the friends of the unhappy, enslaved, and oppressed negroes in our colonies.
The Moravian brethren have long observed with gratitude the general disposi tion which appears to prevail among the Heathen, in the vicinity of their various settlements, to seek after, and receive the Gospel. This disposition has been manifested in a remarkable manner among the negro slaves in the West India Islands; and there appear to be, at present, some peculiar facilities for cultivating it with success in that quarter.
Notwithstanding the unfavourable feeling which unfortunately prevails in some of the islands, many of the colonial governments, and of the proprietors of estates, have shown themselves much disposed to countenance, and even to invite, the exertions of the Brethren, who have been domiciled among them, as a Protestant Episcopal Church, for nearly a century past; having no less than 28,000 negroes under constant instruction, and the beneficial effect of whose efforts they have experienced in the improved character and conduct of their slaves. From several of these proprietors offers have been received of land for new settlements, and of other assistance in forming them. Though the brethren will not attempt the establishment
Well may the Papists oppose the Hibernian Society and interrupt its meetings. Their craft is in danger; but surely this very circumstance calls loudly on British Christians to support and encourage the exertions of those who are endeavouring to communicate to their ignorant fellow subjects the light of life,
IN THE WEST INDIES.
of new stations, without invitation or conTM sent from the owners or superintendants of adjoining estates, yet, where invitations are received, they are anxious to avail themselves of such openings for the further extension of the Gospel. But the present embarrassed state of the islands renders it impossible to obtain in them an adequate supply for the erection of chapels, and other necessary buildings: it is only, therefore, by the aid of their friends in Great Britain, that the brethren can hope to accomplish the objects which they have so much at heart.
In some islands there is required more adequate accommodation for the increasing congregations in their present settlements, and greater facilities for affording Christian education to negro children; a branch of their labours from which they anticipate the happiest effects, in ameliorating the character of the rising slave population, and therein of promoting the best interests of the colonies.
Two objects connected with the foregoing views especially claim attention at the present time.
At Lenox, in the parish of Westmoreland, in Jamaica, a grant of land has been offered, accompanied by an urgent invitation to the brethren to establish a new station there: and not only the gentleman who has made this offer, but other neighbouring proprietors are willing to supply
such materials for requisite buildings as the country affords. It is calculated, that around this spot there are from 3000 to 4000 negroes (besides others) who will thus be brought within the reach of the Gospel, and who are at present removed to a distance of above twenty miles from the pa rish church, and twenty-five or thirty miles from any other missionary station. Thus destitute of the ordinances of religion, these poor creatures are sunk in ignorance and barbarism; yet when any occasional opportunities have been afforded, they have shown great readiness to attend the worship of God, and have, in several instances, appeared to be powerfully affected by it.
In the island of Antigua above 1800 of the offspring of Christian negroes are left destitute of education, from the want of school-rooms in which they might be congregated; the chapels being occupied, throughout the Sabbath, by successive crowded audiences of adults, of whom, above 12,000 attend the ministry of the brethren in that island. It is, therefore, earnestly to be desired, that at some of the settlements, school-rooms should be erected, and that at the principal station at St. John's, the capital of the island, the present chapel should be converted to that use, and a larger chapel erected; the existing one being totally inadequate to accommodate the many thousands who attend the service there. The only present remedy, namely, successive services throughout the day, severely tries the strength of these laborious and indefatigable missionaries, and prevents their paying attention to the children, whom they would otherwise collect and instruct in a Sunday school.
The particulars of these cases have been fully ascertained by the Committee of the London Association, in aid of the Mora vian Missions, in consequence of the visit of the Rev. Samuel Hoch and Lewis Stobwasser to this country. The whole expense of the proposed establishments, it is conceived, will not require more than 24007.; but the brethren are wholly unable to avail themselves from their own resources of these openings for the extension of their pious and beneficial labours in the West Indies. These resources have been long inadequate even to the ordinary expense of their various Missions, and they will be still further contracted by the heavy loss lately sustained through the destructive fire which has desolated their settlement at Sarepta. By the blessing of God, however, especially upon the exertions of their friends in this country, the means have been provided of nearly liquidating a large debt which had grown up,
and probably of enabling them to meet the current expenses, but yielding no surplus applicable to such objects as those above referred to.
Under these circumstances the Committee of the London Association, encouraged by the anxiety so generally prevalent in behalf of the unhappy negro race, and stimulated by an ardent desire for the wider spread of the Gospel of our Lord and Saviour in these eventful days, venture to bring this case before the Christian public, which they do in the confidence that the prospect of so important an amelioration will not be blighted by the want of means to carry it into effect, and to satisfy the ardent desires and the extreme necessities of this hitherto benighted and degraded class of our fellow-creatures.
The Committee propose to open a separate subscription for the purpose of assisting the brethren in the establishment of new stations in the West India Islands, with the consent or on the invitation of the proprietors or superintendants of estates, and in providing facilities for the education of the children of the negroes.
The following Extracts from Letters are too important to be omitted.
"Mr. Scott is the proprietor of a sugar estate in this island, and of 300 negroes, for whose conversion to Christianity he is very desirous; but they are far removed from instruction, and upwards of twenty miles from the parish church, or any place of worship; and this is the condition of many hundreds in the neighbourhood both bond and free.
"We have not ceased to persevere in seeking the aid of the brethren; being more desirous of obtaining one of that community to instruct our people, having some knowledge of the blessed effects of their simple, forcible manner of preaching the Gospel to the heathen. Our Lord and Saviour has in mercy turned their hearts towards us. They decline, from most judicious motives, settling in future on any gentleman's property; but they have consented to establish a mission here, if made legal possessors of thirty acres of land, chapel, house, and offices, Mr. S. is no longer able to accomplish the whole; he gives them the land; himself and different neighbours, who are also interested for their negroes, will assist in providing the materials, and collecting them on the spot.
"Mr. and Mrs. Stobwasser have been spending a short time with us. During their stay here, a sweet, cool, elevated spot was selected for the new mission, commanding an extensive view, and having a spring of water within a quarter of a mile. Surrounded as you are, Sir, with all the or
reckoned to be impracticable, though frequent and not unfruitful attempts were made, especially by our truly indefatigable brother, James Light (now in Jamaica). By degrees the prejudices of the planters against permitting the negro children being taught to read, which in the beginning were very perceptible, wore away; and we see on those estates where the children are most generally instructed, the beneficial consequences of it. Quite a different generation seems there to rise, and gives the prospect of happier days for the negroes.
"The moral depravities of that class of people are so deeply rooted, that a mere cessation of slavery would not cure them in the least of their laziness, impertinence, lying, stealing, and lasciviousness. The education of the negro children has been entirely in the hands of their parents, or of other negroes, who, in most instances, were by no means able to do any thing for their moral or religious improvement. Such children were too often severely corrected by their parents for speaking the truth. They were taught that telling a lie in one's own defence is no sin; that to pick up a thing which was not their own, is not stealing, especially if it belonged to their master; and they never learnt to discriminate between regular marriage and an illicit connexion. The children of unconverted negroes are hardly ever brought up in a better manner, unless they go to the Sunday School.
"There is now an amazing desire among the children, and even among adult negroes, to learn to read; and many have declared that they wish to be able to read the Sacred Scriptures themselves, for their comfort and instruction. An opportunity to satisfy such a laudable desire is now afforded, which, if permitted to pass away, may perhaps not soon return, but which, under the blessing of God, may lead to an entire reformation of the slave population of Antigua."
Contributions to the proposed fund, to be specifically described as intended for "The West India Moravian Missionary Fund," will be received by the Treasurer of The London Association, J. G. Lockett, Esq. 1, Upper Conway Street, Fitzroy Square; Messrs. Morlands; Sir P. Pole and Co.; Messrs. Hatchards, Nisbet, &c. London; and Messrs. Ricketts and Co. Bristol.
dinances of our God, you cannot conceive the hope and heartfelt interest with which we view the spot that may hereafter be hallowed unto us, and be the means of bringing hundreds of our poor negroes to a knowledge of their Saviour.
Religion is spreading rapidly among the negroes: we are, in this district (it being a remote mountainous situation), more backward, I believe, than most parts of the island: but even here, the word is heard with eagerness and gladness: they rejoice greatly when they hear we are expecting any of the brethren's missionaries to visit us (which they do occasionally when going from one station to another) and will sometimes assemble to the number of 150 after their day's labour, at our family prayers in the evening, to hear the missionary preach, or expound the scriptures.
Extract of a Letter from the Rev. L. Stobwasser, lately a Missionary in Antigua, written on his passage to Jamaica, and dated in the Downs, June 3d, 1823.
"It has always been the practice of the Missionaries of the brethren's church, whenever they could possibly do it, to establish schools among the Negroes. It is evident what an influence may be obtained on the minds of children by means of schools, especially if the sole aim of them is to procure for them a more immediate access to the sacred books of Scripture.
"Among negro slaves, a Sunday School seems the only one practicable. Our method is, to give to every child a lesson pasted on a small board, which they put into a bag or pocket they have for that purpose, and in which they exercise themselves in the evenings, also at noon, and in the field at their breakfast-time. We take care to find on every estate, if possible, a negro who is able and willing to instruct them; and when there are no such negroes to be found, we encourage the most able we can get to visit us once or twice a week in the evening, besides Sunday, in order to be qualified by us for the instruction of others : much has been done by the brethren in this way; and in our negro congregations in Antigua, teachers are not wanting to give effect to the charity which the generous friends of Missions and Sunday Schools might feel disposed to exercise in this cause. "When I first came to the island of Antigua, Sunday Schools were generally
CHURCH IN INDIA.
The Christian public will read with great satisfaction the following report of Bishop Heber's first Episcopal Charge, as reported in the Calcutta papers,
Episcopal Visitation and Ordination at the Cathedral, Calcutta, on Ascension Day, Thursday, May 27.
After the morning service for the day, which was read by the Rev. T. Thomason,
and a Sermon preached by the Rev. Dr. Parish, from Ezek. xxxiv. 28, the Lord Bishop of Calcutta took his seat at the altar, and addressed the clergy assembled. His Lordship commenced his charge by congratulating the Clergy on the probable increase of their number from twenty-eight to thirty-one; and expressed his sincere gratitude for the munificent and parental care which prompted so beneficial a measure. A plain statement of the spiritual wants of India, his Lordship conceived, would so far excite the zeal of our brethren at home, as not to disappoint and render vain the benevolent and Christian solicitude of our rulers; while it would serve to show the reason we have to be grateful for the measures they have already adopted.
His Lordship then entered into some detail of the ecclesiastical establishment in India, in order to point out where the deficiency was principally observable, and the causes from which it had proceeded.
In adverting to the backwardness of the English Clergy to enter into the East India service in question, His Lordship remarked, those, indeed, would be much mistaken, who should anticipate in the fortunes of an Indian Chaplain a life of indolence, of opulence, of luxury. An Indian chaplain must come prepared for hard labour, in a climate where labour is often death; he must come prepared for rigid self-denial in situations where all around him incites to sensual indulgence; he must be content with an income, liberal indeed in itself, but altogether disproportioned to the charities, the hospitalities, the unavoidable expenses, to which his situation renders him liable. He must be content to bear his life in his hand, and to leave, very often, those dearer than life itself, to his care alone who feeds the ravens, and who never or most rarely suffers the seed of the righteous to beg their bread. Nor are the qualifications which he will need, nor the duties which will be imposed on him, less arduous than the perils of his situation. He must be no uncourtly recluse, or he will lose all influence over the higher classes of his congregation; he must be no man of pleasure, or he will endanger their souls and his own: he must be a scholar and a man of cultivated mind, and at the same time condescend to simple men; for here, as elsewhere, the bulk of his congregation must be ignorant and poor; nor in his intercourse with the humbler classes of his hearers has he always the same cheering circumstances, which make the house of the English parochial minister a school and temple of religion, and his morning and evening walks a daily source of blessing and of blessedness. His servants will be of a different creed from his own. His intercourse will not be with the happy
harmless peasant. His feet will not be found at the wicker-gate of the well-known cottage; beneath the venerable tree, in the grey church porch, and by side of the hop-ground or the corn-field; but he must kneel by the bed of infection or despair, in the barrack, the prison, or the hospital.
But to the well-tempered, the well-educated, the diligent and pious clergymanwho can endear himself to the poor without vulgarity, and to the rich without involving himself in their vices; who can reprove sin without harshness, and comfort penitence without undue indulgence; who delights in his master's work even when divested of many of those outward circumstances, which, in our own country, contribute to render that work picturesque and interesting; who feels a pleasure in bringing men to God, proportioned to the extent of their previous wanderings;-to such a man as Martyn was,-I can promise no common usefulness and enjoyment in the situation of an Indian chaplain. I can promise, in any station to which he may be assigned, an educated society and an almost unbounded range of usefulness. I can promise him the favour of his superiors, the friendship of his equals, and affection, strong as death, from those whose wanderings he corrects, whose distresses he consoles, and by whose sick and dying bed he stands as a ministering angel. Are further inducements needful? I can promise to such a man the esteem, the regard, the veneration of the surrounding Gentiles, the consolation at least of having removed from their minds by his blameless life and winning manners, some of the most inveterate and injurious prejudices which oppose themselves to the Gospel, and the honour, it may be, of which examples are not wanting among you, of planting the cross of Christ, in the wilderness of a heathen heart, and extending the frontiers of the visible Church amid the bills of darkness, and the strongholds of error and idolatry.
His Lordship then adverted to the great assistance afforded to the Ministers of the Gospel in India by the parental care of government, the bounty of individuals, and the labours of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; in the establishment of schools, the distribution of religious tracts, and the management of lending libraries, which his Lordship wished to become universal.
The Missionaries who attended the visitation were then addressed by the Bishop, who alluded to the intent and importance of their labours; and this led his Lordship to the consideration of the great question of the conversion of the heathen, and to some remarks on the late publication of the Abbé du Bois. The unchristian spirit